Watten, Nord

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Watten
MoulinWatten.jpg
The windmill in Watten
Blason ville fr Watten (Nord).svg
Coat of arms
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Watten in the arrondissement of Dunkirk
Location of Watten
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Watten
Watten in the arrondissement of Dunkirk
Hauts-de-France region location map.svg
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Watten
Watten (Hauts-de-France)
Coordinates: 50°50′01″N2°12′47″E / 50.8336°N 2.213°E / 50.8336; 2.213 Coordinates: 50°50′01″N2°12′47″E / 50.8336°N 2.213°E / 50.8336; 2.213
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Nord
Arrondissement Dunkerque
Canton Wormhout
Intercommunality Hauts de Flandre
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Daniel Deschodt
Area
1
7.32 km2 (2.83 sq mi)
Population
(2016)2
2,561
  Density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59647 /59143
Elevation1–73 m (3.3–239.5 ft)
(avg. 55 m or 180 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Watten (Dutch : Waden, meaning "ford" as in "river-crossing") is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Its inhabitants are called "Wattenais".

Dutch language West Germanic language

Dutch(Nederlands ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 23 million people as a first language and 5 million people as a second language, constituting the majority of people in the Netherlands and Belgium. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language, after its close relatives English and German.

Ford (crossing) crossing in a river

A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet. A ford may occur naturally or be constructed. Fords may be impassable during high water. A low water crossing is a low bridge that allows crossing over a river or stream when water is low but may be covered by deep water when the river is high.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Contents

Geography

Watten is located at the limit of the French Flanders historical county. However, the local Dutch dialect (French Flemish) is virtually extinct. The neighbouring villages are Wattendam (commune of Holque), Millam, Serques, Éperlecques and Wulverdinghe.

French Flanders

French Flanders is a part of the historical County of Flanders in present-day France where Flemings were traditionally the dominant ethnic group and where a dialect of Dutch was or still is traditionally spoken. The region lies in the modern-day region of Hauts-de-France and roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Lille, Douai and Dunkirk on the southern border with Belgium. Together with French Hainaut and the Cambrésis, it makes up the French Department of Nord.

French Flemish West Flemish language

French Flemish is a West Flemish dialect spoken in the north of contemporary France. Place names attest to Flemish having been spoken since the 8th century in the area that was ceded to France in the 17th century and which became known as French Flanders. Its dialect subgroup, called French Flemish, meanwhile, became a minority dialect that survives mainly in Dunkirk, Bourbourg, Calais (Kales), Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) with an ethnic enclave Haut-Pont (Haute-Ponte) known for its predominantly Flemish community and Bailleul (Belle). French-Flemish has about 20,000 daily users, and twice that number of occasional speakers. The language's status appears to be moribund, but there has been an active movement to retain French Flemish in the region.

Holque Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Holque is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

While Watten belongs to the Nord département , it is bordering the Pas-de-Calais département. The village is crossed by the rivers Aa and Colme.

Nord (French department) Department of France

Nord is a department in the far north of France. It was created from the western halves of the historical counties of Flanders and Hainaut, and the Bishopric of Cambrai. The modern coat of arms was inherited from the County of Flanders.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Pas-de-Calais Department of France

Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
20062,730    
20072,731+0.0%
20082,704−1.0%
20092,655−1.8%
20102,608−1.8%
20112,568−1.5%
20122,536−1.2%
20132,523−0.5%
20142,536+0.5%
20152,549+0.5%
20162,561+0.5%

Politics

Presidential Elections 2nd Round

ElectionWinning CandidateParty%
2017 Marine Le Pen FN 63.74
2012 François Hollande PS 63.30
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 55.82
2002 Jacques Chirac RPR 71.67

[1]

Heraldry

Arms of Watten Blason ville fr Watten (Nord).svg
Arms of Watten
The arms of Watten are blazoned  :
Per fess argent and gules, 3 pales counterchanged.

Sights

The village is famous for its old ruined abbey, and for its mill, which was restored in the 1990s. These two buildings are located on the "Mountain of Watten" (72 Meters high). Its church dates from the thirteenth century.

See also

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References