Timeline of Malaysian history

Last updated

This is a timeline of Malaysian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Malaysia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Malaysia.


2nd century

200Ancient Hindu Malay kingdom of Langkasuka was founded by Merong Mahawangsa, a descendant of Alexander the Great or Dhul-Qarnayn.
Ancient Hindu Malay kingdom of Gangga Negara was founded by Ganji Sarjuna, a son of Merong Mahawangsa.

3rd century

4th century

400Emergence of Kedah Tua civilization began with the involvement of the community in Guar Kepah conducting trade with foreign traders in Sungai Mas. The center of the civilization was in Sungai Mas and Pangkalan Bujang.
Gangga Negara also served as a port, frequented by foreign traders for its rich natural resources such as gold and tin.

5th century

6th century

7th century

630 Hindu Malay Kingdom of Kedah was founded by Maharaja Derbar Raja of Persia.
671 I-tsing visited Kedah and Srivijaya on his way to India from China. [1]
682 I-tsing returned to Kedah and Srivijaya on his way back from India to China. He described the Malays at the time as having high status in regards to controlling the economy and its kingdom's entry points.
700 Malay Peninsula was under the dominance of the Buddhist Malay Srivijaya, based in Palembang. [2]
Sawaku Kingdom was founded by Datu Merpati near Santubong and Sarawak River, while Samadong Kingdom was founded near Samarahan and Sadong.

8th century

750 Srivijaya attacked Langkasuka and succeeded in conquering the kingdom.
775King of Srivijaya married a princess of Langkasuka and made Ligor as his capital.

9th century

850 Gangga Negara managed to defend its sovereignty from Srivijaya invasion.
890 Klang Kio attacked and defeated Gangga Negara but withdrew after its ruler, Bolaputra married a princess of Gangga Negara.

10th century

11th century

1025 Chola army invasion from southern India weakened the trades in Kedah and Gangga Negara.
1100Melano Kingdom was founded by Tugau near Sungai Retus.

12th century

1136 Phra Ong Mahawangsa converted to Islam and founded the Kedah Sultanate, so ending the practice of Hinduism in the dynasty.

13th century

1245 Sang Sapurba, a legendary great ancestor of major dynasties in the Malay world, also a descendant of Alexander the Great or Dhul-Qarnayn, enters into a sacred covenant with Demang Lebar Daun, the ruler of Palembang, and subsequently laid the basis of the proper relationship between the Malay rulers and the subjects.
1260 Minangkabau journeyed to Malay Peninsula.
1280 Siamese had begun to occupy the northern Malay Peninsula. Negara Sri Dharmaraja and Patani, became Siamese vassals.
1299 Kingdom of Singapura was founded by Sang Nila Utama, a son of Sang Sapurba.

14th century

1303 Islam reached Terengganu, proven by the discovery of the Terengganu Inscription Stone in Kuala Berang. It was also the earliest evidence of Jawi writing in the Malay world.
1330The Chinese traveller Wang Dayuan visited Singapura and records an attack by Siam, recording it down alongside Long Ya Men and Ban Zu.
1360 Singapura Kingdom attacked and defeated by the Hindu Buddhist Javanese Kingdom of Majapahit
1362 Badang, a legendary Malay strongman was elected as the Hulubalang of Singapura
1363 Brunei Sultanate was established, when the Sultan of Brunei married with a princess of Singapura and converted to Islam
1398 Parameswara, a prince of Srivijaya, the last king of Singapura flees from Singapura.

15th century

1400 Malacca Kingdom was founded by Parameswara, the last king of Singapura.
1403Chinese admiral Yin Ching reached Malacca, establishing diplomatic ties between China and Malacca.
The first Malay-Chinese dictionary was complied in Chinese characters containing about 500 words related to trade used in Malacca.
1409Chinese admiral Cheng Ho reached Malacca, strengthening diplomatic ties between China and Malacca.
1414 Malacca established diplomatic ties with Pasai, when Megat Iskandar Shah married a princess of Pasai and converted to Islam.
1444 Hang Tuah, the legendary Malaccan Laksamana was born in Malacca.
1445 Tun Perak, the Penghulu of Klang, led the Malaccan army to victory by defeating Siamese invaders in Muar.
1450 Sharif ul-Hashim, arrived in Sulu from Malacca, married a daughter of Raja Baginda, and founded Sultanate of Sulu.
1451 Malacca become the center of Islam in southeast Asia.
1456 Tun Perak once again led the Malaccan army to victory by defeating Siamese invaders in Batu Pahat. He was then made Bendahara of Malacca.
1459Emperor of China sent away his daughter Hang Li Po and 500 followers as a gift to Sultan Mansur Shah. Sultan Mansur Shah established Bukit Cina as a settlement for the Chinese.
1463 Malacca established diplomatic ties with Ryukyu. Ryukyu traders are highly respected in Malacca because they were honest and well behaved.
1470Tun Besar, a son of Tun Perak was killed because he had accidentally displaced Raja Muhammad's destar, a prince of Malacca.
Raja Muhammad was exiled to Pahang and founded the Pahang Sultanate.

16th century

150911 September Diogo Lopes de Sequeira, the first European to reach the Far East, arrived in Malacca.
151124 August Malacca comes under Portuguese rule after falling to an army led by Alfonso de Albuquerque.
November Flor de la Mar, carrying a large treasure trove from Malacca, sank near Sumatran coast.
Panglima Awang was acquired as a slave by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan
1512 Fortress of Malacca, the oldest European architectural remains in the Far East was built in Malacca.
The first Portuguese expedition was sent eastward from Malacca to search for the Spice Islands led by Francisco Serrão.
152121 April Magellan Expedition was received with hostility by the Mactan natives, led by Lapu-Lapu. Panglima Awang was believe to have left Mactan and made his way back to the Malay Peninsula, thus becoming the first person in recorded history to circumnavigate the world.
Brunei was visited by Magellan Expedition.
Church of Saint Paul was built, the oldest church building in Southeast Asia.
1522The first Malay-Italian dictionary was complied by Antonio Pigafetta, who accompanied Ferdinand Magellan circled the globe. The dictionary contains about 426 words related to trade used in Moluccas.
1528 Johor Sultanate was founded by Raja Alauddin, son of Mahmud Shah, the last king of Malacca.
Perak Sultanate was founded by Raja Muzaffar, also a son of Mahmud Shah.
1540Luak Rembau was founded.
1545 Francis Xavier arrived in Malacca and devoted much of his life to missions in Asia especially in Malacca and Maluku Islands.
1547 Francis Xavier met a Japanese man named Anjirō who had travelled from Kagoshima to Malacca to meet him and become the first Japanese Christian
1548 Francis Xavier established a school in the premises of the chapel known as Church of Saint Paul and thus the first school in the Malay archipelago.
Cik Siti Wan Kembang rules Kelantan.
1563Kota Jelasin was built for Cik Siti Wan Kembang and her adopted daughter, Puteri Saadong.
Manuel Godinho de Erédia, Malay-Portuguese writer and cartographer of early Malay Peninsula was born in Malacca.
1577Sultan Mansur Shah was abducted by the Acehnese forces. Acehnese forces captured the Sultan's widow and children, brought them back to Aceh.
Raja Alauddin, a prince of Perak was married to an Acehnese princess and installed as the Sultan of Aceh.
Perak nobles journeyed to Acehnese and requested Alauddin Mansur Syah for a successor. He sent his brother to become Perak's monarch to maintain the unbroken Malacca dynasty lineage.
1578 Castilian War  : War broke out between Brunei and Spain in Borneo and Mindanao.
Sulu Sultanate gained its independence from Brunei.
1594 Perak rotational succession system among members of the royal family began.
1598Raja Tengah, accepted the offer by the Sultan of Brunei to be the Sultan of Sarawak

17th century

160325 February Dutch led by Jacob van Heemskerk with the assistance of Johor, seized the Portuguese merchant vessel, Santa Catarina off the coast of Singapore.
Malay-Dutch vocabulary, the earliest Malay book printed in Europe was published by Frederick de Houtman in Amsterdam.
1612 Sejarah Melayu was composed by Tun Sri Lanang, the Bendahara of Johor.
1613 Aceh attacked Johor in Batu Sawar. Tun Sri Lanang was captured and taken to Aceh.
1614 Pahang ruled by Johor.
1635 Raja Kuning of Patani married the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Johor.
1636 Perak nobles turned to Sultan Iskandar Thani of Aceh who sent his relative, Raja Sulong, to be the sultan of Perak because the previous sultan died without an heir and many royal family members died due to an epidemic that swept through the sultanate. Raja Sulong was a prince of Siak and was not genealogically linked to Perak royalty on his father's side.
1641 Dutch with the help from Johor, conquered Malacca from the Portuguese. Hikayat Hang Tuah was composed by an unknown writer from Johor after the Portuguese defeat in Malacca.
1644 Tarian Asyik was created to comfort the mourning Raja Kuning after the loss of her beloved bird.
1650 Kelantan become a part of the Patani founded by Raja Sakti I.
1653Kota Sena was established by Muhyiddin Mansur Shah as a capital of Kedah.
1660 Brunei Civil War: Started over disagreement between the son of the Sultan of Brunei, Pengiran Muda Bongsu and Pengiran Muda Alam, the son of Pengiran Abdul Mubin over the results of a cockfight which Pengiran Muda Bungsu lost.
1666September Kedah was under Thai sovereignty.
1667 Puteri Saadong ruled the territory of Kota Jelasin.
1670 Kelantan split into two, Kelantan Barat (center in Kota Kubang Labu) and Kelantan Timur (center in Kota Pangkalan Datu).
1671 Puteri Saadong managed to heal the King Narai of Siam, who promised her freedom if she able heal his disease. Puteri Saadong return to Kota Jelasin and killed her husband, Raja Abdullah, who remarried with another princess.
1673 Johor-Jambi war: Jambi attacked Johor in Johor Lama.
Brunei Civil War: Eastern part of Sabah was given to Sulu as the reward for assisting the Muhyiddin's forces.
1679 Johor-Jambi war: Tun Abdul Jamil defeated Jambi, so ending the Johor-Jambi war.
1699 Tun Abdul Jalil, the Bendahara of Johor was elected as the Sultan of Johor, after the dead of "Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Dijulang".

18th century

1700Luak Sungai Ujong was founded.
1701First original Malay-English dictionary by Thomas Bowrey was printed in London.
1704Sultan of Brunei cedes the lands east of Marudu Bay to the Sultanate of Sulu.
1708 Terengganu Sultanate was founded by Zainal Abidin I, son of Tun Habib Abdul Majid, the Bendahara of Johor.
1718 Abdul Jalil Shah IV was overthrown by Raja Kecik from Siak and was supported by Minangkabau forces.
1722 Raja Sulaiman, a son of Abdul Jalil Shah IV overthrown by Raja Kecik with help of five Bugis warrior – Daeng Parani, Daeng Marewah, Daeng Chelak, Daeng Menambun, and Daeng Kamasi.
Daeng Marewah was elected as the first Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Johor.
1750Luak Teraci was founded, under the suzerainty of Sungai Ujong.
Luak Gunung Pasir was founded, under the suzerainty of Rembau.
Luak Ulu Muar was founded, under the suzerainty of Johol.
Luak Jempol was founded, under the suzerainty of Jelebu.
Luak Inas (Jelai) was founded.
1757 Tun Abdul Jamal was elected as the first Temenggong of Johor, direct ancestor to the House of Temenggong.
1762 Long Yunus, a prince from Kota Kubang Labu succeeded in uniting both Kelantan Barat and Kelantan Timur.
1766 Selangor Sultanate was founded by Raja Lumu, son of Daeng Chelak, the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Johor.
1767 Kedah was under Burmese sovereignty after the fall of Ayutthaya
1769 Kedah once again was under Thai sovereignty.
1770 Penghulu Luak of Sungai Ujong, Jelebu, Johol and Rembau invited a prince of the Minangkabau in Sumatra to rule Negeri Sembilan.
1773 Negeri Sembilan established as a confederation of nine states, with Raja Melewar as its first Yamtuan Besar.
1784 Raja Haji Fisabilillah, the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Johor, led a series of raids against the Dutch in Malacca and died at Teluk Ketapang.
178611 August Penang was founded by Francis Light and was named "Prince of Wales Island"
1795Administration of Malacca was given to British following the Kew Letters.
1796 Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir, the father of modern Malay literature was born in Malacca
1800 Seberang Perai was ceded to Penang and was named "Province Wellesley"

19th century

1807 Fortress of Malacca was almost totally demolished but was saved by Stamford Raffles.
1808 Raja Ali Haji, a grandson of Raja Haji Fisabilillah was born in Selangor or Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga. He as a scholar and historian, led a renaissance of Malay letters.
1809June Kedah helped Siam during the Burmese invasion of Tanjung Salang
1811 Malay gamelan was first performed in public in Pekan during the wedding ceremony of Tengku Hussain, the son of Sultan Mahmud Shah of Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga, with Wan Esah, a sister of Raja Bendahara Tun Ali of Pahang.
Sultan Mahmud Shah died in Lingga, the throne of Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga went instead to Tengku Jummat, whose was supported by the Bugis in Lingga but opposed by the Malay chiefs in Riau and Pahang who were supporters of Tengku Hussain
1816Sekolah Melayu Gelugor was established in Penang, the first Malay school.
Penang Free School was built in Penang, the first English school.
1818 Malacca was once again ruled by the Dutch following the end of the Napoleonic Wars
18196 February Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Tengku Hussain signed a treaty, marking Singapore as a British settlement.
1820 Cantonese-dominated Ghee Hin and Hakka-dominated Hai San, two main secret societies in Malaya were established.
1821November Kedah was invaded by the Siamese forces, a few years after Mahsuri's execution.
182227 November Tengku Jummat was proclaimed the Sultan of Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga with strong support from Raja Jaafar, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga and the Dutch
182417 March Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 was signed by the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, partitioning the southern Malay states, Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga between British Malaya and Dutch East Indies.
182620 June Burney Treaty was signed between Siam and the United Kingdom, partitioning the northern Malay states between British Malaya and Siam.
Straits Settlements were established, consisting of Penang, Malacca and Singapore.
Alexander Hare, an English adventurer brought his Malay harem and slaves from the Malay archipelago to the Cocos Islands, forming a community called Cocos Malays.
1831 Naning War: The opposition of Dol Said to British taxation policy in Naning led to the Naning War.
1832Luak Tampin founded.
1833 Naning War: Dol Said surrenders to British forces in return for an official pardon, so ending the Naning War.
1836Malays and Bidayuhs of Sarawak River basin revolted and proclaimed their independence from Brunei.
1839 Kedah was divided into four administrative units by Siam, Setul, Perlis, Kubang Pasu and Kedah.
15 August James Brooke first arrived in Kuching.
184020 December James Brooke and Serib Japper negotiate and accept the surrender of Siniawan Rebels in Upper Sarawak
184114 February James Brooke receives permission from the Sultan of Brunei to trade and reside in Sarawak
24 September Sarawak was ruled by James Brooke.
1843 Siam recognized Syed Hussin Jamalullail as the ruler of Perlis.
18468 JulyBrunei captured by the British
AugustBrunei cedes Sarawak - Tg. Datu to mouth of Samarrahan to James Brooke
18 DecemberBrunei cedes Labuan to the British
1853January Rentap forces attacked Brooke's fort in Nanga Skrang and killed Alan Lee, a British officer.
1855 Ali Wallace was recruited as a cook for Alfred Russel Wallace in his explorations and was later responsible for independently collecting many significant specimens that are credited to Wallace.
185925 June Sharif Masahor forces attacked Brooke's fort in Kanowit and killed Charles Fox and Henry Steele, two British officers.
1861July First Larut War: Hai San Society tried to sabotage Ghee Hin's waterway.
1865 Second Larut War: Started over gambling quarrel between members of Ghee Hin and Hai San.
1867 Klang War: Raja Mahadi challenged Raja Abdullah for authority over Klang.
1 April Straits Settlements came under direct British control as a crown colony.
1866 Baju Kurung Telok Belanga, a version of Baju Kurung was designed by Sultan Abu Bakar and named after the centre of the Johor at that time. Baju Kurung is the national dress of Malaysia.
1869 Yap Ah Loy became the Kapitan of Kuala Lumpur
1870 Klang War: Ghee Hin had joined Raja Mahadi's forces, and Hai San had sided with Tengku Kudin.
1871 Third Larut War: Began with an affair between Ghee Hin's leader and a member of Hai San and conflict of Perak succession between Raja Abdullah and Raja Ismail.
1873 Fourth Larut War: Quarrelling Malay chiefs had taken sides in the Larut Wars, by showing support to the quarrelling Chinese secret societies.
Klang War: Tengku Kudin, with British aid, a Pahang army, and his Chinese allies, defeated Raja Mahadi and his supporters.
187420 January Pangkor Treaty of 1874 was signed, signalling the British involvement in the policies of the Malays, and the establishment of British Malaya.
War break out in Sungai Ujong between the forces of Dato' Kelana and Dato' Bandar. British sided with Dato' Kelana and defeated Dato' Bandar and Sungai Ujong felt to British dominance.
18752 November Perak War: James W. W. Birch, the first Resident of Perak was assassinated by Malay chief, Dato Maharaja Lela's forces in Pasir Salak.
7 November Perak War: Sultan of Perak and Malay chiefs attempted to end foreign influence in the region.
A Persian theatre company from Bombay performed in Penang, led to the creation of Bangsawan.
1876 Perak War: Raja Abdullah, Ngah Ibrahim and Mohammad Amin were exiled to the Seychelles.
187720 January Perak War: Dato' Maharaja Lela was executed by hanging in Taiping.
1882May North Borneo became a British protectorate under the sovereign North Borneo Chartered Company.
1885The first Railway track was built connecting Taiping with Port Weld.
1887 Terengganu Inscription Stone was discovered by villagers in Kuala Berang.
1895 Terusan Wan Mat Saman was built by the Prime Minister of Kedah, connecting Alor Setar with Gurun, the longest aqueduct in Malaysia.
1895 Undang-undang Tubuh Kerajaan Johor was introduced by Sultan Abu Bakar, the first written constitution in Malaysia.
1896 Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang joined to become the Federated Malay States, a federation of British protectorates.
1897 Mat Salleh Rebellion: Mat Salleh forces attacked and destroyed British's administrative center in Pulau Gaya.

20th century

190910 MarchThe Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 was signed by the United Kingdom and Thailand, effectively dissecting the northern Malay states.
191428 October Battle of Penang: The German cruiser SMS Emden sank two Allied warships in the Strait of Malacca.
1915William Kellie Smith, a Scottish planter started the construction project of Kellie's Castle in Batu Gajah, Perak.
1922 Haji Abdul Rahman Limbong represented one of the 43 farmers being put to trial in a court for doing farming without permission.
1928 Haji Abdul Rahman Limbong assembled about 1,000 people in Kampung Buluh, to launch their resistance to get the British out of their state. Several police stations were attacked were made in Kuala Berang.
19417 December Attack on Pearl Harbor: Japan opened hostilities with the Allies and their colonies.
8 December Japanese occupation of Malaya: Japanese forces invaded and began the occupation of British Malaya.
16 December Japanese occupation of British Borneo: Japanese forces invaded and began the occupation of British Borneo.
10 DecemberThe British battleship HMS Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser HMS Repulse were sunk by Japanese bombers.
194214 January Battle of Muar: The last major battle of the Malayan campaign was fought.
23 January Parit Sulong Massacre: Allied soldiers were massacred by Japanese forces.
9 February Battle of Singapore: The Japanese crossed the Strait of Johor in inflatable boats and landed in Singapore.
13 February Battle of Pasir Panjang: A Malay regiment led by Lieutenant Adnan bin Saidi fought bravely against the Japanese at Pasir Panjang Ridge.
1 SeptemberAlmost 100 leading members of the Malayan Peoples' Anti-Japanese Army are killed by the Japanese near the Batu Caves. Their secret location was betrayed by their leader Lai Teck, who was Double agent.
18 OctoberKedah became the Thai possession of Syburi.
194411 JanuaryWorld War II: Action of 11 January 1944

World War II: Action of 17 July 1944

1945January Sandakan Death Marches: Cruel marches began which were forced by Japan.
JuneSandakan Death Marches: The death marches came to an end.
27 June Battle of North Borneo: A battle was fought between the Australians and Japanese.
14 AugustJapan surrendered, leaving a power vacuum.
5 SeptemberThe British returned and established a military administration in the Straits Settlements.
23 SeptemberKedah and the three other states were returned to the British.
29 JanuaryCommunist allied trade unions stage a successful 24 hour general strike across Malaya.
19461 AprilThe Straits Settlements were dissolved and replaced by the Malayan Union, conceived to unify the Malay Peninsula under a single government.
8 February Charles Vyner Brooke declared that the Sarawak Supreme Council agreed on the cession of Sarawak to British.
1 JulyBritish officially declared Sarawak as Crown Colony of Sarawak
194831 JanuaryOpposition from Malay nationalists forced the Malayan Union to disband in favour of the Federation of Malaya, which restored the symbolic positions of the rulers of the Malay states.
16 June The Malayan Emergency begins: European owned plantations and tin mines in Malaya were attacked by Communists, in an event known as the Sungai Siput incident. This event is recognised as the beginning of the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960).
16 July Death of Lau Yew: British security forces clashed with those of the Malayan Communist Party resulting in the death of one of their key leaders, Lau Yew. [3]
12 December The Batang Kali massacre: The Scots Guards of the British Army murder 24 unarmed civilians.
4 MayBritish forces hang S. A. Ganapathy, the former president of Malaya's largest trade union.
21 MayThe 10th Malay Regiment is founded. This is the only predominantly Malay regiment to exist belonging to the Malayan National Liberation Army during the Malayan Emergency.
19498 OctoberThe University of Malaya was established following the merger of Raffles College and King Edward Medical College.
3 December Rosli Dhobi and several members from Rukun 13 orchestrated the assassination of the Governor of Sarawak, Sir Duncan Stewart in Sibu.
195023 February Bukit Kepong Incident: An armed encounter took place between Communists and the police.
19516 October Assassination of Sir Henry Gurney: British High Commissioner Sir Henry Gurney was killed by members of the Malayan Communist Party in Fraser's Hill.
195228 April - MayThe British communist newspaper the Daily Worker leaks photographs of British soldiers in Malay posing with the decapitated heads of guerrillas belonging to the Malayan National Liberation Army, a common practice among British forces during the Malayan Emergency. These photographs create an uproar among British politicians and military leaders. Winston Churchill then orders Gerald Templer to stop this practice. [4] [5]
195528-29 December Baling Talks: A talk between representative of the government of Malaya and Malayan Communist Party to resolve the Malayan Emergency situation. Tan Cheng Lock, David Marshall and Tunku Abdul Rahman represented the government whereas Chin Peng, Rashid Maidin and Chen Tien represented the communists. However, the talks were unsuccessful because the surrender terms were not acceptable to the Malayan Communist Party..
195618 JanuaryA constitutional conference proposed the appointment of the Reid Commission to devise a constitution for a fully self-governing and independent Federation of Malaya.
8 February Treaty of London 1956: The Treaty of London 1956 was signed to set up the independent Federation of Malaya.
20 FebruaryTunku Abdul Rahman announced in Malacca Town after he returned from London that Malaya would become independent on 31 August 1957.
195721 FebruaryThe Reid Commission submitted its working draft to a Working Committee.
1 JulyBerita Harian which known as BH, a Malay-language daily newspaper, was founded.
31 July Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 was enforced in London
15 AugustThe new Federal Constitution was passed by the Federal Legislative Council.
27 AugustThe Federation of Malayan constitution took effect for the first time.
30 AugustStadium Merdeka was officially opened.
31 AugustHistorical midnight started with Union Jack flag which, was lowered for the first time along British national anthem "God Save the King" and replaced by the independent Federation of Malaya flag with national anthem, Negaraku.
Early morning, the proclamation of independence was held in Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur with historical shout "Merdeka" with 7 times by first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman.
Malaya joined Commonwealth of Nations
1 SeptemberTuanku Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan was installed as the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong at Istana Negara.
17 SeptemberFederation of Malaya joined United Nations.
30 OctoberAlliance Party was fully registered as coalition party.
195926 JanuaryCentral Bank of Malaya, which known as Bank Negara Tanah Melayu, was founded.
19 AugustThe first election was held since Independence. The Alliance won most of the seats.
12 SeptemberThe first Malayan Parliament was opened by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
196031 MayMalayan Banking Berhad, which known as Maybank, was incorporated.
22 JuneInternal Security Act (ISA) 1960 was passed by Dewan Rakyat and later, to be effective on August 1960.
28 JulyHibiscus rosa-sinensis, which known as Bunga Raya, declared as the Malayan national flower.
31 JulyEnd of state of emergency against Communist Party declared by Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, Sultan Hishamuddin Alam Shah, but conflict still ongoing until 1989 . A victory parade was held in Kuala Lumpur on the same day.
196127 MayMalayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman proposed a "Malaysia" merger between Peninsular Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak.
196219 JanuaryDato' Onn Jaafar, the founder of UMNO, has died. His body was laid to rest at Makam Mahmoodiah, Johor Bahru.
17 January Cobbold Commission: The Cobbold Commission, was a Commission of Enquiry set up to determine whether the people of East Malaysia who supported the Federation of Malaysia proposal which consisting of Malaya, Brunei, Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak.
19 AprilStadium Negara, Malaya's first indoor stadium was officially opened.
1 SeptemberA referendum on the terms of integration into the Federation of Malaysia was held in Singapore.
8-17 December Brunei Revolt: The insurrection of Brunei by opponents with Indonesia supportive against Brunei monarchy and its proposed Malaysia has begun, later influenced then Sultan of Brunei to reject Malaysia proposal, thus marked the beginning of the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
196320 January Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation: Indonesian Foreign Minister Subandrio announced that Indonesia would declared Confrontation or konfrontasi against proposed Federation of Malaysia.
11 MarchThe National Language Act 1963 was gazetted by Dewan Rakyat.
9 JulyThe Malaysia Agreement was signed by the governments of the United Kingdom, Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak.
22 JulySarawak was granted establishment of de facto self-government and independence before Malaysia formation.
31 July Malaysia Act 1963 which provisioning Malaya, Sarawak, Sabah and Singapore came to operation in United Kingdom.
Manila Accord was signed by the governments of Malaya (now Malaysia), Indonesia and, Philippines.
31 AugustSabah was granted establishment of de facto self-government and independence before Malaysia formation.
Muzium Negara, the first national museum, was officially opened.
16 September Malaysia establishment: Malaya, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak merged to form Malaysia.
14 NovemberThe National Zoo of Malaysia which known as "Zoo Negara" was officially opened.
21 NovemberThe Malaysian Houses of Parliament, which known as "Bangunan Parlimen" was officially opened.
28 DecemberTelevision of Malaysia was launched by the then Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman.
196425 AprilElection was held for the first time since formation of Malaysia. Alliance won most of seats but Singapore party, People's Action Party (PAP) has won 1 seat in Selangor. This PAP victory send outrage and angry reaction to UMNO and threatening Malaysian politics.
21 JulyRace riots, which involved Malays and Chinese has occurred during Prophet Muhammad birthday celebration in Singapore, resulted 23 killed, 454 injured and 3568 were arrested.
2 SeptemberSecond race riots has happened again in Singapore due to murder of a Malay trishaw rider, resulted 13 killed, 106 sustained injuries and 1,439 were arrested.
196510 MarchBomb blast was detonated by Indonesian saboteurs at the MacDonald House building in Orchard Road, Singapore.
27 MaySingapore and PAP leader, Lee Kuan Yew with joined several other multiracial parties announced formation of Malaysia Solidarity Convention or Malaysian Malaysia, thus sparked controversy over the Malaysia sovereignty among Malay leaders.
7 AugustProclamation of Singapore was agreed by Malaysia and Singapore government that Singapore would be separated from Malaysia as independent and sovereign nation relating after Malaysia and Singapore have not found any alternative solution to those concerned national issues.
9 August Exit Singapore: Malaysian Parliament voted to expel Singapore from the Malaysia, gave Singapore to become independent nation.
27 AugustThe National Mosque, which known as "Masjid Negara" was declared open by then Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Syed Putra.
30 AugustSubang International Airport was officially opened.
14 - 21 December 1965SEAP Games was held by then Agong, Sultan Nasiruddin in Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur for the first time.
19667 FebruaryExchange of notes by the government of Malaysia (formerly Malaya) and Philippines constituting an agreement relating to the implementation of the Manila Accord of 31 July 1963.
8 FebruaryThe National Monument, known as "Tugu Negara" was officially opened by then Agong, Ismail Nasiruddin.
11 AugustThe final peace agreement was signed with Indonesia, which formally recognised Malaysia, marked the end of Malaysia-Indonesia confrontation
30 - 31 OctoberUS President, Lyndon B. Johnson made historic visit to Malaysia. This is the first US President to set foot on Malaysian soil.
1967February Communist insurgency in Malaysia (1968–89): A renewed insurgency was conducted by the Malayan Communist Party against Malaysian federal security forces.
9 - 10 June 1967 Thomas Cup: Malaysian badminton team defeated Indonesia by 6-3 in the final. This is the fourth title for Malaysian badminton.
12 JuneThe Malaysian ringgit (Malaysian dollar) was officially introduced, replacing the Malaya and British Borneo dollar.
1 JulyFull immigration control at Malaysia-Singapore border was imposed with beginning of passport checks at Johor Immigration Center.
8 August ASEAN Declaration: Malaysia signed Bangkok Declaration with Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and Singapore to form ASEAN.
1 SeptemberMalay language, which known as "Bahasa Malaysia" was declared as national language.
196817 FebruaryThe Angkasapuri, new main information building for government and also the headquarters for Radio Television Malaysia (RTM) was officially opened in Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Shortly after, Radio Malaysia and Television Malaysia (RTM) service were moved from Tunku Abdul Rahman multipurpose hall at Jalan Ampang to the Angkasapuri.
20 MayMalaysian National News Agency, which known as "BERNAMA" was formed.
196910 May 1969 Malaysian general election: Alliance won fourth general election in West Malaysia but suffered a loss of two-thirds majority in Parliament for the first time since Independence. Alliance also lost government power to Opposition in Perak, Selangor, Penang and Kelantan.
13 May 13 May Incident: Ethnic riots between Malays and Chinese took place in Kuala Lumpur in the aftermath of election. Violence quickly spread to various places in Selangor and some other states.
14 - 16 MayThe state of emergency and curfew was declared immediately by then Agong, Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah throughout the country. Security forces were deployed and took control of the violent situation.
15 MayNational Operations Council (NOC) was established with Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak as Director of Operations to act as a temporary legislative council in restore law and order in Malaysia after the 13 May riots.
Through contain the racial sentiments, Parliament session was suspended for next 18 months. Newspaper publications were suspended but resumed later on 18 May.
12 JulyUMNO Kedah leader, Mahathir Mohamad was sacked by UMNO for gave criticism to Tunku's leadership and urged Tunku to resign.
26 DecemberMat Kilau, Malay legend hero, shockilly revealed himself after Friday prayers at Masjid Kampung Pulau Tawar, Jerantut, Pahang. His identity was confirmed later by state and government committee. One year later, he died at age of 105.
19704 AprilMalaysia's first satellite station was commissioned in Kuantan, Pahang.
31 August Rukun Negara, the national philosophy was instituted by royal proclamation on Merdeka Day, after the May 13 Incident.
22 SeptemberTun Abdul Razak was appointed as second Prime Minister after Tunku Abdul Rahman resigned. Tun Dr Ismail also appointed as Deputy Prime Minister on the same day.
19715 JanuaryThe major flash flood has occurred in Kuala Lumpur by heavy monsoon rains which were swelled the Klang, Batu, and Gombak rivers. As a result, 32 people were killed in the worst flood disaster.
11 JulyNew affirmative action program, New Economic Policy, known as "Dasar Ekonomi Baru (DEB)" was launched by government in the aftermath of 13 May Incident in Malaysia. This policy gave rise to the formulation of this policy, its objectives and implementation methods as well as its impact on the Malaysian economy in general.
9 SeptemberThe Star, new Malaysian newspaper, was established.
19721 FebruaryKuala Lumpur has awarded as a city status and Tan Sri Dato' Lokman bin Yusof appointed as the first Kuala Lumpur mayor
22 February - 8 MarchQueen Elizabeth II and other royal family made first visit to Malaysia by arriving onboard the Royal Yacht Britannia at the Port Klang in part of an eight-country royal tour of Asia. Her visit was welcomed by then Agong, Sultan Abdul Halim.
197329 MayFamous Malaysian actor and singer, P. Ramlee, has died at the age of age of 44 from a heart attack and was buried at Jalan Ampang Muslim Cemetery, in Kuala Lumpur
2 AugustDeputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman has died due to heart attack. He was the first national leader to be laid to rest in Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur. Tun Hussein Onn, son of Dato Onn, has appointed as deputy the next day.
19741 FebruaryKuala Lumpur was awarded as first Federal Territory state.
28 MayPrime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak, made historic visit to China for the first time and met Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou Enlai in Beijing, thus made Malaysia to established diplomatic ties with the People's Republic of China.
1 JuneBarisan Nasional (BN) was fully registered as new coalition party, thus replacing the previous Alliance Party.
7 JuneInspector General of Police, Tan Sri Abdul Rahman Hashim was assassinated by the communist rebels in Kuala Lumpur.
17 AugustPetronas, the first Malaysian petroleum and gas company, was founded.
24 AugustBarisan Nasional (BN) wins the fifth election for the first time.
15 SeptemberMore than 100 houses of poor urban settler families in Tasek Utara, Johor Bahru were demolished, caused 300 people from 60 families lost their homes. Student leaders from various universities came to Tasek Utara, Johor Bahru to offer support to those poor villagers and pleaded those state authorities to stop demolishing their homes but their demand was ignored.
16 SeptemberIn response to demolished homes, those Malay squatters set up their tents to camped outside the Johor State Secretariat Building, where they picketed day and night in protest against demolishing their homes, this protest was witnessed by some student leaders from various universities.
19 SeptemberMalaysian police and police riot quietly entered the camp site and arrested 5 people including some student leaders, caused outrage and public outcry to other universities.
20 SeptemberMore than 2,500 students from University Malaya were took street demonstration outside Prime Minister's Department to demand the release of student leader who struggle to support Tasek Utara squatter families.
21 SeptemberUniversiti Malaya (UM) student activists including University of Malaya Students' Association took over the administration and campus of the University of Malaya to demand the release of 2 student leaders who were arrested in Johor Bahru yesterday and this coup lasted for one day. On the same day, 1,000 student activists demonstrated outside the UM campus for same demand. As a result, Malaysian police riot policemen were blocked the student demonstration by fired tear gas and some students were arrested.
9 NovemberBaling demonstration began with more than 1,000 peasants due to an increase of those food prices and the fall of price of rubber which affecting a majority of the residents of Baling district, who were mostly rubber smallholders in Baling, Kedah.
20 NovemberDemonstration continued to took place in Baling, Kedah and surrounding areas near Baling area to urged government to resolve the inflation issues. In the next day, Baling events participation continue to rose up with more than 13,000 people.
1 DecemberDemonstration in Baling, Kedah continued to grew more than 30,000 people to protest due to late respond by Malaysian government to tackle the same issue.
3 DecemberMore than 5,000 students took street demonstration at Dataran Merdeka in supporting previously Baling protest, demand government to solve inflation issues but later, Malaysian police riot dispersed peaceful street demonstration with fired tear gas, As a result, many students were arrested due their participation in the same rally.
9 DecemberStudent leaders including Anwar Ibrahim were arrested in connection to street demonstration. They were also arrested under ISA 1960.
Bank Simpanan Nasional (BSN) was founded.
19755 August 1975 AIA building hostage crisis: Japanese Red Army took more than 50 hostages at the AIA building, which housed several embassies.
27 AugustNational Monument statue was suffered damage due to an explosion, which was set off by a communist guerrilla. Since then, it has been restored to its original state with the renovated statues 2 years later.
197614 JanuaryPrime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak has died at age of 53 in London due to leukemia. His body has flied back to Malaysia 2 days later and laid to rest at Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur.
15 JanuaryTun Hussein Onn was sworn in as third Prime Minister.
5 MarchTun Dr Mahathir Mohamad was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister.
6 JuneSabah chief minister and former state Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor), Tun Fuad Stephens, one crew among 9 passengers were killed in a plane crash near Kota Kinabalu. Tun Fuad Stephens' body was later, interred at State Mausoleum near Sabah State Mosque, Kota Kinabalu.
197724 AprilA car racing in the unlimited formula car race on the program with the Malaysian Grand Prix ran off the track into a group of spectators today, killing five children and injuring 19 other people.
27 September Japan Air Lines Flight 715, which carried 69 passengers and 10 crew members, has crashed near Subang International Airport, leaving 45 people injured and 34 casualties.
8 November 1977 Kelantan Emergency: The state of emergency was declared by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia) on 8 November 1977 upon the request of the federal government following a political impasse and street violence in Kelantan. [6]
4 December Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 (MH653) has crashed at Tanjung Kupang, Johor, while purportedly being diverted by hijackers to Singapore, leaving 100 people dead including Agricultural Minister, Dato' Ali Haji Ahmad. It was the first deadliest air crash disaster for Malaysia Airlines in history.
197828 DecemberColor television was launched by then Prime Minister, Hussein Onn in RTM 1 channel.
197921 December Pedra Branca dispute: Singapore lodged a formal protest with Malaysia in response to a map published by Malaysia in 1979 claiming Pedra Branca.
19806 AprilMalaysian football team has qualified for the 1980 Summer Olympics football tournament after defeated South Korea by 2-1 in play-off match at Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur. Later, Malaysia replaced by Iraq due to Government joined American-led political boycott towards Soviet Union in protest of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
198116 July Mahathir Mohamad was sworn in as fourth Prime Minister after Tun Hussein Onn resigned. Tun Musa Hitam was appointed as deputy the next day
7 SeptemberGuthrie Dawn Raid, quietly secret Malaysia plan, has occurred when Malaysia took over Guthrie Corporation Limited, biggest British-owned plantations groups in the Malaysia through Pemodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB) which bought up Guthrie's share at the London Stock Exchange and secured a majority control in series of quick tradings in the early morning, caused those British Guthrie investors lost control of Malaysia's agricultural land.
19821 JanuaryThe time zone in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore changed to UTC+08:00 and has not changed since.
29 MayMcDonald's, American famous fast food chain, opened its first restaurant at Jalan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur.
198416 April Labuan became a second Federal Territory state in Malaysia. This is the first Federal Territory in the East Malaysia along Borneo states.
1 JuneSistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad, which known as TV3, Malaysia's first private television channel, was launched.
198510 JulyProton Saga, the first national car, was officially launched by then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad, marked the beginning of car manufacturer industry in Malaysia
3 AugustPenang Bridge, the first national bridge, officially opened and later, opened to traffic on 14 September 1985.
19 November Memali Incident: Worst clash has occurred between police and Ibrahim Mahmud (Libya)'s followers, killing 4 policemen and 14 followers. 159 followers has been arrested including 36 people under ISA 1960.
198626 FebruarySabah Chief Minister and United Sabah Party (PBS) president, Joseph Pairin Kitingan has asked Sabah Governor, Adnan Robert to dissolve the State Assembly by stating that his party has lost the majority as state government with 4 PBS assembly members left party and government, caused hung state assembly, which was weakened Sabah government and also, led to 1986 Sabah riots.
12 March 1986 Sabah riot: Sabah riots, which known as "Silent Riot" was occurred. During the political riots, 7 plastic explosives were detonated in Kota Kinabalu, adding other 5 explosives in Sandakan, which killing one newspaper vendor and injuring a senior Police Field Force officer and other one in Tawau.
13 March 1986 Sabah riot: Curfew was announced by the Sabah’s police and held for 39 days in the aftermath of the riots.
16 MarchTun Musa Hitam resigned as Deputy Prime Minister due to unavoidable differences with Mahathir.
24 MarchAfter failed solution to Sabah political crisis, Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad had negotiated and purposed unity government formula between PBS and 2 other opposition parties, USNO and BERJAYA but PBS refused it.
14 AprilSinger Sudirman Arshad launched biggest street concert ever held in the Chow Kit Road, Kuala Lumpur in front more than 100,000 fans at night.
4 May 1986 Sabah state election: The snap election was held in response to civil disturbances and political defections following the results of the 1985 state election. The results showed United Sabah Party (PBS) has won two-third majority and easily, formed the Sabah government with Joseph Pairin Kitingan once again as Sabah Chief Minister.
10 MayTun Ghafar Baba was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister.
27 JunePLUS Expressways, Malaysian largest highway concessionaries or build–operate–transfer operator company was founded.
17 - 22 OctoberPudu Prison siege took place after a group of prisoners seized and held two members of the prison staff as hostages. The siege was resolved 6 days later when Malaysian police stormed the prison and successfully rescued those hostages safely.
198724 AprilUMNO crisis began with leading President, Mahathir which led "Team A", was challenged by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah who led "Team B" for the Presidency position. Later, the official results saw Mahathir's Team A as the winner, by thin majority, with 761 votes to Razaleigh's Team B with 718.
27 October - 20 NovemberOperasi Lalang, a major political crackdown, was carried out by Malaysian police, saw arrest of 119 people including political activists, opposition politicians, intellectuals, students and others under the Internal Security Act (ISA) 1960. This operation will ease racial situation and prevent repeating 13 May riots.
28 OctoberHome Ministry withdrew the licences of the English language newspapers The Star and Sunday Star, the Chinese language Sin Chew Jit Poh, and the Malay language Watan for temporary period. Those suspended newspapers were lifted one year later.
19884 February 1988 constitutional crisis: UMNO was declared an illegal organization by the Kuala Lumpur High Court due to reports by 11 Group or Kumpulan 11 which believed to be allied with Tengku Razaleigh that challenged 1987 UMNO election results.
13 February 1988 constitutional crisis: The application to register UMNO Baru was submitted by then President UMNO, Mahathir Mohamad and some pro-Mahathir's former UMNO Supreme Council Members. UMNO Baru was formed the next day and officially accepted to re-member Barisan Nasional.
17 March 1988 constitutional crisis: In retaliation, amendment was red under Article 121 of the Federal Constitution in Parliament in interpret Malaysian judiciary system within the country's administration system. This also would be the attempt to put pressure and attacks on Malaysian judiciary system.
26 March 1988 constitutional crisis: Lord President, Tun Salleh Abbas writing a letter to then Agong, Sultan Iskandar to stop Prime Minister's intervention in judiciary matters.
25 May 1988 constitutional crisis: Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad has send his letter to then Agong Sultan Iskandar to wished that Tun Salleh Abbas should be replaced with the new Lord President.
9 June 1988 constitutional crisis: Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad made a second representation to the King alleging further misconduct on the part of Tun Salleh Abbas based on his undignified use of the press to vent his grievances – such as requesting for a public hearing of the tribunal and asking for persons of high judicial standing to sit on the tribunal. 2 days later, members of the tribunal were appointed pursuant to the Federal Constitution by the King.
29 June 1988 constitutional crisis: The tribunal held its proceedings in camera while Tun Salleh Abbas was accorded the right to be defended by Queen's counsel. Tribunal found that 5 allegations against Tun Salleh Abbas as Lord President.
4 July 1988 constitutional crisis: Tribunal ends with enough evidence that Tun Salleh Abbas had misbehaviour for his challenge as tribunal process as the Lord President, thus made Tun Salleh Abbas to removed from office.
31 JulySultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge collapsed in Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia due to an overcrowding and unstable steel bars, leaving 32 people dead and injured 1,634 people.
198919 MarchSinger, Sudirman Arshad won the title " Best Performer" in the 1989 Salem Asian Music Awards at Royal Albert Hall, London, United Kingdom.
22 SeptemberAround 27 students, mostly schoolgirls were killed in the Madrasah fire tragedy in Guar Chempedak, Kedah.
199029 MayFormer Prime Minister, Tun Hussein Onn has died at age of 68 due to heart disease at San Francisco, California, at the age of 68. He was laid to rest at Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur.
6 DecemberFormer Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj has died at age of 87. His body was brought back to Kedah and laid to rest at Kedah Royal Mausoleum, Langgar, Kedah.
19917 MayBright Sparklers Fireworks disaster occurred in Sungai Buloh, Selangor after the fireworks factory caught fire and caused a huge explosion, leaving 26 people were killed and over 100 people were injured in the disaster. Some local houses and residential properties suffered damage of some roofs due to same explosion.
199222 FebruarySinger, Sudirman Arshad has died at the age of 39 at his sister's house in Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur. His body is brought back to his hometown in Temerloh, Pahang and laid to rest at Chengal Muslim Cemetery.
16 May 1992 Thomas & Uber Cup: After 25 years, Malaysia's men's badminton team won the fifth Thomas Cup at Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur, beating Indonesia with the aggregate of 3–2
10 JulyThe second son of the Sultan of Johor, Tunku Abdul Majid, probably lost his temper assaulted a Perak hockey goalkeeper after Perak won against Johor in hockey championship match. This incident marked the beginning of 1993 Constitutional Crisis.
18 October 1993 Constitutional Crisis: Tunku Abdul Majid Idris has been banned for 5 years from the game by the Malaysian Hockey Federation's disciplinary board after he was found guilty of assaulting the Perak goalkeeper during hockey tournament in Johor Bahru last 10 July. This punishment made his father, Sultan Iskandar, angry and disappointed over his son's punishment.
25 November 1993 Constitutional Crisis: In response to his son, Tunku Abdul Majid's punishment, Sultan Iskandar ordered Johor education department to blocked Johor hockey team from the hockey match just hours before the semi-final of a Malaysian Hockey Federation (MHF) tournament. This action made Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar hockey coach, Douglas Gomez felt disappointed and called on office bearers of the Johor Hockey Federation to resign.
30 November 1993 Constitutional Crisis: Sultan Iskandar of Johor physically abused hockey coach, Douglas Gomez at Istana Bukit Serene. This incident which known as "Gomez Incident", was received attention from local media and Malaysia government.
10 December 1993 Constitutional Crisis: A special parliamentary session was held immediately, saw all 96 members of the Dewan Rakyat present to pass a unanimous resolution to curb the powers of the rulers if necessary.
27 December 1993 Constitutional Crisis: The subsequent parliamentary session saw discussions to remove legal immunity which agitated Sultan Iskandar of Johor to hold a rally to oppose the government's actions, but was forced to cancel after intense government pressure.
199317 January 1993 Constitutional Crisis: 6 Sultans including Pahang, Terengganu, Perlis, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor and Perak agreed that amendments made to proposal to remove legal immunity during the meeting at Istana Negara involving both Rulers and government. Only absent were Johor, Kelantan and Kedah.
18 January 1993 Constitutional Crisis: Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad tabled proposed amendment Bill during parliamentary sessions in Dewan Rakyat on subsequent days despite Sultans' objections, citing as far to say that there was no need to obtain royal assent to implement laws.
19 January 1993 Constitutional Crisis: 133 out of 180 MPs passed the proposed changes although members of the opposition parties abstained from voting, citing indifferences. Dewan Negara passed a unanimous resolution to approve of the proposed amendments the next day.
31 March 1993 Constitutional Crisis: The Parliament passed amendments to the Constitution with the aim of stripping the royalty of legal immunity. A new chapter, Part XV of the Constitution entitled "Proceedings against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the Rulers" was also enshrined.
1 DecemberDato Seri Anwar Ibrahim was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister, replacing Tun Ghafar Baba.
11 DecemberBlock A of Highland Towers apartments suddenly collapsed at 1:35 pm in Hillview Park, Hulu Kelang, Selangor, leaving 48 people died and two people survived. This incident became the deadliest structural failure in Malaysian history.
19941 JanuaryPetronas Towers construction commenced.
199529 June20 people were killed in the landslide at Genting Highlands slip road near the Karak Highway.
29 AugustPutrajaya, the Federal Government's new administrative centre project, was launched by then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad.
15 September Malaysia Airlines Flight 2133, a Fokker 50 plane, crashed near Tawau Airport in Tawau, Sabah after a failed go-around, killing 34 people and 19 other survived
199612 JanuaryMEASAT 1, the first Malaysian satellite, was launched from by the Ariane rocket from Kourou, French Guiana to provides satellite services to leading Malaysia broadcasters and communications through space.
19 JanuaryRiots and demonstration by those Vietnamese refugees took place in Sungai Besi transit camp, set on fire on building blocks. Police were deployed to ease tense situation, leaving 24 Vietnamese and 7 policemen, were injured.
12 FebruaryMSC Malaysia, which known as Multimedia Super Corridor was founded. The corridor area begins with Kuala Lumpur, through Cyberjaya and Putrajaya and ends with Sepang, Selangor.
1 JuneASTRO, Malaysia's first subscription-based satellite television station which provide different channels, was founded.
3 AugustA widespread power outage in Peninsular Malaysia began at 5.17 pm on 3 August 1996 when a transmission line near Sultan Ismail Power Station in Paka, Terengganu tripped, which caused west states of Peninsular Malaysia lost power for several hours. Supply was back to normal next morning.
29 AugustA mud avalanche has occurred near Pos Dipang Orang Asli settlement in Kampar, Perak killed 44 people.
1 October Kuala Lumpur Tower, Malaysia's tallest telecommunication tower, was officially opened.
26 DecemberTropical Depression Greg has hit 9 Sabah states including Kota Kinabalu, killing 238 people. This is the Malaysia's worst hurricane disaster in history.
199717 MayCyberjaya, Malaysia's city with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor, was officially launched by then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad.
23 MayM. Magendran (11.55 am) and N. Mohanadas (12.10 pm) were made their history as the first Malaysians to reach the peak of Mount Everest, the Earth's highest mountain.
7 July 1997 Asian financial crisis  : Within days of the Thai baht devaluation, the Malaysian ringgit was heavily traded by speculators. The overnight rate jumped from under 8% to over 40%. This led to rating downgrades and a general sell off on the stock and currency markets.
8 July 1997 Asian financial crisis  : Malaysia's central bank intervenes to defend its currency, the ringgit.
21 July 1997 Asian financial crisis  : The Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE) Composite Index fell below 200 points
24 July 1997 Asian financial crisis  : Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad accused "rogue speculators" for Southeast Asia's economic upheaval, blamed billionaire financier George Soros as causes of the crisis.
19987 January 1997 Asian financial crisis  : The ringgit depreciated against the dollar by almost 50 percent, hitting a high of RM 4.88 to the US dollar at its lowest point.
23 January 1997 Asian financial crisis: The Ringgit had lost 50% of its value, falling from above 2.50 to under 4.57 to the US dollar
7 AprilNTV7, Malaysia's new channel, was officially launched.
8 MaySuria KLCC shopping mall was officially opened at the foot of the Petronas Twin Towers.
27 JuneKuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Malaysia's new main international airport, was officially opened by then Agong, Tuanku Jaafar in Sepang, Selangor.
11 JulyThe National Sport Complex was officially inaugurated by the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad in Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, ahead of the 16th Commonwealth Games.
17 AugustPetronas Philharmonic Hall, Malaysia's first concert hall built specifically for classical music, was officially opened at Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur.
1 September 1997 Asian financial crisis  : Prime minister, Mahathir Mohamad imposed strict capital controls and introduced a 3.80 peg against the U.S. dollar
2 SeptemberDeputy Prime Minister, Anwar Ibrahim was sacked by Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad. This is the beginning of Reformasi movement in Malaysian politics
11 - 21 SeptemberOpening ceremony of the 16th Commonwealth Games held in Kuala Lumpur at National Stadium at Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur for the first time. During the Games, Malaysian contingent team won 10 gold medals, followed by 14 silver and 12 bronze.
20 September Anwar Ibrahim was arrested by police at the house at night after led street demonstration in Kuala Lumpur, which demand Mahathir to resign as Prime Minister. He was arrested under ISA 1960 next day.
29 SeptemberAnwar Ibrahim was claimed trial to 9 charges including 5 from corruption and 4 from sodomy at the Kuala Lumpur Session Court.
19997 JanuaryTan Sri Abdul Rahim Noor resigned as the Inspector General of Police after taking full responsibility for injuries suffered by former Deputy Prime Minister, Anwar Ibrahim while in police custody last September 1998.
8 JanuaryAbdullah Ahmad Badawi was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister
7 MarchSepang International Circuit, Malaysia's largest motorsport race track, was officially opened.
1 AprilThe new Prime Ministerial office, Perdana Putra, was officially inaugurated in Putrajaya. The office was moved out from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya.
4 AprilParti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) was founded by former Deputy Prime Minister, Anwar Ibrahim's wife, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail.
14 AprilAnwar Ibrahim found guilty by the High Court for corruption charges and was sentenced to 6 years in jail.
31 AugustPetronas Twin Towers, world's tallest building, was officially opened by then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad.

21st century

20001 JanuaryOn New Year 2000, Y2K passed without serious, widespread computer failures, as many experts and businesses had feared.
23 April21 hostages including 10 European and Middle East tourists has been kidnapped by 6 Abu Sayyaf militants from dive resort island of Sipadan, Sabah and taken hostage in Abu Sayyaf base, Jolo, Sulu in southern Philippines.
2 to 6 July Al-Ma'unah, a Malaysian spiritual Islamist militant group, was made arms heist by stealing those weapons from army camps in the midnight and later hide up in top of Bukit Jenalik hill, Sauk, Kuala Kangsar, Perak and was later took 3 hostages. 5 days later, Al-Maunah militants were defeated when Malaysian security forces stormed their camp on the hill, resulting 2 security forces killed and each one of police and civilian rescued.
8 AugustAnwar Ibrahim was sentenced 9 years in prison by High Court for charges of sodomy.
December Gunung Mulu National Park and Kinabalu Park became UNESCO World Heritage Sites of nature.
20011 February Putrajaya was declared as a third Federal Territory state.
16 AprilKuala Lumpur Sentral Station, which known as KL Sentral), a largest railway transit-oriented development station that houses the various transportation trains, was officially opened, replacing the old Kuala Lumpur railway station.
5 SeptemberMalaysian identity card which known as MyKad, the Malaysian Government Multipurpose Card was introduced.
8 SeptemberOpening ceremony of the 21st Southeast Asian Games held in National Stadium at Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur.
11 SeptemberThe September 11 attacks occurred in New York City, USA. Three Malaysians among 2,996 people were killed in the terrorist attacks.
200222 JuneIn 2002 UMNO General Assembly, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad shocked the nation when he was announced that he would resign as Prime Minister, UMNO President and BN chairman, caused his supporters to rushed to calm him down and tearfully convinced him to rethink his decision on the stage. Shortly after, the handover set to date in October 2003.
200311 FebruaryTelekom Tower was officially opened.
23 FebruaryMore 200,000 Malaysians were gathered together in National Stadium Bukit Jalil to show their support for "Malaysians For Peace".
31 OctoberTun Dr Mahathir Mohamad resigned as Prime Minister after 22 years of leadership, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi became the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia the next day.
12 December Penang and Malacca City became a cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site, citing as the Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca.
20047 JanuaryNajib Tun Razak was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister.
8 January8TV, Malaysian Chinese television channel, was launched.
21 MarchBarisan Nasional won 198 of 219 Parliamentary seats, broke record as the largest majority which won by BN in history.
2 SeptemberAnwar Ibrahim was released after the Federal Court overturned his conviction and set aside his prison sentence on charges of sodomy.
26 December Tsunami struck most parts of Asia including Malaysia, caused north of Peninsular Malaysia including Penang and Langkawi were affected, leaving 75 people dead and 5 others were missing.
200520 OctoberPrime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's wife, Tun Endon Mahmood Ambak has died due to breast cancer at age of 64.
9 NovemberDr. Azahari Husin who known as "Demolition Man", a Malaysian mastermind behind major terrorist bombings in Indonesia was killed in a police raid on his hideout in Indonesia.
200622 AprilTV9, new Malaysia channel, was launched.
200731 AugustMalaysia celebrated 50 years of Independence.
10 OctoberDr Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor became the first Malaysian astronaut, flown up to the International Space Station (ISS) with American and Russian astronauts using Soyuz TMA-11 rocket from Kazakhstan.
10 NovemberThe first Bersih rally was held in Kuala Lumpur in their demand against corruption in the electoral process in Malaysia.
25 NovemberMore than 30,000 Hindu Rights Action Force supporters participated in a 2007 HINDRAF rally which was held in Kuala Lumpur in their demand against Malaysian Indian discrimination.
20088 MarchBarisan Nasional won the election but suffered worst election results when lost two-third majority since 1969 election. Opposition took Kedah, Penang, Perak, Selangor from BN and PAS also retained Kelantan as well.
1 AprilA new Opposition coalition party, Pakatan Rakyat was formed by PKR, DAP and PAS.
19 MayTun Dr Mahathir Mohamad left UMNO in forcing Abdullah Ahmad Badawi to step down as Prime Minister.
29 JuneAnwar Ibrahim seek refuge in Turkey embassy in Kuala Lumpur for awhile due to his safety concern. He was left the embassy the next day.
16 JulyAnwar Ibrahim was arrested again by police in Kuala Lumpur shortly after Anti-Corruption Agency (ACA) interview. It is believed that police purposely want DNA sample from Anwar at hospital due to reports of his sodomise against his aide.
7 AugustAnwar Ibrahim pleaded not guilty to sodomy charges, freed on RM 20,000 bond at Kuala Lumpur Court Sessions.
26 AugustAnwar Ibrahim won Permatang Pauh by-election, marked his return to Parliament after 10 years. He was also appointed as Opposition Leader 2 days later.
12 SeptemberMalaysia Today news portal editor, Raja Petra Kamaruddin, Seputeh MP, Teresa Kok and Sin Chew Daily News reporter, Tan Hoon Cheng were arrested under ISA 1960. Hoon Cheng was freed the next day.
14 SeptemberDe facto law minister, Zaid Ibrahim led chorus of protest with 6 ministers against the use of ISA 1960 and demand the Government review the Act.
17 SeptemberAbdullah and his deputy, Najib Tun Razak has swapped their portfolios with Abdullah as Defence Minister and Najib as Finance Minister
200931 January2 PKR Perak State Assembly members gone missing and 1 DAP State Assembly also gone missing 2 days later, thus it is believed that they would defect to opposition party, BN, marked the beginning of Perak political crisis.
4 FebruaryDeputy Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak has declared BN government has enough majority to form Perak government due to defection of 3 Perak state assembly members, marked the collapse of Pakatan Rakyat government in Perak since GE12 on 2008.
6 FebruaryZambry Abdul Kadir was sworn in as new Perak Menteri Besar but Nizar Jamaluddin vowed to stay on despite Sultan Perak call for his resignation.
3 MarchPerak Pakatan Rakyat state assembly members were conducted their meeting under a tree after they barred from entering state assembly building.
3 AprilNajib Tun Razak was sworn in as sixth Prime Minister after Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi resigned.
10 AprilMuhyiddin Yassin was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister.
11 MayHigh Court rule that Nizar Jamaluddin declared as legitimate Menteri Besar. BN filed its appeal against this decision.
21 MayAppeal Court decided that Zambry Abdul Kadir declared as rightful Menteri Besar. Nizar Jamaluddin filed his appeal against this decision.
20109 FebruaryFederal Court rule that Zambry Abdul Kadir is the rightful Menteri Besar after Nizar's appeal was rejected, ending the Perak political crisis.
1 NovemberTV Al Hijrah, Malaysian first Islamic channel, was launched.
29 DecemberMalaysian football team has won the first AFF Suzuki Cup after defeated Indonesia by aggregate 4-2.
20119 JulyBersih 2.0 rally was held in streets of Kuala Lumpur.
15 SeptemberPrime Minister Najib Razak was announced the proposed repeal of the ISA 1960 when he claimed that the repeal was made to accommodate and realise a mature, modern and functioning democracy; to preserve public order; enhance civil liberty and maintain racial harmony.
15 NovemberNew Istana Negara building, the house of Yang Di-Pertuan Agong in Jalan Duta was officially opened by then Agong, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin. Later, the house was moved from the old palace to there.
21 NovemberMalaysian football team wins gold medal after beating Indonesia 4-3 in the penalty shootout after tied 1-1 at the 2011 SEA Games football men's final in Indonesia.
13 DecemberSultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah of Kedah is elected as the country's 14th Yang di-Pertuan Agong for the second time and Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan is elected as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
20129 JanuaryAnwar Ibrahim was acquitted from sodomy charges by the Kuala Lumpur High Court. During that time, 3 explosives blown up in middle of Anwar's supporters.
28 AprilBersih 3.0 rally was held.
9 MaySecurity Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012, which known as SOSMA, a controversial law was passed by Parliament, replaced and repealed ISA 1960. This Act would be effective later in 31 July.
6 July Lenggong became a cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site.
201311 February 2013 Lahad Datu standoff: Sulu Militants has arrived on the beach quietly in Lahad Datu, Sabah. Due to that, negotiations started between Malaysian government and Sulu militants to resolve this intrusion.
1 March 2013 Lahad Datu standoff: First shootout between the sultanate's forces and the police at the Tanduo village, leaving two police officers and 12 sultanate's men killed.
3 March 2013 Lahad Datu standoff: Ambushed at the Semporna, killing six police officers and six terrorists also killed.
5 March 2013 Lahad Datu standoff: Military and police begun mopping-up operations codenamed "Ops Daulat".
5 MayElection was held. The results showed that BN has won but Opposition has popular votes for the first time. Despite that, BN has taken Kedah from Opposition.
201427 January Kajang Move: The attempted replacement of Khalid Ibrahim as Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Selangor with Anwar Ibrahim starts a political crisis.
8 March Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 which carried 227 passengers and 12 crew members, was disappeared near Vietnamese sea border after took off from KLIA. The search and rescue was activated to find the missing plane.
24 MarchPrime Minister, Najib Razak, announced that Flight MH370 was ended in southern Indian Ocean.
17 July Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shot down by missile in Donetsk, Ukraine near Russian border after took off from Amsterdam, Netherlands, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew members aboard.
22 AugustBodies of 20 Malaysians of 43 which were killed in the MH17 incident last 17 July, has arrived in KLIA, Sepang, Selangor with a sombre ceremony at broadcast live on radio and television in National Mourning Day.
23 September Kajang Move: The crisis concludes with the appointment of Parti KeADILan Rakyat Deputy President, Azmin Ali, as Menteri Besar.
15 December - 3 January 20152014–2015 Malaysia floods affected Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor and Terengganu, thus caused more than 500,000 people were affected and 21 were killed. This is worst floods disaster in decades.
201510 FebruaryAnwar Ibrahim was sentenced 5 years of prison by the Federal Court for charged with his sodomy against his aide, Saiful Bukhari Azlan in 2008.
1 AprilGoods and Services Tax or known as GST, Malaysia's government value-added tax was implemented with existing standard rate of 6%.
5 June Sabah earthquake has struck Ranau, Sabah and surrounding areas, caused 137 climbers were stranded on the Mount Kinabalu but were subsequently rescued later. As a result, 18 people dead including 10 Singaporeans, 2 both from China and Japan on the same mountain.
16 JunePakatan Rakyat was declared to be dissolved after PAS left the coalition party citing the unavoidable differences between PAS and DAP.
2 JulyThe Wall Street Journal (WSJ) released a report alleging US$700 million (RM 2.6 billion) of deposits suspected to have originated with 1MDB have flowed into Najib Razak's personal bank accounts. [7]
29 JulyAhmad Zahid Hamidi was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister, replaced Muhyiddin Yassin for criticizing Najib Tun Razak due to 1MDB scandal.
29 - 30 AugustBersih 4.0 rally was held with surprisingly Tun Dr Mahathir and his wife who attended the rally in urging Najib Tun Razak to resign as Prime Minister.
22 SeptemberPakatan Harapan, new Opposition coalition party was formed, replaced previously Pakatan Rakyat.
20163 FebruaryMukhriz Mahathir, the son of Tun Dr Mahathir, resigned as Kedah Menteri Besar after he was lost the majority of support among the assemblymen due to his criticism towards Najib Tun Razak over 1MDB scandal.
29 FebruaryTun Dr Mahathir Mohamad left UMNO again for the second time in demand Najib Tun Razak to resign as Prime Minister
4 MarchTun Dr Mahathir Mohamad was launched Malaysian Citizens' Declaration with cooperation from opposition parties to demand Najib Tun Razak's resignation as Prime Minister.
24 JuneUMNO Deputy President, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin and UMNO Kedah leader, Mukhriz Mahathir were sacked from the party due to their cooperation with other opposition parties to demand Najib Tun Razak to resign. Meanwhile, UMNO Vice President, Shafie Apdal was suspended due to his criticism to Najib Tun Razak leadership but he left UMNO several days later.
21 JulyThe United States Department of Justice files a civil suit to seize assets it alleges were bought with funds stolen from 1MDB. The suit says $681m found its way into the personal account of ‘Malaysian Official 1’, who later identified as Najib by both the US and a Malaysian minister
10 AugustTun Dr Mahathir was founded his new party, Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia or known as BERSATU with former UMNO leaders, Muhyiddin Yassin and Mukhriz Mahathir in opposition to then primiership of Najib Tun Razak.
17 OctoberFormer UMNO Vice President, Shafie Apdal was formed new Sabah party, Parti Warisan Sabah or known as WARISAN.
19 NovemberBersih 5.0 rally was held.
201713 February Kim Jong-nam, eldest son of North Korean leader Kim Jong II was murdered after he was grabbed and his face smeared with some dangerous nerve agent VX poison at Kuala Lumpur International Airport after . [8]
15 FebruaryA Vietnamese, Doan Thi Huong was detained at the KLIA terminal where Kim was killed. An Indonesian, Siti Aisyah was also detained the next day. Both of them later claimed that they were framed when they were hired to trick him in so-called funny television show at the terminal.
16 FebruaryPolice arrested North Korean Ri Jong-chol, 47, who is believed to be a chemical expert over the Kim Jong Nam death but he was later released due to lack of evidence and deported from the country.
17 FebruaryPolice announced they were looking for seven North Korean suspects in connection with the Kim Jong Nam murder. Police later said four of them were believed to have left the country and later sought Interpol’s help to detain them.
4 MarchNorth Korean Ambassador Kang Chol has been expelled by Malaysia government for he was denounced Malaysia’s investigations into Kim Jong Nam’s murder and accused Kuala Lumpur of colluding with outside forces to defame Pyongyang. He was also given 48 hours to clear the ambassador and leave the country.
7 MarchIn response to expel, North Korea government banned Malaysian citizens from leaving the country as tension escalated over Kim’s killing. Malaysia responded with a similar ban soon after.
19 - 30 August2017 SEA Games was held in National Stadium Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, resulted Malaysia at the top 1 ranking with 145 gold medals, followed by 90 silver and 86 bronze medals.
14 September23 people, most of them students, were killed in a fire that broke out at Darul Quran Ittifaqiyah, a tahfiz (religious) school in Datuk Keramat, Kuala Lumpur. This tragedy was caused by arson which conducted by outsiders drug addicts, resulted 7 suspects were arrested.
20189 May Pakatan Harapan who led by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad has won the 14th General Election (GE14), defeated Barisan Nasional who led by Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak after 61 years of BN ruling, marked the first change of government coalition since Independence.
10 MayTun Dr Mahathir Mohamad was sworn in as seventh Prime Minister for the second time. He was the world's oldest leader to become Prime Minister at the age of 93.
Sabah party, UPKO was left BN coalition party.
11 May2 Sabah parties, PBRS and LDP also was left BN coalition party.
12 MayFormer Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak and his wife Rosmah Mansor are barred from leaving Malaysia.
Former Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak step down as UMNO President and BN chairman due to BN loss in GE14.
Sabah party, United Sabah Party was left BN coalition government.
16 MayAnwar Ibrahim was free from prison after given royal pardon by then Agong, Sultan Muhammad V.
21 MayAnwar's wife, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister. She became the first woman to be Deputy Prime Minister in history.
1 JuneGST rate reduced from 6% to 0% as promised by Pakatan Harapan government.
11 June4 Sarawak main party, PBB, PRS, PDP and SUPP were left BN coalition party, gave formation of Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS)
23 JuneGERAKAN left BN coalition party.
3 JulyNajib Tun Razak was arrested by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC). He is charged with four counts of CBT and abuse of power over RM 42 million transferred into his private account from SRC International the following day
1 SeptemberSales and Service Tax (SST) was introduced, replaced GST.
8 DecemberThe anti-ICERD rally was organised by opposition right-wing political parties PAS and UMNO, with the support of various non-governmental organisations in response to the PH government plan to ratify the United Nations convention known as ICERD. [9]
20196 January Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan has stepped down as Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, marking that he was the first King of Malaysia to resign in history.
24 January Sultan Abdullah of Pahang has been declared as the next Yang-Di Pertuan Agong after the decision was made in the Rulers Conference at Istana Negara.
14 SeptemberNew Malaysian coalition party, Muafakat Nasional was formed due to cooperation between UMNO and PAS against Pakatan Harapan.
202025 JanuaryThe first cases of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) were detected in Malaysia among travellers from China in Johor. [10] [11]
4 FebruaryFirst Malaysian tested positive for COVID-19. [12]
23 FebruarySeveral political leaders went to Istana Negara to grant an audience with Agong, Sultan Abdullah to purposely seek a change of government.
Several Members of Parliament including government and opposition attended the dinner at the Sheraton Hotel, marked the beginning of political events which known as "Sheraton Move".
24 February Mahathir Mohamad resigned as the seventh Prime Minister of Malaysia due to the country's political crisis. [13]
BERSATU left Pakatan Harapan coalition.
PKR Deputy President, Azmin Ali and Vice President, Zuraida Kamaruddin were sacked due to their betrayal of Pakatan Harapan. Eight other Members of Parliament who aligned to Azmin's camp, left PKR.
Pakatan Harapan government automatically fell after 22 months of ruling since GE14 in 2018.
Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Sultan Abdullah appointed Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad as interim Prime Minister for a while until a new Prime Minister candidate will be chosen.
25 FebruaryIstana Negara announced that the Agong interview session was held to collect statements from every Members of Parliament on choosing who will be the Prime Minister.
26 FebruarySultan Johor ordered all 56 members of the State Assembly to meet at Johor palace due to believed hung state assembly which occurred after BERSATU left Pakatan Harapan coalition.
Hung Melaka State Assembly was occurred after BERSATU left PH, caused Melaka Chief Minister, Adly Zahari brief Melaka Yang-Di Pertuan Negeri about the political situation in the state.
27 FebruaryJohor Palace announced that a new coalition party will lead the Johor government with BN, BERSATU and PAS, thus ending PH leadership for the Johor government.
Hung Perak State Assembly occurred after BERSATU left PH, causing BN Perak to inform Perak Sultan about the political situation in the state.
Kedah Menteri Besar, Mukhriz Mahathir stated that PH Kedah government still stayed on despite ongoing political crisis at the federal level.
28 FebruaryBERSATU announced that his party will chose Muhyiddin Yassin as Prime Minister candidate, supported by BN and PAS.
Hasni Mohammad from UMNO, was sworn in as new Johor Menteri Besar in front of the Sultan at Istana Bukit Serene, Johor Bahru.
29 FebruaryPakatan Harapan announced that Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad has been chosen as the Prime Minister candidate after finding out that Muhyiddin Yassin is Prime Minister candidate with support from BN, BERSATU and PAS.
BERSATU president, Muhyiddin with the support of BN and PAS was granted an audience with Agong to form a new government with a new coalition party, Perikatan Nasional.
Rulers Conference decided that Muhyiddin was having enough support of the majority to be the new Prime Minister.
1 MarchTan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed as eighth Prime Minister.
2 MarchBN Melaka declared that the PH Melaka government collapsed due to BERSATU and some PH State Assembly members' defection to BN, thus automatically sacked Adly Zahari as Melaka Chief Minister after he lost enough majority.
4 March14 new cases were reported in this day, marked the new spike of COVID-19 virus in the country.
6 MarchCOVID-19 cases rose very fast with a new spike of 28 COVID-19 new cases, thus recording 83 new cases since the beginning of the pandemic.
9 MarchSulaiman Md Ali from UMNO was sworn in as new Melaka Chief Minister.
Perak Menteri Besar, Ahmad Faizal Azumu announced that a new coalition party would lead the Perak government, ending PH leadership for the Perak government. Faizal has resigned as Perak Menteri Besar the next day.
13 MarchHighest daily COVID-19 new cases were recorded with 42 COVID-19 new cases, caused 200 new cases were reported.
Ahmad Faizal Azumu from BERSATU was reappointed as Perak Menteri Besar.
15 March186 COVID-19 new cases were reported, marking the highest daily of COVID-19 new cases in the daily, causing 428 new cases in total.
16 MarchDue to health concerns over the spike of new COVID-19 cases in recent days, Prime Minister, Muhyiddin Yassin announced nationwide lockdown which known as nationwide lockdown known as the Movement Control Order (MCO) with blocked several major roads, closure of nation's border and crowded places such as offices, shops, schools, mosque etc.
17 MarchThe first 2 Malaysians death from the COVID-19 pandemic were reported.
18 March Movement Control Order (MCO) lockdown was imposed in response to the emerging COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. [14]
COVID-19 rules were implemented including wearing a face mask, use of hand sanitiser and get health checks.
General mass movements and gatherings across the country including religious, sports, social and cultural activities were prohibited.
Government and private offices, business premises, schools and high education institutions were closed.
Malaysia border was blocked with the closure of several major airports and the Johor-Singapore causeway.
Police conducted nationwide roadblocks to monitor travellers on several major roads and highways and warn them to stay home and abide by the order.
Penalties were given to those travellers if they violated the MCO rules.
20 MarchMore than 1,000 COVID-19 cases were reported in total since the beginning of the virus pandemic last January.
23 MarchHighest daily COVID-19 new cases were recorded with 212 cases reported.
25 MarchMCO lockdown was extended from 1 April to 14 April due to a continuous spike of COVID-19 new cases.
26 MarchMore than 2,000 COVID-19 cases were reported.
2 AprilMore than 3,000 COVID-19 cases were reported.
8 AprilMore than 4,000 COVID-19 cases were reported.
10 AprilMCO lockdown was extended again from 14 April until 28 April.
15 AprilMore than 5,000 COVID-19 cases were reported.
30 AprilMore than 6,000 COVID-19 cases were reported.
12 MayKedah Opposition party announced that the Pakatan Harapan government collapsed due to PKR defection to Perikatan Nasional but Mukhriz Mahathir vowed to stay on despite the announcement.
17 MayMukhriz Mahathir resigned as Kedah Menteri Besar after he loss confidence of the Kedah State Assembly. That same day, Sanusi Md Nor was sworn in as new Kedah Menteri Besar.
18 MayIn a royal address during a Parliament sitting, then Agong called on all politicians not to drag the country into any further political crisis when there was already a COVID-19 pandemic crisis in Malaysia.
28 MayBERSATU chairman, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad along with Mukhriz Mahathir, Syed Saddiq Abdul Rahman, Maszlee Malik and Amiruddin Hamzah were expelled from the party.
1 July1 new cases were reported, marked the lowest COVID-19 new cases in daily.
28 JulyThe High Court convicted former prime minister Najib Razak on all seven counts of abuse of power, money laundering and criminal breach of trust, becoming the first Prime Minister of Malaysia to be convicted of corruption, [15] [16] and was sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment and fined RM210 million. [17] [18]
29 JulyFormer Sabah Chief Minister, Musa Aman announced that WARISAN government collapsed and has able to form Perikatan Nasional government in the state
30 JulyIn response to yesterday's announcement, Sabah Chief Minister, Shafie Apdal announced the dissolution of Sabah State Assembly, thus caused state snap election to took place.
8 SeptemberCOVID-19 spike again with 100 new cases in daily.
23 SeptemberAnwar Ibrahim was announced that PH claimed enough majority support to become Malaysian government. That same day, Prime Minister, Muhyiddin Yassin dismissed Anwar's claim and stated that Perikatan Nasional government still stayed on.
26 September2020 Sabah state election was held, resulted new Sabah's coalition party, Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (GRS) has won thin majority with 38 seats, followed by rival coalition party, WARISAN with 32 seats.
1 OctoberCOVID-19 new cases reached 260 in the daily.
3 OctoberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 317 cases were reported.
5 OctoberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 432 cases were reported.
6 OctoberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 691 cases were reported.
17 OctoberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 869 cases were reported.
23 OctoberPrime Minister, Muhyiddin Yassin has granted audience with Agong to declare Emergency in proposedly ease political situation during COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia.
24 OctoberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 1,228 cases were reported.
25 OctoberIstana Negara decided that Emergency will not be declared at this time.
6 NovemberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 1,755 cases were reported.
24 NovemberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 2,188 cases were reported
31 DecemberHighest daily COVID-19 new cases was broke with 2,525 cases were reported
20217 JanuaryHighest 3,027 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
12 January The 2021 Malaysian state of emergency was declared with the approval of the government's request by Agong under Article 150 of the Malaysian Constitution to ease tense politics in containing the COVID-19 pandemic effectively from 12 January 2021 to 1 August 2021.
16 JanuaryHighest 4,029 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
29 JanuaryHighest 5,725 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
18 FebruaryHigh Court orders Rosmah Mansor, the wife of former Prime Minister Najib Razak to enter defence on all three graft charges. [19]
21 FebruaryThe first shipment of Pfizer-BioNTech’s Covid-19 vaccine has officially arrived at KLIA Cargo after months of anticipation, with the implementation of the National Covid-19 Immunisation Programme which was set to begin in phases from February 26 onward.
24 FebruaryPrime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin became the first person in Malaysia to receive a Covid-19 vaccine shot as the country rolled out its nationwide vaccination campaign two days earlier than scheduled.
19 MayHighest 6,075 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
25 MayHighest 7,289 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
28 MayThe 2 LRT trains collision occurred on the Kelana Jaya line between Kampung Baru and KLCC stations in Kuala Lumpur, causing 213 people to be injured.
Highest 8,290 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
29 MayHighest 9,020 COVID-19 new cases and 98 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
2 JuneHighest 126 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
15 JuneNational Recovery Plan (NRP), an implementation plan consisting the 4 phases to revive the Malaysian economy, which has been adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, was introduced.
16 JuneThe King of Sultan Abdullah announced that Parliament would be convened as soon as possible to address several issues related to COVID-19 issue in Malaysia.
5 JulyThe King of Sultan Abdullah under the agreement of the Malaysian's government allowed Parliament to be held on 26 July before the Emergency which ends in August.
7 JulyIsmail Sabri Yaakob was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister.
8 JulyUMNO President, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi announced that UMNO has withdrawn support for Muhyiddin and Perikatan Nasional government immediately because some UMNO conditions to Perikatan Nasional government were not fulfilled.
Highest 126 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
13 JulyHighest 11,079 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
15 JulyHighest 13,215 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
18 JulyHighest 153 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
21 JulyHighest 199 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
23 JulyHighest 15,573 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
25 JulyHighest 17,045 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
26 JulyParliament meeting was opened in the middle of the COVID-19 crisis in Malaysia.
Highest 207 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
29 JulyKing of Sultan Abdullah was very disappointed that the cancellation of the Emergency Ordinance has not been approved yet during Parliament sittings last 26 July.
2 AugustHighest 219 COVID-19 deaths in daily.
3 AugustUMNO President, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi announced that UMNO withdrew its support for Muhyiddin Yassin as Prime Minister along with 10 other UMNO Members of Parliament for his government's failure to the King of Malaysia and tackle COVID-19 crisis in Malaysia.
4 AugustPrime Minister, Muhyiddin Yassin announced that he remained as Prime Minister with the support of Perikatan Nasional, UMNO, GPS, GRS and others, thus he would be having a confidence vote to be held this September.
Highest 19,819 COVID-19 new cases and 257 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
5 AugustHighest 20,596 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
6 AugustDeputy Prime Minister, Ismail Sabri Yaakob announced that 31 Barisan Nasional Members of Parliament would supported Muhyiddin Yassin as Prime Minister and Perikatan Nasional government.
8 AugustHighest 360 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
12 AugustHighest 21,668 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
16 AugustMuhyiddin Yassin has announced his resignation as Prime Minister, thus his cabinet automatically resigned as well. He remained as caretaker prime minister for awhile before a new PM is appointed. [20] [21]
18 AugustHighest 22,242 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
20 AugustHighest 23,564 COVID-19 new cases reported in daily.
21 August Ismail Sabri Yaakob was sworn in as the ninth Prime Minister. [22]
26 AugustHighest 24,599 COVID-19 new cases and 393 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
11 SeptemberHighest 592 COVID-19 deaths reported in daily.
20 NovemberThe snap election was held in Melaka and resulted in the Barisan Nasional (BN) winning most of the seats to form the Melaka government.
8 DecemberThe Court of Appeal upholds the conviction and sentence of former prime minister Najib Razak. [23]
18 December Sarawak state election was held, resulting in Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS) has won most of the seats to form the Sarawak government.
202212 MarchThe snap election was held in Johor, resulted in Barisan Nasional (BN) has won most of the seats to form the Johor government.
23 AugustThe Federal Court of Malaysia upholds the conviction of Najib Razak. He begins his 12-year sentence in Kajang Prison the very same day. He however continues to attend trials for other corruption cases.
19 NovemberThe 15th Malaysian general election (GE15) was held, and the result showed Pakatan Harapan has won 82 seats followed by 74 seats from Perikatan Nasional and 30 seats from Barisan Nasional, producing a hung parliament where none of the party coalition will reach 112 majority seats to become the government.
24 November Anwar Ibrahim was appointed as the tenth Prime Minister after decided by Rulers Conference in Istana Negara. He would lead the country with a unity government which consists of PH, BN, GPS, WARISAN and other Independent. This event marked the end of 24 years of Prime Minister waiting since Reformasi in 1998.
3 DecemberAhmad Zahid Hamidi was sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister for the second time and Fadillah Yusof also as Deputy Prime Minister II, the first 2 Deputy Prime Minister in history.
16 December The landslide struck 3 sections including some tents from Father's Organic Farm in Batang Kali, Selangor, killing 31 people and 61 people survived the disaster.
202327 JanuaryUMNO sacked Khairy Jamaluddin and Noh Omar from the party and also suspended Hishamuddin Tun Hussein and 3 other UMNO leaders for violating the party's Constitution by helping a rival coalition party to win in the last GE15.
12 MarchFamous Malaysian actress, Michelle Yeoh from the 2022 American film, Everything Everywhere All at Once won Best Actress during the 95th Academy Awards, marking the first Malaysian to achieve the world's most prestigious and significant awards.

See also

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The United Malays National Organisation ; abbreviated UMNO or less commonly PEKEMBAR, is a nationalist right-wing political party in Malaysia. As the oldest continuous national political party within Malaysia, UMNO has been known as Malaysia's "Grand Old Party".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Najib Razak</span> Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 to 2018

Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is a Malaysian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia from April 2009 to May 2018. In 2020, he was convicted of corruption in the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal, one of the largest money-laundering and embezzlement scandals in history. He is the son of former prime minister Abdul Razak Hussein. Najib Razak was the chairman of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition from April 2009 to May 2018 and the president of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) from November 2008 to May 2018, which had maintained control of Malaysia's government with a parliamentary majority for more than sixty years until the coalition's defeat in the 2018 general election.

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Rosmah binti Mansor is the second wife of former Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak. Like her husband, she was implicated in the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal (1MDB). On 1 September 2022, she was found guilty of corruption in relation to a school electricity project, fined $303m and sentenced to ten years imprisonment.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal</span>

The 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal is an ongoing political scandal in Malaysia, in which then-Prime Minister Najib Razak was accused of channeling over RM 2.67 billion into his personal bank accounts from 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), a government-run strategic development company. Following repeated calls for resignation by the public, Najib lost power in the 2018 Malaysian general election, and is currently on trial along with several key figures involved.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Najib Razak controversies</span>

Najib Razak is the 6th prime minister of Malaysia, the son of former prime minister Abdul Razak Hussein. One of the most controversial leaders of the 21st century, his period of rule was marked by corruption, an extravagant lifestyle, and crackdown on free speech.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Second premiership of Mahathir Mohamad</span>

Mahathir Mohamad's second term as the Prime Minister of Malaysia, which lasted from 2018 to 2020, was marked by several significant developments and events. Having previously led the country from 1981 to 2003, Mahathir came out of retirement in response to the 1MDB scandal. He led the opposition Pakatan Harapan coalition to victory in the 2018 general election, defeating Barisan Nasional and prime minister Najib Razak.


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