1945 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship

Last updated
All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship 1945
Championship Details
Dates
Counties
Sponsor
All Ireland Champions
Winners Antrim (1st title)
Captain Marie O'Gorman
Manager
All-Ireland Runners-up
Runners-up Waterford
May Kennedy
Manager
Matches played2

The 1945 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1945 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Antrim, who defeated Waterford by a six-point margin in the final. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Contents

Structure

Because of the splits in the Association and the disaffiliation of the Leinster counties only three teams entered the championship from outside Ulster. Waterford won the Munster championship for the first time when they defeated Tipperary 4–1 to 2–1 and received a bye to the All-Ireland final as Leinster had withdrawn from the Camogie Association.

Final

Antrim's team travelled by five cars in wartime to Waterford for the final.

Final stages

Antrim 3–1 – 1–3 Galway

Antrim 5–2 – 3–2 Waterford
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Antrim
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Waterford
ANTRIM:
GK1Patsy Smith
FB2Celia Quinn
RWB3Kathleen Rainey
CB4Marie O'Gorman (Capt) (0–1)
LWB5Marjorie Griffin
MF6Peg Dooey
MF7Claire McDermott
MF8Winnie Storey
RWF9Sue McKeown (1–0)
CF10Mavis Madden (0–1)
LWF11Roisin McCamphill (2–0)
FF12Bridie O'Neill (2–0)


WATERFORD:
GK1Cáit Flynn
FB2Maura Curran
RWB3Mamie O'Meara
CB4Nellie Breen
LWB5Nora Hennessy
MF6Kitty O'Sullivan (0–1)
MF7Bríd McGrath (1–1)
MF8Josie McNamara
RWF9Teresa Hynes
CF10Angela Spencer
LWF11Nora Healy
FF12May Kennedy (2–0)
Match Rules
  • 50 minutes
  • Replay if scores level
  • Maximum of 3 substitutions

Alternative All-Ireland final

A complex series of disagreements, splits in the Camogie Association, the foundation of two new bodies, and other altercations between the years 1939 and 1952 had a series impact on the All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship and led to the absence of the two most prominent camogie-playing counties Cork and Dublin among several others.

Dublin missed the All Ireland championships of 1939, 1940, 1945 and 1946, in a dispute over the ban on hockey players and was represented by a one club selection in 1941, 1947 and 1948, the CIÉ Club. As a result of a separate dispute over male officials Cork missed the eight championships between 1944 and 1952.

On the first year both were non participants they staged an "alternative" All Ireland final.

From the outset events in the Camogie Association did not follow the normal course of events in sporting disputes.

Alternative All-Ireland final: Dublin

When Dublin proposed that the ban on hockey players be removed in 1939 a special delegate conference was called. Ulster Council wanted a single delegate per county at this conference, in effect enabling them to outvote Dublin, which had three quarters of the members and half the registered clubs of the association at the time. [7]

Ulster Council then organised a boycott of the special delegate conference at which the Dublin and Kildare delegates unanimously removed the ban on hockey players. The rest of the affiliated counties seceded en masse as did the Central Council of the Camogie Association, but not, crucially the president Máire Gill or the secretary Esther Ryan. The Dublin-based Camogie Association life president Agnes O'Farrelly and the energetic national organiser Sean O'Duffy kept contact with both sides.

This left Dublin and its client clubs in Leinster as the only remaining members of the "old association" while the rest discussed a "new" National Camógaíocht Association at Jury's Hotel in Dublin on 23 July 1939. It was established soon afterwards at a meeting in Jury's Hotel on 26 August, at which Rosemary Marron of Antrim presided, with Jean Condon from Ashbourne as its president. Delegates attended from Wexford, Meath and Cork as well as the Ulster counties and letters of support were read from Galway, Louth and a few Dublin clubs that were in favour of the retention of the ban. They sought the help of the GAA to further their objectives and expected to stage their All-Ireland final at Croke Park on the first Sunday that the ground was available in November.

Dublin's strong league structure and access to playing fields in the Phoenix Park enabled it to carry on as normal without any change to practice. In the meantime the National Camógaíocht Association organised the All Ireland championships in 1939 and 1940, albeit without the O'Duffy Cup, which remained in Dublin custody. In 1941 the CIÉ Club affiliated to the Central Council and qualified for the All Ireland semi-final, setting an important precedent and putting Dublin's position of isolation under pressure.

In October 1941 Pádraig Ó Caoimh, General Secretary of the GAA mediated a settlement under which Dublin reaffiliated, Máire Gill and Esther Ryan stood down, Lil Kirby was elected new president and Jean McHugh became new secretary of the Camogie Association. The reaffiliated Dublin team met Cork in the All Ireland finals of 1942 and 1943, re-establishing their hegemony as the two leading counties in the game.

Alternative All-Ireland final: Cork

Cork withdrew in 1944 over a separate issue, the debate over a females-only administration for camogie. Their eight-year withdrawal from the championship has been characterised by the game's official historian as the act of an individual, Cork chairman Idé Bean Uí Shé. Mary Moran wrote in her 2011 history of camogie, A Game of Our Own:

Readers must wonder how an individual could withdraw Cork from the Association and get away with it. I have put that question to camogie people of the time. The usual reply was 'we were unable to challenge her'. Idé Bean Uí Shé lectured in Irish at U.C.C. whereas many of the delegates that attended the Cork County Board had left school in their early teens. If someone disputed the point with her, she immediately switched to speaking Irish, leaving the delegate at a disadvantage. On the other hand, some delegates were happy to let Idé lead the way and they followed without question. The situation dragged on for years. Eventually, Old Aloysians came up with the idea of making her Life President of the Cork Board. She was delighted with the honour. A new chairperson was elected and Cork affiliated. [8]

Cork defeated Dublin a week before Dublin won the 1944 Championship, raising questions about Dublin's claim as All Ireland champions.

Alternative All-Ireland final: Dublin again

The peace in Dublin did not last either. The Leinster counties withdrew from the Association in May 1945, listing a catalogue of grievances, a time described by Mary Moran as "the darkest hour in the history of the Association".

For the first time neither of the two strongest counties in Camogie were participants in the All Ireland champions and when they met in an "alternative" or "unofficial" All Ireland final it was played at Croke Park as opposed to the "official" All Ireland championship in Cappoquin.

Alternative All Ireland final: The matches

Dublin and Cork organised an alternative All Ireland final as a show of strength, showing their vastly superior playing numbers and support above that of the National Camógaíocht Association. They played at Croke Park on 14 October 1945, drawing 1–1 each. Dublin beat Cork 4–2 to 1–1 in the replay at the Mardyke on 18 November. It was a high profile event covered in the national newspapers, as opposed to the National Camógaíocht Association final in Cappoquin in which Antrim defeated Waterford with a smaller crowd and no national coverage. It is in effect Dublin's "missing" 27th All Ireland title. The winners received a set of hurleys presented by Denis Guiney, Managing Director of Clery & Co. Ltd.

Kit left arm.svg
Kit body navyshoulders.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Dublin
Kit left arm red 2.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body red.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm red 3.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Cork
Dublin:
GK1 Bríd Kenny (Col San Dominic)
FB2 Rose Martin (Austin Stacks)
RWB3 Patty Kenny (Col San Dominic)
CB4 Rose Fletcher (Scoil Bríghde)
LWB5 Sheila McMahon (Austin Stacks)
MF6 Īde O'Kiely (UCD)
MF7 Kathleen Cody (GSR)
MF8 Kathleen Mills (GSR)
RWF9N Mahon
CF10 Doreen Rogers (Austin Stacks)
LWF11 Maura Moore (Optimists)
FF12 Sophie Brack (GSR)
Cork:
GK1 Peggy Hogg
FB2Bernie Cashman
RWB3Maureen Cashman
CB4Mary Fitzgerald (capt)
LWB5Mona Hobbs
MF6E Horgan
MF7R Barry
MF8S O'Leary
RWF9Maureen Hegarty
CF10Kathleen Barry
LWF11L Cronin
FF12Kathleen Coughlan
Match Rules

Alternative All-Ireland: aftermath

The National Camógaíocht Association's All Ireland Championship was saved by the rise of Antrim and the revival of interest in camogie in Belfast city, which staged high-profile All Ireland finals in 1946 and in 1947 at Corrigan Park.

Another "unified" camogie body (the third) Comhaltas Camógaíochta na hÉireann was formed in Dublin on 21 April 1947, and Leinster Council disbanded. A new Leinster Council was formed but it was only able to attract two counties to affiliate. Once again CIÉ Club affiliated to the Central Council from Dublin in 1947 and were able to qualify unopposed as Leinster champions and reach the All-Ireland final. They formed an alternative Dublin County Board on 30 September and went a step further in the 1948 championship when they won the competition without assistance from any other Dublin clubs. The success opened the way for unity talks chaired by Síghle Nic an Ultaigh from Down, who persuaded Dublin and the Leinster counties to re-affiliate in 1949. Cork re-affiliated in 1952 after an eight-year absence from the championship.

See also

Related Research Articles

Camogie Irish stick-and-ball team sport played by women

Camogie is an Irish stick-and-ball team sport played by women. Camogie is played by 100,000 women in Ireland and worldwide, largely among Irish communities.

The All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship is a competition for inter-county teams in the women's field sport of game of camogie played in Ireland. The series of games are organised by the Camogie Association and are played during the summer months with the All-Ireland Camogie Final being played on the second Sunday in September in Croke Park, Dublin. The prize for the winning team is the O'Duffy Cup.

The All-Ireland Intermediate Camogie Championship is the most important competition in the women’s field sport of camogie for second-tier county teams and for second-string teams of first-tier counties. If the winning team comes from a second-tier county, that county is promoted to the following year's senior championship. Similarly, the winner of the All-Ireland junior championship is promoted to the following year's Intermediate Championship. The grade mirrors Division 2 of the National Camogie League. The final is played in Croke Park Dublin alongside the Senior and Junior finals. The competition is contested by Antrim, Kildare, Down, Meath, Waterford and the second teams of Cork, Galway, Kilkenny, Tipperary and Wexford.

Mary Moran was the 18th president of the Camogie Association, elected at the 1973 Congress in the Blarney Hotel in a run-off against Mary Lynch of Monaghan.

Camogie Association Governing body for the sport of camogie on the island of Ireland, and worldwide

The Camogie Association organises and promotes the sport of camogie in Ireland and across the world. The association has close ties with the Gaelic Athletic Association.

Marie O'Gorman is a former camogie player, captain of the All Ireland Camogie Championship winning team in 1945.

The 1972 All Ireland Camogie Championship was won by Cork who defeated Killkenny by a four margin in the final for their third successive success of a four-in-a-row. It was the first final in which the new look camogie uniform of the 1970s was used. The match drew an attendance of 4,000. It marked the first appearance in a final of the 15-year-old Angela Downey, arguably the greatest player in the history of camogie.

The 1935 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1935 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Cork, who defeated Dublin by a single point margin in the final.

The 1934 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1934 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Cork, who defeated Louth by an eight-point margin in the final.

The 1937 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1937 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Dublin, who defeated Galway by a 25-point margin in the final on front of what the Irish Independent reported was one of the biggest crowds ever at a camogie match.

The 2001 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship—known as the Foras na Gaeilge All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship for sponsorship reasons—was the high point of the 2001 season. The championship was won by Tipperary who scored defeated their great rivals of the age Cork in a replayed semi-final and Kilkenny by a 16-point margin in the final. The attendance was a then record of 16,354.

The 1961 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1961 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Dublin who defeated Tipperary by a ten-point margin in the final.

The 1941 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1941 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Cork, who defeated Dublin by a 21-point margin in the final.

The 1952 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1952 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Dublin who defeated Antrim by a two-point margin in the final. The match was played at Croke Park

The 1939 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1939 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Cork, who defeated Galway by a 15-point margin in the final.

The 1940 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1940 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Cork, who defeated Galway by a five-point margin in the final.

The 1938 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1938 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Dublin, who defeated Cork by a six-point margin in the final.

The 1970 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1970 season. The championship was won by Cork, who defeated Killkenny by an 11-point margin in the final. The match drew an attendance of 4,000.

The 1956 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship was the high point of the 1956 season in Camogie. The championship was won by Antrim who defeated Cork by a four-point margin in the final, having created a major surprise by defeating serial champions Dublin in the semi-final, and interrupting what would otherwise have been a run of 19 championships in a row by Dublin. The championship featured what were reportedly two of the best camogie matches in the history of the game in its 12-a-side phase, the final and the semi-final between Antrim and Dublin.

The 1970 All-Ireland Senior Club Camogie Championship for the leading clubs in the women's team field sport of camogie was won for the third year in succession by St Paul’s from Kilkenny, who defeated Bellaghy from Derry in the final, played at Bellaghy.

References

  1. Moran, Mary (2011). A Game of Our Own: The History of Camogie. Dublin, Ireland: Cumann Camógaíochta. p. 460. 978-1-908591-00-5
  2. Report of final in Irish Press, October 1, 1945
  3. Report of final in Irish Independent, October 1, 1945
  4. Report of final in Irish Times, October 1, 1945
  5. Report of final in Irish Examiner, October 1, 1945
  6. Report of final in Irish News, October 1, 1945
  7. Agnes O'Farrelly: Address to Camogie Convention March 14, 1939, reported in Irish Independent March 15
  8. Moran, Mary (2011). A Game of Our Own: The History of Camogie. Dublin, Ireland: Cumann Camógaíochta. p. 460. 978-1-908591-00-5 Page 80
Preceded by
1944 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship
All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship
1932–present
Succeeded by
1946 All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship