World Animal Protection

Last updated

World Animal Protection
World Animal Protection logo.svg
Founded1981;40 years ago (1981)
Type Non-governmental organization
Focus Animal protection
Location
OriginsWFPA and ISPA
Area served
World
Key people
Paul Baldwin, President
Steve McIvor, Chief Executive
Website worldanimalprotection.org

World Animal Protection, formerly The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) is an international non-profit animal welfare organization that has been in operation for over 30 years. The charity describes its vision as: A world where animal welfare matters and animal cruelty has ended. [1]

Contents

The charity has regional hubs in: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and North America, and offices in 14 countries. Its headquarters is in London.

History

The organization was known previously as the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA). This resulted from the merger of two animal welfare organizations in 1981, the World Federation for the Protection of Animals (WFPA) founded in 1950 [2] and the International Society for the Protection of Animals (ISPA) founded in 1959. [3] In June 2014, the charity became World Animal Protection. [4]

Campaigns

Animals in the wild

In 1985 WSPA launched a campaign to outlaw bullfighting in cities in France and Spain. [5]

In the 1990s, the charity contributed to the prohibition of bear dancing in Greece, Turkey, and India. In India, the charity funded a sanctuary for bears previously used in the trade. [6] [7]

After a BBC investigation in September 2013, [8] the charity launched a campaign against the caged civet coffee trade. Several retailers have since stopped selling coffee produced by caged civets.[ citation needed ]

The charity campaigns in Asia for an end to the bear bile industry. [9] In Pakistan they work to end bear baiting by campaigning for a change in law, offering alternative livelihoods to bear owners and housing bears rescued from bear baiting in a purpose built sanctuary. [10]

Animals in communities

The organization is working to end the inhumane culling of stray dogs, which many countries do in a misguided effort to eliminate rabies. [11] The organization points out that vaccination programs are the only effective way to eliminate rabies, and work with governments on vaccination programs. [12] In 2012, a mass vaccination program was started in the Shaanxi, Guizhou and Anhui Provinces of China, working with the Chinese Animal Disease Control Centre; as of June 2014, 750 veterinarians have been trained and over 90,000 dogs have been vaccinated. [13] Mass vaccination programs have also been delivered in Bali, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Kenya, Zanzibar, [13] and Kathmandu, Nepal. [14]

A second focus is on stray dog population management itself, through proven humane methods such as education, improved legislation, registration and identification of dogs, sterilisation and contraception, holding facilities and rehoming centres. [15] They help governments design a program, and monitor and evaluate progress, using the model provided in the document "Humane Dog Population Management Guidance", developed in November 2007 by The International Companion Animal Management Coalition (ICAM Coalition), of which the organization is a member. [16]

Programs often include veterinary services such as mobile clinics for stray cats and dogs or those belonging to people who cannot afford veterinary care. The animals are sterilized, vaccinated, and provided other needed veterinary care. Such programs are provided in Sri Lanka, Zanzibar, Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Sierra Leone, and Bali. [17]

A further focus is on helping working animals (horses, donkeys, and mules) in the West Bank, where mobile clinics were noticing increases in signs of neglect and cruelty. [18] Through a partner organization, the Palestine Wildlife Society, "In each community, we train a few people who can teach others about equine welfare. They attend workshops and visit communities where our training is already having an impact. They then share what they learn. Word spreads. Habits change. Animal welfare improves. And, because their animals are healthier, owners can earn a better living too." [18]

Animals in disasters

The charity has disaster operations teams in Asia and Latin America. In the aftermath of disasters they travel to worst affected areas to administer emergency veterinary care, distribute food and reunite animals with their owners where possible. The work is of particular benefit in developing world countries, where communities rely on animals for food, transport and income. [19] The charity also works with governments and local animal welfare groups in disaster-prone areas to set up national warning systems and teach communities how to protect their animals in the event of a disaster. [20] [21]

In November 2013 the charity were filmed for a BBC documentary called Vets in the Disaster Zone, during disaster response work in the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan. The programme aired on BBC Two on 28 April 2014. [22]

Animals in farming

World Animal Protection works with governments, food businesses and farmers to improve the welfare of farmed animals. They encourage the general public to buy food produced in line with high welfare standards.

In 2013 the charity joined with Compassion in World Farming to create a business benchmark on farm animal welfare (BBFAW). According to The Guardian, there has been a 10 percent rise in companies publishing farm animal welfare policies since the benchmark launched. [23]

Global animal welfare

The charity is campaigning for a universal declaration on animal welfare. [24] In 2013 they successfully lobbied the United Nations to include language on animal welfare in two General Assembly Resolutions on agriculture and disaster risk reduction.

Jeannette McDermott Award

In 2015 the World Animal Protection awarded Marcelle Meredith, Executive Director of the National Council of Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - South Africa (NSPCA), and former Board member of the World Animal Protection, with the Jeannette McDermott award for animal welfare. [25] The award was created in Canada by the World Animal Protection in 1996 "in recognition of someone’s life devoted to animal welfare." Dominique Bellemare, Chairman of WAP Canada stated: "Marcelle has done amazing work for the past decade and for the cause of animal welfare. She has used her years on the international platform to advance the cause of animal welfare in Africa. I thank her profusely for all her work and dedication." [26]

See also

Related Research Articles

Cruelty to animals Negligent or abusive action against non-human animal by humans

Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal cruelty, is the infliction by omission (neglect) or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal. More narrowly, it can be the causing of harm or suffering for specific achievement, such as killing animals for entertainment; cruelty to animals sometimes encompasses inflicting harm or suffering as an end in itself, defined as zoosadism.

Animal welfare and rights in Israel is about the treatment of and laws concerning nonhuman animals in Israel. Israel's major animal welfare law is the Animal Protection Law, passed in 1994, which has been amended several times since. Several other laws also related to the treatment of animals: Rabies Ordinance, 1934; Fishing Ordinance, 1937; Public Health Ordinance, 1940; Wildlife Protection Law, 1955; Plants Protection Law, 1956; Criminal Procedure Law, 1982; Animal Disease Ordinance, 1985; National Parks, Nature Reserves, National Sites and Memorial Sites Law, 1991; the Law of Veterinarians, 1991; Dog Regulation Law, 2002; Rabies Regulations (Vaccinations), 2005; and Prohibition on declawing cats unless for reasons vital to the cat's health or owner's health, 2011.

The Blue Cross of India (BCI) is an animal welfare charity based in Chennai, India. It was established in 1959 by Captain V. Sundaram, his wife Usha and their three children, in Chennai. The society was formally registered in 1964 under the Societies Registration Act. The nine signatories to the Articles and Memorandum of Association were Captain V. Sundaram, Usha Sundaram, S. Chinny Krishna, Suresh Sundaram, S. Vijayalakshmi, D. Daivasigamony, Kamakshi Krishnamoorthi, Sundari Nataraj and T. V. Chandrasekhar. It is now one of the country's largest animal welfare organisations. It runs several animal welfare programs including animal rights awareness.

Philippine Animal Welfare Society

The Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) is a volunteer-based, non-government organization whose goal is to prevent animal cruelty through education, animal sheltering and advocacy, based in Quezon City, Philippines. PAWS believes that the creation of a more peaceful society starts with the widening of mankind's circle of compassion which includes animals, thereby envisions a nation that respects animals, practices responsible pet ownership and protects wildlife. The volunteer-based organization rehabilitates these animals in the hope of finding them new homes and a second chance at a good life. PAWS does not take in pets of other people, but only victims of cruelty or neglect where the animal offenders are charged with violation of the Animal Welfare Act in court.

Karumkulam village in Kerala, India

Karumkulam is a village in Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India.

Compassion and Responsibility for Animals

Compassion and Responsibility for Animals (CARA) is a registered non-profit, non-government animal welfare organization in the Philippines. It was founded in 2000 by a group of animal lovers determined to help the plight of animals in the Philippines. The current president of CARA is Nancy Cu-Unjieng.

The 2009 Shanxi dog-free zone is a goal by the government of Shanxi Province in north central People's Republic of China (PRC) to begin killing large number of dogs as part of a campaign to stop the spread of rabies in the region via stray dogs attacking humans.

Mayhew (animal welfare charity)

Mayhew, formerly known as The Mayhew Animal Home, is an animal welfare charity working to improve the lives of dogs, cats and the people in local communities – both in London and internationally. Mayhew's animal shelter, head office and Community Vet Clinic are based in Kensal Green, North London.

International Animal Rescue

International Animal Rescue (IAR) is an animal protection and conservation non-profit organisation that comes to the aid of suffering animals with hands-on rescue and rehabilitation and the protection of wildlife habitats. IAR returns rehabilitated animals to the wild while also providing permanent sanctuary for those that cannot fend for themselves. Its work includes cutting free and caring for captive bears in India and Armenia, rescuing and rehabilitating orangutans and other primates in Indonesia and treating injured and orphaned howler monkeys in Costa Rica. IAR strives to educate the public in the humane treatment of all animals and the preservation of the natural environment. International Animal Rescue has offices in the United Kingdom, United States, India, Indonesia and Malta.

KAT Centre

The KAT Centre is a nonprofit organization in Nepal. The KAT Centre's goals are to create a healthy, sustainable street dog population, reduce animal cruelty, and eliminate rabies, around Kathmandu, Nepal.

Mission Rabies

Mission Rabies is a charity that was initially founded as an initiative by Worldwide Veterinary Service (WVS), a United Kingdom-based charity group that assists animals. Mission Rabies has a One Health approach driven by research to eliminate dog bite transmitted rabies. Launched in September 2013 with a mission to vaccinate 50,000 dogs against rabies across India, Mission Rabies teams have since then vaccinated 968,287 dogs and educated 2,330,597 children in dog bite prevention in rabies endemic countries.

Vets for Change is a fully registered UK charitable organisation that was set up to provide financial and logistical support to community animal welfare projects around the world.

Animal welfare in Egypt is a neglected issue. There are only a few organizations that support the rights and wellbeing of animals.

The Soi Dog Foundation is a nonprofit organisation for the welfare of stray dogs and cats. Its headquarters is in Phuket, Thailand, and it has been legally registered in Thailand, the United States, Canada, Australia, France, United Kingdom, Switzerland, and The Netherlands. Its primary goal is to care for homeless and abused dogs in Thailand. It was established by British couple John and Gill Dalley with the help of Margot Homburg Park in Phuket in 2003.

Animal welfare and rights in Ethiopia is about the treatment of and laws concerning non-human animals in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has highly limited animal welfare regulations by international standards, and appears to have little animal activism.

Animal welfare and rights in Indonesia regards the treatment of and laws concerning non-human animals in Indonesia. Indonesia has limited animal welfare regulations by international standards.

Free-ranging dogs have become a public health issue in the state of Kerala in India. Two persons died from dog attacks in 2016, and many persons were injured. Efforts to control the population have created conflicts between Indian advocates of public safety and opponents of animal cruelty, and caused international backlash including calls for a boycott of tourism to Kerala.

NSPCA

National Council of Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (NSPCA), also known as the National Council of SPCAs, is the largest and oldest animal welfare organisation in South Africa. The NSPCA handles all matters relating to animal cruelty involving all animal species and is a registered Non-Profit Organisation registered with the Department of Social Development.

Animal welfare and rights in Goa

Animal welfare and rights in Goa refers to campaigns undertaken in the region of Goa, on the west coast of India, which has been on the rise in recent years. Goa is a popular tourist destination, visited by those from abroad and the rest of India, and concerns over animal rights has been built up both by local and visitor campaigns over the same.

References

  1. World Animal Protection homepage, World Animal Protection. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  2. Wim DeKok Animal Rights Collection, North Carolina State University
  3. Dominic Broadhurt, Janette Watson, Jane Marshall, "Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment: A Reference Guide for Researchers", Walter de Gruyter. January 2003 (p. 72).
  4. Susannah Birkwood, World Society for the Protection of Animals changes its name to World Animal Protection, Third Sector. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  5. Casamitjana, Jordi (30 July 2010). "Catalonia's bullfight ban a huge victory". CNN . Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  6. Alex Kirby, Hope for India's dancing bears, BBC News . 21 January 2003. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  7. Amanda Hodge, Curtain falls on India's dancing bears, The Australian . 27 November 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  8. Guy Lynn, Chris Rogers, "Civet cat coffee's animal cruelty secrets", BBC News. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  9. 'Torture chamber' agony of China's bears, BBC News. 5 April 2000. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  10. Pakistan halts bear-baiting event, BBC News. 18 May 2005. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  11. For example, "Cull of 30,000 pet dogs ordered after deadly rabies outbreak in Chinese city", Tania Branigan, The Guardian, 3 August 2011; and "Stray dogs must be culled, Bali governor says", Ni Komang Erviani, The Jakarta Post, 27 June 2014.
  12. "Ending inhumane dog culling" Archived 20 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine , World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014; see also "Mass rabies vaccinations called for", China Daily, 29 September 2013.
  13. 1 2 "Mass dog vaccination program to combat rabies", China, 18 June 2014.
  14. "Combatting rabies in Nepal" Archived 27 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine , World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
  15. "Stray dog population management" Archived 16 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine , World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014; and the Humane Dog Population Management Guidance document mentioned below.
  16. "Humane Dog Population Management Guidance", The International Companion Animal Management Coalition (ICAM Coalition), November 2007.
  17. "International Companion Animal Work", World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
  18. 1 2 "Protecting working animals in the West Bank", World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
  19. Animal welfare team in Solomons tsunami zone, ABC Radio Australia . 14 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  20. Tess Sprayson, Taking the lead: veterinary intervention in disaster relief Archived 11 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine , British Vet Association. January 2006. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  21. Krista Mahr, On the Road with Disaster Vets in Burma, Time Magazine . 5 April 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  22. Vets in the Disaster Zone, BBC Two . 16 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  23. Nicolette Fox, Business Benchmark: the animal welfare index, The Guardian. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  24. Leona backs animal welfare cause, Metro . 27 October 2009. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  25. Webmaster, NSPCA (10 June 2016). "International Award for Marcelle Meredith". NSPCA Cares about all Animals. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  26. "Move the world to protect animals". World Animal Protection International. Retrieved 18 April 2017.