Scotch College, Melbourne

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Scotch College
ScotchCollegeMelbourneCrest.jpg
Address
Scotch College, Melbourne
1 Morrison Street

, ,
3122

Coordinates 37°50′3″S145°1′46″E / 37.83417°S 145.02944°E / -37.83417; 145.02944 Coordinates: 37°50′3″S145°1′46″E / 37.83417°S 145.02944°E / -37.83417; 145.02944
Information
Type Independent, day and boarding
Motto Latin: Deo Patriae Litteris
(For God, for Country, and for Learning) [1]
Denomination Presbyterian [2]
Established1851;171 years ago (1851) [3]
Founder James Forbes
ChairmanAlex Sloan
PrincipalRobert McLaren (Acting)
ChaplainRevs Douglas Campbell, David Assender
Staff~300
Years P 12
Gender Boys
Enrolment1,868
HousesBond, Davidson, Eggleston, Field, Fleming, Forbes, Gilray, Lawson, Littlejohn, Monash, Morrison, Selby-Smith
Colour(s) Cardinal, gold and blue
   
Affiliation Associated Public Schools of Victoria
Website www.scotch.vic.edu.au

Scotch College is an independent Presbyterian day and boarding school for boys, located in Hawthorn, an inner-eastern suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Contents

The college was established in 1851 as The Melbourne Academy in a house in Spring Street, Melbourne, by James Forbes of the Free Presbyterian Church of Victoria. [4] It is the oldest extant secondary school in Victoria [3] [5] and celebrated its sesquicentenary in 2001.

Scotch is a founding member of the Associated Public Schools of Victoria (APS), [6] and is affiliated with the International Boys' Schools Coalition (IBSC), [7] the Junior School Heads Association of Australia (JSHAA), [8] the Australian Boarding Schools' Association (ABSA), [5] the Association of Independent Schools of Victoria (AISV), [2] and the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. [9] The School is a member of the Global Alliance of Leading-Edge Schools.

An investigation by The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald in 2021 found that Scotch is one of Australia's richest schools, [10] and had the largest financial investment portfolio of any Australian school (valued at the time at more than $144 million). [11]

History

The School at its former East Melbourne site (circa 1906) prior to moving to the current site at Hawthorn Scotch College East Melbourne.jpg
The School at its former East Melbourne site (circa 1906) prior to moving to the current site at Hawthorn

Scotch College is the oldest surviving secondary school in Victoria. Its foundation was due to the initiative of James Forbes, of the Free Presbyterian Church, who arrived in 1838 as the first settled Christian minister in what became the colony of Victoria in 1851. It is "the outcome of the old Scottish ideal of education", in which church and school were inextricably connected. The school opened on 6 October 1851, under the name of the Melbourne Academy in a small house in Spring Street, with Robert Lawson, a Scot from Edinburgh University, as the first principal. The house was soon outgrown, as was a larger one on the northwest corner of Spring and Little Collins Streets (later the Ulster Family Hotel) and the Church applied to the government for a grant of land. Two acres were reserved for the school on Eastern Hill and substantial new buildings were erected there in 1853. The cost was met partly by a government grant and partly from funds raised by the friends of the school.

Lawson resigned in 1856. Under his successor, Alexander Morrison, the school grew and prospered; it came under the oversight of the newly formed Presbyterian Church of Victoria in 1859. Morrison had been Rector of Hamilton Academy and remained at Scotch for 46 years, during almost all of which time his brother Robert was a master of the college. [12] :2 William Still Littlejohn, who took over the school in 1904, served for 29 years, and his successor, Colin Macdonald Gilray, for 19. So, when the school became the first in Victoria to celebrate its centenary, Gilray was only the fourth principal.

Gilray was succeeded in 1953 by R. Selby Smith, an Old Rugbeian who had served in the Royal Navy during the war and was at the time of his appointment Deputy Director of Education for Warwickshire. Smith resigned in 1964 to become the Foundation Dean of Education at Monash University.

C. O. Healey, who had been Headmaster of Sydney Grammar School since 1951, succeeded Smith. Healey retired in January 1975.

In the following May, P. A. V. Roff, formerly Headmaster of Scotch College, Adelaide, was installed as the seventh principal of the college. Roff's tenure, though a brief seven years, was characterised by an expanding voice for staff in the day-to-day management of the school, the establishment of a Foundation Office at the School under the direction of a Development Officer and the widening of the House System to provide greater depth in pastoral care. His last few years saw the school in dispute over ownership and, for the principal and his school community, it was a time of stress. In 1980 the decision was made to incorporate the school and a new Council was appointed, with representatives from the Presbyterian Church, the Old Scotch Collegians' Association and the community at large.

F. G. Donaldson, a vice principal from Wallace High School (Northern Ireland), with a PhD in atomic physics from Queen's University Belfast, succeeded Roff in 1983. Under his principalship there was a significant building program that created new facilities for the education of boys, the development of ICT for administrative and educational purposes, and enhanced pastoral care of students.

I. Tom Batty was appointed as the ninth principal of Scotch and installed into office on 14 July 2008. Prior to his appointment he was Housemaster of Villiers House, Eton College in the UK. The early years of Batty's tenure have seen the introduction of a new House-based pastoral care structure in the Upper School, which began at the start of the 2011 school year.

Name

The name "Scotch College" appears at the entrance to the boarding precinct (2009) Scotch college callantina gatehouse.JPG
The name "Scotch College" appears at the entrance to the boarding precinct (2009)

The School was originally called "The Melbourne Academy", after its location, when it opened in 1851. In its early years it was also known as

For a while all of these names were used concurrently until in the 1860s the usage settled on "The Scotch College", which was later shortened to be simply "Scotch College". [13]

Coat-of-arms and motto

The Monash Gates feature the school's coat of arms (right side) and the symbol of the Presbyterian Church (left side) Scotch College Melbourne Monash Gates.jpg
The Monash Gates feature the school's coat of arms (right side) and the symbol of the Presbyterian Church (left side)

The School's coat-of-arms (shown above, right) features the following elements: [14]

The motto of the School, shown in Scottish heraldic style in a scroll above the coat-of-arms, is Latin: "Deo Patriae Litteris". Its meaning in English is "For God, For Country, For Learning". [14]

Principals

The Quadrangle (1975) TheQuad2.JPG
The Quadrangle (1975)

Tom Batty commenced his term in 2008 and resigned in mid 2022. His successor, Scott Marsh, is due to commence his term in 2023. [15] The Acting Principal for the remainder of 2022 is Robert McLaren.

PeriodDetails
1851 1856Robert Lawson [4]
1857 1903 Alexander Morrison [16]
1904 1933 William Still Littlejohn [17]
1934 1953 Colin Macdonald Gilray OBE MC [18]
1953 1964Richard Selby Smith OBE
1965 1974Colin Oswald Healey OBE TD
1975 1981Philip Anthony Vere Roff
1983 2007Francis Gordon Donaldson AM
2008 2022Ian Thomas Batty
2023 Dr Scott Marsh

Governance and denominational affiliation

Littlejohn Memorial Chapel (2009) Scotch College Melbourne chapel 1.jpg
Littlejohn Memorial Chapel (2009)

Scotch is an incorporated body governed by a Council of seventeen members - who are directors - made up of three groups; Five Presbyterian Church of Victoria nominees (Group A), Five persons (usually Old Boys) nominated by the Old Scotch Collegians' Association (Group B), and seven persons nominated by Council from the community at large (Group C), usually with some connection with the School and the Christian church. All appointments are made annually by the Presbyterian Church from the first of December every year. [19]

Chairmen of the Council have included Sir Arthur Robinson, Sir Archibald Glenn, Sir James Balderstone, David Crawford AO and David A. Kemp AC.

In 1977, most congregations of the Australian Presbyterian Church left the church and joined with the Methodist and Congregationalist churches in Australia to form the Uniting Church in Australia. The Presbyterian Church of Australia continued with the remaining congregations. In the split, Scotch College, Melbourne was allocated to the Presbyterian Church of Australia by the Handley Commission which was appointed to distribute the assets of the churches, which included an even number of representatives from the Uniting Church and the continuing Presbyterian Church as well as independent commissioners. At the time the Scotch Council unsuccessfully appealed this decision. [20]

Campuses

The Senior School, as seen from the forecourt of the Littlejohn Memorial Chapel, with the open-air pulpit in the foreground (2009) Scotch from chapel.JPG
The Senior School, as seen from the forecourt of the Littlejohn Memorial Chapel, with the open-air pulpit in the foreground (2009)

Boarding

One of the three boarding houses - School House (2012) Scotch College Boarding.JPG
One of the three boarding houses - School House (2012)
One of the three boarding houses - Arthur Robinson House (2014) Arthur Rob Scotch College Melbourne.jpg
One of the three boarding houses - Arthur Robinson House (2014)

Scotch has been a boarding school since its foundation. [22] Today the School caters for 160 boarders of whom around 70% are drawn from around Australia and 30% are from overseas. [23] The boarding precinct is on "The Hill" which overlooks the Senior School at the main Hawthorn campus. There are three boarding houses: School House, McMeckan House and Arthur Robinson House. Both School House and McMeckan House were built as the gift of Anthony Mackie, and his brother and sisters, in memory of their uncle Captain James McMeckan. [24] Arthur Robinson House is named after a Chairman of the School Council, Sir Arthur Robinson. [25]

Curriculum

Scotch students study towards the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE), which is the main secondary student assessment program in Victoria which ranks students with an Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) for university entrance purposes.

Scotch College VCE Results 2012-2020 [26]
YearRankMedian Study ScoreScores of 40+ (%)Cohort Size
2012233626.9440
2013223627.0459
2014143626.6451
2015323522.3443
2016283523.9453
2017163626.8439
2018313521.6450
2019243527.2427
2020263523.4432

Extra-curricular activities

The music and drama school - named the James Forbes Academy after the School's founder James Forbes (2009) Scotch College JFA 1.jpg
The music and drama school - named the James Forbes Academy after the School's founder James Forbes (2009)
Ian Roach Concert Hall - one of the three main performing venues in the James Forbes Academy (2010) Scotch college ian roach concert hall.jpg
Ian Roach Concert Hall - one of the three main performing venues in the James Forbes Academy (2010)

Some extra-curricular groups and activities at Scotch are:

Sport

The school's boat ramp and boat houses are within the grounds of the Hawthorn campus on the Yarra River (2014) Boat ramp Scotch College Melbourne.JPG
The school's boat ramp and boat houses are within the grounds of the Hawthorn campus on the Yarra River (2014)
Statue at the Melbourne Cricket Ground of Tom Wills umpiring the first recorded match of Australian Rules Football between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar Tom wills statue.jpg
Statue at the Melbourne Cricket Ground of Tom Wills umpiring the first recorded match of Australian Rules Football between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar

Scotch College competes in the Associated Public Schools of Victoria (APS) league in Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Cricket, Cross Country, Australian Rules Football, Hockey, Rowing, Rugby, Soccer, Squash, Swimming and Diving, Table Tennis, Tennis, Volleyball and Water Polo.

In addition to the APS competition, Scotch competes in a number of other sporting competitions, including:

APS Premierships

Scotch has won the following APS premierships: [50]

*From 1998 until 2013, swimming and diving events were awarded as a single premiership.

Alumni

"The Hill", which is the location of the boarding precinct, above the Littlejohn Memorial Chapel (2009) Scotch College Melbourne chapel 2.jpg
"The Hill", which is the location of the boarding precinct, above the Littlejohn Memorial Chapel (2009)
The Sir Zelman Cowen Centre for Science (2017) Sir Zelman Cowen Centre for Science at Scotch College Melbourne - front view.jpg
The Sir Zelman Cowen Centre for Science (2017)
Interior of the Memorial Hall (2010) Scotch college Mem Hall interior.JPG
Interior of the Memorial Hall (2010)

Alumni of Scotch College are known as Old Boys or Old Collegians, and automatically become members of the School's alumni association, the Old Scotch Collegians' Association (OSCA). [51]

Studies over the years have found that Scotch College had more alumni mentioned in Who's Who in Australia (a listing of notable Australians) than any other school. [52] [53] [54] [55] In 2010 The Age reported that Scotch College "has educated more of Australia's most honoured and influential citizens than any other school in the nation", based on research that revealed its alumni had received more top (Companion) Order of Australia honours than any other school. [56] Although knighthoods are no longer bestowed in Australia, at least 71 Scotch College alumni have been knighted. [57]

Alumni of Scotch College include

Images of Hawthorn campus

See also

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References

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  2. 1 2 "Scotch College". Find a School. Association of Independent Schools of Victoria. 2007. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2008.
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  11. "Top private schools build up multimillion-dollar investment portfolios". 18 June 2021.
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  25. James Mitchell, A Deepening Roar - Scotch College, Melbourne, 1851-2001, Allen & Unwin, 2001, page 120
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  39. Unanimously, it was debating's annus mirabilis, Great Scot, December 2010.
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  56. Topsfield, Jewel (4 December 2010). "Ties that bind prove a private education has its awards". The Age. p. 11. The hard copy article also published a table of the schools which were ranked in the top ten places, as follows: (1st with 19 awards) Scotch College, Melbourne, (2nd with 17 awards) Geelong Grammar School, (3rd with 13 awards) Sydney Boys High School, (equal 4th with 10 awards each) Fort Street High School, Perth Modern School and St Peter's College, Adelaide, (equal 7th with 9 awards each) Melbourne Grammar School, North Sydney Boys High School and The King's School, Parramatta, (equal 10th with 6 awards each) Launceston Grammar School, Melbourne High School, Wesley College, Melbourne and Xavier College.
  57. Fun Scotch Facts - K is for Knights, https://www.scotch.vic.edu.au/media/278487/K%20is%20for%20Knights.pdf
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Further reading