Al-An'am

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Sura 6 of the Quran
ٱلْأَنْعَام
Al-ʾAnʿām
The Cattle
Classification Meccan
Other namesLivestock
Position Juzʼ 7 to 8
Hizb no.13 to 15
No. of Rukus 20
No. of verses 165
No. of Sajdahs none
  Al-Ma'idah
Al-A'raf  

Al-An'am (Arabic : ٱلْأَنْعَامal-ʾAnʿām, "The Cattle") [1] is the sixth chapter (sūrah) of the Quran, with 165 verses (āyāt). Coming in order in the Quran after al-Baqarah, Al 'Imran, an-Nisa', and al-Ma'idah, all of which were revealed in Medina, this surah dwells on such themes as rejecting polytheism and unbelief, the establishment of Tawhid (pure monotheism), the Revelation, Messengership, and Resurrection. Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation ( Asbāb al-nuzūl ), it is a "Meccan surah," as it is believed to have been revealed in its entirety during the final year of the Meccan period of Islam. [2] The surah also reports the story of the prophet Ibrahim [3] , who calls others to stop worshiping celestial bodies and turns towards Allah.

Contents

Interpretation

Verse 6:32

6:32 - warns against hedonism:

"What is the life of this world but play and amusement? But best is the home in the hereafter, for those who are righteous."

Verse 6.59

6:59 - teaches that none but Allah is Omniscient:

"And with Him are the keys of the Invisible. None but He Knoweth them. And He Knoweth what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it, not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted) in a clear record."

Verse 6:68

6:68 - commands avoiding talking to disbelievers about revelation:

"And when thou seest those who meddle with Our revelations, withdraw from them until they meddle with another topic. And if the devil causes thee to forget, sit not, after the remembrance, with the congregation of wrong-doers."

Verse 6:73

6:73 - teaches about Allah's Omnipotence:

"In the day when He Saith: Be! it is."

Verse 6:78

Then, when he beheld the sun rising in all its splendor, he said; "This is my Lord, (is it)? This one is the greatest of all!" But when it set, he said: "O my people! Surely I am free from your association of partner with God and from whatever you associate with Him as partners." 6:78 [4]

This verse hints at an important reality through a grammatical rule which is impossible to render in translation according to Unal: The sun is a feminine word in Arabic; whereas prophet Abraham, used a masculine pronoun when pointing to it. [5] This means that his people, like almost all other polytheist peoples, considered their greatest deity as being male. As pointed to in note 26 of his interpretation of 4:117, Unal states that "Whatever they may claim, in nearly all communities that reject Divine Religion in the establishment of their society, women are only objects exploited by men for their interest and tools used to satisfy their carnal desires. Men hold the sovereignty. This is because those reject God's authority depend on and adore force and might; this is possessed and represented by men, rather than women. Therefore a (supreme) god, in such a system, cannot be seen as being female." [5]

Verse 6:127

The "abode of peace" is also known as Dar al-Islam, or house/abode of Submission. [1] The term also appears in Quran Yunus (surah) 10.25 as a name of Paradise. [6]

Verses 6:151 - 6:152

6:151 - Mildly resembles parts of The Ten Commandments. [7]

Say: "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from:

· Join not anything in worship with Him; · be kind and dutiful to your parents; · kill not your children because of poverty -- We provide sustenance for you and for them. · Come not near to Al-Fawahish (immoral sins) whether committed openly or secretly; · and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause.

This He has commanded you that you may understand." [1] :6:151-152

Verse 6:159

Verse (6:159) is known for forbidding sects and denominations.

"As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah: He will, in the end, tell them the truth of all that they did." [1] :6:159

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Ibn Kathir. "Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Al An'am". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  2. Ünal, Ali. (2008). The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. Somerset, N.J.: Tughra Books. p. 267. ISBN   978-1-59784-144-3. OCLC   234244740.
  3. [Quran   6:74–80]
  4. Ünal, Ali. (2008). The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. Somerset, N.J.: Tughra Books. ISBN   978-1-59784-144-3. OCLC   234244740.
  5. 1 2 Ünal, Ali. (2008). The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. Somerset, N.J.: Tughra Books. p. 290. ISBN   978-1-59784-144-3. OCLC   234244740.
  6. Arnold, T. W. (1927). "Gagauzes - Gakhar". The Encyclopaedia of Islam . 2. Leiden: Brill. p. 128.
  7. Ibn Kathir, Stories of the Prophets, From Adam to Muhammad, Ibn Katheer, "Ibn Katheer states that many of the early Muslim scholars and others maintain that the content of these Ten Commandments exists in the following two Qur'anic verses: "Say; 'Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from join not anything as equal as Him: be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want - We provide sustenance for you and for them- come not nigh to shameful deeds, whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom. And come not nigh to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice; no burden do We place on any soul but that which it can bear - whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the Covenant of Allah thus doth He command you, the ye may remember." ( al-Anʻām: 151-2)"