Electoral district of Floreat

Last updated
Floreat
Western AustraliaLegislative Assembly
State Western Australia
Dates current1968–1996
Namesake Floreat

Floreat was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1968 to 1996.

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly is elected from 59 single-member electoral districts. These districts are often referred to as electorates or seats.

Western Australian Legislative Assembly legislature of the State of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.

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The district was based in the inner northwestern suburbs of Perth and was created in the 1966 redistribution. First contested at the 1968 state election, it was won by Liberal candidate Andrew Mensaros, who served as a minister in a number of portfolios under Sir Charles Court and Ray O'Connor from 1974 to 1983, and as shadow attorney-general amongst other responsibilities thereafter.

Perth City in Western Australia

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.06 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port (Fremantle) both later founded downriver.

1968 Western Australian state election

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 23 March 1968 to elect all 51 members to the Legislative Assembly and 15 members to the 30-seat Legislative Council. The Liberal-Country coalition government, led by Premier Sir David Brand, won a record fourth term in office against the Labor Party, led by Opposition Leader John Tonkin.

The Liberal Party of Australia is the division of the Liberal Party of Australia in Western Australia. Formed in 1945, the party has held power for five separate periods in coalition with the National Party. The party has been in opposition in the state since the 2017 election.

Mensaros resigned the seat on 16 May 1991 [1] due to ill health, triggering a by-election won by independent candidate Liz Constable. Constable had originally intended to seek Liberal endorsement, but ran as an independent once it became clear that she would not win party preselection. Constable remained the member for Floreat until the seat's abolition ahead of the 1996 state election. She then successfully contested the new seat of Churchlands, which largely replaced Floreat. [2]

The 1991 Floreat state by-election was a by-election for the seat of Floreat in the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia held on 20 July 1991. It was triggered by the resignation of Andrew Mensaros on 16 May 1991, due to ill health. He died before the by-election was held. The election was won by an independent candidate, Liz Constable, who finished with 58.94 percent of the two-candidate-preferred vote. Constable became the first woman to win election to the Parliament of Western Australia as an independent, and only the third woman overall to win a by-election.

Elizabeth Constable is a former Independent member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly, firstly representing the seat of Floreat after winning it at a 1991 by-election following the resignation of Andrew Mensaros. After the abolition of Floreat in a redistribution in 1994, Constable was elected to the electorate of Churchlands in 1996 then re-elected in 2001 and 2005. In September 2011 she became the longest-serving female State Parliamentarian in WA, breaking the record set by Florence Cardell-Oliver who served from February 1936 to April 1956. Constable retired at the 2013 election.

1996 Western Australian state election

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 14 December 1996 to elect all 57 members to the Legislative Assembly and all 34 members to the Legislative Council. The Liberal–National coalition government, led by Premier Richard Court, won a second term in office against the Labor Party, led by Opposition Leader Dr Geoff Gallop since 15 October 1996.

Members for Floreat

MemberPartyTerm
  Andrew Mensaros Liberal 1968–1991
  Liz Constable Independent 1991–1996

Election results

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References

  1. http://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/intranet/libpages.nsf/WebFiles/SN+12+By-elections/$FILE/SN+12+Byelections.pdf
  2. Black, David; Prescott, Valerie (1997). Election statistics, Legislative Assembly of Western Australia, 1890-1996. Perth, Western Australia: Parliamentary History Project and Western Australian Electoral Commission. p. 91. ISBN   0-7309-8409-5.