Wormit

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Wormit
Wormit from train crossing Tay Bridge.jpg
Eastern part of Wormit seen from the Tay Rail Bridge
Fife UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wormit
Location within Fife
OS grid reference NO3624
  Edinburgh 33 mi (53 km)
  London 359 mi (578 km)
Council area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Newport-on-Tay
Postcode district DD6
Dialling code 01382
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°25′25″N2°58′52″W / 56.42366°N 2.98107°W / 56.42366; -2.98107 Coordinates: 56°25′25″N2°58′52″W / 56.42366°N 2.98107°W / 56.42366; -2.98107

Wormit is a village on the south shore of the Firth of Tay in north-east Fife, Scotland. Its location at the southern end of the Tay Rail Bridge has led to it becoming a commuter suburb of Dundee. Together with Woodhaven and Newport-on-Tay, Wormit is a part of The Burgh of Newport-on-Tay. The name of the village is thought to be derived from the plant wormwood. [1] [2]

Contents

Wormit, by the old railway station Wormit.jpg
Wormit, by the old railway station
Entering Wormit from the South East via Kilmany Road. Wormit - geograph.org.uk - 89570.jpg
Entering Wormit from the South East via Kilmany Road.

Wormit Station

Wormit Railway Station, opened on 1 May 1889 [3] and closed on 5 May 1969, [4] was operated on a closed branch line, The Newport Railway, which left the main line (Edinburgh/Dundee) railway immediately at the south end of the Bridge to serve Wormit/Newport. After closure, Wormit Station was later dismantled and rebuilt at the heritage Bo'ness & Kinneil Railway to the west of Edinburgh.

In 1955, there was a serious train crash in Wormit Station in which three people were killed and forty-one were injured. [5]

Power

Wormit claims to be the first Scottish village to have installed electricity. [6] [7] A windmill located on Wormit Hill generated the power, with a steam engine supplementing this when the wind was low. This was later replaced by a coal-gas engine until the 1930s, when Wormit was connected to the national grid. Alexander Stewart, who built many of Wormit's early houses, owned the windmill and steam engine [8] and offered electrical lighting to homeowners as well as basic street lighting. Consumers paid 10 shillings a quarter and could use as much electricity as they liked. The first houses to have electricity had sun rays painted on the front, and these can still be seen along the highest row of terraced housing in the village.[ citation needed ]

Norwegian connection

During the Second World War, King Haakon VII of Norway visited a house in Wormit used as a base by officers of the Norwegian Army. The soldiers painted a sea motif for the king on the walls of a bedroom, and it is still present in the house. [9] Norwegian Catalina flying boats of No. 333 Squadron RNoAF were stationed at Woodhaven, Fife, and a Norwegian flag is still flown in the harbour, which has since been changed back into Wormit Boating Club, from where occasional pleasure sailings operate for much of the year upon the River Tay, mainly between the Tay Rail Bridge and Tay Road Bridge.[ citation needed ]

Reservoir

Wormit water reservoir was built in 1923 in anticipation of the population of the town growing, but war intervened and the reservoir was eventually decommissioned due to costs. [10] Trevor Cox, a professor of acoustic engineering at the University of Salford, identified the reservoir as one of the "strangest sounding places in the UK". It is a large concrete box 60 m (200 ft) long, 30 m (100 ft) wide and 5 m (16 ft) high. In a normal room, sounds die away quickly due to sound waves reflecting in to the walls, losing energy. In Wormit water reservoir, the size of the room means the time between reflections is much greater, coupled with sound waves losing less energy when reflecting off concrete, meaning sounds last for much longer. This was demonstrated by an experiment in which a balloon was popped inside the reservoir. [11]

Amenities and services

Wormit has its own primary school (established in 1896), [12] church, blacksmith, garage, post office, hair dresser, restaurant and local shop. The local secondary school is Madras College, St Andrews.

There are several sports clubs within Wormit, including tennis, bowling and boating clubs. Wormit Bowling Club was established in 1901; its clubhouse was built in 1955. [12]

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Fife Council area of Scotland

Fife is a council area, historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries with Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland. A person from Fife is known as a Fifer. In older documents the county was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire.

Tay Bridge Railway bridge across the River Tay, Scotland

The Tay Bridge carries the railway across the Firth of Tay in Scotland between Dundee and the suburb of Wormit in Fife. Its span is 2.75 miles. It is the second bridge to occupy the site.

Tay Road Bridge

The Tay Road Bridge carries the A92 road across the Firth of Tay from Newport-on-Tay in Fife to Dundee in Scotland, just downstream of the Tay Rail Bridge. At around 2,250 metres (1.4 mi), it is one of the longest road bridges in Europe, and was opened in 1966, replacing the old Tay ferry.

Newport-on-Tay Human settlement in Scotland

Newport-on-Tay is a small town in the north-east of Fife in Scotland, acting as a commuter suburb for Dundee. The Fife Coastal Path passes through Newport-on-Tay. The area itself is surrounded by views of the two bridges that cross the River Tay and distant views of the Scottish Highlands.

Firth of Tay Firth in Scotland

The Firth of Tay is a firth on the east coast of Scotland, into which the River Tay empties. The firth is surrounded by four council areas: Fife, Perth and Kinross, City of Dundee, and Angus. Its maximum width is 3 mi (4.8 km).

River Tay Longest river in Scotland

The River Tay is the longest river in Scotland and the seventh-longest in Great Britain. The Tay originates in western Scotland on the slopes of Ben Lui, then flows easterly across the Highlands, through Loch Dochart, Loch Iubhair and Loch Tay, then continues east through Strathtay, in the centre of Scotland, then southeasterly through Perth, where it becomes tidal, to its mouth at the Firth of Tay, south of Dundee. It is the largest river in the British Isles by measured discharge. Its catchment is approximately 2,000 square miles (5,200 km2), the Tweed's is 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2) and the Spey's is 1,097 square miles (2,840 km2).

Broughty Ferry Human settlement in Scotland

Broughty Ferry is a suburb of Dundee, Scotland. It is situated four miles east of the city centre on the north bank of the Firth of Tay. The area was a separate burgh from 1864 until 1913, when it was incorporated into Dundee. Historically it is within the County of Angus.

Woodhaven, Fife

Woodhaven used to be a small village between Newport-on-Tay and Wormit in Fife, Scotland. Due to expansion of these two villages over the years, it is now just the name for a harbour and pier . During World War II there was a flying boat station at Woodhaven operating four PBY5 Catalina aircraft manned by Flight A of No. 333 (Norwegian) Squadron, Royal Air Force. The Norwegian personnel were based at RAF Leuchars along with their colleagues in Flight B who flew land based Mosquito aircraft.

Fife Coastal Path Great Trail in Fife, Scotland, UK

The Fife Coastal Path is a Scottish long distance footpath that runs from Kincardine to Newburgh along the coastline of Fife. The path was created in 2002, originally running from North Queensferry to Tayport. It was extended in 2011 with a new section running from Kincardine to North Queensferry, then again in 2012 from Tayport to Newburgh. The path, which usually takes between one week and 10 days to walk in full, now runs for 187 kilometres (116 mi). The Fife Coastal Path is managed and maintained by Fife Coast and Countryside Trust, a registered environmental charity, and is designated as one of Scotland's Great Trails by NatureScot. About 500,000 people use the path every year, of whom about 35,000 walk the entire route.

Forgan is a civil parish in the Scottish county of Fife. It extends 4 miles in length along the north coast of Fife and is at the southern mouth of the River Tay. It is bounded by the other Fife civil parishes of Ferry-Port on Craig, Leuchars and Balmerino. It contains the towns of Newport-on-Tay and Wormit. The roads and railways leading to the Tay Bridges pass through the parish.

The Dundee and Arbroath Railway was an early railway in Scotland. It opened in 1838, and used the unusual track gauge of 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm). In 1848 it changed to standard gauge and connected to the emerging Scottish railway network.

Newport-on-Tay East railway station

Newport-on-Tay East railway station formerly served the town of Newport-on-Tay, Fife, Scotland. The station closed in 1969.

The Edinburgh and Northern Railway was a railway company authorised in 1845 to connect Edinburgh to both Perth and Dundee. It relied on ferry crossings of the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay, but despite those disadvantages it proved extremely successful. It took over a short railway on the southern shore of the Forth giving a direct connection to Edinburgh, and it changed its name to the Edinburgh, Perth and Dundee Railway.

The Newburgh and North Fife Railway was a Scottish railway company formed to build a connecting line between St Fort and Newburgh, in Fife, intended to open up residential traffic between the intermediate communities and Dundee and Perth. It opened its line, which was expensive to construct, in 1909 but the local traffic never developed. It closed to passenger traffic in 1951, and completely in 1964.

The St Andrews Railway was an independent railway company, founded in 1851 to build a railway branch line from the university town of St Andrews, in Fife, Scotland, to the nearby main line railway. It opened in 1852. When the Tay Rail Bridge opened in 1878 residential travel to Dundee was encouraged.

The Newport Railway was a Scottish railway company, that built a line along the south bank of the Firth of Tay in Fife. The line was opened in 1879, and connected to the Tay Bridge, giving quick access to Dundee; daily residential travel to Dundee from Tayport became a practicality.

The Railways of Kinross were a local network of three rural railways which made the town of Kinross in Scotland their objective in the 1850s.

Tayport railway station Former railway station in Fife, Scotland

Tayport railway station served the town of Tayport, Fife, Scotland from 1848 to 1967 on the Newport Railway.

Wormit railway station Disused railway station in Wormit, Fife

Wormit railway station served the town of Wormit, Fife, Scotland from 1889 to 1969 on the Newport Railway.

References

  1. MacKay, George (2003). Scottish Place Names. New Lanark: Geddes and Grosset. p. 96.
  2. "Fife Place-name Data :: Wormit". fife-placenames.glasgow.ac.uk.
  3. "Wormit, Naughton Road, Station – Canmore". canmore.rcahms.gov.uk.
  4. Holland, Julian (2013). Dr Beeching's Axe 50 Tears on: Memories of Britain's Lost Railways. David & Charles. ISBN   9781446302675.
  5. "Report on the Derailment which occurred on 28th May 1955 at Wormit in the Scottish Region British Railways" . Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  6. "Wormit – VisitScotland" . Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  7. "Overview of Wormit" . Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  8. "Riverside Road, Wormit – Photopolis" . Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  9. "PressReader.com – Your favorite newspapers and magazines". www.pressreader.com.
  10. "The UK's five weirdest sounding places". 29 December 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018 via www.bbc.co.uk.
  11. "The strange sound of Wormit water reservoir". 19 December 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018 via www.bbc.co.uk.
  12. 1 2 Spotlight on Wormit, The Courier , 18 May 2020, p. 30