|Type||Broadcast television network (1952–1971)|
by Mustafa Santur
|Owner||Istanbul Technical University|
|March 9, 1952|
|Dissolved||May 19, 1971|
|Replaced by||Show TV|
İTÜ TV is the first Turkish television station. The first Turkish television broadcast occurred on July 9, 1952, from a station at Istanbul Technical University's electrical engineering department. Weekly two-hour broadcasts from ITU continued on an experimental basis, but by 1957 there were still fewer than 200 television receivers in Istanbul. ITU broadcasts continued until 1970, and in 1971 ITU's facilities and equipment were ordered to be transferred to the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, and ITU TV was closed down forever.By 1991, ITU TV was replaced by a new channel called Show TV.
Istanbul Technical University is an international technical university located in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the world's third-oldest technical university dedicated to engineering sciences as well as social sciences recently, and is one of the most prominent educational institutions in Turkey. ITU is ranked 173rd worldwide in the field of Engineering & Technology and 307th worldwide in the field of Natural Sciences by the QS World University Rankings in 2016. Graduates of Istanbul Technical University have received many TUBITAK science and TUBA awards. Numerous graduates have also become members of the academy of sciences in the U.S.A, Britain and Russia. The university's basketball team, ITUSpor, is in the Turkish Basketball Second League. The university has 39 undergraduate, 144 graduate programs, 13 colleges, 346 labs and 12 research centers. Its student-to-faculty ratio is 12:1.
The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, also known as TRT, is the national public broadcaster of Turkey and was founded in 1964. Around 70% of TRT's funding comes from a tax levied on electricity bills and a license tax on television and radio receivers. As these are hypothecated taxes, as opposed to the money coming from general government funds, the principle is similar to that of the television licence levied in a number of other countries, such as the BBC in the United Kingdom. The rest of TRT's funding comes from government grants, with the final 10% coming from advertising.
Show TV is a nationwide television channel in Turkey owned by Ciner Media Group (since 2013, acquired from Çukurova Media Group after Çukurova was forced to sell due to tax debts. The channel replaces ITU TV's now-defunct frequencies and it was originally established by the Turkish businessmen Erol Aksoy and Haldun Simavi although it were originally launched on March 1, 1991, when it commences its test transmissions. A year later, the channel moved its headquarters to Istanbul, Turkey, and were at the same time starting its official broadcasts. Show TV extended its range of viewers by adding more channels like Show Max and Show Turk to its group.
Mustafa Santur was the head of İstanbul Technical University. He came across the television for the first time in 1938. Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany were making broadcast trials a few days a week. He went to Europe for television in 1948. After arriving in Europe, Mustafa Santur started working. Were the years of war. There was no television in Turkey. Television initiative of the University of ITU has been positive. Economic budget was limited. Turkey imports were banned in the early 1950s. That's why this could not get the materials. Philips company gave the camera to an ITU TV channel transmitter and gifts. Adnan Ataman completed his education in the United States, returned to Turkey. Ataman, is tasked with the launch of the television broadcast. Ataman has seen the television for the first time in the United States. Adnan Ataman, went to the Netherlands with his wife. He saw there the television devices. The devices came to Turkey. Laboratory for three small rooms were prepared. The largest of the three rooms will be used inside the studio. Antenna problem has arisen after everything is completed. Because it is not a television in Turkey, did not know that no human antenna works. Made in the 10-meter high mast. Although the weather was cold pole successfully planted. 100 watt verici Philips tarafından sağlanan ve bir süper depolama kamera ile yayına başlamıştır. The trial started broadcasting on March 9, 1952.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are located, among them the two global cities and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.
The Netherlands, sometimes incorrectly called Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories in the Caribbean. In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian. In the northern parts of the country, Low German is also spoken.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
The studio is adjacent to the control and command room. Signal generator and the 35 mm movie projector image monitor and motion picture camera, and a record playing machine and sound monitor is available. Located at the other end of the corridor in the room has two small 100-watt transmitter. Are watching television in 1953, the Turkish people? questions are asked. Great appreciation and support of the people on the ITU TV's weekly broadcast schedule ring opens. The interest in the coming years improve the broadcast quality. In this period, the first cameraman, the first announcer with the first light and sound technician crossed the history of Turkish television. First cameraman Adnan Ataman. The first decor two consist of brown and gray curtain. First newsreader and television presenter Fatih Pasiner. To improve the technical quality for of the building was erected antenna on October 17, 1959. In 1960, ITU TV has experienced stagnation period. The reason for the interruption is 1960 Turkish coup d'état. May 2, 1960 at 16.00 the ITU Radio and Television sealed by the police. Publications on 6 October 1960, started again. On November 17, 1960, the station has been switched to normal broadcasting. Live broadcasts take place in 1961. Channel, has moved to new premises on 5 December 1963. The power transmitter in 1963 increased to 500 Watts. Original first live broadcast on October 21, 1965 was the opening ceremony of the ITU TV. In fact, first live broadcast match took place on May 1, 1966. Television in the public sphere in Turkey was spoken. Began preparations for national television broadcasts in 1966 in Turkey. After preparation, the first closed-circuit broadcast was shown on the Assembly Budget Committee Date January 16, 1967. The first national television broadcast was made on January 31 mono 1968. First national television broadcast in mono format in Turkey was on January 31, 1968. TRT 1 began broadcasting on January 31, 1968. At the end of the 1960s was boycotted by television students. Makes the television broadcast ITU TV last 6 March 1970. on March 13 the broadcast is interrupted. TRT broadcasts began in 1971 in Istanbul, but using ITU TV materials. ITU TV in 1971 published in the last time match. ITU TV, did the last time television broadcast on May 19, 1971. After closing all the material he gave to TRT and ITU TV was permanently shut down at once. From March 1, 1991, ITU TV was replaced by a new channel called Show TV.
The 1960 Turkish coup d'état was the first coup d'état in the Republic of Turkey. The coup was staged by a group of 38 young Turkish military officers, acting outside the Staff Chiefs' chain of command. It was orchestrated by Alparslan Türkeş and ultimately led on May 27, 1960 by General Cemal Gürsel, against the democratically-elected government of the Democrat Party. Alparslan Türkeş was a member of the junta.
TRT 1 is the first Turkish national television network, owned by state broadcaster TRT. It was launched on 31 January 1968 as a test broadcast and was officially launched in December 1971. It was the only channel in Turkey until 15 September 1986, when TRT launched its second channel, 2. Kanal. It is also available in Azerbaijan on terrestrial television.
Television the first artist Feriha Tunceli. Then Nebahat Yedibaş, Cevdet Çağla and Hüsnü Coşar incomes.Over time, the quality and content of publications has increased the number of audience. The number of publications on March 18, 1954 is an important date in terms of reaching the big audience. Arif Yaseri posted the first theater on television. Posted first theater game is "Letter". The game lasted 30 minutes.
Weather began broadcasting on television from 1954. Was one of the most interesting programs. Channel continued until closing.Is called to provide American Sydney Tweles program. But she does not know Turkish. One week later returned. Then Ali to deliver the program was called Inspire. January 13, 1955 was organized the first fashion show on television. Increased interest in television in 1956. First sports program began airing in 1957. Pertev Tunaseli was the first sports commentator on television.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Most weather phenomena occur in the lowest level of the atmosphere, the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather refers to day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity, whereas climate is the term for the averaging of atmospheric conditions over longer periods of time. When used without qualification, "weather" is generally understood to mean the weather of Earth.
In 1957 film was shown on television for the first time. "Hitit Güneşi" released film. Then Berduş film was shown. Zeki Müren was playing in the movie. Electricity was cut off when the movie was released. April 28, 1960 suspended publication for political reasons. First television quiz program was initiated in 1960. Halit Kıvanç, has offered a program called "Luck Bird". Another competition program, which started in 1960 is the "Mini Goal". 1961 begins interviews with singers and movie stars.
Zeki Müren was a Turkish singer, composer, songwriter, actor and poet. Known by the nicknames "The Sun of Art" and "Pasha", he was one of the prominent figures of the Turkish classical music. Due to his contributions to the art industry, he was named a "State Artist" in 1991. He was the first singer to receive a gold certification in Turkey and throughout his career recorded and released hundreds of songs on cassettes and phonograph records.
Halit Kıvanç is a Turkish television and radio presenter, humorist, sports journalist and writer. He is best known as a sports commentator.
The first football match broadcast took place in 1961. Match was held at Inonu Stadium. Fenerbahçe-Galatasaray match on January 1, 1962 was published. On March 27, 1963 a Turkey-Italy match was broadcast live.
Fenerbahçe S.K., commonly known as Fenerbahçe, are a Turkish football club based in Istanbul, Turkey. The club's name comes from Fenerbahçe neighbourhood of Istanbul. The professional football department are the most notable one of Fenerbahçe SK, a major multi-sport club who compete in football, basketball, volleyball, athletics, swimming, sailing, rowing, boxing, and table tennis, among others, with many major honours won in each department. Fenerbahçe are one of the most successful and best supported football teams in Turkey, having never been relegated to lower divisions, and currently compete in the Turkish Super League and the Turkish Cup. They are nicknamed Sarı Kanaryalar and play their home games at Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, their own traditional home ground in Kadıköy, Istanbul.
Galatasaray Spor Kulübü, is a Turkish professional football club based on the European side of the city of Istanbul in Turkey. It is the association football branch of the larger Galatasaray Sports Club of the same name, itself a part of the Galatasaray Community Cooperation Committee which includes Galatasaray High School where the football club was founded in October 1905 consisting entirely of student members.
The Turkey national football team represents Turkey in international football and is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Turkey. They are affiliated with UEFA.
In 1962, Erkan Yolaç the classic quiz show started "Yes-No". Began broadcasting in 1963, English lessons. Let's Speak English program was very appreciated. Then began the German courses.
Turkey's first talk show program published in 1965. Fecri Ebcioğlu Show start running the show. Program Öztürk Serengil, Gönül Yazar, Barış Manço, has joined names such as Ajda Pekkan and Zeki Müren. On May 9, 1966 Golden Microphone Awards began to be published.
For the American TV schedule, see: 1968–69 United States network television schedule.
The year 1952 in television involved some significant events. Below is a list of television-related events during 1952.
The media of Turkey includes a wide variety of domestic and foreign periodicals expressing disparate views, and domestic newspapers are extremely competitive. However, media ownership is concentrated in the hands of a few large private media groups which are typically part of wider conglomerates controlled by wealthy individuals, which limits the views that are presented. In addition, the companies are willing to use their influence to support their owners' wider business interests, including by trying to maintain friendly relations with the government. The media exert a strong influence on public opinion. Censorship in Turkey is also an issue, and in the 2000s Turkey has seen many journalists arrested and writers prosecuted. On Reporters Without Borders' Press Freedom Index it has fallen from being ranked around 100 in 2005 to around 150 in 2013.
Roj TV was an international Kurdish satellite television station broadcasting programmes in the Kurmanji, Sorani and Hewrami dialects of the Kurdish language as well as in Persian, Zaza, Arabic, and Turkish.
Television in Turkey was introduced in 1952 with the launch of ITU TV. The first national television channel is TRT 1, which was introduced in 1968. Color television was introduced in 1981. Back then it was the only channel with the name of TRT 1, and it broadcast in several times of the dateline. Turkey's first private television channel Star started it broadcast on 26 May 1989.
Halit Refiğ was a Turkish film director, film producer, screenwriter and writer. He made around sixty films, including feature films, documentaries and TV serials. He is considered to be the pioneer of the National Cinema movement and the initiator of the production of TV serials in Turkey.
Fenerbahçe TV is a sports channel of Fenerbahçe SK, a major Turkish multi-sport club based in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the first sports club channel in Turkey. The channel launched in 2003 over satellite, satellite network services and cable service.
TRT 3 is a Turkish television station. It mostly broadcasting sport events.
TRT 4 was a Turkish television program. Before 2008, it was a TV station which broadcast cultural and educational programs in Turkey.
TRT Çocuk is a Turkish television station, part of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation. It broadcasts a wide range of programming for children such as cartoons, drama and entertainment 24 hours a day. Previously, the channel broadcast until 21:00 TRT, and broadcast TRT Okul until 06:30 from 2011 to 2017.
TRT Türk is the international TV channel of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, which is broadcast to other countries. TRT Türk’s task is to enhance the understanding of the possibilities Turkey and Turkic republics may possess or take advantage of in various fields through the programs aiming at the Caucasus and central Asia. The task is also promoting the image of Turkish people in a multi-dimensional way. TRT Türk has been intended to become the Turkic World’s common channel. Within this framework the channel is planning to schedule programs produced by other Turkic republics along with joint-productions.
TRT 2 is a Turkish culture and art television channel.
Turkish television drama is a genre of television serial dramas, melodramas, comedy dramas, romantic dramas, thriller dramas, or action dramas produced in and broadcast from Turkey. Most dramas reflect Turkish culture and are the country's most well known economic and cultural exports. Turkey is the world's fastest growing television series exporter and has currently overtaken both Mexico and Brazil as the world's second highest television series exporter after the United States. Turkish television dramas are among the world's lengthiest, ranging between 120 and 150 minutes per episode. The television industry has played a pivotal role in increasing Turkey's popularity in Asia, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and North Africa.
TRT World is a Turkish international news channel broadcast 24-hours per day in English. The news channel is based in Istanbul. It provides worldwide news and current affairs with a pronounced emphasis on news relating to Turkey and Western Asia. It provides an exclusively Turkish perspective on global matters.
Emel Öget Gazimihal (1912–1998) was the first female radio presenter in Turkey.