World Animal Protection

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World Animal Protection
World Animal Protection logo.svg
Founded1981;40 years ago (1981)
Type Non-governmental organization
Focus Animal protection
OriginsWFPA and ISPA
Area served
Key people
Paul Baldwin, President
Steve McIvor, Chief Executive

World Animal Protection, formerly The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) is an international non-profit animal welfare organization that has been in operation for over 30 years. The charity describes its vision as: A world where animal welfare matters and animal cruelty has ended. [1]


The charity has regional hubs in: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and North America, and offices in 14 countries. Its headquarters is in London.


The organization was known previously as the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA). This resulted from the merger of two animal welfare organizations in 1981, the World Federation for the Protection of Animals (WFPA) founded in 1950 [2] and the International Society for the Protection of Animals (ISPA) founded in 1959. [3] In June 2014, the charity became World Animal Protection. [4]


Animals in the wild

In 1985 WSPA launched a campaign to outlaw bullfighting in cities in France and Spain. [5]

In the 1990s, the charity contributed to the prohibition of bear dancing in Greece, Turkey, and India. In India, the charity funded a sanctuary for bears previously used in the trade. [6] [7]

After a BBC investigation in September 2013, [8] the charity launched a campaign against the caged civet coffee trade. Several retailers have since stopped selling coffee produced by caged civets.[ citation needed ]

The charity campaigns in Asia for an end to the bear bile industry. [9] In Pakistan they work to end bear baiting by campaigning for a change in law, offering alternative livelihoods to bear owners and housing bears rescued from bear baiting in a purpose built sanctuary. [10]

Animals in communities

The organization is working to end the inhumane culling of stray dogs, which many countries do in a misguided effort to eliminate rabies. [11] The organization points out that vaccination programs are the only effective way to eliminate rabies, and work with governments on vaccination programs. [12] In 2012, a mass vaccination program was started in the Shaanxi, Guizhou and Anhui Provinces of China, working with the Chinese Animal Disease Control Centre; as of June 2014, 750 veterinarians have been trained and over 90,000 dogs have been vaccinated. [13] Mass vaccination programs have also been delivered in Bali, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Kenya, Zanzibar, [13] and Kathmandu, Nepal. [14]

A second focus is on stray dog population management itself, through proven humane methods such as education, improved legislation, registration and identification of dogs, sterilisation and contraception, holding facilities and rehoming centres. [15] They help governments design a program, and monitor and evaluate progress, using the model provided in the document "Humane Dog Population Management Guidance", developed in November 2007 by The International Companion Animal Management Coalition (ICAM Coalition), of which the organization is a member. [16]

Programs often include veterinary services such as mobile clinics for stray cats and dogs or those belonging to people who cannot afford veterinary care. The animals are sterilized, vaccinated, and provided other needed veterinary care. Such programs are provided in Sri Lanka, Zanzibar, Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Sierra Leone, and Bali. [17]

A further focus is on helping working animals (horses, donkeys, and mules) in the West Bank, where mobile clinics were noticing increases in signs of neglect and cruelty. [18] Through a partner organization, the Palestine Wildlife Society, "In each community, we train a few people who can teach others about equine welfare. They attend workshops and visit communities where our training is already having an impact. They then share what they learn. Word spreads. Habits change. Animal welfare improves. And, because their animals are healthier, owners can earn a better living too." [18]

Animals in disasters

The charity has disaster operations teams in Asia and Latin America. In the aftermath of disasters they travel to worst affected areas to administer emergency veterinary care, distribute food and reunite animals with their owners where possible. The work is of particular benefit in developing world countries, where communities rely on animals for food, transport and income. [19] The charity also works with governments and local animal welfare groups in disaster-prone areas to set up national warning systems and teach communities how to protect their animals in the event of a disaster. [20] [21]

In November 2013 the charity were filmed for a BBC documentary called Vets in the Disaster Zone, during disaster response work in the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan. The programme aired on BBC Two on 28 April 2014. [22]

Animals in farming

World Animal Protection works with governments, food businesses and farmers to improve the welfare of farmed animals. They encourage the general public to buy food produced in line with high welfare standards.

In 2013 the charity joined with Compassion in World Farming to create a business benchmark on farm animal welfare (BBFAW). According to The Guardian, there has been a 10 percent rise in companies publishing farm animal welfare policies since the benchmark launched. [23]

Global animal welfare

The charity is campaigning for a universal declaration on animal welfare. [24] In 2013 they successfully lobbied the United Nations to include language on animal welfare in two General Assembly Resolutions on agriculture and disaster risk reduction.

Jeannette McDermott Award

In 2015 the World Animal Protection awarded Marcelle Meredith, Executive Director of the National Council of Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - South Africa (NSPCA), and former Board member of the World Animal Protection, with the Jeannette McDermott award for animal welfare. [25] The award was created in Canada by the World Animal Protection in 1996 "in recognition of someone’s life devoted to animal welfare." Dominique Bellemare, Chairman of WAP Canada stated: "Marcelle has done amazing work for the past decade and for the cause of animal welfare. She has used her years on the international platform to advance the cause of animal welfare in Africa. I thank her profusely for all her work and dedication." [26]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Philippine Animal Welfare Society

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International Animal Rescue

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  1. World Animal Protection homepage, World Animal Protection. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  2. Wim DeKok Animal Rights Collection, North Carolina State University
  3. Dominic Broadhurt, Janette Watson, Jane Marshall, "Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment: A Reference Guide for Researchers", Walter de Gruyter. January 2003 (p. 72).
  4. Susannah Birkwood, World Society for the Protection of Animals changes its name to World Animal Protection, Third Sector. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  5. Casamitjana, Jordi (30 July 2010). "Catalonia's bullfight ban a huge victory". CNN . Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  6. Alex Kirby, Hope for India's dancing bears, BBC News . 21 January 2003. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  7. Amanda Hodge, Curtain falls on India's dancing bears, The Australian . 27 November 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  8. Guy Lynn, Chris Rogers, "Civet cat coffee's animal cruelty secrets", BBC News. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  9. 'Torture chamber' agony of China's bears, BBC News. 5 April 2000. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  10. Pakistan halts bear-baiting event, BBC News. 18 May 2005. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  11. For example, "Cull of 30,000 pet dogs ordered after deadly rabies outbreak in Chinese city", Tania Branigan, The Guardian, 3 August 2011; and "Stray dogs must be culled, Bali governor says", Ni Komang Erviani, The Jakarta Post, 27 June 2014.
  12. "Ending inhumane dog culling" Archived 20 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine , World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014; see also "Mass rabies vaccinations called for", China Daily, 29 September 2013.
  13. 1 2 "Mass dog vaccination program to combat rabies", China, 18 June 2014.
  14. "Combatting rabies in Nepal" Archived 27 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine , World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
  15. "Stray dog population management" Archived 16 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine , World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014; and the Humane Dog Population Management Guidance document mentioned below.
  16. "Humane Dog Population Management Guidance", The International Companion Animal Management Coalition (ICAM Coalition), November 2007.
  17. "International Companion Animal Work", World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
  18. 1 2 "Protecting working animals in the West Bank", World Animal Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
  19. Animal welfare team in Solomons tsunami zone, ABC Radio Australia . 14 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  20. Tess Sprayson, Taking the lead: veterinary intervention in disaster relief Archived 11 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine , British Vet Association. January 2006. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  21. Krista Mahr, On the Road with Disaster Vets in Burma, Time Magazine . 5 April 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  22. Vets in the Disaster Zone, BBC Two . 16 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  23. Nicolette Fox, Business Benchmark: the animal welfare index, The Guardian. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  24. Leona backs animal welfare cause, Metro . 27 October 2009. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  25. Webmaster, NSPCA (10 June 2016). "International Award for Marcelle Meredith". NSPCA Cares about all Animals. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  26. "Move the world to protect animals". World Animal Protection International. Retrieved 18 April 2017.