Knuckle pads

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Knuckle pads
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Knuckle pads (also known as "Heloderma", meaning similar to the skin of the Gila monster lizard for which it is named) are circumscribed, keratotic, fibrous growths over the dorsa of the interphalangeal joints. [1] They are described as well-defined, round, plaque-like, fibrous thickening that may develop at any age, and grow to be 10 to 15mm in diameter in the course of a few weeks or months, then go away over time. [2]

Contents

Knuckle pads are sometimes associated with Dupuytren's contracture [3] and camptodactyly, [2] :595 and histologically, the lesions are fibromas. [2] :595 [4] Knuckle pads are generally non-responsive to treatment, including corticosteroids, and tend to recur after surgery; however, there has been some effectiveness with intralesional fluorouracil. [5]

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References

  1. Mackey, SL; Cobb, MW (1994). "Knuckle pads". Cutis. 54 (3): 159–160. PMID   7813233.
  2. 1 2 3 James, WD; Berger, TG; Elston, DM (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (11th ed.). Saunders. p. 595. ISBN   0-7216-2921-0.
  3. Mikkelsen, Otto (October 1, 1977). "Knuckle Pads in Dupuytren's Disease". Journal of Hand Surgery. 9 (3): 301–305. doi:10.1016/S0072-968X(77)80121-6. PMID   608634 . Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  4. Meinecke, R; Lagier, R (September 1975). "Pathology of "knuckle pads"". Virchows Archiv. 365 (3): 185–191. doi:10.1007/BF00434037. PMID   804749 . Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  5. Weiss, E; Amini, S (2007). "A Novel Treatment for Knuckle Pads With Intralesional Fluorouracil". Arch Dermatol. 143 (11): 1447–1462. doi:10.1001/archderm.143.11.1458. PMID   18025384.

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