The Final Countdown (album)

Last updated

The Final Countdown
Europe-the final countdown.jpg
Studio album by
Released26 May 1986
RecordedSeptember 1985 – March 1986
StudioPowerplay Studios, Zürich, Switzerland; Soundtrade Studios, Stockholm, Sweden; Mastersound Studios, Atlanta; Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California
Genre Glam metal
Length39:58
Label Epic
Producer Kevin Elson
Europe chronology
On the Loose
(1985)
The Final Countdown
(1986)
Out of This World
(1988)
Singles from The Final Countdown
  1. "The Final Countdown"
    Released: 14 February 1986
  2. "Love Chaser"
    Released: 1986 (Japan only)
  3. "Rock the Night"
    Released: November 1986
  4. "Carrie"
    Released: 1 January 1987
  5. "Cherokee"
    Released: November 1987

The Final Countdown is the third studio album by the Swedish rock band Europe. Released on 26 May 1986 through Epic Records, the album was a huge commercial success selling over 15 million copies worldwide, peaking at number 8 on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart and reaching high positions in charts worldwide. It was recorded at Powerplay Studios in Zürich, Soundtrade Studios in Stockholm, Mastersound Studios in Atlanta and Fantasy Studios in Berkeley. The Final Countdown is the first album to feature drummer Ian Haugland and the last to feature guitarist John Norum until Start from the Dark.

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Typically, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.

Europe (band) Swedish band

Europe is a Swedish rock band formed in Upplands Väsby in 1979, by vocalist Joey Tempest, guitarist John Norum, bassist Peter Olsson, and drummer Tony Reno. They got a major breakthrough in Sweden in 1982 by winning the televised competition "Rock-SM" : it was the first time this competition was held, and Europe became a larger success than the competition itself.

Epic Records American record label

Epic Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc., the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. The label was founded predominantly as a jazz and classical music label in 1953, but later expanded its scope to include a more diverse range of genres, including pop, R&B, rock, and hip hop. Epic has released music by artists including Glenn Miller, Tammy Wynette, George Michael, Shakin Stevens, Europe, Cheap Trick, Meat Loaf, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ted Nugent, Shakira, Sly & the Family Stone, Celine Dion, Mariah Carey, ABBA, Anastacia, Boston, Dave Clark Five, Gloria Estefan, Pearl Jam, Rage Against the Machine, and Michael Jackson. Along with Arista, Columbia and RCA Records, Epic is one of Sony Music Entertainment's four flagship record labels.

Contents

Five singles were released from the album: "The Final Countdown", "Love Chaser", "Rock the Night", "Carrie", and "Cherokee." The first single was responsible for launching Europe into mainstream popularity.

The Final Countdown (song) 1986 single by Europe

"The Final Countdown" is a song by Swedish rock band Europe, released in 1986. Written by Joey Tempest, it was based on a keyboard riff he made in the early '80s, inspired by David Bowie's "Space Oddity". Originally made to just be a concert opener, it is the first single from the band's third studio album, also named The Final Countdown. The song reached number one in 25 countries, including the United Kingdom, and was certified gold in that country in 1986. In the United States, the song peaked at number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 18 on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart. A music video by Nick Morris was made to promote the single that features footage from the band's two concerts at the Solnahallen in Solna, as well as extra footage of the sound checks at those concerts.

Love Chaser 1986 single by Europe

"Love Chaser" is the 1986 single released by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. It was taken from the album The Final Countdown, and was released only in Japan in the soundtrack album of the Japanese movie Pride One. The track on the B-side of the single was "Carrie". Next year the single was reissued in Japan and was entitled "Carrie" with "Carrie" on the A-side. The reissue had the same catalogue number (VIPX-1849) as the first release.

Rock the Night (song) 1985 single by Europe

"Rock the Night" is a single released by the Swedish glam metal band Europe. The song was written by vocalist Joey Tempest in 1984 and premiered on the band's Wings of Tomorrow tour the same year.

Composition and recording

"Rock the Night" and "Ninja" were the first songs written for the album, and were premiered on the band's Wings of Tomorrow tour in 1984. [1] "Rock the Night" was released as a single in Sweden in 1985, peaking at number 4 on the chart, [2] and was also featured on the soundtrack EP for the Swedish film On the Loose the same year, together with the songs "On the Loose" and "Broken Dreams." [1] [3] "Rock the Night" and "On the Loose" would be re-recorded for inclusion on The Final Countdown along with "Ninja", all with slightly different lyrics. [1]

<i>Wings of Tomorrow</i> album

Wings of Tomorrow is the second studio album by the Swedish Heavy metal band Europe. It was released on 24 February 1984, by Hot Records. Wings of Tomorrow is the last album to feature drummer Tony Reno.

<i>On the Loose</i> (EP) album by Europe

On the Loose is an EP released by the Swedish heavy metal band Europe in April 1985. It is the soundtrack to the Swedish 1985 film On the Loose. The first two songs, "Rock the Night" and "On the Loose" were later re-recorded in a lighter and heavier way respectively for the album The Final Countdown.

<i>On the Loose</i> (1985 film) 1985 film by Staffan Hildebrand

On the Loose is a 1985 Swedish film directed by Staffan Hildebrand and distributed by Föreningsfilmo AB. It stars Tomas Fryk and Carina Lindström and features appearances by rock 'n' roll singer Jerry Williams and the hard rock band Europe.

Due to the national success of On the Loose and "Rock the Night", Europe went on a new tour around Sweden in 1985, with new songs "Danger on the Track", "Love Chaser" and the power ballad "Carrie" included in the setlist and ready to be recorded for the album. [1] "Carrie" was co-written by Tempest and keyboardist Mic Michaeli during a jam session. [3] The early version of the song consisted of only keyboards and vocals, and was performed that way on the 1985 tour, but the album version would feature the whole band. [1] [3]

Carrie (Europe song) song by Europe

"Carrie" is a power ballad by the Swedish hard rock band Europe released in 1987. It was the third single released internationally from the album The Final Countdown, and it is their highest charting song on the Billboard Hot 100 chart—peaking at #3 during the fall of 1987. The track on the B-side of the 7" single was "Love Chaser".

Mic Michaeli Swedish musician

Gunnar Mathias "Mic" Michaeli is the keyboardist in the Swedish rock band Europe. Like many of the other Europe members he grew up in Stockholm suburb Upplands Väsby. He joined the band for their Wings of Tomorrow tour in 1984, taking vocalist Joey Tempest's place behind the keyboards.

The song "The Final Countdown" was based on an old keyboard riff that Tempest had composed as early as 1981–82, [3] on a Korg Polysix keyboard he had borrowed from Michaeli. [1] [4] In 1985 bassist John Levén suggested that Tempest should write a song based on that riff. [3] The lyrics were inspired by David Bowie's song "Space Oddity". [5] The sound of the keyboard riff used in the recording was achieved by using a Yamaha TX-816 rack unit and a Roland JX-8P synthesizer. [6] "I made a brassy sound from the JX-8P and used a factory sound from the Yamaha, and just layered them together", Michaeli said. [6]

Korg Polysix synthesizer by Korg

The Korg Polysix(PS-6) is a six-voice programmable polyphonic analog synthesizer released by Korg in 1981.

John Levén bassist in the Swedish rock band Europe

John Gunnar Levén is the bassist in the Swedish rock band Europe. Levén and vocalist Joey Tempest are the only band members who have performed on all of Europe's studio albums.

David Bowie British musician, actor, record producer and arranger

David Robert Jones, known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer, songwriter and actor. He was a leading figure in the music industry and is considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, acclaimed by critics and musicians, particularly for his innovative work during the 1970s. His career was marked by reinvention and visual presentation, with his music and stagecraft having a significant impact on popular music. During his lifetime, his record sales, estimated at 140 million albums worldwide, made him one of the world's best-selling music artists. In the UK, he was awarded ten platinum album certifications, eleven gold and eight silver, and released eleven number-one albums. In the US, he received five platinum and nine gold certifications. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.

"Cherokee" was the last song written for the album, being written only a week before the band went to Switzerland to start recording the album. [3] Tempest said he had been inspired by the history of the Native Americans to write the song. [3]

Cherokee (Europe song)

"Cherokee" is a 1987 single released by the Swedish band Europe. It was the fourth single released internationally from the album The Final Countdown, and reached number 72 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States.

Native Americans in the United States Indigenous peoples of the United States (except Hawaii)

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, except Hawaii. There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The term "American Indian" excludes Native Hawaiians and some Alaska Natives, while Native Americans are American Indians, plus Alaska Natives of all ethnicities. Native Hawaiians are not counted as Native Americans by the US Census, instead being included in the Census grouping of "Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander".

The recording of the album began in September 1985 at the Powerplay Studios in Zürich, Switzerland. [7] At the suggestion of their record company, Epic Records, the band decided to work with the American producer Kevin Elson, who had worked with bands like Journey and Lynyrd Skynyrd. [7] Originally the band had approached Scorpions producer Dieter Dierks and Bon Jovi producer Bruce Fairbairn to produce the album, but in the end they decided to go with Elson. [7] Elson would also produce the band's sixth studio album, Start from the Dark in 2004.

During the recording sessions, vocalist Joey Tempest came down with a bad allergic reaction to bread products, which delayed the recording for a while, and forced Joey to make changes to his diet, so he could complete his work on the album. [8] The vocals for the title track were recorded at the Soundtrade Studios, Stockholm, Sweden, while the rest of the vocals were recorded at the Mastersound Studios, Atlanta and Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California. [1]

The album was mixed in March 1986 at Fantasy Studios. [1] Guitarist John Norum was not pleased with the result, claiming that the keyboards had "buried" the rhythm guitars in the final mix. [7] [5]

Release

The Final Countdown was the band's breakout album and granted Europe international recognition. Upon its release in May 1986, it sold very well in most European countries and peaked at No. 8 on the US Billboard 200 album chart. [9] By 1994, it achieved triple Platinum status in the United States [10] and received sales awards all over Europe.

When it was time to choose the first single from the album, Tempest suggested "The Final Countdown". [7] Originally the band had never planned to release the song as a single, and some members wanted "Rock the Night" to be the first single. [7] [5] "The Final Countdown" was written to be an opening song for concerts, and they never thought it would be a hit. [7] But when their record company Epic Records suggested that it should be the first single, the band decided to release it. [11] It became a worldwide success, peaking at number 1 in 25 countries, [12] including the United Kingdom, [13] France, [14] West Germany, [15] and Italy. [16] In the USA, it peaked at number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 18 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart. [9] The song has been a regular in Europe concerts ever since its live debut on the premiere of the band's Final Countdown Tour on 29 April 1986 in Gävle, Sweden and arguably became the band's most recognizable and popular song. [1] [17] One of the most memorable performances of the song took place in Stockholm, Sweden on 31 December 1999, as part of the Millennium celebrations. [4] [18]

"Love Chaser" was released as a single in Japan only, and was on the soundtrack for the movie Pride One. "Rock the Night" was released as the worldwide follow-up single to "The Final Countdown." It became a Top 10 hit in Germany, Holland, France, [19] Ireland, [20] Italy [16] and Switzerland, [21] and peaked at number 30 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart [9] and number 12 on the UK Singles Chart. [13] The next single, "Carrie", peaked at number 3 on the Billboard Hot 100, [9] their highest single on the chart to date. "Cherokee" was released as the last single from the album, peaking at number 72 on the Billboard Hot 100. [9]

All the singles The Final Countdown became hits and their accompanying music videos received heavy airplay on music television. Eight of the ten tracks on the album were featured in the 2007 comedy film Hot Rod . [22]

Reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [23]
The Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal 6/10 [24]
Kerrang! Star full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [25]

The Final Countdown received mixed reviews upon its release. Rolling Stone Magazine writer J. D. Considine wrote that "the words to 'The Final Countdown' make almost no sense whatsoever on paper, but there's genuine drama to the way Tempest's keening vocals surge through the mock-orchestral morass of synths and guitar. Maybe it's trite, maybe it's derivative, but it's also undeniably effective. From the stirring stadium schlock of 'Rock the Night' to the self-indulgent melodrama of 'Love Chaser', the best moments here are insidiously catchy, leaving you humming along against your better judgment". [26] Howard Johnson of Kerrang! was not excited by the album and considered Europe "just bland and boring" and "boasting the most nauseating keyboard sound on a title track of all time". [25]

The contemporary review by Doug Stone of AllMusic was more positive. He finds the title track "bombastically brilliant glorious garbage ... that could only spew from the vacuous '80s", but writes that the rest of the songs combines "heated drive and hot delivery to meld The Final Countdown into a unique portrait of propulsive prog and a worthy addition to any hard rock collection." [23] Canadian Journalist Martin Popoff remarks how the album "sounds very nice, rhythmic, even modern beyond its years, but it's also gutless and shamefully commercial". [24] PopMatters' Ben Varkentine, on the contrary, reviewed badly the album criticizing the production and the composition of "rock songs with half-assed keyboard lines smeared on them", which "aimed at being anthems but succeeded only in being derivative not only of other bands but of themselves." [27]

Tour

A screenshot from the music video for "The Final Countdown." Europe The Final Countdown music video.jpg
A screenshot from the music video for "The Final Countdown."

The first leg of the Swedish tour started in Gävle on 29 April 1986. [1] [17] The album had not been released yet because the cover art was not complete, but Europe was forced to start the scheduled tour. [7] The album was eventually released on 26 May, the same day that the band played the last concert on the leg, at Solnahallen in Solna. [11] The band did two concerts at Solnahallen, on 25 and 26 May. [7] These concerts were filmed for a TV broadcast, which would later be released on VHS and DVD, entitled The Final Countdown Tour 1986 . A 20th anniversary edition of the DVD was released in 2006. The promotional music video for "The Final Countdown" was shot partly during the soundchecks for those concerts and partly during the actual concerts. [7]

Europe went on a Japanese tour in September 1986, [17] playing four concerts in Tokyo and one concert each in Nagoya and Osaka. [1] During that tour, guitarist and band co-founder John Norum told the other band members that he wanted to leave the band, [1] [3] due to musical differences and other disagreements with the band's manager, Thomas Erdtman. [7] [5] Norum agreed to stay in the band for the second leg of the Swedish tour, which started in Örebro on 26 September 1986, as well as a promotion tour around Europe including TV appearances and interviews. [1] He made his last appearance with the band for a Sky Channel broadcast at the club Escape in Amsterdam, Netherlands on 31 October 1986. [1] [11]

Norum was then replaced by Kee Marcello, who had just left another Swedish rock band, Easy Action. [3] At first Marcello had been hesitant to join Europe, because he had put a lot of work into Easy Action's upcoming album That Makes One. [28] After some consideration he changed his mind and decided to join the band. [28] He appeared in the music videos for "Rock the Night", "Cherokee" and "Carrie," [1] before making his first TV appearance with the band at Peters Popshow in Dortmund, West Germany on 12 December 1986. [1]

The European leg of the tour started in Bergen, Norway on 24 January 1987 and ended in Genoa, Italy on 3 March 1987. [17] A concert done at Hammersmith Odeon, London on 23 February, was filmed and released on video, entitled The Final Countdown World Tour. [17]

On 15 April 1987 the band started their first U.S. tour at The Warfield Theatre in San Francisco. [17] The tour ended in Philadelphia on 17 May 1987, as the band had been playing in 23 cities and traveling 14,565 km. [1] A Swedish TV crew followed the band on the tour, producing the documentary Europe in America, which would be shown on TV and released on video.

Europe ended the Final Countdown Tour at the Roskilde Festival in Roskilde, Denmark on 4 July 1987. [29]

Track listing

All tracks written by Joey Tempest, except "Carrie" by Tempest and Mic Michaeli.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."The Final Countdown"5:12
2."Rock the Night"4:03
3."Carrie"4:30
4."Danger on the Track"3:45
5."Ninja"3:46
Side two
No.TitleLength
6."Cherokee"4:20
7."Time Has Come"4:01
8."Heart of Stone"3:46
9."On the Loose"3:08
10."Love Chaser"3:27

Outtakes and bonus tracks

Another Tempest-written song that was recorded during the sessions, "On Broken Wings", was used as a B-side on the "Final Countdown" single.

Instrumental "Where Men Won't Dare", co-written by Tempest and John Levén, was an unfinished outtake which was included as a bonus feature on The Final Countdown Tour 1986: Live in Sweden – 20th Anniversary Edition DVD. [7]

In 2001, Sony released a remastered version of the album with expanded liner notes and three bonus tracks, live takes of "The Final Countdown", "Danger on the Track" and "Carrie", taken from the Final Countdown World Tour home video that was taped at Hammersmith Odeon in London 1987.

Personnel

Europe

Production

Charts

Certifications

CountryOrganizationYearSales
USA RIAA 19943x Platinum (+ 3,000,000) [10]
France SNEP 1988Platinum/2x Gold (+ 1,200,000) [44]
United Kingdom BPI 19862x Gold (+ 600,000) [45]
Spain Promusicae 19874x Platinum (+ 400,000) [31]
Germany BVMI 1986Gold (+ 250,000) [46]
Canada CRIA 19872x Platinum (+ 250,000) [47]
Sweden GLF 1986Platinum (+ 100,000) [48]
Finland Musiikkituottajat 1987Platinum (+ 70,000) [49]
Netherlands NVPI 1986Gold (+ 50,000) [50]

Related Research Articles

Joey Tempest Swedish singer

Rolf Magnus Joakim Larsson, professionally known as Joey Tempest, is a Swedish singer, best known as the lead singer and main songwriter of the rock band Europe. He has written hits which include "The Final Countdown", "Rock the Night", "Cherokee" and "Superstitious".

<i>Out of This World</i> (Europe album) studio album by Europe

Out of This World is the fourth studio album by the Swedish rock band Europe. Released on 9 August 1988 through Epic Records, the album was a commercial success selling over 3 million units worldwide, peaking at number 19 on the US Billboard 200 chart and reaching high positions in charts worldwide. It was recorded at Olympic Studios and Townhouse Studios, London, England. Out of This World is the first Europe album to feature former Easy Action and Noice guitarist Kee Marcello.

<i>Start from the Dark</i> album

Start from the Dark is the sixth studio album by the Swedish rock band Europe. It was released on 22 September 2004 by Sanctuary Records. It was the band's first release since reforming in 2003, and the first original album of all-new material since 1991's Prisoners in Paradise.

<i>Rock the Night: The Very Best of Europe</i> compilation album

Rock the Night: The Very Best of Europe is a compilation album by Europe, which was released on 3 March 2004 by Sony Music.

<i>The Final Countdown Tour 1986</i> 1986 concert video released by the Swedish hard rock band Europe

The Final Countdown Tour 1986 is a concert video released by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. It features footage from a concert filmed at Solnahallen in Solna, Sweden on May 26, 1986. It was first released on VHS in Japan in 1986, and was released on DVD and CD in 2004.

<i>The Final Countdown Tour 1986: Live in Sweden – 20th Anniversary Edition</i> 2006 film

The Final Countdown Tour 1986: Live in Sweden – 20th Anniversary Edition is a DVD by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. It was released on October 4, 2006. The main feature is a concert filmed at Solnahallen in Solna, Sweden on May 26, 1986.

<i>Definitive Collection</i> (Europe album) compilation album by Europe

Definitive Collection is a compilation album by Europe, released on 30 April 1997 by Sony Music.

<i>The Final Countdown Tour 1986</i> (album) live album by Europe

The Final Countdown Tour 1986 is a live album by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. It was released on December 20, 2004.

<i>Extended Versions</i> (Europe album) live album by the Swedish rock band Europe

Extended Versions is a live album by the Swedish rock band Europe. It was released on 27 March 2007.

<i>Almost Unplugged</i> 2009 film

Almost Unplugged is a live album by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. It was released on CD on 17 September 2008 and on DVD on 19 August 2009.

<i>Last Look at Eden</i> album

Last Look at Eden is the eighth studio album by the Swedish rock band Europe. It was released on September 9, 2009 in Sweden by Universal and was released on September 14, 2009 in the UK, by Edel Music's international rock music label earMUSIC.

<i>Live! At Shepherds Bush, London</i> 2011 film

Live at Shepherd's Bush, London is a DVD by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. The main feature is a concert filmed at the O2 Shepherds Bush Empire in London, England on 19 February 2011. It was released on DVD and Blu-ray on 15 June 2011.

<i>Live at Sweden Rock – 30th Anniversary Show</i> live album by the Swedish hard rock band Europe

Live at Sweden Rock – 30th Anniversary Show is a live album by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. It was recorded on June 7, 2013 at Sweden Rock Festival And released on CD, DVD and Blu-ray on October 16, 2013. It is the longest live concert done by band featuring over two hours and performed 28 songs from all albums.

<i>Walk the Earth</i> album by Europe

Walk the Earth is the eleventh studio album by the Swedish rock band Europe. It was released on October 20, 2017. The album was produced by Dave Cobb and recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Tengner, Anders; Michael Johansson (1987). Europe – den stora rockdrömmen (in Swedish). Wiken. ISBN   978-917-0-24408-7.
  2. "Europe - Rock the Night (song)". Swedishcharts.com. Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1982–1992 (CD booklet). Europe. Epic Records. 1993. EPC 473589-1.
  4. 1 2 Europe (18 November 2005). Live from the Dark (DVD). Warner Bros. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. 1 2 3 4 Ling, Dave (January 2005). "Counting Down Again". Classic Rock . No. 75. pp. 60–67.
  6. 1 2 Kahn, Scott (2006). "Europe: This Is Definitely Not Their Final Countdown". Music Players.com. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Europe (4 October 2006). The Final Countdown Tour 1986: Live in Sweden - 20th Anniversary Edition (DVD). Warner Bros. Entertainment.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
  8. Sundberg, Stefan (17 March 2013). "Svenska Albumklassiker: The Final Countdown" med Europe (1986)" (in Swedish). Sveriges Radio P4. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "American Album Chart". Billboard.com. Billboard . Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  10. 1 2 "RIAA Gold & Platinum Database". Recording Industry Association of America . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  11. 1 2 3 Thompson, Erik (October–November 2005). "Hårdrockens Historia 1986". Sweden Rock Magazine. No. 31. p. 102.
  12. "Rock group Europe plan comeback". BBC News. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  13. 1 2 3 "Europe Official Charts". Official Charts Company . Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  14. "Europe - The Final Countdown (chanson)". Lescharts.com (in French). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  15. "Song – Europe, The Final Countdown". Charts.de (in German). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  16. 1 2 "I singoli più venduti del 1987" (in Italian). Hit Parade Italia.it. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "EUROPE Supportersclub of Sweden - "Turnédatum 1983-2003"". lebaronboys.com. Retrieved 27 June 2008.
  18. Cockett, Dave (December 2004). "Featured Interview: Europe". Fireworks. No. 18. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007.
  19. "Europe - Roch the Night (chanson)". Lescharts.com (in French). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  20. "The Irish Charts - All There Is To Know: Search for Artist = Europe". Irish Charts.ie. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  21. "Europe - Rock the Night". Hitparade.ch (in German). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  22. Deming, Mark. "Original Soundtrack - Hot Rod". AllMusic . All Media Network . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  23. 1 2 Stone, Doug. "The Final Countdown – Europe". AllMusic . Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  24. 1 2 Popoff, Martin (1 November 2005). The Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal: Volume 2: The Eighties. Burlington, Ontario, Canada: Collector's Guide Publishing. p. 109. ISBN   978-1-894959-31-5.
  25. 1 2 Johnson, Howard (30 October 1986). "Europe 'The Final Countdown'". Kerrang! . No. 132. p. 25.
  26. Considine, J.D. (7 May 1987). "Europe – The Final Countdown". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  27. Varkentine, Ben. "Europe: The Final Countdown (expanded edition)". PopMatters . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  28. 1 2 "The Official Kee Marcello's Website". Keemarcello.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  29. "Roskilde Festival: Spilleplan". roskilde-festival.dk. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  30. Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (1 ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. ISBN   978-951-1-21053-5.
  31. 1 2 Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1 ed.). Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN   978-848-0-48639-2.
  32. "Europe – The Final Countdown (Album)". Swedishcharts.com. Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  33. "Europe – The Final Countdown". Hitparade.ch (in German). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  34. "Europe – The Final Countdown". Dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  35. "Europe – The Final Countdown (Album)". Norwegiancharts.com. Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  36. "Album – Europe, The Final Countdown". Charts.de (in German). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  37. "infodisc.fr Note : You must select Europe". infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
  38. AA.VV. (25 April 2006). Album Chart-Book Complete Edition 1970~2005. Tokyo, Japan: Oricon. ISBN   978-487-1-31077-2.
  39. "Gli album più venduti del 1987" (in Italian). Hit Parade Italia.it. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  40. Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St. Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN   978-064-6-11917-5.
  41. "Europe – The Final Countdown (Album)". Charts.org.nz. Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  42. "Europe – The Final Countdown". Austriancharts.at (in German). Media Control Charts . Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  43. "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 45, No. 25, March 28, 1987". Library and Archives Canada. 28 March 1987. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  44. "Les Certifications depuis 1973: select Europe" (in French). InfoDisc.fr. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  45. "Certified Awards: search by Artist Europe". British Phonographic Industry . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  46. "Gold - /Platin – Datenbank: search for Interpret Europe" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  47. "Gold Platinum Search for Europe". Music Canada . Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  48. "Europe "the Final Countdown"" (JPG). Columbia Records . Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  49. "Tilastot: Europe" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  50. "NVPI Certifications". NVPI. Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2008.