Greater Accra Region

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Greater Accra Region
The Aerial View of Accra, the capital town of Ghana.jpg
Aerial View of Accra
Flag of Greater Accra Region.gif
Flag
Ghana GreaterAccra.png
Location of Greater Accra Region in Ghana
Country Ghana
Capital Accra
Districts16
Government
   Regional Minister Henry Quartey
  MayorMohammed Adjei Sowah
Area
[1]
  Total3,245 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 10th
Population
 (2010 Census) [1]
  Total4,010,054
  Rank Ranked 2nd
  Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)
  Year2013
  Per capita$5,150
GDP (Nominal)
  Year2013
  Per capita$2,500
Time zone GMT
Area code(s) 030
ISO 3166 code GH-AA
HDI (2017)Increase2.svg 0.662 [2]
medium · 1st

The Greater Accra Region has the smallest area of Ghana's 16 administrative regions, occupying a total land surface of 3,245 square kilometres. [3] This is 1.4 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. It is the second most populated region, after the Ashanti Region, with a population of 4,010,054 in 2010, accounting for 16.3 per cent of Ghana's total population. [4] [5]

Contents

The Greater Accra region is the most urbanized region in the country with 87.4% of its total population living in urban centres. [6] The capital city of Greater Accra Region is Accra which is at the same time the capital city of Ghana.

History

In 1960, Greater Accra, then referred to as Accra Capital District, was geographically part of the Eastern Region. It was, however, administered separately by the Minister responsible for local government. With effect from 23 July 1982, Greater Accra was created by the Greater Accra Region Law (PNDCL 26) as a legally separate region. [7]

Geography

Location and size

The Greater Accra Region is bordered on the north by the Eastern Region, on the east by the Volta Region, on the south by the Gulf of Guinea, and on the west by the Central Region. It is smallest region of Ghana in total area, and is made up of 16 administrative areas.

Tourism

Parks

Recreation areas

National monuments

National historic sites

Festivals

The Ga people celebrate the Homowo festival, which literally means "hooting at hunger." This festival originated several centuries ago. It is celebrated in remembrance of a great famine that hit the Ga people in the sixteenth century. It is mainly a food festival which celebrates the passing of that terrible period in Ga history. It takes place in August every year and is celebrated by all the Ga clans.

The Adangbe people from Ada celebrate the Asafotu festival, which is also called 'Asafotufiam', an annual warrior's festival celebrated by Ada people from the last Thursday of July to the first weekend of August commemorates the victories of the warriors in battle and is a memorial for those who fell on the battlefield. To re-enact these historic events, the warriors dress in traditional battle dress and stage a mock battle. This is also a time for male rites of passage, when young men are introduced to warfare. The festival also coincides with the harvest cycle, when these special customs and ceremonies are performed. These include purification ceremonies. The celebration reaches its climax with a durbar of chiefs, a colourful procession of the Chiefs in palanquins with their retinue. They are accompanied by traditional military groups called 'Asafo Companies' amidst drumming, singing and dancing through the streets and on the durbar grounds. At the durbar, greetings are exchanged between the chiefs, libations are poured and declarations of allegiance are made.

Other tourist attractions

Governance

Districts of the Greater Accra Region Districts of the Greater Accra Region (2012).svg
Districts of the Greater Accra Region

The political administration of the region is through the local government system. Under this administration system, the region is divided into 29 MMDA's (made up of 2 Metropolitan, 23 Municipal and 4 Ordinary Assemblies). [1] Each District, Municipal or Metropolitan Area and it's corresponding constituency, is administered by a Chief Executive and a Member of Parliamnet, representing the central government but deriving authority from an Assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves. The MMDA's were increased from 3 to 5 in 1988; then from 5 to 6 in 2004; then from 6 to 10 in 2008; then from 10 to 16 in 2012; and recently from 16 to 29 in 2018. The number of constituencies increased/spread from 22 to 27 in 2004 making and 34 prior to the 2012 Ghanaian general election.The current list is as follows:

DistrictCapitalConstituencyMember of ParliamentParty
Ablekuma Central Municipal Lartebiokorshie Ablekuma Central Dan Abdul-latif NDC
Ablekuma North Municipal Darkuman Ablekuma North Sheila Bartels NPP
Ablekuma West Municipal Dansoman Ablekuma West Ursula G Owusu NPP
Accra Metropolitan Accra Ablekuma South Alfred Okoe Vanderpuije NDC
Odododiodio Edwin Nii Lante Vanderpuye NDC
Okaikwei Central Patrick Yaw Boamah NPP
Okaikwei South Dakoa Newman NPP
Ada East Ada Foah Ada Comfort Doyoe Cudjoe-Ghansah NDC
Ada West Sege Sege Christian Corleytey Otuteye NDC
Adenta Municipal Adenta Adenta Mohammed Adamu Ramadan NDC
Ashaiman Municipal Ashaiman Ashaiman Ashaiman NDC
Ayawaso Central Municipal Kokomlemle Ayawaso Central Henry Quartey NPP
Ayawaso East Municipal Nima Ayawaso East Naser Toure Mahama NDC
Ayawaso North Municipal Accra New Town Ayawaso North Yussif Issaka Jajah NDC
Ayawaso West Municipal Dzorwulu Ayawaso West Lydia Alhassan NPP
Ga Central Municipal Sowutuom Anyaa-Sowutuom Dickson Adomako Kissi NPP
Ga East Municipal Abokobi Dome-Kwabenya Sarah Adwoa Safo NPP
Ga North Municipal Amomole Trobu Moses Anim NPP
Ga South Municipal Ngleshie Amanfro Bortianor-Ngleshie-Amanfrom Sylvester Tetteh NPP
Domeabra-Obom Sophia Karen Edem Ackuaku NDC
Ga West Municipal Amasaman Amasaman Akwasi Owusu Afrifa-Mensah NPP
Korle Klottey Municipal Osu Korle Klottey Zanetor Agyeman-Rawlings NDC
Kpone Katamanso Municipal Kpone Kpone-Katamanso Joseph Akuerteh NDC
Krowor Municipal Nungua Krowor Agnes Naa Momo Lartey NDC
La Dade Kotopon Municipal La Dade Kotopon Rita Naa Odoley Sowah NDC
La Nkwantanang Madina Municipal Madina Abokobi-Madina Francis-Xavier Kojo Sosu NDC
Ledzokuku Municipal Teshie Ledzokuku Benjamin Ayiku Nartey NDC
Ningo Prampram Prampram Ningo-Prampram Samuel George Nartey NDC
Okaikwei North Municipal Tesano Okaikwei North Theresa Lardi Awuni NDC
Shai Osudoku Dodowa Shai-Osudoku Linda Obenewaa Akweley Ocloo NDC
Tema Metropolitan Tema Tema Central Yves Hanson-Nortey NPP
Tema East Isaac Ashai Odamtten NDC
Tema West Municipal Tema Community 18 Tema West Carlos Kingsley Ahenkora NPP
Weija Gbawe Municipal Weija Weija Tina Gifty Naa Ayeley Mensah NPP

Demographics

Population

The center of population of the Greater Accra region is located in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area which comprises the Accra Metropolitan, Tema Metropolitan, Adenta Municipal, La Nkwantanang Madina Municipal District, Ashaiman Municipal, Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal, Ga East Municipal, Ga West Municipal, and Ga South Municipal districts [9]

According to the 2010 census, the region had a population of 4,010,054, making it the second most populous (total number of people) region of Ghana behind the Ashanti Region. [4] Owing to in-migration and a high population growth rate, however, the region has the highest population density in the country.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1984 1,431,099    
2000 2,905,726+103.0%
2010 4,010,054+38.0%
2019 4,943,100+23.3%
source: [10]

Ethnicity

The Ga sub-group of the Ga-Dangme people is the historical population of Accra. They form the largest ethnic sub-group in the Greater Accra Region, with 18.9% of the population. [11] [ circular reference ] The Ga peoples were organized into six independent towns (Accra (Ga Mashie), Osu, La, Teshie, Nungua, and Tema). Each town had a stool, which served as the central object of Ga ritual and war magic. Now, the town of La has a community bank which offers banking services to them. [12] Accra became the most prominent Ga-Dangme towns and is now the heartbeat and capital of Ghana.[4] The Ga people were originally farmers, but today fishing and trading in imported goods are the principal occupations. Trading is generally in the hands of women, and a husband has no control over his wife's money. Succession to most offices held by women and inheritance of women's property are by matrilineal descent. Inheritance of other property and succession to male-held public offices are by patrilineal descent. Men of the lineage live together in a men's compound, while women, even after marriage, live with their mothers and children in a women's compound. Each Ga town has a number of different cults and many gods, and there are a number of annual town festivals. The Adangme people occupy the coastal area of Ghana from Le Kpone to Ada, on the Volta River and South Atlantic Ocean along the Gulf of Guinea and inland along the Volta River. The Adangme People include the Ada, Le Kpone, Krobo, Ningo, Osuduku, Prampram, and Shai, all speaking Adangbe of the Kwa branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages. [5] The Adangme People have the largest Population among the two related Ga-Adangme People. About 70% of the Greater Accra Regional Land is owned by the Adangmes located in Dangme East and Dangme West Districts of Ghana.

Immigration

1.3% of the inhabitants of the Greater Accra Region are immigrants from outside Ghana.

The largest portion of the population of Accra is Akan, at 39.8% of the population. The next largest group is Ga-Dangme at 30.7% of the population. After this 18% of the population is Ewe. [13] The Ga sub-group of the Ga-Dangme people is the historical population of Accra. They form the largest ethnic sub-group in the Greater Accra Region, with 18.9% of the population. The Fante are the next largest ethnic sub-group, with 10% of the population.

Population growth

In 1960 the population of the Greater Accra Region was 491,817. In 2000 the population was 2,905,726. In 2010 the population was 4,010,054. [13] [4]

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of the Greater Accra region are below: [1]

Transportation

The Greater Accra region is served by the Kotoka International Airport in Accra. The airport offers flight to destinations within Ghana, the African continent and to other continents.

Four National highways – N1, N2, N4 and N6 – and one Regional highway – R40 – pass through the Greater Accra region. N1 enters the region in Ada to the east and runs west, intersecting the N2 at Tema, the Ghana Road Network Tetteh Quarshie Interchange, and the N6 at Achimota. It passes through Kokrobite and exits the region at Weija where it continues on through the Central Region to Elubo in the Western region. The N2 crosses the Eastern Regional border into Asikuma and runs north entering the Upper East Region, ending at Kulungugu. The N4 heads north from the Tetteh Quarshie Interchange, while the N6 originates from Achimota. These highways cut through the northern part of the region and terminate at Kumasi in the Ashanti Region.

There is also an active railway line connecting Accra and Tema.

Education

Senior high schools

  • Christian Methodist Senior High School
  • Accra Academy
  • St. Martins Senior High School
  • Accra Girls Senior High School
  • Accra High School
  • Accra Wesley Girls' High School
  • Achimota Senior High School
  • Ebenezer Senior High School
  • Holy Trinity Cathedral Senior High School
  • Kaneshie Senior High School
  • Kinbu Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Senior High School, Osu
  • Wesley Grammar Senior High School
  • St. Mary's Senior High School
  • St. Margaret-Mary Senior High School
  • Sacred Heart Vocational Institute
  • Accra Technical Training Centre
  • Accra Wesley Girls' Senior High School
  • Chemu Senior High School
  • Manhean Senior High School
  • Tema Senior High School
  • Methodist Day Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Senior High School, Tema
  • Our Lady Of Mercy Senior High School
  • Tema Technical Institute
  • Labone Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Senior High Sch, La
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Senior High School
  • Armed Forces Senior High Technical
  • Amasaman Senior High Technical School
  • St. John's Grammar Senior High School
  • Ngleshie Amanfro Senior High School
  • Odorgonno Senior High School
  • West African Senior High School
  • Presbyterian Boys' Senior High School, Legon
  • Ada Senior High School
  • Ada Technical Institute
  • Ada Senior High Technical School
  • Osudoku Senior High School
  • Ningo Senior High School
  • Prampram Senior High School
  • Ashaiman Senior High School
  • Don Bosco Senior High Technical School
  • Nungua Senior High School
  • O'reilly Senior High School
  • Presbyteian Senior High School, Teishie
  • Teishie Technical Training Centre
  • The Morning Star International High School, Dodowa
  • Kpone Community Day Senior High School
  • Kwabenya Community Day Senior High School
  • Frafraha Community Day Senior
  • Ghanata Senior High School

Higher education

Greater Accra has three public four-year institutions, the University of Ghana in Accra, Ghana Institute of Journalism and University of Professional Studies, East Legon, Accra. In addition, there are number of private universities and university colleges spread through the region.

Shopping centres and their locations

Sports

Famous native and resident citizens

Famous native citizens of Greater Accra
#CitizenSettlement
1 Terry Darious N Gibson Nima/Korle Gono
2 Stonebwoy Ashaiman
3 Joselyn Canfor Dumas Accra
4 Azumah Nelson Accra
5 Arthur Wharton Accra
6 Guy Warren Accra
7 Asamoah Gyan Accra
8 Leo Myles-Mills Accra
9 Shatta Wale Accra

Related Research Articles

Accra Capital city of Ghana

Accra is the capital of Ghana covering an area of 225.67 km2 (87.13 sq mi) with an estimated urban population of 4.2 million as of 2020. It is organized into 12 local government districts – 11 municipal districts and the Accra Metropolitan District, which is the only district within the capital to be granted city status. "Accra" usually refers to the Accra Metropolitan Area, which serves as the capital of Ghana, while the district under the jurisdiction of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly is distinguished from the rest of the capital as the "City of Accra". In common usage, however, the terms "Accra" and "City of Accra" are used interchangeably.

The Dangbe language, also Dangbe or Adaŋgbi, is a Kwa language spoken in south-eastern Ghana by the Dangbe People (Dangbeli). The Dangbeli are part of the larger Ga-Dangbe ethnic group. Klogbi is a variant, spoken by the Kloli. Kropp Dakubu (1987) is the most thorough grammar of the language.

The Ga-Dangbe, Gã-Daŋbɛ, Ga-Dangme, or GaDangme are an ethnic group in Ghana and Togo. The Ga and Dangbe people are grouped respectively as part of the Ga–Dangme ethnolinguistic group. The Ga-Dangmes are one ethnic group that lives primarily in the Greater Accra of Ghana. Ethnic Ga family names (surnames) such as Oblitey, Lartey, Nortey, Aryee, Poku, Lamptey, The following are names derived from the ethnic Dangme and common among the Ningos Nartey, Tetteh, Kwei, Kweinor, Kwetey, Narteh, Narh, Dugbatey, Teye, Martey, Addo, Siaw, Saki, Amanor, Djangba.These are aligned to the ethnic Ga as well; Lomotey,Tetteh,Ankrah, Tetteyfio, Laryea, Ayitey, Okai, Bortey, Quaye, Quaynor, Ashong, Kotei, Sowah, Odoi, Ablor, Adjetey, Dodoo, Darku and Quartey.

Teshie Town in Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Teshie is a coastal town in the Ledzokuku Municipal District, a district in the Greater Accra Region of southeastern Ghana. Teshie is the ninth most populous settlement in Ghana, with a population of 171,875 people.

Ga District Former District in Ghana

Ga District is a former district that was located in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988. However in 2004, it was split off into two new districts: Ga West District and Ga East District. The district assembly was located in the western part of Greater Accra Region and had Amasaman as its capital town.

Dangme East District Former District in Ghana

Dangme East District is a former district that was located in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988, which was created from the former Dangme District Council. However on 28 June 2012, it was split off into two new districts: Ada East District and Ada West District. The district assembly was located in the eastern part of Greater Accra Region and had Ada Foah as its capital town.

Languages of Ghana Languages of a geographic region

Ghana is a multilingual country in which about eighty languages are spoken. Of these, English, which was inherited from the colonial era, is the official language and lingua franca. Of the languages indigenous to Ghana, Akan is the most widely spoken.

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Sakumono Town in Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Sakumono is a small town before Nungua from Ashaiman. It is in the Tema Metropolitan district, a district in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. It was originally a small fishing village on a lagoon, but by 2008 is being swallowed up as the twin cities of Nungua and Tema merge. Elevation is 71m. Sakumono is one of the interesting towns, also known as Community 13. It has the main township which is close to the beach and lagoon. Has a lot of sects of Estate buildings and jurisdiction.

Pokuase, Ghana Suburb in Ga West Municipal Assembly, Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Pokuase, also spelled Pokoasi, is a suburb of Accra, the capital city of Ghana and spans the area from Pokuase, leading off the Accra-Kumasi motorway on the right coming from Accra central; and leading off the motorway at Pokuase Junction and rising to ‘Okai Kwei Hill’, on the left coming from town. It is a mixture of lively retail shopping areas, with local stores, bars or 'drinking spots', bus/taxi stations, and a market. It also has many hotels, guest houses and rental apartments- such as the eco-chic Legassi Gardens Apartments-, and 'high-end' developing residential estates, such as Ofankor Hills Estates and Franko Estates, amongst many others; as well as the long-established executive gated community of ACP Estates.; and HFS Estates which borders the erstwhile Gua Koo Sacred Grove in Pokuase.

Nungua Town in Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Nungua is a town in Krowor Municipal District in the Greater Accra Region of southeastern Ghana near the coast. Nungua is the eighteenth most populous settlement in Ghana, in terms of population, with a population of 84,119 people.

Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal District Former Municipal District in Ghana

Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal District is a former district that was located in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of Accra Metropolitan District in 1988, until the far eastern portion of the district was split off to create Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal District on 1 November 2007 ; thus the remaining part has been retained as Accra Metropolitan District. However on 15 March 2018, it was split off into two new municipal districts: Ledzokuku Municipal District and Krowor Municipal District. The municipality was located in the central part of Greater Accra Region and had Teshie-Nungua as its capital town.

Old Ningo is a town in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana.

The Asafotufiam Festival is celebrated by the chiefs and peoples of Ada in the Dangbe East of the Greater Accra region of Ghana. The festival is celebrated in the first week of August every year.

Prampram Place in Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Prampram is a coastal town in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The town is located in the Ningo Prampram.

Krobo people

The Krobo people are an ethnic group in Ghana. They are grouped as part of Ga-Adangbe ethnolinguistic group and they are also the largest group of the seven Dangme ethnic groups of Southeastern Ghana. The Krobo are a farming people who occupy Accra Plains, Akuapem Mountains and the Afram Basin.

Ningo Prampram District District in Ghana

Ningo Prampram District is one of the twenty-nine districts in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of the then-larger Dangme West District in 1988, which was created from the former Dangme District Council, until the southern part of the district was split off to create Ningo-Prampram District on 28 June 2012; thus the remaining part has been renamed as Shai-Osudoku District. The district assembly is located in the eastern part of Greater Accra Region and has Prampram as its capital town.

Kpone Katamanso Municipal District District in Ghana

Kpone-Katamanso Municipal District is one of the twenty-nine districts in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of the then-larger Tema Municipal District, which was created from the former Tema District Council, until the eastern portion of the district was split off to create Kpone-Katamanso District on 28 June 2012, which was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 2031; thus the remaining part has been retained as Tema Metropolitan District. However on 15 March 2018, it was later elevated to municipal district assembly status to become Kpone-Katamanso Municipal District, which was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 2271. The municipality is located in the central part of Greater Accra Region and has Kpone as its capital town.

Weija Gbawe Municipal District Municipal District in Ghana

Weija Gbawe Municipal District is one of the twenty-nine districts in Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of the then-larger Ga West District in 2004, until the western part of the district was split off to create the first Ga South Municipal District on 29 February 2008, with Weija as its capital town; thus the remaining part was elevated to municipal district assembly status to become Ga West Municipal District. Later, a small portion of the district was split off to create Ga Central Municipal District on 28 June 2012; thus the remaining part has been retained as Ga South Municipal District. However on 15 March 2018, the northern part of the district was split off to create a new Ga South Municipal District, with Ngleshie Amanfro as its capital town; thus the remaining part has been renamed as Weija Gbawe Municipal District, with Weija as its capital town. The municipality is located in the western part of Greater Accra Region and has Weija as its capital town.

References

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  11. Ga-Adangbe people
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