Electoral district of Eyre

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Eyre
Western AustraliaLegislative Assembly
State Western Australia
Dates current1950–1962; 1989–2005; 2008–2017
Namesake Edward John Eyre
Area292,240 km2 (112,834.5 sq mi)
Demographic Mining and Pastoral

Eyre was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia. It was in existence for three separate periods (1950 to 1962, 1989 to 2005, and 2008 to 2017), on each occasion covering large portions of south-eastern Western Australia. Eyre was a safe seat for the Labor Party in its first two incarnations, but during its third incarnation was a marginal seat between the Liberal Party and the National Party.

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly is elected from 59 single-member electoral districts. These districts are often referred to as electorates or seats.

Western Australian Legislative Assembly legislature of the State of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.

A safe seat is an electoral district (constituency) in a legislative body which is regarded as fully secure, for either a certain political party, or the incumbent representative personally or a combination of both. In such seats, there is very little chance of a seat changing hands because of the political leanings of the electorate in the constituency concerned and/or the popularity of the incumbent member. The opposite type of seat is a marginal seat.

Contents

History

Eyre was first created for the 1950 election, mostly replacing Kanowna, and abolished ahead of the 1962 election. Labor MP Emil Nulsen, the former member for Kanowna, was the district's only member over the period, and was unopposed on two occasions.

1950 Western Australian state election

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 25 March 1950 to elect all 50 members to the Legislative Assembly. The Liberal-Country coalition government, led by Premier Ross McLarty, won a second term in office against the Labor Party, led by Opposition Leader Frank Wise.

Kanowna was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1901 to 1950.

1962 Western Australian state election

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 31 March 1962 to elect all 50 members to the Legislative Assembly. The Liberal-Country coalition government, led by Premier Sir David Brand, won a second term in office against the Labor Party, led by Opposition Leader Albert Hawke.

Eyre was again created for the 1989 election, mostly as a replacement for Esperance-Dundas. It was abolished ahead of the 2005 state election. The district ultimately included the Shires of Coolgardie, Dundas, Laverton, Leonora, Menzies and Yilgarn, as well as the Boulder district and non-metropolitan components of the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder. This incarnation of Eyre was held at all times by the Labor Party, and historically, only Southern Cross returned a consistent majority for the Liberal Party. The district was largely replaced by Murchison-Eyre.

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 4 February 1989 to elect all 57 members to the Legislative Assembly and all 34 members to the Legislative Council. The Labor government, led by Premier Peter Dowding, won a third term in office against the Liberal Party, led by Opposition Leader Barry MacKinnon.

Esperance-Dundas was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1983 to 1989.

2005 Western Australian state election

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 26 February 2005 to elect all 57 members to the Legislative Assembly and all 34 members to the Legislative Council. The Labor government, led by Premier Geoff Gallop, won a second term in office against the Liberal Party, led by Opposition Leader Colin Barnett.

An electorate named Eyre was created for a third time, on this occasion for the 2008 election. The new district was drawn from parts of Murchison-Eyre and Roe – both of which were abolished – as well as a small part of Kalgoorlie. Eyre is centred further south and west than its previous incarnations, incorporating large parts of the former seat of Roe – in particular, the towns of Esperance and Ravensthorpe. Roe had always been a non-Labor seat; indeed, Labor was frequently pushed into third place in that seat. For this reason, the new seat of Eyre was much less favourable to Labor than its predecessors. The new member was Liberal MP Graham Jacobs, who was previously the member for Roe. He held the seat until it was abolished in a redistribution prior to the 2017 state election, which also saw Roe re-created.

2008 Western Australian state election

The 2008 Western Australian state election was held on Saturday 6 September 2008 to elect 59 members to the Legislative Assembly and 36 members to the Legislative Council. The incumbent centre-left Labor Party government, in power since the 2001 election and led since 25 January 2006 by Premier Alan Carpenter, was defeated by the centre-right Liberal Party opposition, led by Opposition Leader Colin Barnett since 6 August 2008.

Murchison-Eyre was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1890 to 1989 and again from 2005 to 2008.

Electoral district of Roe state electoral district of Western Australia

Roe is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia. It takes in rural areas in the south of the state. Roe was re-created for the 2017 state election, having previously been in existence from 1950 to 1983 and from 1989 to 2008. It has a notional 16.7-point majority for the National Party against the Liberal Party, based on the results of the 2013 state election.

Members for Eyre

First incarnation (1950–1962)
MemberPartyTerm
  Emil Nulsen Labor 1950–1962
Second incarnation (1989–2005)
MemberPartyTerm
  Julian Grill Labor1989–2001
  John Bowler Labor2001–2005
Third incarnation (2008–2017)
  Graham Jacobs Liberal 2008–2017

Election results

2013 Western Australian state election: Eyre
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Graham Jacobs 5,87041.1–4.8
National Colin De Grussa5,25836.8+9.9
Labor Greg Smith2,08214.6–4.7
Greens Giorgia Johnson7155.0–2.2
Christians Brett Hilton3662.6+2.6
Total formal votes14,29194.6–0.3
Informal votes8165.4+0.3
Turnout 15,10787.3
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Graham Jacobs 10,47473.3+4.0
Labor Greg Smith3,81726.7–4.0
Two-candidate-preferred result
Liberal Graham Jacobs 7,20350.4–3.0
National Colin De Grussa7,07849.6+3.0
Liberal hold Swing –3.0

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References

    Antony John Green is an Australian psephologist and commentator. He is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's election analyst.

    The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australia's national broadcaster founded in 1929. It is currently principally funded by direct grants from the Australian government, but is expressly independent of government and partisan politics. The ABC plays a leading role in journalistic independence and is fundamental in the history of broadcasting in Australia.