Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation

Last updated
Nisqually Indian Tribe
of the Nisqually Reservation
Squally-Absch
Total population
650 enrolled members [1]
Regions with significant populations
Flag of the United States.svg  United States (Flag of Washington.svg  Washington)
Languages
English, Nisqually [2]
Religion
traditional tribal religion, Indian Shaker Church [3]
Related ethnic groups
other Nisqually people

The Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Nisqually people. They are a Coast Salish people of indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest. Their tribe is located in Washington.

Contents

Some of the people of Nisqually descent are enrolled in the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation but neither tribe allows a Nisqually to be enrolled in both tribes at the same time.

Reservation

The Nisqually Reservation is 1,000-acres large and located in Thurston County, Washington, 15 miles east of Olympia. All of the current reservation land was acquired by the tribe in the last 25 years. [4] The reservation was established by the Treaty of Medicine Creek of 1854. Originally 5,105 acres, the reservation was mostly east of the Nisqually River in Pierce County, Washington. The tribal lands were broken into individual allotments in 1884. In 1917, Pierce County, through the process of condemnation proceedings (eminent domain), took 3,370 acres (14 km²) for the Fort Lewis Military Reserve.

Government

The Nisqually Indian Tribe is headquartered in Olympia, Washington. They ratified their constitution and bylaws on 9 September 1946. These were amended on 28 October 1994. The tribe is governed by a seven-member, democratically elected General Council. The current tribal administration is as follows:

Language

English is commonly spoken on by the tribe. Their traditional language is the Nisqually language, which is a Southern Puget Sound Salish language. [2]

Economic development

The Nisqually Indian Tribe owns and operates Red Wind Casino, Blue Camas Buffet, Squalli-Absch Grille, The Medicine Creek Deli, and Pealo's Landing. [6]

Notable tribal members

Notes

  1. "Nisqually Tribe." Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board. Retrieved 19 Sept 2013.
  2. 1 2 " Salish, Southern Puget Sound." Ethnologue. Retrieved 20 Sept 2013.
  3. Pritzer 202
  4. "About the Nisqually Indian Tribe." Red Wind Casino. Retrieved 20 Sept 2013.
  5. "Our Government." Nisqually Indian Tribe. Retrieved 19 Sept 2013.
  6. "Red Wind Casino." 500 Nations. Retrieved 20 Sept 2013.

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Nisqually, Niskwalli, or Nisqualli may refer to:

Nisqually people

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Suquamish

The Suquamish are a Lushootseed-speaking Native American people, located in present-day Washington in the United States. They are a southern Coast Salish people. Today, most Suquamish people are enrolled in the federally recognized Suquamish Tribe, a signatory to the 1855 Treaty of Point Elliott. Chief Seattle, the famous leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish Tribes for which the City of Seattle is named, signed the Point Elliot Treaty on behalf of both Tribes. The Suquamish Tribe owns the Port Madison Indian Reservation.

Swinomish

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Nisqually River

The Nisqually River is a river in west central Washington in the United States, approximately 81 miles (130 km) long. It drains part of the Cascade Range southeast of Tacoma, including the southern slope of Mount Rainier, and empties into the southern end of Puget Sound. Its outlet was designated in 1971 as the Nisqually Delta National Natural Landmark.

Snoqualmie Indian Tribe

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Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation

The Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Upper and Lower Chehalis, Klallam, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, and Quinault peoples. They are one of the Northern Straits branch Central Coast Salish peoples of indigenous peoples of the Northwest Coast. Their tribe is located in southwest Washington.

Puget Sound War

The Puget Sound War was an armed conflict that took place in the Puget Sound area of the state of Washington in 1855–56, between the United States military, local militias and members of the Native American tribes of the Nisqually, Muckleshoot, Puyallup, and Klickitat. Another component of the war, however, were raiders from the Haida and Tlingit who came into conflict with the United States Navy during contemporaneous raids on the native peoples of Puget Sound. Although limited in its magnitude, territorial impact and losses in terms of lives, the conflict is often remembered in connection to the 1856 Battle of Seattle and to the wrongful execution of a central figure of the war, Nisqually Chief Leschi. The contemporaneous Yakima War may have been responsible for some events of the Puget Sound War, such as the Battle of Seattle, and it is not clear that the people of the time made a strong distinction between the two conflicts.

Quinault Indian Nation Ethnic group

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Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington

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Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington federally recognized Tribe

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Port Gamble Band of SKlallam Indians

The Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe, formerly known as the Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation or the Port Gamble Band of S'Klallam Indians is a federally recognized tribe of S'Klallam people, located on the Kitsap Peninsula in Washington. They are an Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Coast.

Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians

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References

Coordinates: 47°01′12″N122°39′27″W / 47.02000°N 122.65750°W / 47.02000; -122.65750