Arkansas Attorney General

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Arkansas Attorney General
Seal of the Attorney General of Arkansas.png
Seal of the Attorney General of Arkansas
Executive overview
FormedMarch 13, 1868;151 years ago (1868-03-13)
JurisdictionThe State of Arkansas
HeadquartersLittle Rock, Arkansas
34°44′45″N92°16′22″W / 34.745768°N 92.272823°W / 34.745768; -92.272823 Coordinates: 34°44′45″N92°16′22″W / 34.745768°N 92.272823°W / 34.745768; -92.272823
Executive executive
Website www.ag.arkansas.gov

The Arkansas Attorney General is an executive position and constitutional officer within the Arkansas government. The Attorney General is the chief law enforcement, legal officer, and lawyer for Arkansas. The position is elected every four years, e.g. 2006 and 2010, at the same time as the Governor of Arkansas.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

The current Attorney General is Republican Leslie Rutledge, who was elected on November 4, 2014, and sworn in as the 56th Attorney General of Arkansas on January 13, 2015. She is the first Republican ever to serve as Arkansas Attorney General, as well as the first woman. [1]

Leslie Rutledge American politician

Leslie Rutledge is an American lawyer and politician from the U.S. State of Arkansas. A member of the Republican Party, she is the current Attorney General of Arkansas, a position she has held since January 13, 2015. Rutledge is the first Republican and woman to hold this position.

History

The first Attorney General for Arkansas was the state’s attorney for its Fifth Judicial District, Robert Ward Johnson, who served in the position from 1843 until 1848. He went on to serve in the United States House of Representative and United States Senate as well as in the Confederate Congress during the American Civil War.

Robert Ward Johnson American politician

Robert Ward Johnson was an American politician from Arkansas who served as a U.S. Representative (1847–1853), U.S. Senator (1853–1861), delegate to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States (1861–1862), and Confederate States Senator (1862–1865).

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

The constitution of 1868 made the attorney general post in Arkansas elective. [2]

Prominent Attorneys General from Arkansas

The best-known Arkansas Attorney General is Bill Clinton, as he later became President of the United States; he was elected to the position in 1976 and served until he was elected governor in 1978. Other former attorneys general include Bruce Bennett, Joe Purcell, Ray Thornton, Jim Guy Tucker, Mark Pryor, Steve Clark and Mike Beebe. [2] Until Rutledge took office, Democrats had held the office since Reconstruction. [3]

Bill Clinton 42nd president of the United States

William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to the presidency, he was the governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981, and again from 1983 to 1992, and the attorney general of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideologically a New Democrat, and many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Joe Edward Purcell was Acting Governor of Arkansas for six days in 1979 as well as Arkansas Attorney General from 1967–1971 and the 13th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas from 1975–1981.

Functions

According to the official website, the duties of the Attorney General include representing state agencies and commissions in courts of law, giving opinions on issues presented by legislators and prosecutors, handling criminal matters and habeas corpus matters in the state, and advocating for citizens on issues pertaining to the environment, antitrust, and consumer protection. [4]

Habeas corpus is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.

Environmental policy the totality of the government efforts to promoting the protection of the natural environment

Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization or government to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues. These issues generally include air and water pollution, waste management, ecosystem management, maintenance of biodiversity, the protection of natural resources, wildlife and endangered species. Concerning environmental policy, the importance of implementation of an eco-energy-oriented policy at a global level to address the issues of global warming and climate changes should be accentuated. Policies concerning energy or regulation of toxic substances including pesticides and many types of industrial waste are part of the topic of environmental policy. This policy can be deliberately taken to direct and oversee human activities and thereby prevent harmful effects on the biophysical environment and natural resources, as well as to make sure that changes in the environment do not have harmful effects on humans.

In regulatory jurisdictions that provide for it, consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers as well as fair trade, competition and accurate information in the marketplace. The laws are designed to prevent the businesses that engage in fraud or specified unfair practices from gaining an advantage over competitors. They may also provides additional protection for those most vulnerable in society. Consumer protection laws are a form of government regulation that aim to protect the rights of consumers. For example, a government may require businesses to disclose detailed information about products—particularly in areas where safety or public health is an issue, such as food.

List of Arkansas Attorneys General

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References

  1. "Leslie Rutledge; Attorney General of Arkansas". Republican Attorneys General Association. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Office of Attorney General". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Little Rock, Arkansas: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System (CALS). 16 January 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  3. "State Attorneys General Results — 2014". Bingham. Bingham McCutchen LLP law firm. 6 November 2014. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  4. "Arkansas Attorney General". State of Arkansas. Retrieved 2 March 2015.