Jefferson Township, Franklin County, Ohio

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Jefferson Township, Franklin County, Ohio
Jefferson Township Administration Sign 1.jpg
Map of Franklin County, Ohio highlighting Jefferson Township.svg
Location of Jefferson Township in Franklin County.
Coordinates: 40°0′23″N82°48′32″W / 40.00639°N 82.80889°W / 40.00639; -82.80889 Coordinates: 40°0′23″N82°48′32″W / 40.00639°N 82.80889°W / 40.00639; -82.80889
Country United States
State Ohio
County Franklin
Area
[1]
  Total15.1 sq mi (39 km2)
  Land14.9 sq mi (39 km2)
  Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation
[2]
948 ft (289 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total10,972
  Density730/sq mi (280/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 39-38612 [3]
GNIS feature ID1086106 [2]
Website Township website

Jefferson Township is situated on the northeast edge of Franklin County, Ohio as a part of the Columbus metropolitan area and situated between the Blacklick Creek, Big Walnut Creek and Swisher Creek watershed. The township is one of the seventeen townships of Franklin County, Ohio, United States. The 2010 census found 10,972 people in the township, 10,234 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township. [4] It was established on September 6, 1816. [5]

Contents

Geography

Located in the eastern part of the county, Jefferson Township consists of a large section and many small "islands". Most of these islands are surrounded by either Gahanna or Columbus, cities that have annexed most of the western and southern parts of the township. The large section borders the following townships and cities:

Besides Gahanna and Columbus, the unincorporated community of Blacklick lies in the southern part of the township.

Blacklick Creek and its associated tributaries of its watershed such as Swisher Creek flow through Jefferson Township. Big Walnut Creek is also to the west of the township while some of its tributaries such as Rocky Fork Creek travel through the western part of Jefferson Township. This has caused the topography in the township to be more varied then some of the surrounding areas from the resulting from these stream corridors, hills, ravines, and slopes much of it associated with the waterways, tributaries, and floodplain that Jefferson Township is in from Rocky Fork, Blacklick, and Swisher Creeks [6]

Climate

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa" (Hot Summer Continental Climate). [7] This climate type is assessed as a Humid continental climate, which is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and sometimes humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters.

Name and history

The area of the Scioto River, Olentangy River watershed, south to the Ohio River area have been inhabited by the Adena people more than 2000 years ago. Two earthworks from mound builders cultures have been found in Jefferson Township and new ones continue to be found in the area around the township to this day. [6]

The first settlement in what became Jefferson Township by settlers of European descent was established in 1802 or 1803 [8] after beneficiaries of land grants for service in the Revolutionary War began to occupy and farm the area. [6] Jefferson Township was established on September 6, 1816. [5] In 1840, Jefferson Township contained 1,040 inhabitants. By 1850, it had only grown to 1,236. [8] It is one of twenty-four Jefferson Townships statewide. [9]

In 2003 Jefferson Township was granted Ohio Scenic Byway status by ODOT and the township actively manages and protects the historic character of the 15 miles of the Jefferson Township Scenic Byways corridor. The most recent management plan was done in 2015. [10]

Government

Municipal Building and Fire Department Headquarters Jefferson Township Fire Department HQ 1.jpg
Municipal Building and Fire Department Headquarters

The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, [11] who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.

Jefferson Township established its own Water and Sewer district independent of Franklin County, Columbus or Gahanna, unlike most townships locally. [12] Jefferson Water and Sewer District or JWSD was created in 1987. [13]

The majority of the township is in the Gahanna-Jefferson Public School District with some additional parts in the boundaries of Columbus, Licking Heights, and Reynoldsburg Unified School Districts as well. [14]

Jefferson Township is split between the US Congressional Districts: OH-3, OH-12. It is in Ohio's 3rd senatorial district, and its Ohio State House Districts are OH-19 and OH-20. [14]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franklin County, Ohio</span> County in Ohio, United States

Franklin County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,323,807, making it the most populous county in Ohio. Most of its land area is taken up by its county seat, Columbus, the state capital and most populous city in Ohio. The county was established on April 30, 1803, less than two months after Ohio became a state, and was named after Benjamin Franklin. Franklin County originally extended north to Lake Erie before being subdivided into smaller counties. Franklin County is the central county of the Columbus, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fairfield County, Ohio</span> County in Ohio, US

Fairfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 158,921. Its county seat is Lancaster. Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gahanna</span> City in Ohio, United States

Gahanna is a city situated in northeast Franklin County, Ohio, United States. It is a suburb of Columbus. The population was 35,726 at the 2020 census. It was founded in 1849.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pataskala, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Pataskala is a city in Licking County, Ohio, United States, approximately 19 miles (31 km) east of Columbus. The population was 14,962 at the 2010 census. Pataskala was a small community until 1996, when what was then the village of Pataskala merged with Lima Township, vastly increasing its population and geographic area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reynoldsburg, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Reynoldsburg is a city in Fairfield, Franklin, and Licking counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. It is a suburban community in the Columbus, Ohio metropolitan area. The population was 41,076 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blacklick Creek (Ohio)</span> River

Blacklick Creek is a tributary stream of Big Walnut Creek in Ohio, flowing through Licking, Fairfield and Franklin counties. The creek's name was originally given by Native Americans, who had noticed the animals that frequented the creek to lick its black-colored salt stones. It has also been known as Black Lick Creek, Black Lick Fork, Blacks Lick Creek, and Big Lick Creek.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blacklick, Ohio</span> Unincorporated community in Ohio, United States

Blacklick is a small unincorporated community in southern Jefferson Township, Franklin County, Ohio, United States. Blacklick is also included in the Columbus Metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Columbus and Franklin County Metro Parks</span> Park district in Central Ohio

The Columbus and Franklin County Metro Parks are a group of 19 metropolitan parks in and around Columbus, Ohio. They are officially organized into the Columbus and Franklin County Metropolitan Park District. The Metro Parks system was organized in 1945 under Ohio Revised Code Section 1545 as a separate political division of the state of Ohio. The Metro Parks are overseen by a Board of Park Commissioners consisting of three citizens appointed to three-year terms without compensation by the Judge of the Probate Court of Franklin County, Ohio. The Board in turn appoints an Executive Director responsible for operations and management of the parks.

Blacklick and Black Lick may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Big Walnut Creek</span> River

Big Walnut Creek starts near Mount Gilead, Ohio in Morrow County. It flows south to eastern Delaware County and parallels Alum Creek. It passes to the east of Sunbury and into Hoover Reservoir, which then crosses into Franklin County. From the dam outflow in Westerville the creek flows through Gahanna and Whitehall. Near Obetz it is joined by its principal tributaries Alum Creek and Blacklick Creek at the Three Creeks Columbus Metro Park. It flows through southern Franklin County and joins the Scioto River near the Franklin-Pickaway Counties line at 39°47′57″N83°00′34″W.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Plain Township, Franklin County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Plain Township is one of the seventeen townships of Franklin County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 9,829, up from 5,926 at the 2000 census. 2,128 of the residents lived in the unincorporated portions of the township in 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jersey Township, Licking County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Jersey Township is one of the 25 townships of Licking County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,740, of whom 2,717 lived in the unincorporated part of the township.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mifflin Township, Franklin County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Mifflin Township is one of the seventeen townships of Franklin County, Ohio, United States. The 2010 census found 35,710 people in the township, 2,462 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Violet Township, Fairfield County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Violet Township is one of the thirteen townships of Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 38,572, up from 26,914 people at the 2000 census. 18,994 of the township's residents lived in the unincorporated portions of the township in 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madison Township, Franklin County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Madison Township is one of the seventeen townships of Franklin County, Ohio, United States. The 2010 census found 23,509 people in the township, 10,795 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Truro Township, Franklin County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Truro Township is one of the seventeen townships of Franklin County, Ohio, United States. The 2010 census found 26,837 people in the township, 1,304 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Etna Township, Licking County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Geography of Columbus, Ohio</span>

The city of Columbus is located in central Ohio at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. The region is dominated by a humid continental climate, characterized by hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters.

A scenic Byway in Ohio can be any interstate, national highway, state highway, County road, municipal street, or Township road in the State of Ohio as designated by the director of transportation.

Gahanna-Jefferson Public Schools is a school district headquartered in Gahanna, Ohio, in the Columbus, Ohio metropolitan area.

References

  1. "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for County Subdivisions". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 2 February 2011. Archived from the original on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  2. 1 2 "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Population and Household Counts for Governmental Units: 2010, 2000, 1990" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. August 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-10-27. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Franklin County Genealogical & Historical Society –Township Histories".
  6. 1 2 3 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-20. Retrieved 2017-10-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. Climate Summary for Blacklick, Ohio
  8. 1 2 "Franklin County, Ohio History –A collection of Reminiscences of the Early Settlement of the county".
  9. "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
  10. https://www.dot.state.oh.us/OhioByways/Documents/CMPs/Jefferson%20Township%20Scenic%20Byways%202015%20CMP%20Update.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  11. §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.
  12. http://www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2012/04/02/township-has-growing-pains.html [ bare URL ]
  13. "Jefferson Township > Additional Services > Jefferson Water and Sewer District". Archived from the original on 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  14. 1 2 "The Demographic Statistical Atlas of the United States –Statistical Atlas".