Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Men's shot put

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Men's shot put
at the Games of the XV Olympiad
Parry O'Brien 1954b.jpg
Parry O'Brien in 1954
Venue Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Dates21 July (qualifying and final)
Competitors20 from 14 nations
Winning distance17.41 OR
Medalists
Gold medal icon.svg Parry O'Brien
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Silver medal icon.svg Darrow Hooper
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bronze medal icon.svg Jim Fuchs
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
  1948
1956  
Video on YouTube amateur film TV-icon-2.svg
Video on YouTube amateur film

The men's shot put event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. Twenty athletes from 14 nations competed. [1] The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The competition was held on 21 July at Helsinki Olympic Stadium. The finals were swept by the United States, with Americans Parry O'Brien taking the gold medal, Darrow Hooper earning silver and Jim Fuchs receiving his second consecutive bronze medal in the event. [2] It was the 10th victory for an American in the event, and the fifth medal sweep for the United States. Fuchs was the third man to win multiple medals in the shot put.

Contents

Summary

While recuperating from surgery to deal with a knee injury, Fuchs developed a technique he called "the sideways glide" which enabled him to compete without pain and gain greater distance on his tosses. Fuchs, who was the world record holder at the time of the games, was nursing a pulled ligament in his right hand, which interfered with his ability to compete. [3] In the years after his bronze medal performance at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, Fuchs was the best shot putter in the world, winning 88 consecutive meets and setting four world records in a stretch of 14 months. [4]

Using a technique that became known as the "O'Brien glide", Parry O'Brien broke Fuchs's consecutive meet winning streak and started a streak of his own that ran from July 1952 to June 1956 in which he won 116 consecutive meets and set 17 world records, in addition to becoming the first person to break through the distances of 18 meters, 60 feet and 19 meters. [5] Parry would go on to repeat his gold medal performance at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and win a silver medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, before falling just out of the medals in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. [6]

Hooper beat both O'Brien and Fuchs in the 1952 Final Trials with a throw of 17.41m (57–1⅝), a distance that would have won him a gold medal if he had been able to repeat it in Helsinki [7] In the first round of the final O'Brien reached a distance of 17.41 (57–1½), which gave him the lead, holding on until the final round when Hooper's 17.39 (57–0¾) put him just two centimeters short of a gold medal. [2]

Background

This was the 12th appearance of the event, which is one of 12 athletics events to have been held at every Summer Olympics. Returning finalists from the 1948 Games were bronze medalist Jim Fuchs of the United States, ninth-place finisher Konstantinos Giataganas of Greece, and eleventh-place finisher John Giles of Great Britain. The American team was favored to repeat its medal sweep of 1948, with Fuchs (now the world record holder), Parry O'Brien, and Darrow Hooper all within two inches of each other at the U.S. trials, with Hooper winning at 17.41 metres. [1]

Puerto Rico and the Soviet Union each made their debut in the men's shot put. The United States appeared for the 12th time, the only nation to have competed in all Olympic shot put competitions to date.

Competition format

The competition used the two-round format introduced in 1936, with the qualifying round completely separate from the divided final. In qualifying, each athlete received three attempts; those recording a mark of at least 14.60 metres advanced to the final. If fewer than 12 athletes achieved that distance, the top 12 would advance. The results of the qualifying round were then ignored. Finalists received three throws each, with the top six competitors receiving an additional three attempts. The best distance among those six throws counted. [1] [8]

Records

Prior to the competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

World recordFlag of the United States.svg  Jim Fuchs  (USA)17.95 Eskilstuna, Sweden 22 August 1950
Olympic recordUS flag 48 stars.svg  Jim Delaney  (USA)17.12 London, United Kingdom 3 August 1948

Parry O'Brien broke the Olympic record with his first throw of the final, at 17.41 metres. This was the best throw of the day, though O'Brien's second throw (17.21 metres) and Darrow Hooper's final throw (17.39 metres) also exceeded the old record.

Schedule

All times are Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)

DateTimeRound
Monday, 21 July 195210:00
15:00
Qualifying
Final

Results

Qualifying round

Qualification: Qualifying Performance 14.60 (Q) advance to the final.

RankAthleteNation123DistanceNotes
1 Parry O'Brien US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 16.0516.05Q
2 Oto Grigalka Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union 15.9015.90Q
3 Roland Nilsson Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 15.8115.81Q
4 Darrow Hooper US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 15.4815.48Q
5 Jim Fuchs US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 15.2915.29Q
Jiří Skobla Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 15.2915.29Q
7 Georgy Fyodorov Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union 15.1615.16Q
8 Per Stavem Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 14.4514.5415.1215.12Q
9 Alois Schwabl Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 15.0015.00Q
10 Angiolo Profeti Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 14.9314.93Q
11 Tadeusz Krzyżanowski Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 14.1114.9014.90Q
12 John Savidge Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 14.8914.89Q
13 Lucien Guillier Flag of France.svg  France 14.13X14.6214.62Q
14 Aapo Perko Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 14.2314.5014.2614.50
15 Toivo Telen Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 13.7814.30X14.30
16 Ramón Rosario Puerto rico national sport flag.svg  Puerto Rico 14.2114.0013.9414.21
17 Kaarto Rask Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 14.0813.8113.8014.08
18 Konstantinos Giataganas Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece 12.0614.05X14.05
19 John Giles Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 13.7313.70X13.73
20 Nuri Turan Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 13.00XX13.00
Friðrik Guðmundsson Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland DNS
Mieczysław Łomowski Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland DNS
Gino Roy PellaCanadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada DNS
Aristeidis Roubanis Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece DNS

Final

RankAthleteNation123456DistanceNotes
Gold medal icon.svg Parry O'Brien US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 17.41 OR 17.2116.7916.8717.1216.5317.41 OR
Silver medal icon.svg Darrow Hooper US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 17.0216.5917.0816.9016.9317.3917.39
Bronze medal icon.svg Jim Fuchs US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 16.93XXX17.06X17.06
4 Oto Grigalka Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union 16.5316.7815.9116.2716.2916.3316.78
5 Roland Nilsson Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 16.5516.0816.33XXX16.55
6 John Savidge Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 16.1716.18X16.1916.03X16.19
7 Georgy Fyodorov Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union 15.9816.0116.06Did not advance16.06
8 Per Stavem Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 15.1416.0215.31Did not advance16.02
9 Jiří Skobla Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 15.7315.6015.92Did not advance15.92
10 Tadeusz Krzyżanowski Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 15.0814.5714.32Did not advance15.08
11 Lucien Guillier Flag of France.svg  France 13.9414.4614.84Did not advance14.84
12 Angiolo Profeti Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 14.5914.0014.74Did not advance14.74
13 Alois Schwabl Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 14.4314.2014.45Did not advance14.45

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Shot Put, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Athletics at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Shot Put". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  3. Danzig, Allison. "4 Olympic Titles Won By U. S.; Soviet Leads; United States Takes Four Track and Field Tests Before 55,000 at Olympics REMIGINO WINS 100 IN BLANKET FINISH At the Olympics: A Photo Finish, a Grand-Slam Presentation and a Pole Vault Qualifier", The New York Times , 22 July 1952. Accessed 19 October 2010.
  4. Douglas, Martin. "James E. Fuchs, Shot-Put Innovator, Dies at 82", The New York Times , 17 October 2010. Accessed 18 October 2010
  5. Elliott, Helene. "Parry O'Brien, 75; champion revolutionized shotput throw", Los Angeles Times , 23 April 2007. Accessed 19 October 2010.
  6. Parry O'Brien, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed 19 October 2010.
  7. Darrow Hooper, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed 19 October 2010.
  8. Official Report, p. 316.