Location of Central Region in Ghana
|• Regional Minister||Kwamena Duncan|
|• Total||9,826 km2 (3,794 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 8th|
|• Rank||Ranked 8th|
|• Density||220/km2 (580/sq mi)|
|• Per capita||$5,150|
|• Per capita||$3,500|
|ISO 3166 code||GH-CP|
|HDI (2017)||0.548 |
low · 4th
The Central Region is one of the sixteen administrative regions of Ghana. It is bordered by Ashanti and Eastern regions to the north, Western region to the west, Greater Accra region to the east, and to the south by the Gulf of Guinea. The Central region is renowned for its many elite higher education institutions and an economy based on an abundance of industrial minerals and tourism. The Central region attains many tourist attractions such as castles, forts and beaches stretched along the Central region's coastline.
The Central Region is a hub of education, with some of the best schools in the country. The region's economy is dominated by services followed by mining and fishing. Cape Coast Castle and Elmina Castle are prominent UNESCO World Heritage Sites and serve as a reminder of the slave trade. The Central Region is a major center for tourism within the peninsula of Ashantiland and it has some of the most beautiful beaches,[ citation needed ] and national parks (Kakum National Park). U.S. President Barack Obama made his first international trip to the city of Cape Coast in 2009.
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The Central Region is well known for its varied choices in cuisine. Etsew and Fantefante (fresh fish palm oil stew) is the main dish enjoyed. Kenkey and Fufu are both eaten with a variety of sauces, stews, and soups. Seafood is commonly eaten across the Central Region.
The Central Region comprises 20 districts:
|3||Agona West Municipal||Swedru|
|6||Assin North Municipal||Assin Foso|
|8||Awutu Senya East Municipal||Kasoa|
|9||Awutu Senya West||Awutu Breku|
|10||Cape Coast Metropolitan||Cape Coast|
|17||Twifo-Ati Morkwa||Twifo Praso|
|19||Upper Denkyira East Municipal||Dunkwa-on-Offin|
|20||Upper Denkyira West||Diaso|
|Notable citizens of Central region|
|1||Ishmael Yartei||Agona Swedru|
|2||Yvonne Nelson||Cape Coast|
|3||Jackie Appiah||Cape Coast|
|4||Menaye Donkor||Agona Asafo|
|5||Paul Boateng||Cape Coast|
|6||Van Vicker||Cape Coast|
|7||Majid Michel||Cape Coast|
|8||Michael Essien||Cape Coast|
|9||John Mensah||Cape Coast|
|10||Lydia Forson||Cape Coast|
|11||Kwesi Amissah-Arthur||Cape Coast|
|12||Paa Kwesi Nduom||Elmina|
|14||John Evans Atta Mills||Cape Coast|
|15||Kwabena Kwabena||Gomoa Mpota|
The Ashanti–Fante War (1806–1807) was a war fought between the Ashanti Kingdom and the Fante Confederacy in the region of what is currently the Republic of Ghana.
The Mfantsefo or Fante are an Akan people. The Fante people are mainly located in the central coastal regions of Ghana. Over the last half centuries due to fishing expeditions, Fante communities are found as far as Gambia, Liberia and even Angola. Like all Akans, they originated from Bono state. Originally, "Fante" referred to "the half that left" and initially settled at Mankessim. Some of the states that make up the Fante are Agona, Kurantsi, Abura, Anyan, Ekumfi, Nkusukum, Ajumako and Gomoa. The Fante, like other related Akans, trace their roots to the ancient Sahara in the Old Ghana Empire. The Fante then migrated south to modern day Techiman in the Brong Ahafo region. It was from here that, legend say, their three great Leaders, Oson, Odapagyan and Obrumankoma led them south and separated from other Akans, to Mankessim.
The Fante Confederacy refers either to the alliance of the Fante states in existence at least since the sixteenth century, or it can also refer to the modern Confederation formed in 1868. The Confederation is seen as one of the first and most prominent self-rule movements in Ghana and the entirety of Africa. Its mission was to shake off Colonialism and establish a modern free democratic state.
The Districts of Ghana are second-level administrative subdivisions of Ghana, below the level of region. There are 260 districts.
Abura-Dunkwa is a small town and the capital of Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese District, a district in the Central Region of south Ghana.
Awutu/Effutu/Senya District is a former district that was located in Central Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988, which was created from the former Gomoa/Awutu/Effutu/Senya District. However on 29 February 2008, it was split out into two new districts: Effutu Municipal District and Awutu Senya District. The district assembly was located in the southeast part of Central Region and had Winneba as its capital town.
The Mankessim Kingdom (1252–1844) was a pre-colonial African state in modern-day Ghana. It is regarded as the heartland of the Fante people, and operated as capital of the Fante Confederacy in the 19th century. The town of Mankessim still exists and is located in the central region of Ghana, about an hour and a half west of Accra. The Mankessim Kingdom's influence included not only their own kingdom, but extended to the whole of the Fante people, and at times the entire coast of modern-day Ghana.
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Abusua is the name in Akan culture for a group of people that share common maternal ancestry governed by seven major ancient female abosom (deities). The Abusua line is considered to be passed through the mother's blood . There are several Abusua that transcend the different ethnic subgroups outside of the ancient seven. People of the same Abusua share a common ancestor somewhere within their bloodline, which may go back as far as thousands of years. It is a taboo to marry someone from the same Abusua. The different Abusua are the Agona (parrot), the Aduana (dog), the Asenie (bat), Oyoko (falcon/hawk), the Asakyiri (vulture), the Asona (crow), the Bretuo (leopard), and the Ekuona (bull).
Birim Central Municipal District is one of the thirty-three districts in Eastern Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988 when it was known as the first Birim South District, which it was created from the former Birim District Council, until the western part of the district was split off to create a new Birim South District, with Akim Swedru as its capital town; thus the remaining part has been renamed as Birim Central Municipal District on 29 February 2008, with Akim Oda as its capital town, which it was elevated to municipal district assembly status on that same year. However on 15 March 2018, the southeast part of the district was split off to become Asene-Manso-Akroso District; thus the remaining part has been retained as Birim Central Municipal District. The municipality is located in the southwest part of Eastern Region and has Akim Oda as its capital town.
Cape Coast Metropolitan Assemblyis one of the twenty-two districts in Central Region, Ghana. Originally created as an municipal district assembly in 1988 when it was known as Cape Coast Municipal District. Later, it was upgraded to metropolitan district assembly status on 29 February 2008 to become Cape Coast Metropolitan District. The municipality is located in the southwest part of Central Region and has Cape Coast as its capital town; which is also the regional capital of the Central Region.
Assin Manso is a town in the Central Region of Ghana. It is located 40 kilometers along the Cape Coast - Kumasi highway. The town is well known for the role it played as a slave market during the slave trade. It is also known for the Assin Manso Secondary School. The school is a second cycle institution.
Assin Fosu is a small town and is the capital of Assin Fosu Municipal, a Municipal in the Central Region of Ghana. Assin Fosu is the 65th most populous settlement in Ghana, with a population of 20,541. The town is known for the Obiri Yeboah Secondary School School. The school is a second cycle institution.
The Komenda Wars were a series of wars from 1694 until 1700 largely between the Dutch West India Company and the British Royal African Company in the Eguafo Kingdom in the present day state of Ghana, over trade rights. The Dutch were trying to keep the British out of the region to maintain a trade monopoly while the British were attempting to re-establish a fort in the city of Komenda. The fighting included forces of the Dutch West India Company, the Royal African Company, the Eguafo Kingdom, a prince of the kingdom attempting to rise to the throne, the forces of a powerful merchant named John Cabess, other Akan tribes and kingdoms like Twifo and Denkyira. There were four separate periods of warfare, including a civil war in the Eguafo Kingdom, and the wars ended with the British placing Takyi Kuma into power in Eguafo. Because of the rapidly shifting alliances between European and African powers, historian John Thornton has found that "there is no finer example of [the] complicated combination of European rivalry merging with African rivalry than the Komenda Wars."
Harona Esseku is a Ghanaian politician; a minister of state in the second republic and a founding member of the New Patriotic Party.
Samuel Kofi Marful-Sau is a Ghanaian judge. He is an active justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana.
The Anglican Diocese of Cape Coast is a diocese of the Church of the Province of West Africa, a member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. It is the oldest area of Anglican missionary activity in Ghana. This diocese was created out of the then Accra Diocese in 1981. It has had four Diocesan Bishops till date. They are the Rt Rev John Alexander Ackon, Rt Rev Eduah Quarshie, Rt Rev Daniel Sylvanus Adotei Allotey and the current Diocesan, Rt Rev Victor Reginald Atta-Baffoe. She is divided into 4 Archdeaconries namely - Winneba, Saltpond, Cape Coast and Fosu as well as the Cathedral Deanery. In 2014, the Diocese of Dunkwa-on-Offin was carved out of the Diocese of Cape Coast making it one of two in the Central Region of Ghana. She has an active church membership of around 10,000 worshipping in 33 Parishes and their outstations. She also has about 35 active duty clergy including two female deacons. In 2020 the Anglican Diocese of Cape Coast ordained its first female deacon, the Rev Mrs Vida Gyabeng Frimpong.
Gizella Tetteh Agbotui is a Ghanaian architect and politician. She contested in the 2020 Ghanaian General Election and won the parliamentary seat for the Awutu Senya West Constituency.
Frank Abor Essel-Cobbah is a Ghanaian politician and was a member of the first parliament of the second Republic of Ghana. He represented Gomoa-Assin-Ajumako constituency under the membership of the progress party (PP).