Eulimidae

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Eulimidae
Melanella candida 002.jpg
Apertural view of the shell of Melanella candida
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Clade: Hypsogastropoda
Order: Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Vanikoroidea
Family:Eulimidae
Philippi, 1853
Synonyms [1]
  • Aclididae G.O. Sars, 1878
  • Asterophilidae Thiele, 1925
  • Enteroxenidae Schwanwitsch, 1917
  • Enteroxeninae Schwanwitsch, 1917 (a junior synonym)
  • Entocolacidae Voigt, 1888
  • Entoconchidae Keferstein, 1864
  • Melanellidae Iredale, 1915
  • Paedophoropodidae A. V. Ivanov, 1933
  • Pelseneeriidae Schwanwitsch, 1917
  • Pherusidae Locard, 1886 (type genus a junior homonym of Pherusa Oken, 1807, and several others)
  • Roseniidae Nierstrasz, 1913
  • Stiliferidae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
  • Strombiformidae Iredale, 1915
  • Stylinidae Philippi, 1853 (Invalid: type genus [Stylina Fleming, 1828] a junior homonym)
  • Thycidae Thiele, 1929
  • Thycinae Thiele, 1929
  • Turtoniidae Rosén, 1910 (Invalid: type genus [Turtonia Rosén, 1910] a junior homonym)

Eulimidae is a family of very small parasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Vanikoroidea. [1]

Family is one of the eight major hierarchical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Sea snail common name for snails that normally live in saltwater

Sea snail is a common name for slow moving marine gastropod molluscs usually with visible external shells, such as whelk or abalone. They share the taxonomic class Gastropoda with slugs, which are distinguished from snails primarily by the absence of a visible shell.

Vanikoroidea superfamily of molluscs

Vanikoroidea is a superfamily of sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the clade Littorinimorpha. The superfamily Eulimoidea is a synonym of Vanikoroidea.

Contents

Description

Eulima algoensis Eulima algoensis 001.jpg
Eulima algoensis
Melanella martinii Melanella martinii 002.jpg
Melanella martinii
Niso hizenensis Niso hizenensis 002.jpg
Niso hizenensis

These small parasitic snails live on (or in some cases in) the bodies of echinoderms such as sea cucumbers, sea urchins, sea stars, etc. All species lack a radula, in most cases possessing a proboscis which they extend into their host's body cavity in order to feed. [2]

The radula is an anatomical structure used by mollusks for feeding, sometimes compared to a tongue. It is a minutely toothed, chitinous ribbon, which is typically used for scraping or cutting food before the food enters the oesophagus. The radula is unique to the molluscs, and is found in every class of mollusc except the bivalves, who use instead cilia, waving filaments that bring minute organisms to the mouth.

Proboscis an elongated appendage from the head of an animal, either a vertebrate or an invertebrate

A proboscis is an elongated appendage from the head of an animal, either a vertebrate or an invertebrate. In invertebrates, the term usually refers to tubular mouthparts used for feeding and sucking. In vertebrates, a proboscis is an elongated nose or snout.

Body cavity fluid-filled space in a multicellular organism

A body cavity is any space or compartment, or potential space in the animal body. Cavities accommodate organs and other structures; cavities as potential spaces contain fluid.

Genera

Genera within the family Eulimidae include: [3]

<i>Aclis</i> genus of molluscs

Aclis is a genus of small sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Acrochalix is a genus of medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Amamibalcis is a genus of ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Genera brought into synonymy

Polygireulima is a genus of very small parasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the Eulimidae family.

Oceanida is a genus of very small parasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Léopold de Folin French zoologist

Léopold de Folin was an author, oceanographer, malacologist and early founder (1871) of the collections which were to become the Musée de la mer in Biarritz, France

<i>Thyca ectoconcha</i> species of mollusc

Thyca ectoconcha is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Eulimidae. The species is one of a number within the genus Thyca.

<i>Linckia multifora</i> species of echinoderm

Linckia multifora is a variously colored starfish in the family Ophidiasteridae that is found in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Its common names include the Dalmatian Linckia, mottled Linckia, spotted Linckia, multicolor sea star and multi-pore sea star.

<i>Pyramidelloides mirandus</i> species of mollusc

Pyramidelloides mirandus is a species of minute sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk or micromollusk in the family Eulimidae.

Related Research Articles

Rissoidae family of molluscs

Rissoidae is a large family of very small and minute sea snails with an operculum, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Rissooidea and the order Littorinimorpha.

Tornidae family of molluscs

Tornidae is a family of very small and minute sea snails with an operculum, marine gastropod mollusks in the clade Littorinimorpha. This family used to be known as the Vitrinellidae. Iredale has shown that the family Adeorbidae Monterosato, 1884 should be called Tornidae

<i>Melanella</i> genus of molluscs

Melanella is a genus of very small ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Eulimidae.

<i>Rissoina</i> genus of molluscs

Rissoina is a large genus of minute sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Rissoinidae.

<i>Eulima</i> genus of molluscs

Eulima is a genus of small, ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

<i>Niso</i> genus of molluscs

Niso is a genus of very small parasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Apicalia is a genus of medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Apicalia palmipedis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Eulimidae.

Curveulima is a major genus of medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Fusceulima is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Hemiliostraca is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Megadenus is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Mucronalia is a genus of very small parasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Pelseneeria is a genus of very small ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Eulimidae. This genus was first described by R. Koehler and C. Vaney in 1908.

Sabinella is a genus of very small ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the Eulimidae family. This genus was first described by Monterosato in 1890.

Parvioris is a genus of small ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Eulimidae.

Scalenostoma is a genus of very small ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the Eulimidae family..

References

  1. 1 2 Eulimidae Philippi, 1853 . Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species  on 5 January 2019.
  2. Mah, Christopher L. (June 3, 2014). "P is for Parasitic Snail! Enter: The Eulimidae". The Echinoblog.
  3. "Eulimidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. accessed 4 July 2009
  4. Leonardo Santos de Souza, Alexandre Dias Pimenta; Eulimacrostoma gen. nov., a new genus of Eulimidae (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda) with description of a new species and reevaluation of other western Atlantic species; Zoosystematics and Evolution 95(2) 405-415

Further reading

George Washington Tryon U.S. malacologist and zoologist (1838–1888)

George Washington Tryon Jr. was an American malacologist who worked at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia.

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