This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (March 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|No. of Rukus||6|
|No. of verses||43|
|No. of Sajdahs||1 (15th Ayah)|
|No. of words||854|
|No. of letters||3450|
|Opening muqaṭṭaʻāt||4 Alif Lam Mim Ra (المر)|
Ar-Ra'd, (Arabic : الرعدar-raʻd), or the Thunder, is the 13th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, composed of 43 verses (āyāt). It has Muqattat (Quranic initials) المر (Alif. Lam. Mim. Ra or ALMR).
The goal of the Sura is the power of truth and the weakness of falsehood. Verse 15 contains a prostration symbol ۩:
This Sura is concerned with the oneness of God, the message, the judgment day and the penalty. The Sura revolves around an important axis that what is truth is clear through power and stability. And what is falsehood is clear through its weakness. No matter how it is dressed up and no matter how it pretends to be the truth. The verses call upon people to not be deceived by the glitter of falsehood because it is inevitably fleeting, while the truth shines throughout the entire universe.
The name of the Surah is from the word (ar-Ra'ad) (thunder) in 13th ayat.It is simply the representative name of the Surah and does not in any capacity imply that the discourse is about the scientific issues associated with thunder.
The rhetoric of the discourseshows that this Surah was uncovered in the ending of the Meccan phase when Muhammad was also revealed with Surahs Yunus, Hud, and Al-A'araf. The way of discourse shows that quite a while had gone since Muhammad had been passing on the Message. From one viewpoint, his adversaries had been carrying out various plots to vanquish him and his mission, on different, his supporters had been communicating a longing that by indicating a marvel or some tangible miracle the disbelievers may be brought to the Correct Path. In answer, Allah intrigued on the Devotees that it isn't His approach to change over individuals by this strategy and that they ought not to lose heart if He is giving the adversaries of the truth, a rope sufficiently long to hang themselves. Else, He can give such indications as may bring the dead out of their graves and cause them to talk, yet and still, after all that these obstinate individuals will develop a reason to clarify this away. This definitive proof obviously demonstrates that this Surah was uncovered during the ending phase of Muhammad's Meccan era.
The opening ayat articulates the fundamental topic of this Surah, that is, "The Message of Muhammad (Allah's tranquility arrive) is the very Truth, however, it is the shortcoming of the individuals that they are dismissing it." This is the axis on which the entire Surah orbits. This is the reason it has been appeared again and again in various manners that the fundamental parts of the Message - Tawhid, Resurrection, and Prophethood-are a reality: along these lines, they ought to accept truly in these for their own good moral and spiritual. They have been cautioned that they will bring about their own ruin in the event that they dismiss them, for kufr without anyone else is sheer insanity and ignorance. In addition, the point of the Surah isn't simply to fulfill the brains yet additionally to speak to the hearts to acknowledge the Faith. In this manner, it does not only advance consistent contentions on the side of the reality of the Message and against the individuals' off-base thoughts, yet at fitting interims it utilizes thoughtful and sincere interests to prevail their hearts by notifying them of the results of kufr and by holding out the cheerful prizes of Faith with the goal that the silly individuals should surrender their hardheadedness.
Other than this, the complaints of the rivals have been replied with no notice of them, and those questions which are demonstrating a block in the path of the Message or were being made by the adversaries have been expelled. Simultaneously, the Devotees; who had been going through long and hard trial and were feeling tired, and standing by restlessly for Allah's help, have been ameliorated and loaded up with expectation and fortitude. The significant issues, divine Laws, and direction incorporated in the text of the discourse can be categorized as follows:-
The Spoils is the eighth chapter (sūrah) of the Quran, with 75 verses (āyāt). Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation, it is a "Medinan surah", completed after the Battle of Badr. It forms a pair with the next surah, At-Tawba.
Al-Araf is the 7th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, with 206 verses (āyāt). Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation, it is a "Meccan surah", which means it is believed to have been revealed in Mecca.
Yunus, is the 10th chapter (surah) of the Quran with 109 verses (ayat). Yunus is named after the prophet Yunus (Jonah). According to tafsir chronology, it is believed to have been revealed before the migration of the Islamic prophet Muhammed and his followers from Mecca to Medina (Hijra), as such, it is known as a Meccan surah.
Ibrahim is the 14th chapter (surah) of the Qur'an with 52 verses (āyāt).
The Bee is the 16th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, with 128 verses (āyāt). It is named after honey bees mentioned in verse 68, and contains a comparison of the industry and adaptability of honey bees to the industry of man. Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation, it is an earlier "Meccan surah", which means it is believed to have been revealed in Mecca, instead of later in Medina.
Al-Anbiyaʼ, is the 21st chapter (sūrah) of the Quran with 112 verses (āyāt). Regarding the timing and contextual background of the supposed revelation, it is an earlier "Meccan surah", which means it is believed to have been revealed in Mecca, instead of later in Medina. Its principal subject matter is prophets of the past, who also preached the same faith as Muhammad.
Al-Furqan is the 25th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 77 verses (āyāt). The name Al-Furqan, or "The Criterion" refers to the Qur'an itself as the decisive factor between good and evil.
An-Naml is the 27th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 93 verses (āyāt).
The Spider is the 29th chapter (surah) of the Quran with 69 verses (āyāt).
Al-Ahzab is the 33rd chapter (sūrah) of the Quran (Q33) with 73 verses (āyāt). The sūrah takes its name from the mention of the parties (al-aḥzāb), or confederates, who fought the Muslims at the Battle of the Trench (5/627), also known as the Battle of the Parties and as the siege of Madinah.
Saba’ is the 34th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 54 verses (āyāt). It discusses the lives of Solomon and David, a story about the people of Sheba, challenges and warnings against the disbelievers as well as the promises related to the Day of Judgment.
As-Saffat is the 37th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 182 verses (āyāt).
Sad is the 38th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 88 verses (āyāt) and 1 sajdah ۩ (38:24). Sad (ص) is the name of the eighteenth letter in the Arabic alphabet.
Ghafir, also known as Al-Muʼmin, is the 40th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, with 85 verses (āyāt). It takes its name from verse 28 which mentions a distinguished believer from among the clan of the Pharaoh who supported Moses, referring to him as a "believing man," hence al-Mu'min; The Believer. However, this surah is most often called al-Ghafir because of the Divine Name mentioned in verse 3.
Az-Zukhruf is the 43rd chapter (surah), of the Quran, the central religious text of Islam. It contains 89 verses (ayat).
Adh-Dhariyat is the 51st chapter (surah) of the Qur'an with 60 verses (ayat). It mentions Abraham, Noah, the day of judgment and otherwise reiterates the essential Quranic message.
The Evidence is the 98th Chapter (surah) of the Qur'an with 8 verses (ayat). The Surah is so designated after the word al-bayyinah occurring at the end of the first verse.
al-Muzzammil is the seventy-third chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, containing 20 verses (āyāt), which are recognized by Muslims as the word of God (Allah).
The Covered is the 74th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, with 56 verses (āyāt).
Luqman is the 31st chapter (sūrah) of the Islamic holy book, the Qur'an. It is composed of 34 verses (āyāt) and takes its title from the mention of the sage Luqman in verses 12–19 which includes advices to his son. It was, according to Islamic traditional chronology, revealed in the middle of Muhammad's Meccan period, and is thus usually classified as a Meccan sura.