Governorate General of Brazil

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Governorate General of Brazil

Governo-Geral do Brasil
1549–1572

1578–1607

1613–1621
Capitanias.jpg
Captaincies of the Governorate General of Brazil by 1574
Status Colonial State of the Portuguese Empire
Capital São Salvador
Common languages Portuguese
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
Monarch  
 1549–1557
John III
 1598–1621
Philip II
Governor General  
 1549–1553
Tomé de Sousa
History 
 Established
1549
 Disestablished
1621
Currency Portuguese Real
ISO 3166 code BR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag Portugal (1578).svg Captaincy Colonies of Brazil
Flag Portugal (1578).svg Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro
Flag Portugal (1578).svg Governorate General of Bahia
Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro Flag Portugal (1578).svg
Governorate General of Bahia Flag Portugal (1578).svg
State of Brazil Flag of Portugal (1750).svg
State of Maranhão (colonial) Flag Portugal (1667).svg

The Governorate General of Brazil (Governo-Geral do Brasil) was a colonial administration of the Portuguese Empire in present-day Brazil. A governorate was equivalent in status to a viceroyalty, though the title viceroy didn't come into use until the early 18th century. They were ruled by a Governor General who reported to the Crown. The Governor General had direct authority over the constituent royal captaincies, and nominal but ill-defined authority over the donatary captaincies. One captaincy, that of Duarte Coelho in Pernambuco, was exempt by royal decree from the authority of the Governors General.

Contents

History

In 1549, in order to solve the governance problem of his South American colonies, King John III of Portugal established the Governorate General of Brazil. [1] The governorate united the fifteen original donatary captaincy colonies some of which had reverted to the Crown, and others of which had been abandoned, into a single colony, but each captaincy would continue to exist as a provincial administrative unit of the governorate. [2] For two brief periods from 1572–78 and 1607–13, the Governorate General of Brazil was partitioned into the Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro in the south, and the Governorate General of Bahia in the north.

In 1621, the Governorate General of Brazil was partitioned into two colonies, the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão.

Composition

For list of captaincies, see Captaincies of Brazil.

From the original captaincies, additional donatary captaincies were carved out.

Captaincies created under the governorates

The northern section of the captaincy of Sao Vicente was renamed to Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro.

List of governors-general

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Governorate General of Bahia

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References

  1. Brasil Escola - Governo Geral
  2. "Arquivo Público do Estado do Espírito Santo - Relação de Tabelas do Brasil Colonial". Archived from the original on 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2014-01-18.