Tia Maria

Last updated

Tia Maria is a dark coffee liqueur with an alcoholic content of 20%. Tia Maria (7. november 2018).jpg
Tia Maria is a dark coffee liqueur with an alcoholic content of 20%.

Tia Maria is a dark liqueur made originally in Jamaica using Jamaican coffee beans, but now made in Italy. The main ingredients are coffee beans, Jamaican rum, vanilla, and sugar, blended to an alcoholic content of 20%.

Contents

History

The historical fable of its origins dates it to the 18th century. A young Spanish girl was forced to flee Jamaica, and the family plantation during a conflict. She was accompanied by a sole female servant who carried a bit of jewelry and the recipe for the family liqueur. In honor of the woman's help, the girl named the liqueur "Tia Maria" (tia is Spanish for "aunt"), her name for the woman who had helped save her life. This fable may have been part of a marketing campaign, however. In his book Jamaica Farewell, [1] Morris Cargill recounts having had the idea for developing a coffee liqueur similar to one his aunt used to make. In 1946, he had, to no avail, tried to get the original recipe from his aunt and subsequently connected with Dr Ken Evans, who then developed the recipe. They partnered with others in Jamaica (Herbert Hart, Eustace Myers of Myers Rum, and Paul Geddes of Desnoes & Geddes) to produce the first five thousand cases, with Blue Mountain coffee supplied by Keble Munn. Cargill contracted the London ad agency J.P. MacNulty to brand the product and design the labels. They spent days trying to come up with a name, until Cargill recounted the story of trying to get his aunt's original recipe and Joseph MacNulty said, "I know exactly what we'll call that damn liqueur. Aunt Mary -- Tia Maria." [1]

Another account of its history says that a man named Dr. Evans discovered the drink after World War II, and he began reproducing it. This story of Dr. Evans' devotion to the drink is part of the official website's history, however. [2] The Jamaican company Lascelles deMercado producer of Appleton Rum supposedly manufactured the concentrate from which the liqueur was made, at least, up until the time it was sold by Pernod. [3] As recently as the 1980s, Tia Maria was made with an alcohol concentration of 31.5% and positioned as a premium liqueur compared to the substantially different product now produced at 20% ABV.

The Tia Maria brand was bought by Pernod Ricard through their Malibu-Kahlúa International subsidiary in 2005. [4] It was sold to Illva Saronno It. in July 2009. [5] [6] Following the sale, Chivas Brothers produced it for Saronno before production was transferred to Illva Saronno's distillery in Saronno, Italy. [7] [8] Bacardi U.S.A., Inc. distributed it in the U.S. for Saronno. [9] As of Aug. 1, 2012, Kobrand became the distributor. [10] [11]

Variations

A bottle of Tia Maria at a grocery store in Argentina TiaMaria.jpg
A bottle of Tia Maria at a grocery store in Argentina

It can be consumed pure and with ice, but is also frequently used as an ingredient for cocktails (of which the Espresso Martini is popular), with coffee. It may also be mixed with milk and ice.

Some cocktails include Tia Espresso Martini, Dark Tia made with dark rum, Tia Maria and cola, or the Skinny Tia White Russian, made with skim milk and Tia Maria, with a splash of vodka. Another cocktail, known as an 'Orgasm', which is Tia Maria mixed in equal parts with Bailey's or another Irish Cream.

Related Research Articles

Kahlúa coffee-flavoured liqueur

Kahlúa is a brand of coffee liqueur owned by the Pernod Ricard company and produced in Veracruz, Mexico. The drink contains rum, sugar, and arabica coffee.

White Russian (cocktail) Cocktail made with vodka and coffee liqueur

A White Russian is a cocktail made with vodka, coffee liqueur and cream served with ice in an old fashioned glass. Often milk, half and half, or cream liqueur will be used as an alternative to cream.

Irish coffee Cocktail with coffee and whiskey

Irish coffee is a cocktail consisting of hot coffee, Irish whiskey, and sugar, stirred, and topped with cream. The coffee is drunk through the cream.

Punch (drink) Drink usually containing fruit or fruit juice

The term punch refers to a wide assortment of drinks, both non-alcoholic and alcoholic, generally containing fruits or fruit juice. The drink was introduced from the Indian subcontinent to England by employees of the East India Company in the late 17th century. Punch is usually served at parties in large, wide bowls, known as punch bowls.

Amaretto Italian almond liqueur

Amaretto is a sweet Italian liqueur that originated in Saronno. Depending on the brand, it may be made from apricot kernels, bitter almonds, peach stones, or almonds, all of which are natural sources of the benzaldehyde that provides the almond-like flavour of the liqueur. It generally contains 21 to 28 percent alcohol by volume.

Aguardiente Generic term for alcoholic beverages containing 29% to 60% alcohol by volume

Aguardiente, in Spanish, or aguardente, in Portuguese is a generic term for alcoholic beverages that contain between 29% and 60% alcohol by volume (ABV). It originates in the Iberian Peninsula, as well as Iberian America.

Vodka martini Cocktail made with vodka and vermouth

A vodka martini, also known as a vodkatini or kangaroo cocktail, is a cocktail made with vodka and vermouth, a variation of a martini cocktail.

Vana Tallinn

Vana Tallinn liqueur is one of Estonia’s hallmark products, manufactured continuously at Liviko since 1960. The spicy flavour of Vana Tallinn liqueur is derived from Jamaican rum, herbs, various spices from around the world, oranges and lemons. Only natural ingredients are used to make Vana Tallinn, including real vanilla pods. The recipe contains more than ten ingredients in total. The recipe for Vana Tallinn was invented in 1960 by the master distiller Ilse Maar, the bottling manager Bernhard Jürno and the distillery specialist Jaan Siimo.

Liqueur coffee Coffee-based cocktail

A liqueur coffee is beverage that consists of coffee and a shot of liqueur. It is typically served in a liqueur glass, accompanied many times with cream and sugar. Coffee liqueur beverages are served in different fashions and can be found throughout many countries. One of the most popular liqueur coffee beverage is commonly known as Irish coffee. Liqueur coffee beverages are largely classified as cocktails as well as digestifs which are aimed at aiding the digestive process typically after a meal.

Licor 43 Spanish liqueur brand

Licor 43, or Cuarenta y Tres, is a Spanish liqueur, made in Cartagena, Spain. Also known as Colt 43.

Baby Guinness Shooter of coffee liqueur topped with Irish Cream

A Baby Guinness is a shooter, a style of cocktail, or mixed alcoholic beverage, intended to be consumed in one shot. A Baby Guinness contains no Guinness stout. Its name is derived from the fact that it is made in such a way as to look like a tiny glass of stout.

A carajillo is a hot coffee drink to which a hard liquor is added. It is typical of Spain and several Latin American countries, such as Colombia, where it is usually made with brandy, Cuba, where it is usually made with rum, and some areas of Mexico, where it is typical to use Licor 43, mezcal or a coffee liqueur such as Kahlúa or Tía María.

An astro pop cocktail is a layered cocktail, mixed drink or shooter so named because it resembles the Astro Pop lollipop candy brand. Various recipes exist that use liquor and liqueurs to produce the drink. A version of the drink exists that is layered with red, white, and blue colors and served in a shot glass. It is a popular alcoholic beverage in some drinking establishments.

Espresso martini Coffee-flavored cocktail

The espresso martini is a cold, coffee-flavored cocktail made with vodka, espresso coffee, and coffee liqueur. It is not a true martini as it contains neither gin nor vermouth, but is one of many drinks that incorporate the term into their names.

Toussaint Coffee Liqueur Haitian liqueur

Toussaint Coffee Liqueur is a coffee-flavoured liqueur prepared with a rum base that originated in Haiti, commemorating the revolutionary hero Toussaint Louverture. Its alcohol by volume content is 30%.

References

  1. 1 2 Cargill, Morris (1978). Jamaica Farewell. Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart, Inc. p. 134. ISBN   0-8184-0269-5.
  2. "Tia Maria".
  3. "Jamaica Gleaner". Archived from the original on 3 July 2013.
  4. "Beverage Underground".
  5. "Drinks Daily".
  6. "Beverage Business". Archived from the original on 17 January 2013.
  7. "Moodie Report". 26 July 2009.
  8. "About us | Tia Maria | Tia Maria".
  9. "PR Newswire".
  10. "Kobrand Wine & Spirits".
  11. "Yahoo".