|Longsnout Flathead (T. chiltonae)|
|Tasselsnout Flathead (T. cirronasa)|
J. D. Ogilby, 1898
Thysanophrys is a genus of flatheads native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.
The Platycephalidae are a family of marine fish, most commonly referred to as flatheads. They are relatives of the popular lionfish, belonging to the order Scorpaeniformes.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi). It is bounded by Asia on the north, on the west by Africa, on the east by Australia, and on the south by the Southern Ocean or, depending on definition, by Antarctica.
There are currently 10 recognized species in this genus:
Henry Weed Fowler was an American zoologist born in Holmesburg, Pennsylvania.
Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor, ichthyologist, and herpetologist. He was famous for the Atlas Ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises, his monumental work on the fishes of East Asia published between 1862 and 1877.
Leonard Peter Schultz (1901–1986) was an American ichthyologist.
In zoological nomenclature, the specific name is the second part within the scientific name of a species. The first part of the name of a species is the name of the genus or the generic name. The rules and regulations governing the giving of a new species name are explained in the article species description.
Collared wrigglers are perciform fishes in the family Xenisthmidae. They are native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, where they are mostly reef-dwelling.
Platycephalus is a genus of mostly marine, bottom-dwelling fish in the family Platycephalidae. It is particularly diverse in the Australian region where 16 of the 19 Platycephalus species are present.
The deep-water flatheads are a family, the Bembridae, of bottom-dwelling fish. They are thought to be more primitive than their close relatives, the true flatheads. Despite the common name, their heads are only slightly flattened and have spiny ridges. The deep-water flatheads are mainly located in the South China Sea, the Gulf of Aden, and the waters near Southern Indonesia and Australia.
The bartail flathead, also called bar-tailed flathead, bartail blenny, gobi, Indian flathead, or Indo-Pacific flathead, is the type species for the fish genus Platycephalus. It is found in the Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean. The species has been recorded in the Mediterranean, having invaded as a Lessepsian migrant through the Suez Canal. However, although a number of specimens were caught in trawls in the late 1970s then none were caught until 2011, when one was taken off Lebanon. Following the revision of genus Platycephalus in Australia, Australian specimens previously assigned to this species are now considered a separate species, Platycephalus australis.
Xenisthmus is the most well-known genus in the family Xenisthmidae,which is regarded as a synonymous with the Eleotridae, a part of Gobiiformes. These small to very small fish are known as wrigglers, and live in reefs and among rubble in the Indo-Pacific.
Xenisthmus africanus, also known as the flathead wriggler or African wriggler, is a species of fish in the Xenisthmidae (wriggler) family, which is regarded as a synonymous with the Eleotridae,. It is found in the Indian Ocean, ranging from the coast of east Africa and to the islands in the western Indian Ocean. It has a flatter head than most other wrigglers.
Bembras is a genus of deep-water flatheads native to the Indian and western Pacific oceans.
Hoplichthys is a genus of fishes native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans. This genus is the only member of the family Hoplichthyidae.
Parabembras is a genus of sprat-like flatheads, the only genus in the family Parabembridae. The species in this genus are only known from the western Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Cociella is a genus of flatheads native to the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Grammoplites is a genus of flatheads native to the western Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
Inegocia is a genus of flatheads native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Kumococius rodericensis, the spiny flathead, is a species of flathead native to the Indian Ocean and the tropical western Pacific Ocean where it can be found on sandy or muddy bottoms of the continental shelf at depths of from 6 to 75 metres. This species grows to a length of 25 centimetres (9.8 in) TL and is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries. This species is the only known member of its genus.
Ratabulus is a genus of flatheads native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Rogadius is a genus of flatheads native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Sorsogona is a genus of flatheads native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Suggrundus is a genus of flatheads native to the eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean.
Sunagocia is a genus of flatheads native to the Indian and Pacific oceans.
The African deep-water flathead,, is a species of sprat-like flathead fish belonging to the family Parabembridae. It is found in Western Indian Ocean.
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