Blackstonia perfoliata

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Blackstonia perfoliata
Blackstonia perfoliata1.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Blackstonia
Species:
B. perfoliata
Binomial name
Blackstonia perfoliata
Synonyms

Chlora perfoliata [1]

Blackstonia perfoliata or yellow-wort is a species of flowering plant in the family Gentianaceae found around the Mediterranean Basin, but extending into northwestern Europe.

Contents

Description

Yellow-wort grows from ten to fifty centimetres (four to twenty inches), tall with stiff, branching stems. The leaves are glaucous, opposite and entire, the upper ones perfoliate, being united at the base. It bears terminal cymes of bright yellow, stalked flowers, 1–1.5 cm across. The calyx is deeply divided into 6–10 linear lobes or sepals, spirally arranged, free or nearly free from each other at the base and shorter than the corolla. The petals number six to ten and form a short tube. There are six to ten adherent stamens and a two-lobed stigma. [2]

Ecology

This species is found in chalk or limestone turf and on dunes. It flowers from June to October in Britain where it is widespread but not common. [2] Pathogens affecting B. perfoliata include Peronospora chlorae . [3]

Yellow-wort Yellow-wort.jpeg
Yellow-wort
Capsules and seeds - MHNT Blackstonia perfoliata MHNT.BOT.2005.0.961.jpg
Capsules and seeds – MHNT

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References

  1. "Blackstonia perfoliata – (L.)Huds". Plants for a future.
  2. 1 2 McClintock D. and Fitter, R. The Pocket Guide to Wildflowers. Collins (1956)
  3. Hall, G., "Peronospora chlorae", IMI Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria