Mainstream Top 40

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The Mainstream Top 40 Airplay (also called Pop Airplay, Pop Songs, and Top 40/CHR ) is a 40-song music chart published weekly by Billboard Magazine that ranks the most popular songs of pop music being played on a panel of Top 40 radio stations in the United States. The rankings are based on radio airplay detections as measured by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems (Nielsen BDS), a subsidiary of the U.S.' leading marketing research company. Consumer researchers, Nielsen Audio (formerly Arbitron), refers to the format as contemporary hit radio (CHR).

Contents

History

The chart debuted in Billboard Magazine in its issued date October 3, 1992, with the introduction of two Top 40 airplay charts, Mainstream and Rhythm-Crossover. Both Top 40 charts measured "actual monitored airplay" from data compiled by Broadcast Data Systems (BDS). The Top 40/Mainstream chart was compiled from airplay on radio stations playing a wide variety of music, while the Top 40/Rhythm-Crossover chart was made up from airplay on stations playing more dance and R&B music. [1] Both charts were "born of then-new BDS electronic monitoring technology" as a more objective and precise way of measuring airplay on radio stations. This data was also used as the airplay component for Hot 100 tabulations. [1]

Top 40/Mainstream was published in the print edition of Billboard from its debut in October 1992 through May 1995, when both Top 40 charts were moved exclusively to Airplay Monitor, a secondary chart publication by Billboard. They returned to the print edition in the August 2, 2003, issue. [2]

Chart criteria

Songs on the chart are ranked by the total number of spins detected per week. Songs which gain plays or remain flat from the previous week receive a bullet. A song also receives a bullet if its percentage loss in plays does not exceed the percentage of monitored station downtime for the format. If two songs are tied in total plays, the song with the larger increase in plays is placed first.

There are forty positions on this chart and it is solely based on radio airplay. 167 Mainstream Top 40 radio stations are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, seven days a week by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. Songs are ranked by a calculation of the total number of spins per week with its "audience impression", which is based upon exact times of airplay and each station's Arbitron listener data.

Songs receiving the greatest growth receive a "bullet", although there are tracks that also get bullets if the loss in detections doesn't exceed the percentage of downtime from a monitored station. "Airpower" awards are issued to songs that appear on the top 20 of both the airplay and audience chart for the first time, while the "greatest gainer" award is given to song with the largest increase in detections. A song with six or more spins in its first week is awarded an "airplay add". If a song is tied for the most spins in the same week, the one with the biggest increase that previous week ranks higher, but if both songs show the same amount of spins regardless of detection, the song that is being played at more stations is ranked higher.

Since the introduction of the chart until 2005, songs below No. 20 were moved to recurrent after 26 weeks on the chart. In the chart week of December 3, 2005, songs below No. 20 were moved to recurrent after 20 weeks on the chart. Since the issue dated December 4, 2010, songs older than 20 weeks on the chart are moved to recurrent after they drop below No. 15.

Whereas the Top 40 Mainstream and Pop 100 Airplay charts both measured the airplay of songs played on Mainstream stations playing pop-oriented music, the Pop 100 Airplay (like the Hot 100 Airplay) measured airplay based on statistical impressions, while the Top 40 Mainstream chart used the number of total detections.

Source: [3]

All-time chart achievements

On October 19, 2017, the Mainstream Top 40 co-hosts, Gary Trust and Trevor Anderson, gave hints as to what the number 1 all-time Mainstream Top 40 song was going to be on the charts. [4] Later that day, the top 100 all-time songs and the top 50-all time artists were released, with the number 1 all-time song being revealed as "Another Night" by Real McCoy. [5] Shown below are the top 10 songs and the top 10 artists from each chart.

Top 10 Pop Songs of all time (1992–2017)

RankSingleYear releasedArtist(s)Peak and duration
1.
"Another Night"
1994
Real McCoy #1 for 6 weeks
2.
"Smooth"
1999
Santana featuring Rob Thomas #1 for 8 weeks
3.
"Hanging by a Moment"
2000
Lifehouse #2 for 12 weeks
4.
"Apologize"
2007
Timbaland featuring OneRepublic #1 for 8 weeks
5.
"How You Remind Me"
2001
Nickelback #1 for 10 weeks
6.
"Here Without You"
2003
3 Doors Down #1 for 6 weeks
7.
"Don't Speak"
1996
No Doubt #1 for 10 weeks
8.
"Iris"
1998
Goo Goo Dolls #1 for 4 weeks
9.
"Closer"
2016
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey #1 for 11 weeks
10.
"I Love You Always Forever"
1995
Donna Lewis #1 for 11 weeks

Source: [6]

Top 10 Pop Songs artists of all time (1992–2017)

RankArtist
1.
Rihanna
2.
Pink
3.
Maroon 5
4.
Katy Perry
5.
Justin Timberlake
6.
Britney Spears
7.
Taylor Swift
8.
Kelly Clarkson
9.
Mariah Carey
10.
Bruno Mars

Source: [7]

Song records

Mariah Carey Neighborhood Ball in downtown Washington 2009 3-2.JPG
Taylor Swift 1989 Tour at Ford Field in Detroit, 5-30-15.jpg
Mariah Carey and Taylor Swift have the highest debut at number 12 with "Dreamlover" by Carey and "Shake It Off" by Swift

Highest debut

The following songs debuted inside the top 18 of the chart.

Debut
Position
ArtistSongDebut DateSource
No. 12
Mariah Carey "Dreamlover"August 14, 1993 [8]
Taylor Swift "Shake It Off"September 6, 2014
No. 13
Taylor Swift featuring Kendrick Lamar "Bad Blood"June 6, 2015
No. 14
Lady Gaga "Born This Way"February 26, 2011 [8]
Justin Timberlake featuring Jay-Z "Suit & Tie"February 2, 2013
No. 16
Madonna "Frozen"March 7, 1998 [8]
Britney Spears "Hold It Against Me"January 29, 2011 [8]
No. 18
Taylor Swift"We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together"September 1, 2012 [8]
Maroon 5 "Maps"July 5, 2014

Most weeks at number one

The following songs spent at least ten weeks at number one.

Number of
weeks
ArtistSongYear(s)Source
14
Ace of Base "The Sign"1994 [9]
11
Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men "One Sweet Day"199596 [9]
Donna Lewis "I Love You Always Forever"1996 [9]
Natalie Imbruglia "Torn"1998 [9]
Nelly featuring Tim McGraw "Over and Over"200405 [9]
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey "Closer"2016 [9]
10
Dionne Farris "I Know"1995 [9]
No Doubt "Don't Speak"199697 [9]
Céline Dion "My Heart Will Go On"1998 [9]
'N Sync "Bye Bye Bye"2000 [9]
Nickelback "How You Remind Me"200102 [9]
Mariah Carey "We Belong Together"2005 [9]
Robin Thicke featuring T.I. and Pharrell "Blurred Lines"2013 [9]
Post Malone "Circles"201920 [9]

Most weeks in the top 10

The following songs spent at least 26 weeks in the top 10.

Number of
weeks
ArtistSongYear(s)Source
39
The Weeknd "Blinding Lights"2020
35
Post Malone "Circles"2019–2020 [10]
32
Harry Styles "Adore You"2020
28
Real McCoy "Another Night"199495 [5]
Goo Goo Dolls "Iris"1998 [5]
27
Lifehouse "Hanging by a Moment"2001 [5]
Dua Lipa "Don't Start Now"2020
26
No Doubt "Don't Speak"199697 [5]
Savage Garden "Truly Madly Deeply"199798 [5]
Khalid and Normani "Love Lies"201819[ citation needed ]
Halsey Without Me201819[ citation needed ]

Most weeks on the chart

The following songs spent at least 37 weeks on the chart.

Number of
weeks
ArtistSongYear*Source
60
The Weeknd "Blinding Lights"2021 [11]
47
Lewis Capaldi "Before You Go"2020 [12]
45
Dua Lipa "New Rules"2018 [13]
Khalid and Normani "Love Lies"2019 [13]
Benny Blanco, Halsey, and Khalid "Eastside" [13]
Post Malone "Circles"2020 [13]
Harry Styles "Adore You" [14]
42
Lauv "I Like Me Better"2018 [13]
41
Edwin McCain "I'll Be"1998 [13]
39
Real McCoy "Another Night"1995 [13]
Goo Goo Dolls "Iris"1999 [13]
"Slide" [13]
5 Seconds of Summer "Youngblood"2019 [13]
38
Santana featuring Rob Thomas "Smooth"2000 [15]
Pink "U + Ur Hand"2007 [15]
Lewis Capaldi "Someone You Loved"2020 [16]
Dua Lipa "Don't Start Now" [17]
37
MAX featuring gnash "Lights Down Low"2018 [15]

Note: *-Year when the songs ended their respective chart runs.

Longest climbs to number one

The following songs took 20 or more weeks to reach number one.

Week reached
number one
ArtistSongYearSource
37th week
Lewis Capaldi "Before You Go"2020 [18]
31st week
Benny Blanco, Halsey and Khalid "Eastside"2019 [19]
28th week
Trevor Daniel "Falling"2020 [20]
27th week
Dua Lipa featuring Da Baby "Levitating"2021 [21]
26th week
Alessia Cara "Here"2016 [22]
25th week
CeeLo Green "Forget You"2011 [22]
Demi Lovato "Give Your Heart a Break"2012 [22]
24th week
Alessia Cara"Scars to Your Beautiful"2017 [23] [24]
Khalid and Normani "Love Lies"2018 [25]
23rd week
Pink "U + Ur Hand"2007 [26]
Ellie Goulding "Lights"2012 [27]
Shawn Mendes "Stitches"2015 [28] [29]
Post Malone "Wow"2019 [30] [31]
22nd week
Dua Lipa "New Rules"2018 [32] [33]
21st week
Jewel "You Were Meant for Me"1997 [34] [35]
Eagle-Eye Cherry "Save Tonight"1999 [36] [37]
20th week
Niall Horan "Slow Hands"2017 [38] [39]
Camila Cabello "Never Be the Same"2018 [40]
Bazzi "Mine" [41] [42]
Maroon 5 "Memories"2020 [43]
Justin Bieber featuring Quavo "Intentions" [44]

Longest climbs to the top 10

The following songs took 25 or more weeks to reach the top 10.

Week reached
top 10
ArtistSongYearSource
35th week
Lauv "I Like Me Better"2018 [45]
31st week
Edwin McCain "I'll Be"1998 [45]
27th week
MAX featuring gnash "Lights Down Low"2018 [45]
Lewis Capaldi "Before You Go"2020 [46]
AJR "Bang!"2020 [47]
25th week
MKTO "Classic"2014 [45]
Daya "Sit Still, Look Pretty"2016 [45]
Jon Bellion "All Time Low"2017 [45]

Artist records

Rihanna shares the record with Katy Perry and Maroon 5 for the most number-one singles (with 11) and holds the record for the most top ten singles (with 30), and the most overall appearances on the chart since her debut (49). RihannaLastGirlOnEarthSnapMar2011.jpg
Rihanna shares the record with Katy Perry and Maroon 5 for the most number-one singles (with 11) and holds the record for the most top ten singles (with 30), and the most overall appearances on the chart since her debut (49).
Katy Perry shares the record with Rihanna and Maroon 5 for the most number-one singles (with 11). Katy holds the record for most cumulative weeks at number one for Pop Songs. Katy Perry Part of Me premier.jpg
Katy Perry shares the record with Rihanna and Maroon 5 for the most number-one singles (with 11). Katy holds the record for most cumulative weeks at number one for Pop Songs.

Artists with the most number-one singles

Number of SinglesArtistSource
11
Rihanna [50]
Katy Perry [50]
Maroon 5 [50]
9
Pink [50]
Bruno Mars [50]
Taylor Swift [50]
8
Justin Bieber [50]
Justin Timberlake [50]
Ariana Grande [51]

Artists with the most cumulative weeks at number-one

Number of WeeksArtistSource
47
Katy Perry [52] [53]
45
Mariah Carey [52]
39
Maroon 5 [52]
32
Pink [52]
Rihanna [52]
29
Ace of Base [52]
28
Bruno Mars [54]
Taylor Swift [55]
Ariana Grande [56]
25
Christina Aguilera [52]
24
Justin Bieber [57]
23
Beyoncé [52]
Boyz II Men [52]
Nelly [52]
Justin Timberlake [58]

Artists with the most top 10 singles

Number of SinglesArtistSource
30
Rihanna [59]
21
Maroon 5 [59]
19
Pink [59]
Ariana Grande [60]
18
Justin Timberlake [59]
Taylor Swift [59]
Justin Bieber [61]
17
Mariah Carey [62]
Katy Perry [63]
16
Usher [63]
Bruno Mars [63]
15
Britney Spears [62]
14
Nelly [62]
Madonna [62]
Christina Aguilera [62]

Artists with the most entries

Number of EntriesArtistSource
50
Rihanna [64]
40
Nicki Minaj [65]
38
Chris Brown [66]
36
Justin Bieber [67]
35
Britney Spears [68]
34
Pitbull [69]
Taylor Swift [70]
33
Drake [71]
32
Lil Wayne [72]
31
Mariah Carey [73]
Justin Timberlake [74]

Simultaneously occupying the top two positions

  1. "One Sweet Day" (with Boyz II Men)
  2. "Fantasy"
  1. "Hey Ya!"
  2. "The Way You Move" (featuring Sleepy Brown)
  1. "Blurred Lines" (Robin Thicke featuring T.I. and Pharrell)
  2. "Get Lucky" (Daft Punk featuring Pharrell Williams)
  1. "Fancy" (featuring Charli XCX)
  2. "Problem" (Ariana Grande featuring Iggy Azalea)
  1. "Without Me"
  2. "Eastside" (with Benny Blanco and Khalid)
  1. "34+35"
  2. "Positions" [75]

†† Ariana Grande became the first artist to occupy the entire top two positions with two solo songs.

Source: [76]

Self-replacement at number one

† Iggy Azalea is the only act in Mainstream Top 40 history to replace herself at number one with her first two chart entries.

†† Ariana Grande became the first artist to succeed herself at number one as the only act credited on both tracks.

Source: [51]

Additional artist achievements

Lady Gaga is the only musical artist in history to have her first six singles all reach the number-one position on this chart. Lady Gaga in Rome.jpg
Lady Gaga is the only musical artist in history to have her first six singles all reach the number-one position on this chart.

Album records

Most number-one singles from an album

Number of SinglesArtistAlbumYear (s)
6
Katy Perry Teenage Dream 2010-12
5
Taylor Swift 1989 2014-15
4
Justin Timberlake FutureSex/LoveSounds 2006-07
Lady Gaga The Fame 2009
3
Ace of Base The Sign 1993-94
Alanis Morissette Jagged Little Pill 1996
Avril Lavigne Let Go 2002-03
Maroon 5 Overexposed 2012-13
Justin Bieber Purpose 2015-16
Selena Gomez Revival 2015-16
Dua Lipa Future Nostalgia 2020-21

Source: [82]

Use in countdown shows

From January 9, 1993, until its last first-run show on January 28, 1995, American Top 40 used this chart as its main source after having used the Hot 100 Airplay chart since 1991.

Related Research Articles

The Digital Songs or Digital Song Sales chart ranks the best-selling digital songs in the United States, as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan and published by Billboard magazine. Although it originally started tracking song sales the week of October 30, 2004, it officially debuted in the issue dated January 22, 2005, and merged all versions of a song sold from digital music distributors. Its data was incorporated in the Hot 100 three weeks later. Since October 2004, digital sales have been incorporated into many of Billboard's music singles charts. The decision was based on the dramatic increase of the digital market while commercial single sales in a physical format were becoming negligible.

The Radio Songs chart is released weekly by Billboard magazine and measures the airplay of songs being played on radio stations throughout the United States across all musical genres. It is one of the three components, along with sales and streaming activity, that determine the chart positions of songs on the Billboard Hot 100.

Iggy Azalea discography

Australian rapper Iggy Azalea has released two studio albums, five extended plays (EPs), two mixtapes and seventeen singles. In September 2011, Azalea released her first mixtape, Ignorant Art. Following the release, Azalea signed a recording contract with T.I.'s record label Grand Hustle. In July 2012, she released a free EP entitled Glory, and in October of that year, Azalea released her second mixtape, TrapGold.

Ariana Grande discography artist discography

American singer Ariana Grande has released six studio albums, one compilation album, one live album, one remix album, two extended plays (EPs), 52 singles, and 12 promotional singles. After signing with Republic Records, she released her debut single "Put Your Hearts Up" in December 2011. Across albums, singles and features, Grande has been certified for 85.5 million units in the U.S.—making her the eighth most RIAA-certified woman of all time. Having amassed 90 billion consumed streams thus far, Grande is the most streamed female artist ever. She is also the most streamed female artist on Spotify and Apple Music. She has amassed 70 chart entries on the Billboard Hot 100—the fourth most entries for a female artist—including six number ones and 19 top-10 hits.

Fancy (Iggy Azalea song) 2014 single by Iggy Azalea featuring Charli XCX

"Fancy" is a song by Australian rapper Iggy Azalea featuring British singer Charli XCX, taken from the former's debut studio album, The New Classic (2014). It was released on 17 February 2014 by Def Jam Recordings as the fourth single from the album. "Fancy" was described as an electro-hop, electropop, and pop rap song. It was written by Azalea and XCX, composed and produced by production team the Invisible Men, alongside additional producers The Arcade. It was leaked under the title "Leave It" in December 2013.

Black Widow (Iggy Azalea song) 2014 single Iggy Azalea song featuring Rita Ora

"Black Widow" is a song by Australian rapper Iggy Azalea, from her debut studio album, The New Classic (2014). The song's hook is sung by British recording artist Rita Ora, and its lyrics chronicle subjects of revenge and feminism in a failed romantic relationship. "Black Widow" was written by Azalea, Katy Perry, Sarah Hudson, Benny Blanco, and duo Stargate; the latter also produced the song. Initially a track recorded by Perry for her fourth studio album, Prism (2013), the song was excluded from its track listing, however Perry handed the demo to Azalea for her to complete.

Problem (Ariana Grande song) 2014 single by Ariana Grande featuring Iggy Azalea

"Problem" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande, featuring Australian rapper Iggy Azalea. It was written by both alongside Savan Kotecha, Ilya and Max Martin, being produced by the latter two with Shellback, with Peter Carlsson serving as a vocal producer. The song was released by Republic Records on April 28, 2014, as the lead single from Grande's second studio album My Everything (2014). "Problem" is an uptempo dance-pop song with influences of R&B music, which comprises a melody based on drums, saxophone loops, and trumpets. The chorus features uncredited background vocals from American hip hop artist Big Sean. Lyrically, Grande has stated that the song is about "the feeling of being absolutely terrified to re-approach a relationship that's gone sour – but you want to more than anything."

Break Free (song) 2014 single by Ariana Grande featuring Zedd

"Break Free" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande featuring Russian-German music producer Zedd. Written by Savan Kotecha and its producers Zedd and Max Martin, it premiered on July 2, 2014, on Total Ariana Live, MTV's revival of Total Request Live. The song was made available by digital download later that day and was serviced to contemporary hit and rhythmic radio on July 8, 2014, as the second single from Grande's second studio album My Everything (2014). Musically, the song explores EDM and electro genres, a musical departure for Grande, whose discography is primarily composed of pop and R&B.

<i>My Everything</i> (Ariana Grande album) 2014 studio album by Ariana Grande

My Everything is the second studio album by American singer Ariana Grande, released on August 25, 2014 by Republic Records. Grande desired for My Everything to sound as "an evolution" from her debut album, Yours Truly (2013); it explores more mature themes and music genres. In the album's production, Grande worked with a host of producers and co-writers – including Max Martin, Shellback, Benny Blanco, Ryan Tedder, Darkchild, Ilya Salmanzadeh, Zedd, and David Guetta, to name a few. On the standard edition, the record features guest appearances from Iggy Azalea, Zedd, Big Sean, Cashmere Cat, Childish Gambino, the Weeknd and ASAP Ferg, alongside Jessie J and Nicki Minaj on the deluxe edition.

Side to Side 2016 single by Ariana Grande featuring Nicki Minaj

"Side to Side" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande, featuring American rapper Nicki Minaj, from Grande's third studio album, Dangerous Woman (2016). Grande co-wrote the song with Savan Kotecha, Alexander Kronlund, and Minaj along with its producers Max Martin and Ilya. It is a reggae-pop song, featuring guest vocals from Minaj. The song was serviced to urban contemporary radio on August 30, 2016, serving as the third single from the album.

God Is a Woman 2018 single by Ariana Grande

"God Is a Woman" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande. It was released on July 13, 2018, as the second single from Grande's fourth studio album Sweetener (2018). The song was written by Grande, Max Martin, Savan Kotecha, Rickard Göransson and its producer Ilya.

Thank U, Next (song) 2018 single by Ariana Grande

"Thank U, Next" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande, released as the lead single from her fifth studio album of the same name (2019). The song was released on November 3, 2018, without any prior official announcement or promotion. The track was written by Grande, Tayla Parx and Victoria Monét, along with its producers Tommy Brown, Charles Anderson, and Michael Foster. Lyrically, the song reflects on Grande's past relationships.

Break Up with Your Girlfriend, Im Bored 2019 single by Ariana Grande

"Break Up with Your Girlfriend, I'm Bored" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande for her fifth studio album Thank U, Next (2019). The song was written by Grande and Savan Kotecha alongside its producers Max Martin and Ilya Salmanzadeh, with Grande serving as a vocal producer. It contains an interpolation of the song "It Makes Me Ill" by American boy band NSYNC, written by Kandi Burruss, Kevin Briggs, thus both are also credited as songwriters. The track was released by Republic Records as the third and final single from the album on February 8, 2019, the same day the album was released. Its music video, directed by Hannah Lux Davis, accompanied its release the same day. "Break Up with Your Girlfriend, I'm Bored" reached number one in Greece, Ireland, New Zealand, Slovakia, and the United Kingdom.

Save Your Tears 2020 single by the Weeknd

"Save Your Tears" is a song by Canadian singer the Weeknd for his fourth studio album After Hours (2020). The Weeknd wrote and produced the song with producers Max Martin and Oscar Holter, with Belly and Jason Quenneville receiving additional writing credits. The record was met with universal acclaim.

Positions (song) 2020 single by Ariana Grande

"Positions" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande. The song was released by Republic Records on October 23, 2020, as the lead single from Grande's sixth studio album of the same name. The song was written by Grande, Angelina Barrett, Brian Vincent Bates, Nija Charles, James Jarvis, Tommy Brown, London on da Track, and Mr. Franks, and produced by the latter three.

<i>Positions</i> (album) 2020 studio album by Ariana Grande

Positions is the sixth studio album by American singer Ariana Grande. It was released by Republic Records on October 30, 2020. Grande worked with a variety of producers on the album, including Tommy Brown, Anthony M. Jones, London on da Track, Murda Beatz, the Rascals, Scott Storch, Shea Taylor, and Charles Anderson, accompanied by longtime co-writers Victoria Monét and Tayla Parx.

"34+35" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande as the second track on her sixth studio album, Positions (2020). It was written by Grande, Albert Stanaj, Courageous Xavier Herrera, Scott Nicholson, Steven Franks, Tayla Parx, Victoria Monét, and its producers Peter Lee Johnson and Tommy Brown. On October 30, 2020, the song was released by Republic Records as the second single from the album. The song's title and chorus reference the 69 sex position, while the rest of its lyrics feature several sexual puns, double entendres, and sex jokes. A remix of the song featuring American singer and rapper Doja Cat and American rapper Megan Thee Stallion was released on January 15, 2021. The remix is included on the deluxe edition of Positions.

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