Tivat Airport

Last updated
Tivat Airport

Aerodrom Tivat

Аеродром Тиват
Passanger terminal at the Tivat Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Operator Airports of Montenegro
Serves Tivat
Location Mrčevac, Montenegro
Elevation  AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 42°24′17″N18°43′24″E / 42.40472°N 18.72333°E / 42.40472; 18.72333
Website montenegroairports.com
Map
Montenegro adm location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
TIV
Location of airport in Montenegro
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
ftm
14/328,2022,500 Asphalt
Statistics (2022)
Number of passengers652,652 Decrease2.svg 2.78%

Tivat Airport (Montenegrin : Аеродром Тиват, romanized: Aerodrom Tivat) ( IATA : TIV, ICAO : LYTV) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin coastal town of Tivat and the surrounding region.

Contents

The airport is situated 3 km (1.9 mi) south of the centre of Tivat, with the runway aligned with the Tivat Field (Montenegrin : Тиватско поље, romanized: Tivatsko polje).

It is the busier of two international airports in Montenegro[ citation needed ], the other being Podgorica Airport. Traffic at the airport follows the highly seasonal nature of the tourism industry in coastal Montenegro, with 80% of the total volume of passengers being handled during the peak season (May–September).

Overview

Tivat airport is located right next to the city of Tivat, 8 km (5 mi) from the center of Kotor, and 20 km (12 mi) north-west of Budva, one of the most popular tourist destinations on the eastern Adriatic coast. The sole runway of the airport ends just 88 m (289 ft) from the coastline of the Bay of Kotor.

Tivat Airport is assigned 4D classification by ICAO, [1] airspace class D, and is noted for its challenging approach and landing procedures. Landing at Tivat is considered demanding due to the hilly terrain surrounding the valley in which the airport is situated, and strong prevailing crosswinds. Runway 32 approach requires a descent into the valley of Tivatsko polje, and a 20° turn for runway alignment just before landing. Runway 14 approach is even more challenging, because of the circle-to-land maneuver executed in the dramatic scenery surrounding the Bay of Kotor. It is known among pilots as the European Kai Tak because of its tricky approach and landing procedures, and also can be compared to Madeira Airport.[ citation needed ] Passengers landing at Tivat have views of the bay, the surrounding mountains and a low flyby over Porto Montenegro luxury yacht marina.[ citation needed ] The airport is commonly visited by plane spotters, as the end of the runway is easily accessible and offers unobstructed views of takeoffs and landings, with a mountain backdrop.

Year-round services from the airport include Belgrade and Moscow; however, more than 80% of the traffic is concentrated in the summer period,[ citation needed ] with the introduction of seasonal and charter flights. With the opening of Porto Montenegro and the introduction of other high-end tourist services, the airport increasingly caters to business jets.

Tivat Airport terminal - check-in area TIV - Tivat - Montenegro - 2014 (2).jpg
Tivat Airport terminal - check-in area

Adriatic Highway (E65/E80) passes right by the passenger terminal, making the airport easily accessible from the entire northern part of the Montenegrin coast.

History

The airport in Tivat was opened on 30 May 1957, as a small airport with a single grass runway (1200 m × 80 m) a small apron (30 m × 30 m) and a terminal building complete with control tower. From 1957 to 1968, activity at the airport consisted mostly of domestic passenger traffic to Belgrade, Zagreb and Skopje, with JAT Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft. [2]

From 1968 to 1971, the airport underwent expansion and modernization. It was reopened on 25 September 1971 with an asphalt runway (2500 m × 45 m), larger apron (450 m × 70 m), extended taxiways, and a completely new passenger terminal and control tower. After the 1979 earthquake, the airport was once again refurbished. Notably, the apron was expanded (460 m × 91.5 m) and taxiways widened, so the airport could handle wide-body aircraft. [3]

On 23 April 2003, the ownership of the airport was transferred from Jat Airways to "Airports of Montenegro" public company, owned by the government of Montenegro. Since then, the airport was once again modernized and refurbished, with a reconstructed passenger terminal opening on 3 June 2006. In October 2007, South Korea made a government donation valued at $1 million for a new airport equipment ranging from cargo loaders to a flight information display system. [4] [5] Further reforms came in 2008 when several old types of passenger aircraft such as the Ilyushin Il-86 were permanently banned from flying to Tivat and subsequently redirected to Podgorica Airport due to noise abatement. [6]

However, as passenger traffic in the mid-2010s approached the one-million mark, and strong growth continues, the passenger terminal was a bottleneck in peak summer months. Thus, a new passenger terminal was planned at Tivat Airport, along with a further expansion of airport facilities.[ citation needed ]

In December 2018, PM Duško Marković opened the newly built Terminal 2 at Tivat Airport – the first investment since 2006, when the existing airport building was built. Marković used this opportunity to point out that he sees the cooperation between the Government and the Management of Airports as an example to be followed by others in Montenegro.[ citation needed ]

Airlines and destinations

Below is a list of scheduled services throughout all seasons from Tivat Airport according to the Montenegrin Airports Authority: [7]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Montenegro Belgrade, Istanbul [8]
Seasonal: Baku (begins 3 June 2024), [9] Brno, [10] İzmir (begins 1 April 2024), [11] Ljubljana, Prague [12]
Seasonal charter: Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius [13]
Air Nostrum Seasonal charter: Bari [14]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Seasonal: Kraljevo, [15] Niš
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga [16]
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna [17]
Avion Express Seasonal charter: Vilnius [18]
Braathens International Airways Seasonal charter: Oslo [19]
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin, Bristol (begins 24 June 2024), [20] Geneva, London–Gatwick, London–Luton (begins 1 April 2024), [21] Manchester
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zurich [22]
Eurowings Seasonal: Berlin (begins 4 May 2024), [23] Düsseldorf, Stuttgart [24]
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International
FlyOne [25] Seasonal: Yerevan [26]
Seasonal charter: Chișinău [27]
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City [28]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham (begins 2 May 2024), [29] London–Stansted (begins 1 April 2024), [30] Manchester [31]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt, [32] Munich [32]
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg [33]
Norwegian Air Shuttle [34] Seasonal: Copenhagen (begins 23 June 2024), [35] Helsinki, Oslo, Riga (begins 4 May 2024) [36]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen, [37] Oslo (begins 27 June 2024), [38] Stockholm–Arlanda
SkyUp [39] Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, [25] Katowice, Rzeszów
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn [40]
Sun d'Or Tel Aviv [19]
Transavia Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels [41]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [42]
Uzbekistan Airways Seasonal charter: Tashkent

Statistics

Annual passenger traffic at TIV airport. See Wikidata query.
Traffic figures at Tivat Airport
YearPassengersChangeAircraft movementsChange
2005377,0132,522
2006451,289Increase2.svg20%3,261Increase2.svg29%
2007573,914Increase2.svg27%4,079Increase2.svg25%
2008570,636Decrease2.svg1%4,630Increase2.svg14%
2009532,080Decrease2.svg7%4,226Decrease2.svg9%
2010541,870Increase2.svg2%4,017Decrease2.svg4%
2011647,184Increase2.svg19%4,531Increase2.svg12%
2012725,412Increase2.svg12%4,605Increase2.svg2%
2013868,343Increase2.svg20%5,198Increase2.svg14%
2014910,264Increase2.svg5%5,281Increase2.svg1%
2015895,050Decrease2.svg2%5,422Increase2.svg2%
2016979,432Increase2.svg10%5,985Increase2.svg10%
20171,129,720Increase2.svg15%6,324Increase2.svg7%
20181,245,999Increase2.svg10%6,816Increase2.svg8%
20191,367,282Increase2.svg9,7%7,049Increase2.svg3,4%
2020189,815Decrease2.svg86,2%1,286Decrease2.svg81,7%
2021671,333Increase2.svg253.67%Increase2.svg
2022652,711Decrease2.svg2.78%Decrease2.svg
2023848,188Increase2.svg29.95%Increase2.svg

Busiest routes

Busiest routes from Tivat Airport (2019)
RankAirportPassengers 2019
1Flag of Russia.svg  Russia, Moscow–Domodedovo 334.880
2Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia, Belgrade 236.378
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia, Moscow–Vnukovo 182.016
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia, Moscow–Sheremetyevo 114.665
5Flag of Russia.svg  Russia, St Petersburg-Pulkovo 62.147
6Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine, Kyiv-Boryspil 39.415
7Flag of Israel.svg  Israel, Tel Aviv 36.147
8Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom, London-Gatwick 35.883
9Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus, Minsk Airport 34.697
Source: ec.europa.eu

See also

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