Oadby

Last updated

Oadby
OadbyTown-4.jpg
Oadby Town
Leicestershire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Oadby
Location within Leicestershire
Population23,849 
OS grid reference SK625005
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEICESTER
Postcode district LE2
Dialling code 0116
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire
52°35′55″N1°04′35″W / 52.5987°N 1.0763°W / 52.5987; -1.0763 Coordinates: 52°35′55″N1°04′35″W / 52.5987°N 1.0763°W / 52.5987; -1.0763

Oadby is a small town in Leicestershire, three miles south east of Leicester city centre. The town is famous for Leicester Racecourse, situated on the border between Oadby and Stoneygate, and the University of Leicester Botanical Garden. Oadby had a population of 23,849 in 2011 and like its neighbour Wigston, Oadby is made up of five wards and is one of several satellite towns surrounding Leicester. The Borough of Oadby and Wigston is twinned with Maromme in France, and Norderstedt in Germany.

Contents

History

Angles, Danes and Normans

The cemetery Cemetery in Oadby - geograph.org.uk - 191184.jpg
The cemetery

There has been a habitation in Oadby since an Anglian settlement in the early Anglo-Saxon period. Though the name Oadby is Danish (meaning "Outi's dwelling") it must have existed long before the Danish invasions as is shown by the existence of a pagan Anglian cemetery. The original Anglian name has been lost. [1] In 1760, on Brocks Hill, evidence of an Anglian burial ground was discovered[ citation needed ] The Middle Angles came under the rule of the kings of Mercia and were later conquered by the Danish invaders. Oadby is one of seventy Danish settlements in Leicestershire ending with "-by",[ citation needed ] which means village or settlement. Its name probably came from Old Norse Auðarbýr = "Auði's settlement". [2] Danish rule continued until 920, when King Alfred the Great won his battles against the Danes: the Oadby area is supposed to be the site of at least one of these battles.

In the Domesday Book, 1086, Oadby's name was recorded as Oldebi. Other early forms are Oladebi, Outheby (Feet of Fines, 1199), Onderby[ citation needed ] and, finally, Oadby. When King Harold had been defeated, William the Conqueror gave Oadby to Hugh de Grandmesnil, Governor of Leicestershire, who founded the parish church of Oadby on the site of the present St Peter's Church. The tenants of the manor of Oadby were Roger who held one and half carucates, and Countess Judith who held 9 carucates and 2 bovates, and 30 acres of meadow. On the Countess's land were 46 socmen, 11 bordars and 3 serfs; 2 carucates were let to Robert de Buci. [3] The manor was held in 1444 by William Ferrers; in 1457 it was held by William Grey, Lord Ferrers of Groby. In 1541 the manor was held by John Waldron; his successor John Waldron sold it in 1629 to Sir John Lombe. In 1831 the main landed proprietors were the trustees of the late George Wyndham (patrons of the vicarage), George Legh Keck (lord of the manor) and Thomas Pares. [4]

Modern times

Oadby remained a small settlement until the late 19th century when it became a fashionable suburb for the businessmen of Leicester, such as the factory-owners of Leicester's shoe and stocking manufacturers. Many substantial houses were built in Oadby, some of which are now used by the University of Leicester.

Stoughton Road in Oadby contains 2 sets of houses of historical interest. Some of the Framework Knitters Homes date back to 1909, while the North Memorial Homes, financed by Sir Jonathan North (former Mayor of Leicester) were built in 1927 and opened in the same year by the Prince of Wales. [5] As well as a series of houses, the North Memorial Homes site also houses the North Memorial Hall, built in a neo-Georgian style, which has been leased to Oadby Evangelical Free Church since 1974.

Expansion of Oadby took place rapidly in the 20th century and was still continuing in 2017. Many residential developments have been constructed meaning the population in 2011 reached 23,849. [6]

Oadby today

Oadby Observatory Oadby Observatory - geograph.org.uk - 2182099.jpg
Oadby Observatory
Stoughton House OadbyTown-1.jpg
Stoughton House
Jaisalmer House Jaisalmer House - geograph.org.uk - 213260.jpg
Jaisalmer House

Oadby today is predominantly a residential area for families. As is increasingly the case throughout Leicestershire, Oadby has a diverse population, ethnically and by religion, with 50.1% of the town's population coming from a non-White British background. A few notable parks are Coombe Park, Rosemead Park and Uplands Park

The village has a mixture of properties, from Edwardian houses to new purpose-built accommodation blocks.

Sport and culture

The local football club, Oadby Town F.C., play in the United Counties League. Leicester Tigers, the premiership rugby union club, train at their centre at Oval Park on Wigston Road, Oadby.

Oadby's other local football club is Oadby Owls F.C., who cater for many ages up to under-18s. They play at the municipal Coombe Park and are a very popular football club in Leicester. The club is known to be very successful around the Leicestershire area.

Oadby's Parklands Leisure Centre is home to the Dolly Rockit Rollers roller derby league. Members of the UKRDA, they were ranked amongst the top eight teams in the country in 2011.

The local tennis club (Oadby Granville Tennis Club) is situated on London Road and caters for all standards of tennis and ages and has produced county players and county champions amongst past members.

Transport

The main A6 dual carriageway passes through the town, bypassing the commercial centre. The A563 Leicester Ring Road intersects with the A6 close to Leicester Race Course to the north of Oadby town centre.

Rail

The nearest railway stations are Leicester and South Wigston both roughly 3 miles away.

Bus

Oadby and the surrounding areas are served by Arriva Midlands Sapphire routes 31/31A/31E while the main A6 is served by Sapphire X3 and Stagecoach East Midlands X7

Centrebus also provide service 40 CircleLine linking to Wigston Magna and General Hospital.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Leicestershire County of England

Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands, being within the East Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, and Derbyshire to the north-west. The border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street, the modern A5 road.

Market Harborough Human settlement in England

Market Harborough is a market town within the Harborough district of Leicestershire, England. It is situated in the far southeast of the county, forming part of the border with Northamptonshire.

Oadby and Wigston Borough in England

Oadby and Wigston is a local government district and borough in the English county of Leicestershire. It was formed in 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, from the merger of the Oadby and Wigston urban districts. The population of the district at the 2011 census was 56,170. The district forms part of the Harborough constituency.

Blaby District Administrative district of Leicestershire, England, UK

Blaby is a local government district in Leicestershire, England.

Wigston Human settlement in England

Wigston, or Wigston Magna, is a town in Leicestershire, England, just south of Leicester on the A5199. Wigston had a population of 32,321 in 2011.

Evington Human settlement in England

Evington is an Electoral ward and administrative division of the city of Leicester, England. It used to be a small village centred on Main Street and the Anglican church of St Denys but was close enough to Leicester to become one of the outer suburbs in the 1930s. Today, the ward comprises the historical village of Evington, as well as the modern ex-council estates of Rowlatts Hill and Goodwood. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 11,133.

Great Glen, Leicestershire Human settlement in England

Great Glen is a village and civil parish in the Harborough district, in Leicestershire, 2 miles south of Oadby on the outskirts of Leicester. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 3,662. Leicester city centre is about seven miles north west. Its name comes from the original Iron Age settlers who used the Celtic word glennos meaning valley, and comes from the fact that Great Glen lies in part of the valley of the River Sence. The 'great' part is to distinguish the village from Glen Parva.

Harborough (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Harborough is a constituency covering the south east of Leicestershire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Neil O'Brien of the Conservative Party.

Glen Parva Human settlement in England

Glen Parva is a civil parish in the Blaby district of Leicestershire, England with a population of over 17,000. The population of the civil parish was measured at 17,189 in the 2011 census. To the north it runs into Aylestone and to the east South Wigston. To the south and west it is not immediately surrounded by development. There is also a housing estate called Glen Parva next to the parish of Glen Parva but is mostly referenced as the Leicester City Council Ward name Eyres Monsell, so people don't get confused. The Gilmorton Estate that is In Aylestone is also referenced as Glen Parva as well. All three areas are in the LE2 9 postcode sector and the postcode sector is called Glenhills. Eyres Monsell forms part of the City Of Leicester District but is included in the Parish of Glen Parva. Glen Parva forms part of the Leicester Urban Area due to its close proximity to Leicester City Centre. Glen Parva is in the Saxondale ward of Leicestershire. Glen Parva with Eyres Monsell is 4.5 miles south of Leicester City Centre, 1 mile South East Of Fosse Shopping Park that is in Enderby and half a mile from Blaby.

South Wigston Human settlement in England

South Wigston is a large village to the south of Leicester, England. It is outside the city boundary, forming part of the Oadby and Wigston district of Leicestershire. The population of the ward rose slightly from 7,471 at the 2001 census to 7,490 at the 2011 census.

Oadby Town F.C. English football team

Oadby Town Football Club is an association football club based in Oadby, Leicestershire. The club plays in the United Counties League Premier Division.

Oadby Evangelical Free Church is an independent evangelical church in Oadby, Leicestershire, UK.

Gartree High School is a coeducational secondary school with academy status. Its age-range designation is 11–16. GCSEs have been taught since 2017 and its first GCSE results published in 2019. The school is situated in Oadby, a town on the south side of Leicester, England.

Donington le Heath Human settlement in England

Donington le Heath is a village on the River Sence just over 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the centre of Coalville in North West Leicestershire. Donington is contiguous with the village of Hugglescote immediately to the east. The population of the village is included in the civil parish of Hugglescote and Donington le Heath.

The Owls Athletics Club Leicester is one of four leading athletics clubs in Leicestershire, UK. It has gained many regional and national accolades with some individual athletes representing England and Great Britain at junior and senior level. Primarily a running club, the men's team have won every Leicestershire Senior County Cross Country team title since 1995. The club is also known for developing its junior athletes and its distinctive vests.

East Midlands Regional Womens Football League

The East Midlands Regional Women's Football League is at the fifth and sixth levels of the English women's football pyramid, with the seven other Regional Leagues – Eastern, London & SE, Southern, South West, West Mids, North East and North West. The East Midlands Regional Women's Football League feeds directly into the Midland Combination Women's Football League, and lies above the Leicestershire Women's Football League, Lincolnshire Women's Football League, Northamptonshire Women's Football League, Nottinghamshire Women's Football League and the Derbyshire Girls & Ladies League in the pyramid. The pyramid structure was founded in 1998.

Stoughton Grange was a country house in the parish of Stoughton in Leicestershire and the family seat of the Farnham and Beaumont family. The house dated back to 15th century but was demolished in 1926, after being a successful family home for over five hundred years.

The Leicestershire County Cup is an annual rugby union knock-out club competition organized by the Leicestershire Rugby Union. It was first introduced in 1890 with the inaugural winners being South Wigston. The competition was known as the Leicestershire League Cup until 1893 when it was changed to Leicestershire Senior Cup. The first competition was open to the top sides in the county apart from the Leicester FC first XV, who were considered too strong and would instead enter an 'A' team up until 1906. Smaller clubs in the county, as well as senior club second sides, played in the Leicestershire Junior Cup which had its inaugural competition three seasons earlier in 1887.

References

  1. Hoskins, W. G. (1957) Leicestershire. (The Making of the English Landscape.) London: Hodder & Stoughton; pp. 3, 8
  2. Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 330
  3. Curtis, J. (1831) A Topographical History of the County of Leicester. Ashby-de-la-Zouch; p. 136
  4. Curtis (1831), p. 136
  5. "Oadby and Wigston Council forward plans" (PDF). Oadby-wigston.gov.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  6. 2011 UK Census