Una, Himachal Pradesh

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Una
City
India Himachal Pradesh location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Una
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 31°28′05″N76°16′16″E / 31.468°N 76.271°E / 31.468; 76.271 Coordinates: 31°28′05″N76°16′16″E / 31.468°N 76.271°E / 31.468; 76.271
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Himachal Pradesh Flag, India.png Himachal Pradesh
District Una
Elevation
369 m (1,211 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total18,722
  Rank 10 in HP
Languages
  OfficialHindi
  Other spokenPunjabi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Website hpuna.nic.in

Una is a Municipal Council City in Una district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It serves as the headquarters of Una district. There are 11 wards under Municipal Council. Una City is home to the Kila, which is a historical fort and an ancestral home of the descendants of the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak. [1]

Contents

Geography and climate

Una is located at 31°29′N76°17′E / 31.48°N 76.28°E / 31.48; 76.28 . [2] It has an average elevation of 369 metres (1,210 feet). The elevation keeps temperatures cooler than surrounding lowlands, however, the area still experiences temperatures up to 45 °C (113 °F). [3]

Climate data for Una (1985–2010, extremes 1985–2011)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)31.0
(87.8)
34.2
(93.6)
39.4
(102.9)
43.2
(109.8)
45.2
(113.4)
45.2
(113.4)
42.2
(108.0)
38.4
(101.1)
38.6
(101.5)
35.6
(96.1)
33.4
(92.1)
28.2
(82.8)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F)19.9
(67.8)
23.1
(73.6)
28.1
(82.6)
34.3
(93.7)
37.8
(100.0)
37.9
(100.2)
33.8
(92.8)
32.8
(91.0)
32.8
(91.0)
31.1
(88.0)
27.4
(81.3)
22.3
(72.1)
30.1
(86.2)
Average low °C (°F)3.2
(37.8)
5.7
(42.3)
9.4
(48.9)
13.5
(56.3)
18.2
(64.8)
21.2
(70.2)
22.1
(71.8)
21.9
(71.4)
20.1
(68.2)
13.8
(56.8)
8.2
(46.8)
4.0
(39.2)
13.5
(56.3)
Record low °C (°F)−5.8
(21.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.0
(37.4)
6.7
(44.1)
8.6
(47.5)
14.7
(58.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
13.2
(55.8)
5.1
(41.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches)37.0
(1.46)
42.4
(1.67)
42.3
(1.67)
24.9
(0.98)
37.1
(1.46)
89.6
(3.53)
323.2
(12.72)
320.3
(12.61)
162.2
(6.39)
21.1
(0.83)
10.7
(0.42)
20.4
(0.80)
1,131.2
(44.54)
Average rainy days2.43.43.31.62.75.511.611.65.81.20.91.251.2
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)65635742414968726761586159
Source: India Meteorological Department [4] [5]

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census of India, Una town had a population of 18,722 with 9,851 males and 8,871 females. [6] The literacy rate was 86.21%, higher than the state average of 82.80%. [6] The male literacy and female literacy rates were 88.84 and 83.29% respectively. There were 1,954 children below the age of six years. The sex ratio and child sex ratio of the town stood at 901 and 918 respectively. [6] Hindi and Punjabi are the main spoken languages.

Transport

Roadways

Una serves as one of the main entry points to the rest of Himachal Pradesh through the borders of Punjab at Nangal-Mehetpur checkpoint. Una is well connected with the rest of the state, Himachal Pradesh and rest of India through National Highway 503 and National Highway 503A. [7]

Railways

Una Himachal Railway Station is well Connected with Chandigarh Junction and Capital Of India "New Delhi" through Express and Mails Trains and some other trains connected it with Ambala Cantt.Junction

Nearest Airport's and Distance

Gaggal ( Kangra ) Domestic Airport (114Km)

Chandigarh International Airport ( 127 Km )

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References

  1. "Kila Baba Sahib Singh Ji Bedi Una Sahib". HP Tours. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  2. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Una
  3. "India heatwave temperatures pass 50 Celsius". Phys.org. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  4. "Station: Una Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 775–776. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  5. "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M73. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 "Una Population Census 2011". Census 2011 India. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  7. "National Highways in Himachal Pradesh" (PDF). Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department. Retrieved 23 May 2018.