Munididae

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Munididae
Temporal range: Tithonian–recent
Cervimunida princeps (Squat lobster).jpg
Cervimunida princeps
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Superfamily: Galatheoidea
Family: Munididae
Ahyong, Baba, Macpherson, Poore, 2010

The Munididae are a family of squat lobsters, taxonomically separated from the family Galatheidae in 2010. [1]

Contents

Description and ecology

The squat lobsters in the family Munididae can be distinguished from other families by the presence of a trispinose frontal edge to the carapace, as well as a central rostrum, and two spines extend forward from above the eyes. [1] Although a few species enter shallow water, the majority of species in the Munididae are deep-water taxa, in contrast to the mostly shallow-water Galatheidae. [1]

Taxonomy

The genera now included in the family Munididae had previously been included in a wider Galatheidae. [1] When originally described in 2010, the family contained these genera: [1]

Related Research Articles

Squat lobster

Squat lobsters are dorsoventrally flattened crustaceans with long tails held curled beneath the cephalothorax. They are found in the two superfamilies Galatheoidea and Chirostyloidea, which form part of the decapod infraorder Anomura, alongside groups including the hermit crabs and mole crabs. They are distributed worldwide in the oceans, and occur from near the surface to deep sea hydrothermal vents, with one species occupying caves above sea level. More than 900 species have been described, in around 60 genera. Some species form dense aggregations, either on the sea floor or in the water column, and a small number are commercially fished.

<i>Agononida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Agononida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Anomoeomunida caribensis is a species of squat lobster in a monotypic genus in the family Munididae.

Anoplonida is a genus of squat lobsters, which are flattened dorsoventrally, in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

<i>Babamunida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Babamunida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

<i>Bathymunida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Bathymunida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

<i>Cervimunida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Cervimunida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Crosnierita is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Enriquea leviantennata is a species of squat lobster in a monotypic genus in the family Munididae.

<i>Heteronida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Heteronida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Neonida grandis is a species of squat lobster in a monotypic genus in the family Munididae.

<i>Onconida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Onconida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Paramunida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Plesionida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae. As of 2017, it contains the following species:

<i>Pleuroncodes</i> Genus of crustaceans

Pleuroncodes is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

<i>Raymunida</i> Genus of crustaceans

Raymunida is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following 11 species:

Setanida cristata is a species of squat lobster in a monotypic genus in the family Munididae.

Tasmanida norfolkae is a species of squat lobster in a monotypic genus in the family Munididae.

<i>Torbenella</i> Genus of crustaceans

Torbenella is a genus of squat lobsters in the family Munididae, containing the following species:

Galatheoidea Superfamily of crustaceans

The Galatheoidea are a superfamily of decapod crustaceans comprising the porcelain crabs and some squat lobsters. Squat lobsters within the three families of the superfamily Chirostyloidea are not closely related to the squat lobsters within the Galatheoidea. The fossil record of the superfamily extends back to the Middle Jurassic genus Palaeomunidopsis.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Shane T. Ahyong; Keiji Baba; Enrique Macpherson; Gary C. B. Poore (2010). "A new classification of the Galatheoidea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura)" (PDF). Zootaxa . 2676: 57–68.
  2. C.M. Robins, R.M. Feldmann & C.E. Schweitzer (2012). "The oldest Munididae (Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheoidea) from Ernstbrunn, Austria (Tithonian)" (PDF). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A. 114: 289–300. JSTOR   41702112.