Mahmudiyah rape and killings

Last updated
Mahmoudiyah Killings
Abeer Qassim Hamsa.jpg
Abeer Qassim Hamza at the age of seven
Iraq physical map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location Yusufiyah, Baghdad Governorate, Iraq
Coordinates 33°04′N44°13′E / 33.06°N 44.22°E / 33.06; 44.22 Coordinates: 33°04′N44°13′E / 33.06°N 44.22°E / 33.06; 44.22
DateMarch 12, 2006
TargetAbeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi
Attack type
war rape, mass murder
Deaths4
Perpetrators5 U.S. Army soldiers from Bravo Company, 1st Battalion, 502nd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)

The Mahmudiyah rape and killings were war crimes involving the gang-rape and murder of 14-year-old Iraqi girl Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi and the murder of her family by United States Army soldiers on March 12, 2006. It occurred in the family's house to the southwest of Yusufiyah, a village to the west of the town of Al-Mahmudiyah, Iraq. Other members of al-Janabi's family murdered by Americans include her 34-year-old mother Fakhriyah Taha Muhasen, 45-year-old father Qassim Hamza Raheem, and 6-year-old sister Hadeel Qassim Hamza Al-Janabi. [1] The two remaining survivors of the family, 9-year-old brother Ahmed and 11-year-old brother Mohammed, who were at school during the massacre, were orphaned by the event.

Contents

Charged with the crimes of rape and murder were five U.S. Army soldiers of the 502nd Infantry Regiment consisting of Specialist Paul E. Cortez, Specialist James P. Barker, Private First Class Jesse V. Spielman, Private First Class Brian L. Howard, and Private First Class Steven D. Green. [2] Private Green was discharged from the U.S. Army for mental instability before the crimes were known by his command, whereas Cortez, Barker, Spielman and Howard were tried by U.S. Army General Courts Martial and convicted of the crimes and sentenced to prison. [2] Green was tried in a United States civilian court and convicted of rape and the four murders and also sentenced to life in prison. [3]

Background

Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi (Arabic : عبير قاسم حمزة الجنابي‘Abīr Qāssim Ḥamza al-Janābī; 19 August 1991 – 12 March 2006), [4] [5] lived with her mother and father (Fakhriya Taha Muhasen, 34, and Qassim Hamza Raheem, 45, respectively) and her three siblings: 6-year-old sister Hadeel, 9-year-old brother Ahmed, and 11-year-old brother Mohammed. Of modest means, Abeer's family lived in a one-bedroom house that they did not own, with borrowed furniture, in the village of Yusufiyah, which lies west of the larger township of Al-Mahmudiyah, Iraq. [6] The family was very close. Her father, Qassim, worked as a guard at a date orchard. Abeer's mother, Fakhriya, was a stay-at-home mom. According to her brothers, little Hadeel, Abeer's 6-year-old sister, loved a sweet plant that grew in the yard, was playful but not very mischievous, and enjoyed playing hide and seek with them. Qassim doted on his family, hoping that he would one day be able to buy a home for them and that they would live and eat like everyone else. He also had a dream that his children would finish college. According to her neighbours, at the time of the massacre, Abeer spent most of her days at home, as her parents would not allow her to go to school because of security concerns. Having been born only months after the Gulf War, which devastated civilian infrastructure in Iraq, and living her entire life under sanctions, followed by the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq, Abeer had dreams as well, hoping to one day live "in the big city" (Baghdad). Her relatives describe her as proud.

Although she was only a 14-year-old child, Abeer endured repeated sexual harassment from the U.S. soldiers. Abeer's home was situated approximately 200 meters (220 yards) from a six-man U.S. traffic checkpoint (TCP), southwest of the village. [7] [8] From their checkpoint, the soldiers would often watch Abeer doing her chores and tending the garden. The neighbors had warned Abeer's father of this, but he replied it was not a problem as she was just a small girl. [8] Abeer's brother Mohammed (who along with his younger brother was at school at the time of the murders and thus survived) recalls that the soldiers often searched the house. On one such occasion, Green ran his index finger down Abeer's cheek, an action which had terrified her. [9] Abeer's mother told her relatives before the murders that, whenever she caught the soldiers staring at Abeer, they would give her the thumbs-up sign, point to her daughter and say "Very good, very good." Evidently this had concerned her and she made plans for Abeer to spend nights sleeping at her uncle's (Ahmad Qassim's) house. [9] [10] According to an affidavit later filed by the FBI, Green discussed raping the girl in the days preceding the event.

Rape and murders

On March 12, 2006, Barker, Cortez, Green, and Spielman, soldiers at the checkpoint (from the 502nd Infantry Regiment), had been playing cards, illegally drinking alcohol (whiskey mixed with an energy drink), hitting golf balls, and discussing plans to rape Abeer and "kill some Iraqis." [11] Green was very persistent about "killing some Iraqis" and kept bringing up the idea. At some point, they decided to go to Abeer's home, after they had seen her passing by their checkpoint earlier. The four soldiers of the six-man unit responsible for the checkpoint, Barker, Cortez, Green, and Spielman, then left their posts for Abeer's home. Two men remained at the post, Private First Class Bryan Howard and another soldier. Howard had not been involved in discussions to rape and murder the family. He heard the four men talking about it and saw them leave, but thought they were joking and were planning to beat up some Iraqi men to blow off some steam. The sixth soldier at the checkpoint had no involvement.

On the day of the massacre, Abeer's father Qassim was enjoying time with his family, while his sons were at school. [12] In broad daylight, the five U.S. soldiers walked to the house, not wearing their uniforms, but wearing army-issue long underwear to look like "ninjas", [9] and separated 14 year-old Abeer and her family into two different rooms. Spielman was responsible for grabbing Abeer's 6 year-old sister who was outside the house with her father, and bringing her inside the house. [13] Green then broke Abeer's mother's arms (likely evidence of a struggle that resulted when she heard her daughter being raped in the other room) and murdered her parents and 6 year-old younger sister, while two other soldiers, Cortez and Barker, raped Abeer. [14] Barker wrote that Cortez pushed Abeer to the floor, lifted her dress, and tore off her underwear while she struggled. According to Cortez, Abeer “kept squirming and trying to keep her legs closed and saying stuff in Arabic,” as he and Barker took turns holding her down and raping her. [15] Cortez testified that Abeer heard the gunshots in the room in which her parents and little sister were being held, causing her to scream and cry even more as she was being violently raped by the men. Green then emerged from the room saying "I just killed them, all are dead". [16] He, who later said the crime was "awesome", [17] then raped Abeer and shot her in the head several times. After the rape and murders, Barker poured petrol on and the soldiers set fire to the lower part of Abeer's body, from her stomach down to her feet. Barker testified that the soldiers gave Spielman their bloodied clothes to burn and that he threw the AK-47 used to murder the family in a canal. They left to "celebrate" their rapes of Abeer and massacre of the family with a meal of chicken wings. [18] Meanwhile, the fire from Abeer's body eventually spread to the rest of the room, and the smoke alerted neighbors, who were among the first to discover the scene. [2] One recalled "The poor girl, she was so beautiful. She lay there, one leg was stretched and the other bent and her dress was lifted up to her neck." [10] They ran to tell Abu Firas Janabi, Abeer's uncle, that the farmhouse was on fire and that dead bodies could be seen inside the burning building. Janabi and his wife rushed to the farmhouse and doused some of the flames to get inside. Upon witnessing the scene inside, Janabi went to a checkpoint guarded by Iraqi soldiers to report the crime. Abeer's 9- and 11-year-old younger brothers, Ahmed and Mohammed, returned from school that afternoon to find smoke billowing from the windows. After going to their uncle's home, they returned to the house only to be traumatized, finding their father shot in the head, mother shot in the chest, 6-year-old sister Hadeel shot in the face, and 14-year-old sister Abeer's remains burning. [6]

The Iraqi soldiers immediately went to examine the scene and thereafter went to an American checkpoint to report the incident. This checkpoint was different from the one manned by the perpetrators. After approximately an hour, some soldiers from the checkpoint went to the farmhouse. These soldiers were accompanied by at least one of the perpetrators.

Cover up

Green and the other soldiers who participated in the incident lied to the Iraqi Army soldiers who arrived on scene immediately after the incident, telling them that it had been perpetrated by Sunni insurgents. These Iraqi soldiers conveyed this information to Abeer's uncle, who viewed the bodies. This lie prevented the event from being recognized as a crime or widely reported amidst the widespread violence occurring due to the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq. [9] [19]

Sergeant Anthony Yribe learned of their torture and he told Private First Class Justin Watt, a newly assigned soldier to Bravo Company, that Green was a murderer. Watt conducted a personal inquiry about this alarming act by a fellow soldier and coworker. He talked to other members of his platoon who revealed to him that the gang-rape and murder had in fact occurred. Watt then reported what he believed to be true to another Non-Commissioned Officer in his platoon, Sergeant John Diem. Watt trusted Diem; he told him that he knew a terrible crime had been committed and asked for his advice, knowing that if he reported the crime he would be considered a traitor to his unit and could possibly be killed by them. Diem told him to be cautious, but that he had a duty as an honorable soldier to report the crimes to the proper authorities. Unfortunately, they did not trust their chain of command to protect them if they reported the war crime. As a result, Watt asked to speak with a mental health counselor, thereby bypassing the chain of command to report the crimes. [2] On June 22, 2006, the rape and the murders came to light when Watt revealed them during a mental health counseling session and on to Army criminal investigators. [20]

Before Watt reported the crimes, Green had previously been honorably discharged from the Army on May 16, 2006, before the crime was recognized, with "antisocial personality disorder". [21] The FBI assumed jurisdiction for the crime committed by Green under the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act [22] and the U.S. Department of Justice charged him with the murders. [21]

Alleged 2006 retaliation

On July 10, the Mujahideen Shura Council (now a part of the Islamic State) released a graphic video showing the bodies of Pfcs. Tucker and Menchaca. This video was accompanied by a statement saying that the group carried out the killings as "revenge for our sister who was dishonored by a soldier of the same brigade." [23] [24] The Washington Post reports that Charles Babineau and two other individuals from the same unit were captured and killed by militants a month after the rape. [25] [26] Local Iraqi officials, and American officials, denied the killing of the GIs was an act of retaliation, because the soldiers were killed days before the revelation leaked out that American soldiers had committed the rape and murder in Mahmudiyah. At the time of Menchaca and Tucker's abduction on June 16, 2006, only the perpetrators of the rape and murder, and a few soldiers in their unit engaged in covering up the crime, knew that it had been committed by American soldiers. The crime was revealed by Watt on June 22, and American responsibility only became "public knowledge" in Iraq on July 4, days after which the video by the Mujahideen Shura Council was released. Also, the abduction occurred on June 16, nine days after the targeted killing of the Shura Council's leader, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, on June 7. [27] [28]

The video from the Mujahideen Shura Council claimed that upon learning of the rape/murder, the group "kept their anger to themselves and didn't spread the news, but were determined to avenge their sister's honor". Locals may have been able to deduce the guilt of the US soldiers from the nearby check point, after the Americans and their Iraqi cohort unit provided the explanation, 'Sunni extremists did this'. A portion of locals served as auxiliary support for both for Al Qaeda in Iraq and the 1920s Revolutionary Brigade. Auxiliary support comprised both material aid and performing a human intelligence support function. Relaying the accusation of the local MNC-I unit to the insurgents, is a basic function of that support. The Sunni extremists were able to eliminate themselves as suspects and having an already low opinion of the US military, may have assumed the guilt of the 101st Airborne soldiers. From the perspective of the insurgency, whether or not they had evidence or confessions to prove the guilt of the US soldiers, the accusation alone was a propaganda victory.[ citation needed ] A statement issued along with the video stated that "God Almighty enabled them to capture two soldiers of the same brigade as this dirty crusader." Other militant groups also made various claims or statements announcing revenge campaigns after the killings were reported on July 4, when the American investigation into the incident was announced. [29] [30]

On July 4, Jaysh al-Mujahidin claimed downing a U.S. Army AH-64 Apache "in retaliation for the child, Abir, whom U.S. soldiers raped in Al-Mahmudiyah, south of Baghdad." [31] On July 12, the Islamic Army in Iraq claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb near the entrance to the Green Zone in Baghdad, in support of the "Abir operations" targeting the "evil den in the Green prison". [32]

Green was arrested as a civilian, and convicted by a civilian court, the U.S. District Court in Paducah, Kentucky. [33] The other four, all active-duty soldiers, were convicted through courts-martial.

Steven Dale Green

Green in December 2005 Steven Dale Green shotgun.jpg
Green in December 2005

Green was arrested in North Carolina while traveling home from Arlington, Virginia, where he had attended the funeral of a soldier. On June 30, 2006, the FBI arrested Green, who was held without bond and transferred to Louisville, Kentucky. On July 3, 2006, United States Federal Court prosecutors formally charged him with raping and murdering Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi, and with murdering her six-year-old sister Hadeel, her father, Qassim Hamza Rasheed, and her mother, Fakhriya Taha Muhasen in Mahmoudiyah, on March 12, 2006. On July 10, the U.S. Army charged four other active duty soldiers with the same crime. A sixth soldier, Yribe, was charged with failing to report the attack, but not with having participated in the rape and the murders. On May 7, 2009, Green was found guilty by the federal court in Kentucky of rape and multiple counts of murder. [3] While prosecutors sought the death penalty in this case, jurors failed to agree unanimously and the death sentence could not be imposed. [34] On September 4, 2009, Green was formally sentenced to life in prison with no possibility of parole. [35] That Green was spared the death penalty provoked outrage from the family's relatives, with Abeer's uncle describing the sentence as "a crime -- almost worse than the soldier's crime". [36] Green was held in the United States Penitentiary in Tucson, Arizona, and died on February 15, 2014, from complications following an attempt at suicide by hanging. [37]

Trial

Steven Green May 2009 booking photo, Mecklenberg County Sheriff's department Steven Dale Green.jpg
Steven Green May 2009 booking photo, Mecklenberg County Sheriff's department

On July 6, 2006, Green entered a plea of not guilty through his public defenders. U.S. Magistrate Judge James Moyer set an arraignment date of August 8 in Paducah, Kentucky. [38] On July 11, 2006, his lawyers requested a gag order. "This case has received prominent and often sensational coverage in virtually all print, electronic and internet news media in the world." "Clearly, the publicity and public passions surrounding this case present the clear and imminent danger to the fair administration of justice," said the motion. [39] Prosecutors had until July 25 to file their response to the request. [40]

On August 31, 2006, a federal judge rejected a gag order. U.S. District Judge Thomas Russell said there is "no reason to believe" that Green's right to a fair trial would be in jeopardy. Furthermore, he added, "It is beyond question that the charges against Mr. Green are serious ones, and that some of the acts alleged in the complaint are considered unacceptable in our society." [41] In July 2007, federal prosecutors, led by Brian Skaret of the United States Department of Justice's Domestic Security Section, announced that they would seek the death penalty for Green, based upon the prosecutors' belief that the rape and murders were premeditated, and were committed using a firearm. [ citation needed ]

Opening arguments in Green's trial were heard on April 27, 2009. [42] The prosecution rested its case on May 4, 2009. [43] On May 7, 2009, a federal jury convicted Green of rape and murder, for which he could have received the death penalty. [44] However, on May 21, 2009, Green was spared the death penalty when the jury of nine men and three women could not come to unanimous agreement on a penalty; as a result, he received life without parole. [45] Formal sentencing took place on September 4, 2009. [35] [46]

Green's defense attorneys argued against the death penalty, presenting military witnesses who testified that Green's unit suffered unusual stress and heavy casualties, and had insufficient Army leadership. [46] At the same time, Abeer's relatives were outraged at the punishment Green was given, feeling that Green's sentence was insufficient; the story was featured in Al Jazeera News. [47]

Appeal

Green challenged his convictions, claiming that the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act is unconstitutional and that he should face a military trial. [48] In his first interview since the murders, Green was quoted as saying "I didn't think of Iraqis as humans". [49] Green lost his appeal in August 2011. [50]

Biography

Green grew up in Seabrook, Texas, and moved with his family to Midland, when he was 14. According to school officials, he dropped out of high school in 2002 after completing the 10th grade and moved to Denver City, Texas, where he earned his high school equivalency diploma in 2003. Days after a January 2005 arrest for underage alcohol possession, Green enlisted in the U.S. Army. In doing so, he was granted a moral character waiver for prior alcohol and other drug related offenses that might have otherwise disqualified him. Green graduated from infantry training and was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 502nd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), in Fort Campbell, Kentucky. According to a military spokesperson and a criminal complaint filed in connection with the charges, Green was honorably discharged from the military "due to antisocial personality disorder but before the military was aware of the incident." [51] Green was deployed to Iraq from September 2005 to April 2006 and discharged in May 2006. [52] He is the first man prosecuted under the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act, signed in 2000, which gives the federal government the power to pursue criminal cases against U.S. soldiers for acts committed in foreign lands. [53]

James P. Barker

On November 15, 2006, Specialist Barker pleaded guilty to rape and murder as part of a plea agreement requiring him to give evidence against the other soldiers to avoid the death penalty. He was sentenced to 90 years in prison and must serve 20 years before being considered for parole, followed by a dishonorable discharge. He wept during closing statements, and accepted responsibility for the rape and murders, saying the violence he had encountered in Iraq left him "angry and mean" toward Iraqis. [54] Journalists reported "he smoked a cigarette outside as a bailiff watched over him. He grinned but said nothing as reporters passed by." [55] He is currently held in the United States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. [56]

Paul E. Cortez

On January 22, 2007, Cortez pleaded guilty in a court martial to rape, conspiracy to rape, and four counts of murder as part of a plea deal to avoid the death penalty, and was sentenced to 100 years in prison followed by a dishonorable discharge. [57] He wept as he apologized for the crimes, saying he could not explain why he took part. [58] He is currently held in the United States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. [56]

Jesse V. Spielman

Pfc. Jesse V. Spielman Jesse V. Spielman.jpeg
Pfc. Jesse V. Spielman

On August 3, 2007, Spielman, 23, was sentenced by a court martial to 110 years in prison with the possibility of parole after 10 years, followed by a dishonorable discharge. He was convicted of rape, conspiracy to commit rape, housebreaking with intent to rape and four counts of felony murder. He had earlier pleaded guilty to lesser charges of conspiracy toward obstruction of justice, arson, necrophilia and drinking. [59] As of 2009 Spielman was held in the United States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. [56]

Bryan L. Howard

Howard was sentenced by a court martial under a plea agreement for obstruction of justice and being an accessory after the fact. The court found that his involvement included hearing the others discussing the crime and lying to protect them, but not commission of the actual rape or murders. [60] [61] Howard served a 27-month sentence and was dishonorably discharged. [56]

Anthony W. Yribe

Initially Yribe was charged with obstructing the investigation, specifically, dereliction of duty and making a false statement. In exchange for his testimony against the other men, the government dropped the charges against him and he accepted an administrative discharge characterized as "other than honorable". [56] [62] [63]

Others

Justin Watt

Watt, the whistleblower, received a medical discharge and is now running a computer business. He says that he received death threats after coming forward; [56] however, starting in 2010, he was asked by the US Army Center for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE) at West Point, New York, to be interviewed and speak before Army Profession audiences about his decision to report the crimes in accordance with his moral obligation to uphold the Army Ethic. Watt and Sergeant Diem have both done so, including venues at which hundreds of senior Army leaders were present, for which their acts were given standing ovations.[ citation needed ]

Survivors

Muhammed and Ahmed Qassim Hamza al-Janabi, the surviving brothers of murder victim Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi, are being raised by an uncle, [2] according to testimony in the courts-martial of Cortez, Barker and Spielman.

See also

Related Research Articles

Jessica Lynch Recipient of the Purple Heart medal

Jessica Dawn Lynch is a former United States Army soldier who served in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S. and allied forces. On March 23, 2003, Private First Class Lynch was serving as a unit supply specialist with the 507th Maintenance Company when her convoy was ambushed by Iraqi forces during the Battle of Nasiriyah. Lynch was seriously injured. Her subsequent recovery by U.S. Special Operations Forces on April 1, 2003 received considerable media coverage; it was the first successful rescue of an American prisoner of war since World War II and the first ever of a woman. Initial official reports on Lynch's capture and rescue in Iraq were incorrect. On April 24, 2007, she testified in front of Congress that she had never fired her weapon, and that she had been knocked unconscious when her vehicle crashed. Lynch has been outspoken in her criticism of the original stories reported regarding her combat experience. When asked about her heroine status, she stated "That wasn't me. I'm not about to take credit for something I didn't do ... I'm just a survivor."

Human rights in post-invasion Iraq Wikimedia list article

Human rights in post-invasion Iraq have been the subject of concerns and controversies since the 2003 invasion. Concerns have been expressed about conduct by insurgents, the U.S.-led coalition forces and the Iraqi government. The U.S. is investigating several allegations of violations of international and internal standards of conduct in isolated incidents by its own forces and contractors. The UK is also conducting investigations of alleged human rights abuses by its forces. War crime tribunals and criminal prosecution of the numerous crimes by insurgents are likely years away. In late February 2009, the U.S. state department released a report on the human rights situation in Iraq, looking back on the past year (2008).

Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse 2004 American military scandal during the Iraq War

During the war in Iraq that began in March 2003, personnel of the United States Army and the Central Intelligence Agency committed a series of human rights violations against detainees in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. These violations included physical and sexual abuse, torture, rape, sodomy, and murder. The abuses came to public attention with the publication of photographs of the abuse by CBS News in April 2004. The incidents received widespread condemnation both within the United States and abroad, although the soldiers received support from some conservative media within the United States.

Awad Hamed al-Bandar Iraqi politician

Awad Hamad al-Bandar was an Iraqi chief judge under Saddam Hussein's presidency. He was a member of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and was the head of the Revolutionary Court which issued death sentences against 143 Dujail residents, in the aftermath of the failed assassination attempt on the president on 8 July 1982.

The following lists events that happened during 2006 in Iraq.

Iraq War War starting with the invasion of Iraq by US-led forces on 20 March 2003

The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. The conflict continued for much of the next decade as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government. An estimated 151,000 to 600,000 Iraqis were killed in the first three to four years of conflict. US troops were officially withdrawn in 2011. However, following the spread of the Syrian Civil War and the territorial gains of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant the Obama administration decided to redeploy US forces to Iraq in 2014. Many former soldiers are employed by defence contractors and private military companies. The U.S. became re-involved in 2014 at the head of a new coalition; the insurgency and many dimensions of the civil armed conflict continue. The invasion occurred as part of the George W. Bush administration's War on Terror, following the September 11 attacks.

Mahmoudiyah, Iraq Place in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq

Mahmoudiyah is a rural city south of Baghdad. Known as the "Gateway to Baghdad," the city's proximity to Baghdad made it central to the counterinsurgency campaign.

Johnny M. Horne Jr. is a former Staff Sergeant in the U.S. Army convicted, along with Cardenas J. Alban, for the murder of Qassim Hassan, a sixteen-year-old Iraqi. At the time of the killing Horne was a member of Company C, 1st Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment, based in Fort Riley, Kansas. He pleaded guilty to one count of unpremeditated murder and one count of conspiracy to commit murder and received three years of confinement, reduction in rank to Private, forfeiture of all wages and a dishonorable discharge. Horne was confined at the Northwest Joint Regional Correctional Facility on Fort Lewis and was released in September 2005 after having his sentence reduced to one year by, then, Maj. Gen. Peter W. Chiarelli.

Michael Waddington American lawyer

Michael (Stewart) Waddington is an American defense lawyer specializing in Court-martial cases, war crimes, and other serious felonies. He defended Sgt. Alan Driver, accused of abusing detainees, and Specialist Hunsaker in the Operation Iron Triangle Case.

<i>Redacted</i> (film) 2007 film directed by Brian De Palma

Redacted is a 2007 American war film written and directed by Brian De Palma. It is a fictional dramatization, loosely based on the 2006 Mahmudiyah killings in Mahmoudiyah, Iraq, when U.S. Army soldiers raped an Iraqi girl and murdered her along with her family. This film, which is a companion to an earlier film by De Palma, 1989's Casualties of War, was shot in Jordan.

Dustin Berg is a former member of the Indiana National Guard. In July 2005, he pleaded guilty to shooting Hussein Kamel Hadi Dawood al-Zubeidi, who had been his partner during the U.S. Occupation of Iraq. He was sentenced to serve 18 months.

Specialist Richard Thomas Davis was an Infantryman in the United States Army. The son of two US Army veterans, Lanny and Remy Davis, he was born on an Army base in Germany. Davis enlisted in the Army in 1998 and served in Operation Joint Forge in Bosnia and later in the Iraq War, where he and his comrades participated in the April 11, 2003, "Midtown Massacre," a five-hour firefight in downtown Baghdad. On July 15, 2003, less than two days after returning from deployment to Iraq, Davis was murdered outside Fort Benning, Georgia by a fellow soldier from Baker Company, Alberto Martinez. Three other soldiers were also present and involved in the events that led up to the killing and followed the killing.

Emad Khudhayir Shahuth al-Janabi was an Iraqi blacksmith detained in Abu Ghraib prison where he alleges he was abused by American military personnel and defense contractors.

Al-Baghdadia TV is an independent Iraqi-owned Arabic-language satellite channel based in Cairo, Egypt. It is considered a Nationalistic channel of funding directly and only from the CEO. During the Iraqi insurgency, several prominent journalists with the station were murdered. More recently, Global TV Stations depend on Al Baghdadia for news coming from Iraq. It has a live morning show called 'Al Baghdadia Wa El Nas' which is a free show that allows Iraqis to give their opinion and to send a message to the government, this supports Iraqi democracy. The CEO of Al Baghdadia believes that democracy should be created by true Iraqis, not by force. The TV station is dubbed the name 'Umm al-Fuqarā' . In 2012, Al-Baghdadia Media Group launches its second channel, B2, broadcasting mainly series, drama, movies and entertainment. since then Al Baghdadia 2 is first entertainment channel in Iraq, B2 freq on Nilesat.

James Owen Kitterman was an American citizen murdered in Iraq's Green Zone.

Maywand District murders Murders of Afghan civilians by U.S. Army soldiers from June 2009–June 2010

The Maywand District murders were the murders of at least three Afghan civilians perpetrated by a group of U.S. Army soldiers from June 2009–June 2010, during the War in Afghanistan. The soldiers, who referred to themselves as the "Kill Team", were members of the 3rd Platoon, Bravo Company, 2nd Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment and 5th Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division. They were based at FOB Ramrod in Maiwand, from Kandahar Province of Afghanistan.

Naser Jason Abdo is an American former US Army Private First Class who was arrested July 28, 2011, near Fort Hood, Texas, and was held without bond for possession of an unregistered firearm and allegedly planning to attack a restaurant frequented by soldiers from the base. He was convicted in federal court on May 24, 2012, of attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction, attempted murder of federal employees, and weapons charges. He was sentenced on August 10, 2012, to two consecutive sentences of life in prison, plus 60 years.

In Iraq in June 2006, two soldiers of the United States Army were abducted and later murdered and mutilated by members of the Mujahedeen Shura Council, during a time when military forces of the U.S. and a dozen other countries were conducting military operations in Iraq to "bring order to parts of that country that remain[ed] dangerous".

9 Circles is a play by Bill Cain based on the military career and subsequent civilian trial of murderer Steven Dale Green.

References

  1. "Soldier: 'Death walk' drives troops 'nuts'". CNN.com. Aug 8, 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Case 78: The Janabi Family - Casefile: True Crime Podcast". casefilepodcast.com. 17 March 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-04-14. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  3. 1 2 "US ex-soldier guilty of Iraq rape". BBC News. 2009-05-07. Archived from the original on 2009-05-09. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
  4. "Iraq girl in troops rape case just 14 - World". theage.com.au. 2006-07-11. Archived from the original on 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  5. "U.S. military names soldiers charged in rape, murder probe". CNN.com. Jul 10, 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  6. 1 2 "Killings Shattered Dreams of Rural Iraqi Family". Associated Press. May 23, 2009. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  7. "FindLaw: U.S. v. Steven D. Green - Murder and Rape Charges against Former U.S. Army 101st Airborne Division Soldier From Ft. Campbell, Kentucky". News.findlaw.com. 2006-06-30. Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  8. 1 2 Akeel Hussein; Colin Freeman (2006-07-09). "Two dead soldiers, eight more to go, vow avengers of Iraqi girl's rape". Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 18, 2006. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Rawe, Julie (2006-07-09). "A Soldier's Shame". TIME. Archived from the original on 2013-08-23. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  10. 1 2 Ewen MacAskill. "US soldier sentenced to 100 years for Iraq rape and murder". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 2016-08-20. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  11. Smith, Stephen (August 7, 2006). "Whiskey And Golf Before Rape-Murder?". CBS News. Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  12. Barrouquere, Brett (May 29, 2009). "Iraqi family's relatives confront killer". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  13. ""Black Hearts" Case Study: The Yusufiyah Crimes, Iraq, March 12, 2006". CAPE Center for the Army Profession and Ethic. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  14. Editors (July 14, 2006). "Revelations about the rape and murder of an Iraqi girl show how U.S. occupation breeds war crimes". Socialist Worker. Archived from the original on March 22, 2019. Retrieved March 21, 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  15. Hopkins, Andrea (February 20, 2007). "Tearful soldier tells court of Iraq rape-murder". Reuters. Archived from the original on March 22, 2019. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  16. "FindLaw: U.S. v. Steven D. Green - Murder and Rape Charges against Former U.S. Army 101st Airborne Division Soldier From Ft. Campbell, Kentucky". News.findlaw.com. 2006-06-30. Archived from the original on 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  17. "Ex-U.S. soldier found guilty in Iraqi rape, deaths". Reuters UK. May 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
  18. "Rape: American soldiers 'took turns'". The Age. August 9, 2006. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  19. Iraqi Television Treatment of Reported Rape, Killing of Iraqi Girl Iraqi television stations on July 5, 2006
  20. Zoroya, Gregg (September 13, 2006). "Whistle-blower in anguish". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
  21. 1 2 Federal court to try ex-soldier on Iraq charges Archived March 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . July 6, 2006.
  22. "18 USC Chapter 212". Archived from the original on June 28, 2006.
  23. "Beheading Desecration Video of Dead U.S. Soldiers Released on Internet by al Qaeda". The Jawa Report. 10 July 2006. Archived from the original on 2014-10-28. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  24. Mujahidin Shura Council Links US Soldiers Killing to 'Rape' of Iraqi Girl Islamic Renewal Organization website via OpenSource.gov, July 11, 2006. [ dead link ](subscription required)
  25. Ellen Knickmeyer; Joshua Partlow (2006-07-10). "Capital Charges Filed In Rape-Slaying Case: U.S. Details Allegations Against GIs in Iraq". The Washington Post. p. A11. Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  26. Joshua Partlow; Saad Al-Izzi (2006-07-12). "From Baghdad Mosque, a Call to Arms". The Washington Post. p. A08. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2009-05-23. The hand-held video shows two bodies -- one decapitated, the other face down on the ground as someone steps on his head. The video was posted on an insurgent Web site, accompanied by a statement from the Mujaheddin al-Shura Council, a collection of several insurgent groups including al-Qaeda in Iraq, asserting that the soldiers were killed in retaliation for the rape and murder of an Iraqi girl and the murders of three members of her family, allegedly by U.S. soldiers from the same unit in the nearby town of Mahmudiyah.
  27. "Iraq Terror Chief Killed In Airstrike". CBS News. June 8, 2006. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  28. Burns, John F. (8 June 2006). "Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Leader of Al Qaeda in Iraq, Is Killed in U.S. Airstrike". Archived from the original on 2016-12-07. Retrieved 14 April 2018 via NYTimes.com.
  29. Salah al-Din Brigades Vows Revenge for Al-Mahmudiyah 'Rape' Case Islamic Renewal Organization (IRO) website in Arabic via OpenSource.gov, July 10, 2006
  30. Al-Mujahidin Army Responds to Alleged Rape of Iraqi Girl by US Soldiers Baghdad al-Rashid forum in Arabic via OpenSource.gov, July 10, 2006
  31. Doha Al-Jazirah Satellite Channel Television in Arabic via OpenSource.gov 1412 GMT Jul 04, 06
  32. Islamic Army in Iraq: Green Zone Attack 'in Support of Abir, Gaza Operations' Al-Firdaws Jihadist Forums at www.alfirdaws.org/vb on July 12, 2006
  33. Detroit Free Press, page A18, May 8, 2009[ full citation needed ]
  34. "US soldier spared death penalty". BBC News. 2009-05-21. Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  35. 1 2 "Life for US soldier's Iraq crimes". BBC News. 2009-09-04. Archived from the original on 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
  36. "Iraqi relatives decry life for U.S. rape soldier". Reuters. May 22, 2009. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
  37. Almasy, Steve. "Former soldier at center of murder of Iraqi family dies after suicide attempt" Archived 2014-02-19 at the Wayback Machine . CNN. February 18, 2014; retrieved February 19, 2014.
  38. CNN. "Ex-soldier pleads not guilty to rape, murder: Former Army private accused of raping woman, killing family". Archived from the original on July 18, 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-06.
  39. "MOTION TO RESTRAIN PARTIES AND OTHER TRIAL PARTICIPANTS FROM MAKING EXTRAJUDICIAL STATEMENTS OF INFLAMMATORY OR PREJUDICIAL NATURE" (PDF). United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky. 2006-07-11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  40. CNN.com (2006-07-11). "Gag requested in Iraq rape-murder case". Archived from the original on 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2006-10-20.
  41. "Judge in Rape-Murder Case Denies Gag Order". Associated Press. 2006-09-01. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2006-10-20.
  42. Barrouquere, Brett (2009-04-27). "Ex-soldier trial for rape, murder in Iraq opens". Mail Online. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  43. "Prosecution rests in trial for Iraq crimes". Associated Press. 2009-05-04. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  44. "Ex-soldier could face death over Iraq murders, rape". CNN. 2009-05-08. Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  45. Dao, James (2009-05-21). "Ex-Soldier Gets Life Sentence for Iraq Murders". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  46. 1 2 "US soldier escapes death penalty over Iraqi rape and murder". London, UK: The Daily Telegraph. 2009-05-22. Archived from the original on 2009-05-26. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  47. AlJazeeraEnglish. "Iraqis outraged at US soldier's life sentence". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  48. "Ex-soldier appealing sentences in Iraq deaths". Wdtn.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-21. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  49. Daily Mail: "'I didn't think of Iraqis as humans,' says U.S. soldier who raped 14-year-old girl before killing her and her family" Archived 2010-12-23 at the Wayback Machine December 21, 2010
  50. "AFP: Ex-US soldier loses appeal of Iraq rape, murders". Google.com. 2011-08-16. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  51. "Officials: Soldier was discharged for 'antisocial personality'". CNN. 2006-07-05. Archived from the original on July 18, 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-05.
  52. Allen G. Breed (2006-07-05). "Ex-GI Accused in Iraq Rape Had Rocky Past". Fox News (AP). Archived from the original on 2009-09-20. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  53. "Steven Dale Green: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". heavy.com. Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  54. "Iraq rape soldier given life sentence". London: Guardian Unlimited. 2006-11-17. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-04-28.
  55. "Iraq rape soldier given life sentence". Associated Press/USA Today. 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
  56. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Where are they now?". Louisville Courier Journal. 2009-04-13. Archived from the original on 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  57. "US soldier admits murdering girl". BBC News. 2007-02-22. Archived from the original on 2007-02-23. Retrieved 2007-02-22.
  58. Hall, Tim (2007-02-25). "US soldier jailed for 100 years for rape". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
  59. Lenz, Ryan (2007-08-04). "110-Year Sentence in Iraq Rape-Killing". ABC News. Archived from the original on November 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
  60. Horswell, Cindy (2007-03-22). "Huffman soldier sentenced in Iraq atrocities". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2017-08-28. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  61. "US prosecutors seek death penalty in Iraq murders". Reuters. 2007-07-03. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  62. Von Zielbauer, Paul (2006-11-15). "Soldier to Plead Guilty in Iraq Rape and Killings". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
  63. "Soldier testifies another soldier admitted to attack on family". International Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. July 31, 2007. Archived from the original on August 4, 2007.
  64. Jim Frederick "BLACK HEARTS - One Platoon’s Descent Into Madness in Iraq’s Triangle of Death", publ. Harmony Books (2010) ISBN   9780230752948
  65. Joshua Hammer. "Death Squad". The New York Times . Archived from the original on 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  66. "Theater review: '9 Circles' at Bootleg Theater". latimes.com. Archived from the original on 2014-05-06. Retrieved 2014-02-20.