The rijksdaalder (Dutch, "dollar of the Empire") was a Dutch coin first issued by the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands in the late 16th century during the Dutch Revolt. Featuring an armored half bust of William the Silent, rijksdaalder was minted to the Saxon reichsthaler weight standard – 448 grains of 0.885 fine silver.Friesland, Gelderland, Holland, Kampen, Overijssel, Utrecht, West Friesland, Zeeland, and Zwolle minted armored half bust rijksdaalders until the end of the 17th century.
17th century rijksdaalder was set to be equal to from 48 to 50 stuivers (the Dutch equivalent of shillings) and circulated along with silver florins (28 stuivers), daalders (30 stuivers), leeuwendaalders (36 to 42 stuivers), silver ducats (48 stuivers), and ducatons (60 stuivers). While liondaalders were made of less pure silver at 427.16 grains of 0.750 fineness, 2+1⁄2 guilders started to be called rijksdaalders.silver ducats and rijksdaalders were almost of the same size and quality. With the disappearance of the original armored half bust rijksdaalder design, silver ducats and later
Unification of the Dutch monetary system in the beginning of the 18th century introduced guilder and set rijksdaalders and silver ducats at 2+1⁄2 guilders. Following decimalization (in 1816), 2+1⁄2-guilder coins were no longer produced because a 3-guilder coin was thought to better fit in the series of denominations. This turned out to be a mistake (due to the high silver price) and from 1840 onward 2+1⁄2-guilder coins were produced again. Production stopped in 2002 due to the introduction of the euro. 2+1⁄2-guilder coins continued to be called by their nicknames rijksdaalder, riks, and knaak until the introduction of the euro.
The Royal Dutch Mint still mints a silver ducat today.
|1840||44,409||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||William I||Diameter: 38mm; silver content: 94.5%|
|1841||53,542||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||William II|
|1842||1,009,807||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1843||642,659||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1844||278,535||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1845||3,928,381||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1846||3,629,712||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1847||9,465,005||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1848||8,333,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1849||2,049,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|439,307||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||William III|
|1850||5,008,210||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1851||3,647,493||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1852||4,547,764||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1853||234,128||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1854||4,334,526||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1855||2,082,046||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1856||909,345||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1857||3,353,072||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1858||8,357,486||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1859||4,306,594||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1860||847,104||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1861||876,003||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1862||3,304,118||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1863||50,652||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1864||2,033,644||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1865||2,287,612||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1866||3,652,608||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1867||4,984,886||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1868||4,040,021||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1869||5,046,192||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1870||6,639,847||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1871||6,875,035||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1872||13,416,378||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1873||5,515,073||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1874||12,795,726||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1875–1897: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1898||100,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||Wilhelmina|
|1899–1928: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1929||4,400,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||Silver content reduced to 72.0%|
|1930||11,600,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1931||4,720,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1932||6,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1933||3,560,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1934–1936: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1937||4,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1938||2,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1939||3,760,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1940||4,640,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1941–1942: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1943||2,000,000||Denver||Letter D, privy mark|
|1944–1958: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1959||7,200,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||Diameter reduced to 33mm|
|1960||12,800,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1961||10,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1962||5,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1963||4,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1964||2,800,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1965: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1966||5,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1967–1968: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1969||15,720,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||Silver content removed. Diameter reduced to 29mm|
|1970||22,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1971||8,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1972||20,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1973–1977: No rijksdaalders minted|
|1978||5,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1979||5,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||Union of Utrecht circulating commemorative|
|1980||37,300,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|30,500,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark||Beatrix and Juliana||Abdication circulating commemorative|
|1981: No rijksdaalders minted||Beatrix|
|1982||14,300,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1983||3,800,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1984||5,200,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1985||3,100,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1986||5,800,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1987||2,500,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1988||6,800,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1989||4,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1990||1,000,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1991||400,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1992||400,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1993||400,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1994||420,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1995||150,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1996||150,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1997||180,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1998||200,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|1999||240,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|2000||300,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|2001||600,000||Utrecht||Utrecht Mint, privy mark|
|2002||none||Discontinued due to introduction of the euro.|
The Dutch rijksdaalder or the local versions of the 2+1⁄2-guilder coin (or paper) were circulating in Dutch East India from 1602 until 1949. In this year the Netherlands Indies gulden was replaced by the Indonesian rupiah.
The Netherlands United East India Company (VOC) issued the rijksdaalder in the Cape Colony in the 17th century. The Dutch monetary system overseas of a rijksdaalder – or rixdollar – of 48 stuiver was continued in the Cape Province by the British in the early nineteenth century.
In Ceylon, the VOC issued coins during the 18th century in denominations of 1⁄8 and 1 duit, 1⁄4, 1, 2 and 4+3⁄4 stuiver and 1 rijksdaalder. The currency derived from the Dutch rijksdaalder, although again the Dutch rijksdaalder was worth 50 stuiver and the Ceylon version 48 stuiver. After the British took over Ceylon, the rixdollar was the currency of Ceylon until 1828. The rixdollar was then replaced by the British pound at a rate of 1 rixdollar = 1 shilling 6 pence (£1 = 13+1⁄3 rixdollars).
In Suriname the Surinamese Rijksdaalder circulated until 2004, when the Surinamese guilder was replaced by the Surinamese dollar. In the former Netherlands Antilles the rijksdaalder circulated until 2011. In that year the Netherlands Antillean guilder will be replaced by the American dollar and the Caribbean guilder.
The similarly named Reichsthaler , riksdaler and rigsdaler were used in Germany and Austria-Hungary, Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, respectively.
The American dollar is named after the Dutch daalder, the little brother of the rijksdaalder, with a value of 30 stuiver.
Guilder is the English translation of the Dutch and German gulden, originally shortened from Middle High German guldin pfenninc "gold penny". This was the term that became current in the southern and western parts of the Holy Roman Empire for the Fiorino d'oro. Hence, the name has often been interchangeable with florin.
A thaler is one of the large silver coins minted in the states and territories of the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg monarchy during the Early Modern period. A thaler size silver coin has a diameter of about 40 mm (1½") and a weight of about 25 to 30 grams, or roughly 1 ounce. The word is shortened from Joachimsthaler, the original thaler coin minted in Joachimstal, Bohemia, from 1518.
Rixdollar is the English term for silver coinage used throughout the European continent.
The Reichsthaler, or more specifically the Reichsthaler specie, was a standard thaler silver coin introduced by the Holy Roman Empire in 1566 for use in all German states, minted in various versions for the next 300 years, and containing 25-26 grams fine silver.
The guilder or fl. was the currency of the Netherlands from the 15th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro.
The stuiver[stœy.vər] was a pre-decimal coin used in the Netherlands. It was worth 16 penning or 8 duit. Twenty stuivers equalled a guilder. It circulated until the Napoleonic Wars. After the conflict, the Netherlands decimalised its guilder into 100 cents. Two stuivers equalled a dubbeltje - the ten-cent coin.
The Netherlands Antillean guilder is the currency of Curaçao and Sint Maarten, which until 2010 formed the Netherlands Antilles along with Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius. It is subdivided into 100 cents. The guilder was replaced by the United States dollar on 1 January 2011 on Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius. On Curaçao and Sint Maarten, the Netherlands Antillean guilder was proposed to be replaced by a new currency, the Caribbean guilder, but this was stalled indefinitely by negotiations over the establishment of a separate central bank for Curaçao. In November 2020, the Central Bank announced the introduction of the replacement guilder, to be implemented in the first half of 2021.
The duit was a copper Dutch coin worth 2 penning, with 8 duit pieces equal to one stuiver and 160 duit pieces equal to one gulden. In Dutch Indonesia 4 duit pieces were equal to one stuiver. To prevent smuggling, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) ordered special coins with their monogram embossed upon them. Only those pieces were valid in Indonesia. It was once used in the Americas while under Dutch rule.
The rixdollar was the currency of British Ceylon until 1828. It was subdivided into 48 stivers, each of 4 duit. Units called the fanam and larin were also used, worth 4 and 9½ stiver, respectively. The currency derived from the Dutch rijksdaalder and stuiver, although the rijksdaalder was worth 50 stuiver. The rixdollar was replaced by the British pound at a rate of 1 rixdollar = 1 shilling 6 pence.
The guilder was the currency of Suriname until 2004, when it was replaced by the Surinamese dollar. It was divided into 100 cents. Until the 1940s, the plural in Dutch was cents, with centen appearing on some early paper money, but after the 1940s the Dutch plural became cent.
The gulden was the unit of account of the Dutch East Indies from 1602 under the United East India Company, following Dutch practice first adopted in the 15th century. A variety of Dutch, Spanish and Asian coins were in official and common usage. After the collapse of the VOC at the end of the 18th century, control of the islands reverted to the Dutch government, which issued silver 'Netherlands Indies' gulden and fractional silver and copper coins until Indonesian independence in 1949.
The guilder was the currency of British Guiana between 1796 and 1839.
The Kronenthaler was a silver coin first issued in 1755 in the Austrian Netherlands and which became a popular trade coin in early 19th century Europe. Most examples show the bust of the Austrian ruler on the obverse and three or four crowns on the reverse, hence the name which means "crown thaler" (also Brabanter and crocione.
The history of coins in the area that is now Romania spans over a 2500-year period; coins were first introduced in significant numbers to this area by the Greeks, through their colonies on the Black Sea shore.
The Dutch Five guilder coin was the highest-denomination coin in the Netherlands from its introduction in 1988 until the adoption of the euro in 2002. Its nominal value was ƒ 5,-.
The Bank of Amsterdam was an early bank, vouched for by the city of Amsterdam, and established in 1609. It was the first public bank to offer accounts not directly convertible to coin. As such, it can be described as the first true central bank. Unlike the Bank of England, established almost a century later, it neither managed the national currency nor acted as a lending institution ; it was intended to defend coinage standard. The role of the Wisselbank was to correctly estimate the value of coins and thus make debasement less profitable. It occupied a central position in the financial world of its day, providing an effective, efficient and trusted system for national and international payments, and introduced the first ever international reserve currency, the bank guilder. The model of the Wisselbank as a state bank was adapted throughout Europe, including the Bank of Sweden (1668) and the Bank of England (1694). David Hume praised the Bank of Amsterdam for its policy of 100 percent specie-backed deposit reserves.
Daalder may refer to:
The ducaton, ducatone or ducatoon was a crown-sized silver coin of the 16th-18th centuries.
The twenty-five cent was a coin worth a quarter of decimal Dutch guilder. It was used from the decimalisation of the currency in 1817 until the Netherlands adopted the euro as sole currency in 2002. The last minting was in 2001. The coin was the third-smallest denomination of the guilder when the currency was withdrawn, and the largest of a value less than one guilder.
The Dutch East India Company was a chartered company which issued a considerable series of coinage in bronze, silver and gold for its territories in the Far East between 1602 and 1799.