Timeline of transport in Oslo

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Timeline of transport in Oslo covers key incidents within transport in Oslo, the capital of Norway.


The first railway opened in 1854, in 1875 the first horsecar tramway and in 1966 the rapid transit.

1854September 1 Hoved Line, Norway's first railway from Oslo Ø to Eidsvoll opened. [1]
1872October 7The Drammen Line and Oslo Vestbanestasjon opened. [1]
1874August 26 Kristiania Sporveisselskap established. [2]
1875October 10The first horsecar line opened, from Homansbyen and Vestbanen via Stortovet to Oslo and Grünerløkka. [2]
1878December 2The tram line to Oslo extended to St. Hallvards plass. [2]
1879January 2The Østfold Line opened to Halden. [1]
1879April 12The Grünerløkka Line extended to Bayerbrua. [2]
1879May 5The tram line to Vestbanen extended to Munkedamsveien. [2]
1894March 3 Kristiania Elektriske Sporvei started operations with an electric tram line from Østbanen via Briskeby to Majorstuen, as well as a branch line from Parkveien to Skillebekk. [3]
1894December 31The Skillebekk Line (today the Skøyen Line) extended to Nobels gate. [3]
1898May 31The Holmenkoll Line opened from Besserud to Majorstuen. [4]
1899November 24 Kristiania Kommunale Sporveie opened their first tram line, to Sagene. [5]
1900January 15Electrification of the tram lines concluded. [6]
1900March 27The tram line to Rodeløkka opened. [5]
1900August 28The tram line from Tollbugata to Festningsbryggen opened. [5]
1900December 12The North Line, later renamed Gjøvik Line, opened from Grefsen to Jaren. [1]
1901January 20The Alnabru–Grefsen Line opened. [1]
1901The Skillebekk Line extended to Thune. [3]
1902November 28The North Line extended from Grefsen to Oslo Ø. [1]
1902November 28The Grünerløkka Line extended to Grefsen. [6]
1902The Frogner Line opened from Østbanen to Frogner Plass. [3]
1903June 21The Skøyen Line extended to Skøyen. [3]
1903October 1 LillestrømBryn on the Hoved Line rebuilt to double track. [7]
1904September 1Bryn – Oslo Ø rebuilt to double track. [7]
1905Kristiania Kommunale Sporveie taken over by Kristania Sporveisselskab. [5]
1907May 1 Loenga–Alnabru Line opened. [1]
1907November 13 Oslo Port Line opened, connecting Oslo Ø with Oslo V. [1]
1909Tram lines start being numbered. [3]
1912November 7The Smestad Line opened to Smestad. [8]
1914May 15The Frogner Line extended to Majorstuen. [3]
1916May 16The Holmenkoll Line extended to Tryvann. [9]
1917June 11The Ekeberg Line opened to Sæter. [10]
1917The municipal owned AS Akersbanrene established. [11]
1919May 9The suburban Lilleaker Line opened from Skøyen to Lilleaker. [3]
1922November 26Oslo V – Sandvika on the Drammen Line rebuilt to double track and electrified. [7] [12]
1923December 18The Østensjø Line opened from Vålerenga to Bryn. [11]
1924January 1The Municipality of Oslo takes over the running of the two streetcar companies, creating Kristiania Sporveier. [13]
1924June 1 BekkelagetLjan rebuilt to double track. [7]
1924July 1The Lilleaker Line extended to Bekkestua. [3]
1924November 2The Lilleaker Line extended to Haslum. [3]
1924AS Ekebergbanen starts operating the first bus lines. [10]
1925January 1Kristiania changed its name to Oslo, and Kristiania Sporveier its name to Oslo Sporveier. [14]
1926January 10The Østensjø Line extended to Oppsal. [11]
1927September 1The Hoved Line electrified. [12]
1927Oslo Sporveier starts bus operations. [13]
1928June 27The Holmenkoll Line is extended to the underground Nationaltheatret as the first Nordic underground railway. [15]
1928October 15Loenga–Alnabru electrified. [12]
1929May 15Oslø Ø – Bekkelaget rebuilt to double track. [7]
1930January 1The Lilleaker Line extended to Kolsås. [3]
1931September 30The Simensbråten Line opened, branching off from the Ekeberg Line at Jomfrubråten to Simensbråten. [10]
1934October 10The Sognsvann Line opened. [11]
1935January 24The Smestad Line extended to Røa, and changes name to the Røa Line. [11]
1936December 9Oslo Ø – Ljan electrified. [12]
1936December 15Ljan–Kolbotn rebuilt to double track. [7]
1937January 4The Østensjø Line taken over by AS Bærumsbanen. [16]
1937January 18Ljan–Kolbotn electrified. [12]
1940December 17The first line of the Oslo trolleybus opened. [17]
1941September 17The Ekeberg Line extended to Ljabru. [10]
1942June 15The Kolsås Line trams reroute via Majorstuen to Nationaltheatret, with the opening of the Kolsås Line from Jar to Smestad. [16]
1948The municipalities of Oslo and Aker merge. [11]
1948December 22The Røa Line extended to Grini. [11]
1949January 17The Kongsvoll Line closed. [18]
1949February 6The Rodeløkka Line closed. [19]
1951December 3The Røa Line extended to Lijordet. [11]
1954The city council decides to build the Oslo T-bane rapid transit. [19]
1955January 2A new line to Rodeløkka opened. [19]
1957April 28The Lambertseter Line opened. [19]
1957November 3A tram line connection between Grefsen and Sinsen opened. [19]
1958July 20The Østensjø Line extended to Bøler. [19]
1958July 20The tram network was at its greatest extent. [19]
1960October 30The Ekeberg Line moved from Grønland to Schewigaards gate. [10]
1960The city council decides to terminate the trolleybus and tram services, and replace them with rapid transit and diesel buses. [20]
1961February 1Oslo Ø – Tøyen rebuilt to double track. [7]
1961February 1Oslo Ø – Jaren electrified. [12]
1961April 23The Rodeløkka Line closed. [21]
1961November 12The first trolleybus line closes. [22]
1962May 27Tøyen–Grefsen rebuilt to double track. [7]
1966May 22The Oslo Metro opened with the Lambertseter Line converted to rapid transit. [23]
1966October 16The Grorud Line to Grorud opened as part of the metro. [23]
1967October 29The Østensjø Line became part of the metro. [23]
1967October 29The Simensbråten Line closed. [10]
1967November 26The Østensjø Line extended to Skullerud. [23]
1968June 24The official closing of the trolleybus service. [24]
1970November 18The Furuset Line opened as part of the metro to Haugerud. [23]
1972November 16The Røa Line extended to Østerås. [11]
1974March 3The Grorud Line extended to Rommen. [25]
1974June 26 Stor-Oslo Lokaltrafikk established to manage bus routes in Akershus, and from Akershus to Oslo. [26]
1974August 18The Grorud Line extended to Stovner. [25]
1974December 15The Furuset Line extended to Trosterud. [25]
1974The last conductor on trams taken out of service. [27]
1975December 21The Grorud Line extended to Vestli. [25]
1977January 9The metro extended from Jernbanetorget to Sentrum. [25]
1977The city council canceled the decision to close the tram lines. [28]
1978February 19The Furuset Line extended to Furuset. [25]
1980June 1The Oslo Tunnel opened. [7]
1981November 8The Furuset Line extended to Ellingsrudåsen. [25]
1981First articulated buses into service. [29]
1982The SL79 articulated trams put into service. [27]
1983March 20The metro line from Jernbanetorget to Sentrum closes due to leaks. [25]
1983The Port Line closed. [30]
1986 Night buses entered service. [29]
1987March 7The Common Tunnel opens form Jernbanetorget to Nationaltheatret. [25]
1989May 28 Oslo Vestbanestasjon closed. [30]
1989 Ticket machines enter service, with nine T-bane stations unmanned. [29]
1991First bus lines subject to public service obligation. [29]
1993The first through T-bane route, connecting the Sognsvann Line with the Lambertseter Line. [25]
1995The Røa Line becomes a through service with the eastern T-bane lines. [25]
1995The Vika Line tram opened. [29]
1995 T2000 multiple units into service on the T-bane. [29]
1997November 24The Østensjø Line extended to Mortensrud. [31]
1998January 5The Oslo Bus Terminal opened. [29]
1998October 8The Gardermo Line opened. [7]
1999June 1The Ullevål Hageby Line extended to Rikshospitalet. [29]
1999August 22 Romerike Tunnel opened. [7]
1999December 16 Nationaltheatret Station rebuilt to four platforms. [7]
2000 SL95 trams into service. [29]
2002Student discount introduced on public transport. [29]
2003July 1 Oslo Sporvognsdrift and Oslo T-banedrift took over operation of the trams and T-bane. [29]
2003August 20The Ring Line opened to Storo. [29]
2006January 25 MX3000 multiple units into service on the T-bane. [32]
2006July 1Oslo Sporveier split into Oslo Public Transport Administration and Kollektivtransportproduksjon. [29]
2006August 20The Circle Line opened from Storo via Sinsen til Carl Berners Plass. [29]
2008January 1 Ruter took over as public transport administrator in Oslo and Akershus. [29]
2010December 6 Holmenkollen line partially converted to metro standard, Holmenkollen station rebuilt to accommodate 6-car trains. [29]
2011August 17 Kolsås Line Bekkestua station opened as a part of the renovation of the Kolsås Line. [29]
2012October 8 Kolsås Line Gjønnes station re-opened after renovation. [29]
2013December 15 Kolsås Line Haslum and Avløs stations re-opened, making Avløs the terminus of the Kolsås Line. The line is extended by bus to Kolsås. Bus 142 from Bekkestua now starts and terminates each travel on Kolsås, looping at Avløs. [29]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 44
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Aspenberg, 1994: 6
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Aspenberg, 1994: 7
  4. Aspenberg, 1994: 8
  5. 1 2 3 4 Aspenberg, 1994: 9
  6. 1 2 Aspenberg, 1994: 10
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 45
  8. Aspenberg, 1994: 13
  9. Aspenberg, 1994: 14
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Aspenberg, 1994: 15
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Aspenberg, 1994: 16
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 34
  13. 1 2 Aspenberg, 1994: 19
  14. Bjerke and Holom, 2004: 349
  15. Aspenberg, 1994: 17
  16. 1 2 Aspenberg, 1994: 18
  17. Aspenberg, 1996: 67
  18. Aspenberg, 1994: 23
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Aspenberg, 1994: 24
  20. Aspenberg, 1994: 25
  21. Aspenberg, 1994: 26
  22. Aspenberg, 1996: 78
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 Aspenberg, 1994: 29
  24. Aspenberg, 1996: 79
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Aspenberg, 1994: 30
  26. Ruter. "Historie Stor-Oslo Lokaltrafikk" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2008-08-03.
  27. 1 2 Aspenberg, 1994: 34
  28. Aspenberg, 1994: 31
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Ruter. "Tidslinje" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  30. 1 2 Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 46
  31. Bjerke and Holom, 2004: 348
  32. Aftenposten (2006-01-24). "Onsdag kan du stige på" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2009-01-03.

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