There have been 66 women in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly since its establishment in 1890. Women have had the right to vote since 1899 and the right to stand as candidates since 1920.
The first successful female candidate for the Legislative Assembly was Edith Cowan, who was elected as the member for West Perth in 1921 representing the Nationalist Party of Australia. This was the first time a woman had won election anywhere in Australia. Cowan was defeated in 1924 but in 1925 May Holman was elected to the seat of Forrest in a by-election, becoming the first successful Labor woman in Australia. Holman was joined by Florence Cardell-Oliver of the Nationalist Party in 1936, who would become the first female cabinet minister. Cardell-Oliver's retirement in 1956 led to a period of absence for women, until June Craig of the Liberal Party was elected in 1974, since which time women have been continuously represented in the Assembly.
Hilda Turnbull was the first National Party woman elected to the Assembly in 1989, and only two women – Liz Constable (1991–2013) and Janet Woollard (2001–2013) – have been elected as independents. Adele Carles became the first Greens member of the Assembly in 2009, although she later quit the party. Carol Martin was the first Indigenous woman elected to the Assembly in 2001.
Names in bold indicate women who have been appointed as Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries during their time in Parliament. Names in italics indicate women who were first elected at a by-election. An asterisk (*) indicates that the member also served in the Legislative Council.
|#||Name||Party||Electoral Division||Period of service|
|1||Edith Cowan||Nationalist||West Perth||12 March 1921 – 22 March 1924 (defeated)|
|2||May Holman||Labor||Forrest||3 April 1925 – 18 March 1939 (died)|
|3||Florence Cardell-Oliver||Nationalist/Liberal||Subiaco||15 February 1936 – 7 April 1956 (retired)|
|4||June Craig||Liberal||Wellington||30 March 1974 – 19 February 1983 (defeated)|
|5||Pam Beggs||Labor||Whitford||19 February 1983 – 6 February 1993 (defeated)|
|Pam Buchanan||Labor/Independent|| Pilbara |
|19 February 1983 – 4 February 1989 |
4 February 1989 – 3 March 1992
|Yvonne Henderson||Labor|| Gosnells |
|19 February 1983 – 4 February 1989 |
4 February 1989 – 14 December 1996 (retired)
|Jackie Watkins||Labor|| Joondalup |
|19 February 1983 – 4 February 1989 |
4 February 1989 – 6 February 1993 (defeated)
|9||Carmen Lawrence||Labor|| Subiaco |
|8 February 1986 – 4 February 1989 |
4 February 1989 – 14 February 1994 (resigned to contest HoR)
|Judyth Watson||Labor|| Canning |
|8 February 1986 – 4 February 1989 |
4 February 1989 – 14 December 1996 (defeated)
|11||Cheryl Edwardes||Liberal||Kingsley||4 February 1989 – 26 February 2005 (retired)|
|Hilda Turnbull||National||Collie||4 February 1989 – 10 February 2001 (defeated)|
|13||Judy Edwards||Labor||Maylands||26 May 1990 – 6 September 2008 (retired)|
|14||Liz Constable||Independent|| Floreat |
|20 July 1991 – 14 December 1996 |
14 December 1996 – 9 March 2013 (retired)
|15||Kay Hallahan *||Labor||Armadale||6 February 1993 – 14 December 1996 (retired)|
|June van de Klashorst||Liberal||Swan Hills||6 February 1993 – 10 February 2001 (defeated)|
|Diana Warnock||Labor||Perth||6 February 1993 – 10 February 2001 (retired)|
|18||Michelle Roberts||Labor|| Glendalough |
|19 March 1994 – 14 December 1996 |
14 December 1996 –
|19||Rhonda Parker||Liberal|| Helena |
|10 September 1994 – 14 December 1996 |
14 December 1996 – 10 February 2001 (defeated)
|20||Megan Anwyl||Labor||Kalgoorlie||14 December 1996 – 10 February 2001 (defeated)|
|Katie Hodson-Thomas||Liberal||Carine||14 December 1996 – 6 September 2008 (retired)|
|Monica Holmes||Liberal||Southern River||14 December 1996 – 10 February 2001 (defeated)|
|Alannah MacTiernan *||Labor||Armadale||14 December 1996 – 19 July 2010 (resigned to contest HoR)|
|Sheila McHale||Labor||Thornlie||14 December 1996 – 6 September 2008 (retired)|
|25||Dianne Guise||Labor||Wanneroo||10 February 2001 – 6 September 2008 (defeated)|
|Carol Martin||Labor||Kimberley||10 February 2001 – 9 March 2013 (retired)|
|Margaret Quirk||Labor|| Girrawheen |
|10 February 2001 – 13 March 2021|
13 March 2021 –
|Jaye Radisich||Labor||Swan Hills||10 February 2001 – 6 September 2008 (retired)|
|Sue Walker||Liberal/Independent||Nedlands||10 February 2001 – 6 September 2008 (defeated)|
|Janet Woollard||Independent||Alfred Cove||10 February 2001 – 9 March 2013 (defeated)|
|31||Judy Hughes||Labor||Kingsley||26 February 2005 – 6 September 2008 (defeated)|
|32||Lisa Baker||Labor||Maylands||6 September 2008 –|
|Janine Freeman||Labor||Nollamara||6 September 2008 – 29 January 2021 (retired)|
|Liza Harvey||Liberal||Scarborough||6 September 2008 – 13 March 2021 (defeated)|
|Andrea Mitchell||Liberal||Kingsley||6 September 2008 – 11 March 2017 (defeated)|
|Rita Saffioti||Labor||West Swan||6 September 2008 –|
|37||Adele Carles||Greens/Independent||Fremantle||16 May 2009 – 9 March 2013 (defeated)|
|38||Mia Davies *||National||Central Wheatbelt||9 March 2013 –|
|Wendy Duncan*||National||Kalgoorlie||9 March 2013 – 11 March 2017 (retired)|
|Eleni Evangel||Liberal||Perth||9 March 2013 – 11 March 2017 (defeated)|
|Josie Farrer||Labor||Kimberley||9 March 2013 – 29 January 2021 (retired)|
|Glenys Godfrey||Liberal||Belmont||9 March 2013 – 11 March 2017 (defeated)|
|Simone McGurk||Labor||Fremantle||9 March 2013 –|
|44||Libby Mettam||Liberal||Vasse||18 October 2014 –|
|45||Robyn Clarke||Labor||Murray-Wellington||11 March 2017 –|
|Emily Hamilton||Labor||Joondalup||11 March 2017 –|
|Lisa O'Malley||Labor||Bicton||11 March 2017 –|
|Cassie Rowe||Labor||Belmont||11 March 2017 –|
|Amber-Jade Sanderson*||Labor||Morley||11 March 2017 –|
|Jessica Shaw||Labor||Swan Hills||11 March 2017 –|
|Jessica Stojkovski||Labor||Kingsley||11 March 2017 –|
|Sabine Winton||Labor||Wanneroo||11 March 2017 –|
|53||Alyssa Hayden *||Liberal||Darling Range||23 June 2018 – 13 March 2021 (defeated)|
|54||Hannah Beazley||Labor||Victoria Park||13 March 2021 –|
|Caitlin Collins||Labor||Hillarys||13 March 2021 –|
|Lara Dalton||Labor||Geraldton||13 March 2021 –|
|Divina D'Anna||Labor||Kimberley||13 March 2021 –|
|Kim Giddens||Labor||Bateman||13 March 2021 –|
|Meredith Hammat||Labor||Mirrabooka||13 March 2021 –|
|Jodie Hanns||Labor||Collie-Preston||13 March 2021 –|
|Jane Kelsbie||Labor||Warren-Blackwood||13 March 2021 –|
|Ali Kent||Labor||Kalgoorlie||13 March 2021 –|
|Lisa Munday||Labor||Dawesville||13 March 2021 –|
|Rebecca Stephens||Labor||Albany||13 March 2021 –|
|Katrina Stratton||Labor||Nedlands||13 March 2021 –|
|Christine Tonkin||Labor||Churchlands||13 March 2021 –|
The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.
There have been 111 women in the Australian Senate since the establishment of the Parliament of Australia. Women have had the right to stand for federal parliament since 1902, and there were three female candidates for the Senate at the 1903 federal election. However, it was not until Dorothy Tangney's victory at the 1943 federal election that a woman was elected. Since then, all states and territories have had multiple female senators – in chronological order: Western Australia (1943), Queensland (1947), Victoria (1950), South Australia (1955), Tasmania (1975), the Australian Capital Territory (1975), New South Wales (1987), and the Northern Territory (1998).
From the turn of the 20th century, women have had the right to stand for parliament and participate in government in Australia. Following federation, the government of the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia passed the Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902 allowing most women to both vote and stand at the 1903 Federal election. South Australia and Western Australia granted women the vote before federation, and the states of New South Wales, Tasmania, Queensland and Victoria also passed legislation allowing women to participate in government at the state and local levels following federation. Indigenous Australian women did not achieve suffrage at all levels of government and in all states and territories until 1962.
Gender representation has been a significant issue in Canadian politics.
There have been 80 women in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly since its establishment in 1856. Women have had the right to vote in the assembly since 1902 and the right to stand as a candidate since 1918.
Dame Annie Florence Gillies Cardell-Oliver, DBE was a Western Australian politician and political activist, often known publicly as simply Florence Cardell-Oliver.
The Electoral district of Subiaco was a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district was named for the inner western Perth suburb of Subiaco, which fell within its borders. It was normally a safe seat for the Liberal Party and its predecessors, but was won on several occasions by Labor in landslide elections.
There have been 59 women in the New South Wales Legislative Council since its establishment in 1856. Women have had the right to stand as a candidate since 1918; the Council introduced direct election in 1978.
There have been 98 women in the Victorian Legislative Assembly since its establishment in 1856. Women have had the right to vote in Victoria, Australia since 1908 and the right to stand as a candidate for the Victorian Legislative Assembly since 1923.
There have been 59 women in the Victorian Legislative Council since its establishment in 1856. Women have had the right to vote in Victoria, Australia since 1908 and the right to stand as a candidate for the Victorian Legislative Council since 1923. As of September 2020, there were 17 women in the 40 member Legislative Council.
There have been 97 women in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland since its establishment in 1860. Women have had the right to vote in the Assembly since 1905 and the right to stand as candidates since 1915.
There have been 46 women in the Western Australian Legislative Council since its creation in 1832. Women have had the right to vote since 1899 and the right to stand as candidates since 1920.
There have been 35 women in the Tasmanian House of Assembly since its establishment in 1856. Women have had the right to vote since 1903 and the right to stand as candidates since 1921.
There have been 22 women in the Tasmanian Legislative Council since its establishment in 1825. Women have had the right to vote since 1903 and the right to stand as candidates since 1921.
There have been 42 women in the South Australian House of Assembly since its establishment in 1857. Women have had the right to vote and the right to stand as candidates since 1894.
There have been 21 women in the South Australian Legislative Council since its establishment in 1840. Women have had the right to vote and stand as candidates since 1894.
The Holman ministry or Second Holman ministry or Holman Nationalist ministry was the 36th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 19th Premier, the Honourable William Holman, MLA.
Western Australia politics takes place in context of a constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliamentary system, and like other Australian states, Western Australia is part of the federation known as the Commonwealth of Australia.
Margaret June Craig AM is a former Australian politician who was a Liberal Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1974 to 1983, representing the seat of Wellington. She was a minister in the governments of Sir Charles Court and Ray O'Connor, and was only the second woman in Western Australia to serve as a government minister.
This article is an overview of representation of women in Malaysia's state legislative assemblies.