Savoy Records

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Savoy Records
SavoyRecord.jpg
Savoy disc from the 1940s
Parent company Concord Music
Founded1942;78 years ago (1942)
Founder Herman Lubinsky
Distributor(s) Universal Music Group
Genre Jazz, R&B, gospel
Country of originU.S.
Location Newark, New Jersey
Official website www.savoyjazz.com

Savoy Records is an American record company and label established by Herman Lubinsky in 1942 in Newark, New Jersey. [1] Savoy specialized in jazz, rhythm and blues, and gospel music.

Contents

In September 2017, Savoy was acquired by Concord Bicycle Music. [2]

History

In the 1940s Savoy recorded some of the biggest names in jazz: Miles Davis, Erroll Garner, Dexter Gordon, J. J. Johnson, Fats Navarro, and Charlie Parker. In 1948, it began buying other labels: Bop, Discovery, National, and Regent. It also reissued music from Jewel Records. [1]

In the early 1960s, Savoy recorded a number of avant-garde jazz artists, giving them important early exposure. They included Paul Bley, Ed Curran, Bill Dixon, Mark Levin, Charles Moffett, Perry Robinson, Joseph Scianni, Archie Shepp, Sun Ra, Marzette Watts, and Valdo Williams.

After Lubinsky's death in 1974, Clive Davis, then manager of Arista Records, acquired Savoy's catalogue. After that, Joe Fields of Muse Records purchased the catalogue from Arista. In 1986 Malaco Records acquired Savoy's black gospel titles and contracts. [3] In 2003, Savoy Jazz acquired the rights to the Muse and Landmark catalogues from 32 Jazz. [4] In 1991, Nippon Columbia acquired Savoy and its library, and distributed Savoy releases through its wholly owned subsidiary, Savoy Jazz. In 2009, the label entered a distribution arrangement with Warner Music Group. [5] Savoy included the rock imprint 429 Records.

Many of the label's African-American artists begrudged the label's founder, Herman Lubinsky, feeling underpaid for their work. Tiny Price, a journalist for the African-American newspaper The Newark Herald News, said of Savoy and Lubinsky:

There's no doubt everybody hated Herman Lubinsky. If he messed with you, you were messed. At the same time, some of those people, many of them Newark's top singers and musicians, would never have been exposed on records if he didn't do what he did. Except for Lubinsky, all the hot little numbers, like Buddy Johnson's "Cherry", would have been lost. The man may have been hated, but he saved a lot of our history for us and for future generations. [6]

Savoy's artistic directors included Buck Ram, Teddy Reig, Ralph Bass (1948–1952), Fred Mendelsohn (1953), and Ozzie Cadena (1954–1962, the father of the punk rock musician Dez Cadena).

Discography

The following are 12" LPs and have the prefix MG.

Subsidiaries

See also

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<i>The Charlie Parker Story</i> 1956 studio album by Charlie Parker

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<i>Howard McGhee and Milt Jackson</i> 1955 studio album by Howard McGhee and Milt Jackson

Howard McGhee and Milt Jackson is an album by American jazz trumpeter Howard McGhee with vibraphonist Milt Jackson featuring performances recorded in 1948 and first released on the Savoy label in 1955.

<i>Kenny Clarke & Ernie Wilkins</i> 1955 studio album by Kenny Clarke and Ernie Wilkins

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References

  1. 1 2 Rye, Howard; Kernfeld, Barry (2002). Kernfeld, Barry (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 3 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. p. 506. ISBN   1-56159-284-6.
  2. "Concord acquires Savoy Label Group - and its 3,000+ recordings". Music Business Worldwide. September 21, 2017.
  3. Bowman, Rob (2004). "The Malaco Story". Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  4. Porter, Christopher (16 January 2003). "Savoy Acquires Muse & Landmark Catalogs". JazzTimes . Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  5. "WEA Announces Exclusive Distribution Agreement with Legendary Savoy Label Group" (Press release). New York: Warner Music Group. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  6. Kukla, Barbara J. (1991). Swing City: Newark Nightlife 1925 50. Temple University Press. p. 158. ISBN   0-87722-874-4. LCCN   91003176.

Further reading