North East Region, Ghana

Last updated
North East Region
Ghana - North East.png
Location of North East Region in Ghana
Country Ghana
Capital Nalerigu
District6
Population
 (2020) [1]
588,800
Time zone GMT
Area code(s) +233 37
ISO 3166 code GH-NP

The North East Region is one of the sixteen regions of Ghana. It is located in the north of the country and was created in December 2018 after a referendum was voted upon to break it off of the Northern region. [2] The region's capital is Nalerigu. [3]

Contents

Creation of Region

NaYiri shows his support for the North East Region 20181119RWH9978 NaYiri North East Region.jpg
NaYiri shows his support for the North East Region

The North East Region of Ghana was a proposed new region to be carved out of the existing Northern Region of Ghana. The creation of this new region was in fulfillment of a promise made by the New Patriotic Party prior to the 2016 Ghana general election. Upon winning the elections, the President, Nana Akuffo Addo created the Ministry of Regional Reorganization to oversee policy formulation and implementation, and Hon. Solomon Namliit Boar, Mp for Bunkpurugu Constituency and former Deputy Northern Regional Minister was appointed as the first Regional Minister for the newly created North East Region. In all six new regions were to be created from the existing ten regions of Ghana. The other regions are Western North, Bono, Bono East, Ahafo, Savannah and Oti regions. [4]

A referendum vote held on December 27, 2018 was successful with 81% voter turnout in the proposed region voting 99.8% in favor of the creation of the North East Region. [2] The region's proposed capital is the town of Nalerigu in the East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly. [3]

Geography and climate

Location and size

The North East Region is bordered on the north by the Upper East region, on the east by the eastern Ghana-Togo international border, on the south by the Northern region, and on the west by the Upper West region. North East region is made up of 6 districts.

Climate and vegetation

The North East Region is much drier than southern areas of Ghana, due to its proximity to the Sahel, and the Sahara. The vegetation consists predominantly of grassland, especially savanna with clusters of drought-resistant trees such as baobabs or acacias. Between December and April is the dry season. The wet season is between about June and November with an average annual rainfall of 750 to 1050 mm (30 to 40 inches). The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season, the lowest in December and January. However, the hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara blows frequently between December and the beginning of February. The temperatures can vary between 17 °C (63 °F) at night and 47 °C (117 °F) during the day.

Cultural and Social Structure

NaYiri NaBohaga at his palace in Nalerigu 20170310RWH6056.jpg
NaYiri NaBɔhaga at his palace in Nalerigu

The Nayiri is the King (overlord) of Mamprugu traditional area of which the entire region is a part. He has a traditional council of elders who advise him. The Nayiri is supported by paramount chiefs, divisional and other sub-chiefs under him. His paramountcy extend beyond the boundaries of the North East Region and even the nation. Notable among the chiefs are the Wulugu Naaba, Wungu Naaba, Soo Naaba, Kulgu Naaba, Yunyoorana and Bunkpurugu Naaba and Zuarungu Naaba, Tongu Naaba, Sakuti (all in Upper East Region).

Mamprusi people are the major ethnic group in the Municipality. However, there are also Dagombas, Bimobas, Konkombas, Talensis, Tampulma, Bissa, Mossis, Chakosis and Hausas who have settled in the area. Two traditional festivals are celebrated annually, Damba Festival, Bugum (Fire) Festival. The District is a multi-religious one with the dominant religions being Christianity, Islam and Traditional African Religion.

Tourism and Attractions

White Volta & Gambaga Scarp 20171104RWH0430 White Volta Gambaga Scarp.jpg
White Volta & Gambaga Scarp

Economy

More than 85% of the economically active population are agricultural. The low population density is partly caused by emigration, in addition to geography and climate.

Demographics

The North East Region has a low population density, and, along with the official language of English, most inhabitants speak a language of the Gur subfamily in the Niger–Congo language family, such as Mampruli, Tampulma, Bimoba, Kusaal, Dagbani, or Konkomba. The Mamprusi Kingdom is located in the region.

Religion

Most residents in the North East region are affiliated with Christianity, Islam, and/or Traditional African Religion. [6]

Administrative divisions

The political administration of the region is through the local government system. Under this administration system, the region is divided into six MMDA's (made up of 0 Metropolitan, 2 Municipal and 4 Ordinary Assemblies). Each District, Municipal or Metropolitan Assembly, is administered by a Chief Executive, representing the central government but deriving authority from an Assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves. The current list is as follows:

Districts of the North East Region Districts of the North East Region (2018).png
Districts of the North East Region
Districts of the North East Region
#MMDA NameCapitalMMDA TypePopulation
1 Bunkpurugu-Nyankpanduri Bunkpurugu Ordinary
2 Chereponi Chereponi Ordinary55,932
3 East Mamprusi [7] Nalerigu Municipal121,009
4 Mamprugu-Moagduri Yagaba Ordinary
5 West Mamprusi Walewale Municipal
6 Yunyoo-Nasuan Yunyoo Ordinary

Famous citizens

Famous native citizens of North East region
#CitizenSettlement
1 Mahamudu Bawumia Nalerigu/Walewale
2Solomon Namliit Boar (MP) Bunkpurugu
3 Edward Mahama Nalerigu
4 Alima Mahama (MP) Nalerigu
5Sagri Banbangi (MP) Walewale

Related Research Articles

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Regions of Ghana

The regions of Ghana constitute the first level of subnational government administration within the Republic of Ghana. As of 2020, there are currently sixteen regions, which are further divided for administrative purposes into 260 local district assemblies.

Mossi people ethnic group of Burkina Faso

The Mossi are a Gur ethnic group native to modern Burkina Faso, primarily the Volta River basin. The Mossi are the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso, constituting more than 40% of the population, or about 6.2 million people. The other 60% of Burkina Faso's population is composed of more than 60 ethnic groups, mainly the Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo and Fulani. The Mossi speak the Mòoré language.

The Dagombas are a Gur ethnic group of northern Ghana, numbering about 931,000 (2012). They inhabit the Northern Region of Ghana in the sparse savanna region below the sahelian belt, known as the Sudan. They speak the Dagbani language which belongs to the Mole-Dagbani sub-group of the Gur languages. There are around 1 to 2 million speakers of Dagbani. The Dagomba are historically related to the Mossi people. The Mohi/Mossi now have their homeland in central present-day Burkina Faso. The homeland of the Dagomba is called Dagbon and covers about 20,000 km2 in area.

Districts of Ghana

The Districts of Ghana are second-level administrative subdivisions of Ghana, below the level of region. There are 260 districts.

East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly District in North East, Ghana

East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly is one of the six districts in North East Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988 when it was known as East Mamprusi District, which was created from the former Mamprusi District Council, until the eastern part of the district was split off by a decree of president John Agyekum Kufuor on 19 August 2004 to create Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo District; thus the remaining part has been retained as East Mamprusi District. However on 15 March 2018, it was elevated to municipal district assembly status to become East Mamprusi Municipal District. The municipality is located in the eastern part of North East Region and has Gambaga as its capital town.

South Dayi District District in Ghana

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Mamprusi people Ethnic group in Ghana and Togo

Mamprusi is an ethnic group in northern Ghana and Togo. Estimates are that there are over 400,000 Mamprusis living in the Northern Regions of Ghana, and about 11,000 in Togo. They speak Mampruli, one of the Gur languages. In Ghana, the Mamprusis live mainly in Nalerigu, Gambaga, Walewale, and their surrounding towns and villages in the North East Region. They also inhabit parts of the Upper East Region, principally in Bawku, and the Upper West Region, too.

Nalerigu Town in North East Region, Ghana

Nalerigu is the largest town in the East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly in the North East Region of Ghana as well as the traditional capital of the Mamprusi people, the seat of the Paramount Chief, the NaYiri. Nalerigu is also the capital of the North East Region of Ghana.

Gambaga District Capital in Northern Region, Ghana

Gambaga is the capital of the East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly in the North East Region of Ghana. Once a residence of Mamprusi-kings it is still the capital of East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly, a municipality in the North East Region of Ghana. It is home to several ancient Mossi chiefs' gravsites.

Bimoba people are a Gur-speaking ethnic group from north-eastern Ghana who are closely related to the Moba people of north-western Togo.They are an independent ethnic group whose major population centres in Ghana include but not limited to Bimbagu, Bunkpurugu. The Bimoba and the Bikuom are distant relatives but the two have experienced violent confrontations in the past. The Bimoba in the north-eastern Ghana number approximately 2,3000 000 people. The Bimoba speak the Moar.

The Ministry of Regional Re-organisation is Government of Ghana ministry charged with the responsibility of supervising the creation of new regions in Ghana. The ministry is headed by Hon. Dan Botwe. It was created in January 2017 by President Akufo-Addo.

John S. Nabila is a Ghanaian geographer and academic. He is the Paramount Chief of the Wulungu traditional ruler in the North East Region of Ghana. He served as the president of the National House of Chiefs from 2008 to 2016. He is a member of the Ghana National Petroleum Corporation board. He was the Minister for Information and Tourism in the Limann government.

Oti Region Region of Ghana

The Oti Region is one of the six regions created regions of Ghana in December 2018. The region was carved out of the northern part of the Volta Region and will be in fulfillment of a campaign promise made by New Patriotic Party. Prior to the 2016 Ghanaian general election, the then candidate Nana Akufo-Addo declared that when elected, he would explore the possibility of creating new regions out of some of the existing regions in Ghana in order to bring government closer to citizens.

Ahafo Region Region of Ghana

The Ahafo Region is a newly created Region in Ghana with Goaso as its capital. The region had administrative and governmental legislature like all the ten already existing regions in Ghana. The region was carved out of the south-eastern part of the Brong Ahafo Region and was in fulfillment of a campaign promise made by New Patriotic Party. Prior to the 2016 Ghanaian general election, the then candidate Nana Akufo-Addo declared that when elected, he would explore the possibility of creating new regions out of some of the existing regions in Ghana in order to bring government closer to citizens.

Savannah Region Region of Ghana

The Savannah Region is one of the newest regions of Ghana and yet the largest region in the country. The creation of the Region follows presentation of a petition by the Gonja Traditional Council, led by the Yagbonwura Tumtumba Boresa Jakpa I. Upon receiving favourable responses from all stakeholders in the Northern Region, the Brobbey Commission, a referendum was conducted on the 27th December 2018. The result was a resounding yes of 99.7%. The President of the Republic of Ghana signed and presented the Constitutional Instrument (CI) 115 to the Yagbonwura in the Jubilee House, Accra on 12 February 2019. The launch was well attended by sons and daughters of Gonjaland including all current and past Mps, MDCEs and all appointees with Gonjaland descent. Damongo was declared the capital of the new Savannah Region. It is located in the north of the country. The Savannah Region is divided into 7 districts; Bole, Central Gonja, North Gonja, East Gonja, Sawla/Tuna/Kalba, West Gonja, North East Gonja and 7 Constituencies; Bole/Bamboi, Damongo, Daboya/Mankarigu, Salaga North, Salaga South, Sawla/Tuna/Kalba and Yapei/Kusawgu.

Western North Region Region of Ghana

The Western North Region is one of the six new regions of Ghana created in 2019. The region is bounded by the Ivory Coast on the west, the Central region in the southeast, and the Ashanti, Ahafo, Bono East and Bono regions in the north. The Western North Region has the highest rainfall in Ghana, lush green hills, and fertile soils. There are numerous small and large-scale gold mines companies in the region. The ethnic culture of the region is dominated by the Sefwis. The main languages spoken are Sefwi, Akan, French and English.

Bono East Region Region of Ghana

The Bono East region of Ghana is a new region carved out of the Brong Ahafo region. The capital of the new region is Techiman. This creation of this new region was in fulfillment of a promise made by the New Patriotic Party prior to the 2016 Ghana general election. Upon winning the elections, the President, Nana Akuffo Addo created the Ministry of Regional Reorganization to oversee policy formulation and implementation. In all six new regions are to be created from the existing ten regions of Ghana. The other regions are Bono, Western North, Ahafo, Savannah, North East, and Oti regions.

Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo District Former District in Northern, Ghana

Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo District is a former district that was located in Northern Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of the then-larger East Mamprusi District in 1988, which was created from the former Mamprusi District Council. However on 15 March 2018, it was split out into two new districts: Bunkpurugu-Nyankpanduri District and Yunyoo-Nasuan District. The district assembly was located in the northeast part of Northern Region and had Bunkpurugu as its capital town.

Bunkpurugu Nyankpanduri District District in North East, Ghana

Bunkpurugu-Nyankpanduri District is one of the six districts in North East Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of the then-larger Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo District on 19 August 2004, which was created from the former Mamprusi District Council, until the southern part of the district was split off to create Yunyoo-Nasuan District on 15 March 2018; thus the remaining part has been renamed as Bunkpurugu-Nyankpanduri District. The district assembly was located in the northeast part of Northern Region and had Bunkpurugu as its capital town.

References

  1. "Ghana Statistical Services – Population by Regions, North East". statsghana.gov.gh. Retrieved 2021-02-01.
  2. 1 2 Ngon, Diana (28 December 2018). "Referendum: Residents endorse North East Region with 99.67 YES vote". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  3. 1 2 Citi Newsroom (12 February 2019). "Nalerigu selected as capital of newly created North East Region". Citinewsroom Online. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  4. Bureau, Communications. ""Creation Of 6 New Regions In The Hands Of EC & Ghanaians" – President Akufo-Addo". www.presidency.gov.gh. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  5. "Discover Ghana's North East Region" . Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  6. Ghana Statistical Service (May 2013). "2010 POPULATION & HOUSING CENSUS NATIONAL ANALYTICAL REPORT" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  7. "Ghana Health Service investigates suspected waterborne disease in Bunbuazio community - MyJoyOnline.com". www.myjoyonline.com. Retrieved 2021-05-20.

Coordinates: 10°31′N0°22′W / 10.517°N 0.367°W / 10.517; -0.367