Arizona Rattlers

Last updated
Arizona Rattlers
AmericanFootball current event.svg Current season
Established 1992
Play in Gila River Arena
in Glendale, Arizona
Arizona Rattlers logo ArizonaRattlers.PNG
Arizona Rattlers logo
League/conference affiliations
Arena Football League (19922016)
  • American Conference (1992–2008)
  • National Conference (2010–2016)

Indoor Football League (2017–present)

  • Intense Conference (2017)
Team colorsBlack, copper, teal, white
MascotFang and Stryker
Owner(s)Ron Shurts
General manager Kevin Guy
Head coach Kevin Guy
Team history
  • Arizona Rattlers (1992–present)
League championships (6)
Conference championships (6)
Division championships (10)
Playoff appearances (24)
Home arena(s)

The Arizona Rattlers are a professional indoor American football team based in Glendale, Arizona. They are currently members of the Indoor Football League (IFL). The Rattlers were founded in 1992 as an expansion team in the Arena Football League and were the third oldest active franchise in the AFL until their departure in 2016. They play their home games Gila River Arena while their former primary home, Talking Stick Resort Arena in Phoenix undergoes renovations. The Rattlers are led by head coach Kevin Guy. Since the team's establishment in 1992, the Rattlers have won ten division titles and have played in nine ArenaBowl Championship games, winning championships in 1994, 1997, 2012, 2013, 2014. The Rattlers also won the 2017 United Bowl in their first season in the IFL.

Indoor American football sport

Indoor American football is a variation of American football played at ice hockey-sized indoor arenas. While varying in details from league to league, the rules of indoor football are designed to allow for play in a smaller arena. It is a distinct discipline and not be confused with traditional American football played in large domed stadiums, as is done by some teams at the college and professional levels.

Glendale, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about nine miles (14 km) northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to the 2017 U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 246,709.

Indoor Football League indoor American football league founded in 2008

The Indoor Football League (IFL) is a professional indoor American football league created in 2008 out of the merger between the Intense Football League and United Indoor Football. The league is the second highest tier in indoor/arena football behind the Arena Football League (AFL), and has operated continuously under the same name and corporate structure longer than any other current indoor football league, considering that the AFL's 2009 season was cancelled and the original league filed for bankruptcy that year. IFL players earn a minimum of US$200 per game played. The season is typically about 14 games long, plus playoffs of two or more rounds.



Founding and White era (1991–2004)

In 1987, it was speculated that the Phoenix, Arizona, area would be a target for the newly formed Arena Football League (AFL). [1]

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city of Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Arena Football League Professional indoor American football league

The Arena Football League (AFL) is a professional indoor American football league in the United States. It was founded in 1987 by Jim Foster, making it the third longest-running professional football league in North America, after the Canadian Football League (CFL) and the National Football League (NFL). The AFL plays a proprietary code known as arena football, a form of indoor American football played on a 66-by-28 yard field, with rules encouraging offensive performance, resulting in a faster-paced and higher-scoring game. The sport was invented in the early 1980s and patented by Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League (USFL) and the NFL.

On September 11, 1991, it was announced that Jerry Colangelo had been awarded an expansion franchise in the AFL in Phoenix. [2] Colangelo, owner of the NBA's Phoenix Suns, first approached Frank Kush to coach his team, but Kush declined the invitation. [3] In October 1991, the team announced that former Dallas Cowboys quarterback Danny White would be the franchise's first head coach. [4] In December 1991, the team announced that they would be named the Arizona Rattlers after more than 250 people suggested that the team's nickname should be the Rattlers, while 55% of their responders picked "Arizona" over "Phoenix". [5]

Jerry Colangelo American basketball player, coach, executive

Jerry Colangelo is an American businessman and sports executive. He formerly owned the Phoenix Suns of the NBA, the Phoenix Mercury of the WNBA, the Arizona Sandsharks of the Continental Indoor Soccer League, the Arizona Rattlers of the Arena Football League and the Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball. He was also instrumental in the relocation of the original Winnipeg Jets team in the NHL to Phoenix to become the Phoenix Coyotes. In 2014, Grand Canyon University renamed its Christian based school of business after Jerry Colangelo, replacing Ken Blanchard's namesake. From December 2015 to April 2016, Colangelo served as Chairman of Basketball Operations for the Philadelphia 76ers, before serving as a special adviser to the team until December 2018.

Phoenix Suns American professional basketball team

The Phoenix Suns are an American professional basketball team based in Phoenix, Arizona. The Suns compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA), as a member of the league's Western Conference Pacific Division, and are the only team in their division not based in California. The Suns play their home games at the Talking Stick Resort Arena.

Frank Joseph Kush was an American football player and coach. He served as the head coach at Arizona State University from 1958 to 1979, compiling a record of 176–54–1. Kush was also the head coach of the Canadian Football League's Hamilton Tiger-Cats in 1981, the National Football League's Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts from 1982 to 1984, and the Arizona Outlaws of the United States Football League in 1985. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1995. Kush is of Polish descent and was inducted into the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame.

In 1992, the Rattlers began with their first two games on the road, and won their home debut in front of a sell-out crowd of 15,505 at America West Arena by a score of 56–31 over the Sacramento Attack. [6]

In 1994, the Rattlers captured their first ArenaBowl championship, with a 36–31 victory over the Orlando Predators. [7]


The ArenaBowl is the Arena Football League's championship game. From 1987 to 2004, the ArenaBowl was hosted by either the team with the better regular-season record or the higher seeding in the playoffs. From ArenaBowl XIX in 2005 until ArenaBowl XXII in 2008, the game was played at a neutral site. When the AFL returned from a bankruptcy-induced hiatus in 2010, the original format was used for this and the next season; for 2012 and 2013, the game returned to being played at a neutral site. In 2014, it was announced that the ArenaBowl would return to the format in which the higher-seeded team would host the game. However, in 2018, the game will now be hosted at the site of the participating team with highest average attendance during the regular season. ArenaBowl 32 took place on Sunday, August 11, 2019 at 8pm from the Times Union Center in Albany, New York as the Albany Empire (12-2) defeated the Philadelphia Soul (9-5).

The Orlando Predators were a professional arena football team based in Orlando, Florida and member of the Arena Football League (AFL). The team was most recently owned by Orlando Predators LLC, a company owned by David A. Siegel, and played its home games at Amway Center.

In December 1999, Gene Nudo, White and Will Meris pursued the purchase of the Rattlers from Colangelo. [8]

Gene Nudo is a former Arena Football League coach for the Arizona Rattlers and current head coach at Fenwick High School. He has a career record of 13-21, including a 1-1 mark in the postseason. 2011 Inductee into the AFL Hall of Fame; 3 time Executive of the year, recipient of the Founders Award for lifetime service to the AFL. Former head coach of 1991 undefeated Illinois High School state champion Driscoll Catholic High School from Addison, Illinois. As a coach is also a member of Chicago Minor League Football, Minor Pro Football, Driscoll Catholic High School and Ridgewood High School Hall of Fame.

Kevin Guy coaching era (2008–present)

In 2008, it was announced that Brett Bouchy would become the new owner of the Arizona Rattlers. After the Rattlers had a 4–12 record in 2007, Brett Bouchy hired Kevin Guy as the new Arizona Rattlers head coach in the 2008 season and the Rattlers improved to an 8–8 record and cliched playoff berth for the first time since 2006, but lost in the first round. In August 2009, numerous media outlets began reporting that the AFL was folding permanently and would file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. The league released a statement on August 4 to the effect that while the league was not folding, it was suspending league operations indefinitely. Despite this, several of the league's creditors filed papers to force a Chapter 7 liquidation if the league did not do so voluntarily. This request was granted on August 7, though converted to a Chapter 11 reorganization on August 26. However Brett Bouchy and a group of investors planned to launch a new league called Arena Football 1 and helped the Arizona Rattlers and the Orlando Predators to become two of the four teams to survive and return in 2010 with Arena Football 1. In early 2010, it was announced that Arena Football 1 was granted the trademarks to the AFL brand and was renamed the Arena Football League. In 2011, after Brett Bouchy was able keep both the Arizona Rattlers and the Orlando Predators alive, he was forced to let go of ownership to one of the teams and that became the Arizona Rattlers.

On May 12, 2011, Ron Shurts became the new majority owner of the Rattlers franchise. [9]

In 2011, the Rattlers won 16 games in the regular season, a league-record for wins in a single regular season. In the playoffs, by winning the National Conference championship, they clinched a berth in ArenaBowl XXIV. They lost the game to the Jacksonville Sharks when Jacksonville quarterback Aaron Garcia threw a game-winning touchdown pass on the game's final play. The Rattlers redeemed themselves the following season, winning ArenaBowl XXV over the Philadelphia Soul to win their first title in 15 years. [10]

In 2013, the Rattlers and Soul met again in ArenaBowl XXVI, with the Rattlers winning yet again, 48-39. This made them the first team since 1995 to win back-to-back championships, and the first team in history to beat the same team for both titles. [11] [12]

In 2014, the Rattlers went 15–3 in the regular season after a 14-game winning streak to start the season, and defeated the Cleveland Gladiators in ArenaBowl XXVII by a score of 72–32, becoming the first team in AFL history to win three consecutive AFL championships since the Detroit Drive of 1988–1990, as well as establishing the largest margin of victory (40 points) in an ArenaBowl. [13]

In 2015, the Rattlers went 14-4 in the regular season and made it to the Conference Championships but lost to the San Jose Sabercats 70-67, a team which had twice beaten them in the regular season. This ended their streak of consecutive ArenaBowl appearances at four.

In 2016, the Rattlers went 13-3 in the regular season, then blew out the Portland Steel and the Cleveland Gladiators en route to their fifth ArenaBowl appearance in six years, only to lose to the Philadelphia Soul.

Move from the AFL to the IFL

On October 17, 2016, the Rattlers announced they had left the AFL and joined the Indoor Football League for the 2017 season. [14] Owner Ron Shurts said that it was possible that the AFL would have to go on hiatus in 2017, and wasn't sure the fans would return in 2018 if that happened. The move made Phoenix by far the largest market in the IFL. [15] They made their IFL debut on February 17, 2017, at the defending six-time IFL Champions Sioux Falls Storm, but lost 40–29. On June 24, 2017, the Rattlers faced the Nebraska Danger in the Intense Conference Championship and won 62–36. They defeated the reigning champion Sioux Falls Storm 50–41 in the 2017 United Bowl on July 8, 2017.

On April 29, 2018, the Rattlers defeated the Cedar Rapids Titans 84–83 and earned their 300th win in franchise history. The Rattlers went on to qualify for the 2018 United Bowl, but lost to the Iowa Barnstormers.

In 2019, the Rattler went undefeated through the regular season with a 14–0 record. At the end of the season, their playoff games were moved to Gila River Arena in Glendale, Arizona, after the Talking Stick Resort Arena closed for renovations. The Rattlers lost to the Sioux Falls Storm 56–53, with coach Guy heavily blaming officiating. [16] With Talking Stick Resort Arena planned to be closed through the 2020 season, and possibly into the 2021 season, the Rattlers agreed to a lease at Gila River Arena in the interim. [17]

Notable players

Current roster

Arizona Rattlers roster
  • 9 Drew Powell
  •  1 Verlon Reed
  • 11 Jeff Ziemba

Running backs

  • 7 Darrell Monroe
  • 25L. A. Ramsey
  • 28 Shadrach Thornton

Wide receivers

  • 17 Dezmon Epps
  • 16 Jarrod Harrington
  • 4Johnny Jackson IV
  • 19Bob Pugh
  • 88Markis Sumpter
  • 20Dylan Young
Offensive linemen
  • 50 Chris Boles
  • 66Torre Boyd
  • 52Mason Butler
  • 56 Steven Gurrola
  • 77Abram Holland
  • 76 Ryan Schmidt

Defensive linemen

  • 92Nikolaus D'Avanzo
  • 55Nicholas DiGati
  • 95 Joshua Gordon
  • 99Michael Kluge
  • 44 Lance McDowdell
  • 45 Edward Vinson
  • 22Terry Johnson
  • 43Ricky Wyatt Jr.

Defensive backs

  • 35Brandon Bailey
  • 27Devin Cockrell
  • 49 Donnie Duncan
  • 36Phillip Henry
  • 40Carlos Hutton
  •  8 Davontae Merriweather
  • 21Dexter Reese
  • 12Braden Roe
  • 34Josh Wilson


  • Currently vacant
Reserve list
  •  5 Anthony Amos WR (Exempt)
  • 10Jimmy Camacho K (Exempt)
  • 18Malik Golson WR (IR) Injury icon 2.svg
  • 39Dante Holmes DL (Exempt)
  • 45 Ryan Langford LB (Exempt)
  • 15 Dillion Winfrey WR (Exempt)
  • Rookies in italics
  • Roster updated February 28, 2019
  • 39 Active, 6 Inactive
More rosters

Retired uniform numbers

Arizona Rattlers retired numbers
PlayerPositionSeasonsDate RetiredRef.
13 Sherdrick Bonner QB 1993–2007June 16, 2010 [18]
14 Hunkie Cooper WR/LB 1993–2005May 6, 2005 [19]
17 Randy Gatewood WR/DB 1996–2007May 9, 2008 [20]

Arena Football League Hall of Famers

Arizona Rattlers Hall of Famers
No.NameYear InductedPosition(s)Years w/ Rattlers
13 Sherdrick Bonner 2012 QB 1993–2007
14 Hunkie Cooper 2011 WR/LB 1993–2005
17 Randy Gatewood 2012 WR/DB 1996–2007
44 Bob McMillen 2013 FB/LB 1995–2000
-- Gene Nudo 2011Executive/Head Coach 1993–2007
-- Danny White 2002 Head Coach 1994–2002

Individual awards

All-Arena players

The following Rattlers players have been named to All-Arena Teams:

All-IFL players

The following Rattlers players have been named to All-IFL Teams:

All-Ironman players

The following Rattlers players have been named to All-Ironman Teams:

All-Rookie players

The following Rattlers players have been named to All-Rookie Teams:

Notable coaches

Head coaches

Note: Statistics are correct through the end of the 2019 Indoor Football League season.

NameTermRegular SeasonPlayoffsAwards
Danny White 19922004 12155.6882010 1993 Coach of the Year
Todd Shell 2005 79.43800
Gene Nudo 20062007 1220.37511
Kevin Guy 2008–present14141.775177 2011, 2016 Coach of the Year


Arizona Rattlers staff
Front office
  • CEO / majority owner – Ron Shurts
  • General manager – Kevin Guy
  • Assistant general manager – Jeff Jarnigan
  • Director of business operartions – Ashley Stovall
  • Operations assistant – Karra Labombarde
  • Director of team operations – J. T. Thompson
  • Media / community relations – Peter Garbow
  • Sidewinders Dancers Director – Angie Baker


Team ownership

The Arizona Rattlers introduced Ron Shurts as the team’s new majority owner on May 12, 2011. [9]

"I have been an Arizona Rattlers season ticket holder since day one and attended the first Arizona Rattlers game at America West Arena. I believe in the team and the Arena Football League," said Shurts. "I want to bring the passion and excitement for Rattlers football back to US Airways Center and the Valley."

"Downtown Phoenix continues to grow and the Rattlers will be an integral part of the affordable, family-fun entertainment that the Suns and the Mercury are providing the local community," Shurts added.




The Very first broadcaster of the Rattlers was KUTP UPN-45. They would televise home & away games, whichever games were not picked up by ESPN, to include playoff games.


KASW-TV WB6 WB61 took over broadcasting the Rattlers.


Starting in the 2004 season, the Arizona Rattlers partnered with Fox Sports Arizona. That 1st season, they televised 4 games. When the 2005 season came, the Arena football league announced a partnership with Fox Sports Regional to televise games regionally. In addition, the Arizona Rattlers announced they would also produce games with Fox Sports Arizona separate from the League contract.


After the cancellation of the 2009 season and return of the Arena Football League. The Arizona Rattlers announced a new broadcast deal with KAZT-TV AZTV 7 to broadcast up to eight games of the 2010 season. The partnership ended after one season after KAZT would not renew their broadcast partnership with the Rattlers in the 2011 season.


After major changes of ownership throughout the 2011 season the Arizona Rattlers announced a new broadcast deal in mid season to return to Fox Sports Arizona with some games carried on Fox Sports Arizona Plus.


As the 2012 season approached the Arizona Rattlers would again announced that they would be moving their broadcasts to a new home this time to Cox7 Arizona with longtime Arizona sports caster Kevin Ray and Dale Hellestrae calling the game in the booth with Chris Harris on the sidelines and Lindsay Smith on Social Media. Cox7 was known as the Rattlers best broadcaster by televising all nine of their home games including selected away games that were simulcasted to other teams broadcasts. Cox7 also did Pregame Shows with the Rattlers before every home game showing documentaries and Talking LIVE before the game. The Partnership became a major success for Cox7 the Arizona Rattlers later extended their contract with Cox7 through the 2014 season when the announcement was made in November 2012.


After the major success with Cox7 Arizona, the Rattlers would not renew with the station after their contract expired in the 2014 season and announced they would move their broadcasts back to Fox Sports Arizona with broadcasting up to only three home games and one playoff game on Fox Sports Arizona Plus. However, the Rattlers still carried over the same broadcast team from Cox7 Arizona with Kevin Ray, Dale Hellestrae, and Chris Harris calling the game. The Rattlers were also seen on National broadcasts on ESPN2 and CBS Sports Network until 2016 when they left the AFL.


All Indoor Football League games are streamed live on YouTube. Their games were also still aired on Fox Sports Arizona and Fox Sports Arizona Plus.


In 2019, Arizona Rattlers aired all home games on The CW Phoenix for the 2019 season. The 2019 United Bowl, which was being hosted by the Arizona Rattlers, was televised by Fox Sports Arizona Plus. All Arizona Rattlers games were also streamed on Youtube.

Related Research Articles

The New York Dragons were a professional arena football team based in the New York metropolitan area. The Dragons participated in the Arena Football League's (AFL) National Conference as a member of the Eastern Division. The team was founded in 1995 as the original iteration of the Iowa Barnstormers, and relocated to New York in 2001. They played in New York until 2008, when the league folded. They played in the Eastern Division of the National Conference, and played their home games at Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York. Their last coach was Weylan Harding.

The Philadelphia Soul are a professional arena football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They compete in the Arena Football League (AFL). The Soul have made five ArenaBowl appearances, winning their first appearance and losing their next two appearances. The Soul won in their fourth appearance, against the Rattlers in 2016, winning 56–42. They also won in their fifth appearance in 2017 against the Tampa Bay Storm, winning 44–40.

The San Jose SaberCats were a professional arena football team based in San Jose, California. The SaberCats had been members of the Arena Football League (AFL) since 1995 ; and until 2015, they belonged to the AFL's National Conference. Over nineteen seasons of play, the SaberCats emerged as one of the Arena Football League's most successful franchises; at the conclusion of the 2015 season, the SaberCats boasted a lifetime regular season record of 198–98. Moreover, the SaberCats had won a total of four AFL Championships. Their lifetime postseason record stood at 19–12.

The Iowa Barnstormers are a professional indoor football team based in Des Moines, Iowa. They are currently members of the Indoor Football League (IFL). They play their home games at Wells Fargo Arena, known in indoor football circles as "The Well".

The Spokane Shock were a professional arena football team based in Spokane, Washington, playing their home games at the Spokane Veterans Memorial Arena. The team was part of the National Conference Pacific Division of the Arena Football League. The franchise folded in October 2015. A reorganized ownership group applied for a franchise in the Indoor Football League, known as the Spokane Empire, as the rights to the Shock name belonged to the AFL.

ArenaBowl XI

ArenaBowl XI was the Arena Football League's eleventh ArenaBowl. The game featured two American Conference teams, the #2 Iowa Barnstormers (11-3) against the #1 Arizona Rattlers (12-2). Iowa was coming from losing ArenaBowl X to the Tampa Bay Storm and were still looking for their first championship title, while Arizona was making its second appearance after winning ArenaBowl VIII against the Orlando Predators three seasons ago. Now, they were trying to acquire their second league title.

Hernandez James "Hunkie" Cooper is a former American football Wide receiver and linebacker who played for the Arizona Rattlers of the Arena Football League until his retirement in 2005. He is currently the wide receivers coach for the San Diego State Aztecs football team. He is a two time recipient of the Ironman of the Year award and was voted league MVP in 1993.

Kevin Guy is an arena football coach and former wide receiver and defensive back who is the head coach for the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League (IFL). He played his college football at the University of West Alabama, and was an AFL wide receiver and defensive back from 1996 to 1999. He has been a football coach since 2000, and first served as a head coach in 2000 as the interim head coach for the New Jersey Red Dogs. After being the defensive coordinator for the San Jose SaberCats from 2006 to 2007, he became the Rattlers head coach in 2008. In 2018, he and his wife Cathy became two of the co-owners of a new Tucson-based IFL franchise, called the Tucson Sugar Skulls, set to play in 2019.

The Jacksonville Sharks are a professional indoor football team based in Jacksonville, Florida, playing their home games at VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena. Beginning in 2017, the Sharks began play as charter members of the National Arena League (NAL). They were members of the Arena Football League (AFL) from 2010 to 2016 and won the championship of their division in the first four seasons of their existence.

Nick Davila is an arena football quarterback who is currently a free agent. A three-time AFL champion, and three-time MVP, he also played for the Arizona Rattlers from 2010 to 2016. Davila is of Mexican American descent. He is nicknamed the "Latin Laser". In 2017, he was the quarterbacks and wide receivers coach for the Rattlers of the Indoor Football League (IFL), who went on to win the 2017 United Bowl.

Chris McAllister is an American football defensive end for the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League (IFL). He attended Judson High School in Converse, Texas; upon graduating in 2009, he played football at Baylor University. During his time at Baylor, McAllister recorded a total of 15.0 sacks; this left him tied for the record of most career sacks in Baylor history. He led the team in sacks in 2012 and 2013.

The 2016 Indoor Football League season was the eighth season of the Indoor Football League (IFL). Playing with ten teams in two conferences located primarily in mid-level cities in the central United States, the league's regular season kicked off on February 20, 2016 and ended on June 24, 2016. The playoffs were held in three rounds, with the top seed in each conference receiving a first-round bye as the second and third seeds facing each other in the conference semifinal, with the winner of that game facing the top seed in a conference championship game followed by the winners of those games meeting in the United Bowl.

The Spokane Empire were a professional indoor football team based in Spokane, Washington. They were members of the Indoor Football League and played in its 2016 and 2017 seasons. Based in Spokane, Washington and owned by Spokane businessman Nader Naini, the Empire played their home games at the Spokane Veterans Memorial Arena. They replaced the Arena football team the Spokane Shock, after the Arena Football League asserted its ownership of the "Shock" team name and refused to permit it to be moved to the Indoor Football League along with the team itself.

The 2016 Arena Football League season was the 29th season in the history of the Arena Football League. Prior to the start of the season, the league contracted to eight teams. The 16-game regular season then began on April 1, 2016 and ended on August 1, 2016. The league, however, kept its eight-team playoff format, which meant that every club qualified for the postseason.

2017 Arena Football League season sports season

The 2017 Arena Football League season was the 30th season in the history of the Arena Football League (AFL). Prior to the start of the season, the league contracted to five teams. Due to this, for the first time since 1991, the league was not divided into conferences or divisions. The 14-game regular season began on April 7, 2017, when the two new teams, the Baltimore Brigade and the Washington Valor, faced off in the Verizon Center, and ended on August 5, 2017, when the Tampa Bay Storm lost against the Philadelphia Soul.

2017 United Bowl annual NCAA football game

The 2017 United Bowl was the championship game of the 2017 Indoor Football League season. It was played between the Intense Conference Champion Arizona Rattlers and the United Conference Champion Sioux Falls Storm. The game was played at Denny Sanford Premier Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The Rattlers won the game by a score of 50–41.


  1. "Phoenix may get indoor team". Mohave Daily Miner. July 24, 1987. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  2. "Arena expansion planned". The Daily Gazette. October 2, 1991. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  3. "Kush says no to new Phoenix team". The News. September 13, 1991. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  4. "Ex-Cowboy White new Arena coach". Spokane Chronicle. October 11, 1991. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  5. "Arena football team settles on 'Rattlers'". The Prescott Courier. December 8, 1991. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  6. Mel Relsner (June 17, 1992). "51-36? Doesn't seem like 'real' football". Kingman Daily Miner. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  7. Tim Hipps (September 3, 1994). "Rattlers bite Predators at ArenaBowl". The News-Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  8. "Danny White interested in purchasing Arizona Rattlers". The Daily Courier. December 17, 1999. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  9. 1 2 Williams, Cory. "Arena Football: Arizona Rattlers Find New Majority Owner, Ron Shurts". SB Nation Arizona. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  10. "Game Statistics". Arena Football League. August 10, 2012. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  11. "Arizona Rattlers Repeat as ArenaBowl Champions". Arena Football League. August 17, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  12. Joe Williams (August 17, 2013). "ArenaBowl XXVI: Rattlers win 2nd Arena Football League title in row". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-17. Retrieved 2014-08-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. "IFL Announces Addition of Arizona Rattlers". IFL. October 17, 2016.
  15. Richard Obert (October 17, 2016). "Rattlers leaving Arena Football League for Indoor Football League". The Arizona Republic.
  16. "Rattlers fall just short in championship game". Glendale Star. July 19, 2019.
  17. "Arizona Rattlers will play at Gila River Arena in 2020, possibly 2021". July 29, 2019.
  18. "Arizona Rattlers To Retire Shedrick Bonner's Jersey". Stryker-Indigo. June 12, 2010. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  19. Darren Urban (May 6, 2005). "Rattlers to honor former star at halftime ceremony". East Valley Tribune. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  20. "Rattlers To Retire Randy Gatewood's Number 17". OurSports Central. April 29, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  21. 1 2 "Arizona Rattlers notes: Nick Davila back to AFL to play, Steve Axman joins staff". AZ Central . January 24, 2018.