Timeline of East Timorese history

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This is a timeline of East Timorese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in East Timor and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of East Timor.


16th century

1556A group of Dominican friars established the village of Lifau.
1600 Portugal opened a trade route with East Timor.

17th century

18th century

1702The territory officially became a Portuguese colony, taking the name Portuguese Timor.
1769The capital was moved to Dili.

19th century

1859The border between Portuguese Timor and the Dutch East Indies was formally decided.

20th century

1910Beginning of the Great Rebellion
1912The rebellion was quashed with Portuguese troops from its colonies in Mozambique and Macau, resulting in the deaths of three thousand people.
1913The Portuguese and Dutch agreed to a formal division of the island.
1916A definitive border between Portuguese and Dutch territories was drawn in the Hague.
1941Portuguese Timor was occupied by Australian and Dutch forces.
1974 Carnation Revolution : A revolution installed a new government.
1975 Indonesian invasion of East Timor : Indonesia invaded East Timor.
1976 Indonesian occupation of East Timor : Indonesia declared East Timor its 27th province.
1991 Santa Cruz massacre : Pro-independence demonstrators in the Santa Cruz cemetery are shot.
1996The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta for their ongoing efforts to peacefully end the occupation.
1999 East Timor Special Autonomy Referendum : A referendum resulted in 78% in favour of independence from Indonesia.
The International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) arrived to address an ongoing humanitarian and security crisis.

21st century

2002East Timor became an independent nation.
2005East Timor joined the ASEAN Regional Forum, as a part of the country's bid for accession to ASEAN as a whole.
2006 2006 East Timorese crisis : A national crisis that included a coup attempt swept the nation.

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