The Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas presides over the Arkansas Senate with a tie-breaking vote, serves as governor when the governor is out of state, and serves as governor if the governor is impeached, removed from office, dies or is otherwise unable to discharge the office's duties. The lieutenant governor position is elected separately from the governor.
The Arkansas Senate is the upper branch of the Arkansas General Assembly. The Senate consists of 35 members, each representing a district with about 83,000 people. Service in the state legislature is part-time, and many state senators have full-time jobs during the rest of the year. During the current term, the Senate contains twenty-six Republicans, and nine Democrats.
A casting vote is a vote that someone may exercise to resolve a deadlock. A casting vote is typically by the presiding officer of a council, legislative body, committee, etc., and may only be exercised to break a deadlock. Examples of officers who hold casting votes are the Speaker of the British House of Commons and the President of the United States Senate.
The position of Lieutenant Governor was created by the Sixth Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution in 1914, but was not filled until 1927. The Amendment was approved by the electorate in 1914, with returns showing 45,567 in favor and 45,206 opposed. The Speaker of the House declared the measure lost because it had not received a majority of the highest total vote, which was 135,517. In 1925, it was discovered that the Initiative and Referendum of 1910 had amended this majority requirement so that only a majority of those voting on a specific question was required. So, in 1926, the 1914 initiative was declared to be valid and Harvey Parnell was elected Arkansas' first lieutenant governor.
A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction.
Harvey Parnell was a farmer and politician from Southeast Arkansas. Parnell served in the Arkansas General Assembly for eight years, first in the Arkansas House of Representatives, and later serving a term in the Arkansas Senate. Following the re-establishment of the lieutenant governor position, Parnell won the statewide election and served under Governor John Martineau. When Martineau resigned to take a federal judgeship in March 1928, Parnell was elevated to become the state's 29th governor, a position he would hold until 1933. Early in his time as governor, Parnell was responsible for Progressive reforms popular with rural voters, including expansion and modernization of the highway system and public school reform. But as the Dust Bowl and Great Depression ravaged the Arkansas economy, Parnell's programs were blamed for bankrupting the state, and his popularity plummeted. He left politics after his second full gubernatorial term ended in January 1933.
Two recent incumbents, Winthrop Paul Rockefeller and Mike Huckabee, began their respective tenures in the midst of regular term periods, due to the elevation of their predecessors to the governorship. Jim Guy Tucker succeeded Bill Clinton as governor in December 1992, upon Clinton's resignation days before assuming his office as President of the United States, creating the need for a special election to fill the lieutenant governor's office. When Tucker was convicted of conspiracy and mail fraud charges in 1996, Huckabee succeeded him as governor, paving the way for the November 1996 special election of Rockefeller as lieutenant governor.
Winthrop Paul "Win" Rockefeller was an American Republican politician and businessman who served as the 17th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas from 1996 until his death in 2006. He was a member of the Rockefeller family.
Michael Dale Huckabee is an American politician and Christian minister who served as the 44th governor of Arkansas from 1996 to 2007. He was a candidate in the United States Republican presidential primaries in both 2008 and 2016.
James Guy Tucker Jr. is an American lawyer and Arkansas political figure. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 43rd Governor of Arkansas, the 15th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas, Arkansas Attorney General, and U.S. Representative.
Prior to Tim Griffin's swearing-in in January 2015, the office had been vacant since Mark Darr resigned on February 1, 2014, following an investigation into ethics violations involving illegal use of campaign funds.
John Timothy Griffin is an American politician and member of the Republican Party who is the 20th and current Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas, a post he has held since January 2015 under Governor Asa Hutchinson. Previously, Griffin was the U.S. Representative for Arkansas's 2nd congressional district from 2011 to 2015. As the Republican nominee for lieutenant governor in 2014 he defeated Democrat John Burkhalter. Griffin was also the interim United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas from December 2006 to June 2007 but was never confirmed by the United States Senate.
Mark A. Darr is an American politician from Springdale, Arkansas, who was his state's 19th lieutenant governor from 2011 to 2014. A member of the Republican Party, he was elected in 2010 to succeed Democrat Bill Halter. To win the second-ranking post in state government, he defeated another Democrat, state Senator and former House Speaker Shane Broadway by a margin of 51 to 49 percent.
|No.||Lieutenant Governor||Term in office||Party||Election||Governor|
|1||Calvin C. Bliss||April 18, 1864|
July 2, 1868
|2||James M. Johnson||July 2, 1868|
March 14, 1871
|Republican|| 1868 || Powell Clayton |
(resigned March 17, 1871)
|—||Vacant||March 14, 1871|
January 6, 1873
|Ozra Amander Hadley|
|3||Volney V. Smith||January 6, 1873|
November 12, 1874
|Republican|| 1872 ||Elisha Baxter|
|Office did not exist from November 12, 1874, to January 11, 1927|
|4||Harvey Parnell||January 11, 1927|
March 4, 1928
|Democratic|| 1926 ||John Ellis Martineau|
|—||Vacant||March 4, 1928|
January 14, 1929
|5||Lee Cazort||January 14, 1929|
January 12, 1931
|6||Lawrence Elery Wilson||January 12, 1931|
January 10, 1933
|7||Lee Cazort||January 10, 1933|
January 12, 1937
|Democratic||1932||Junius Marion Futrell|
|8||Robert L. Bailey||January 12, 1937|
January 12, 1943
|Democratic||1936||Carl Edward Bailey|
|1940||Homer Martin Adkins|
|9||James L. Shaver||January 12, 1943|
January 14, 1947
|1944||Benjamin Travis Laney|
|10||Nathan Green Gordon||January 14, 1947|
January 10, 1967
|11||Maurice Britt||January 10, 1967|
January 12, 1971
|12||Bob C. Riley||January 12, 1971|
January 3, 1975
| 1972 |
|—||Acting as governor||January 3, 1975|
January 14, 1975
|—||Bob C. Riley|
|13||Joe Purcell||January 14, 1975|
January 3, 1979
| 1976 |
|—||Acting as governor||January 3, 1979|
January 9, 1979
|13||Joe Purcell||January 9, 1979|
January 19, 1981
|14||Winston Bryant||January 19, 1981|
January 15, 1991
|Democratic||1980||Frank D. White|
| 1986 |
|15||Jim Guy Tucker||January 15, 1991|
December 12, 1992
|Democratic|| 1990 |
|—||Vacant||December 12, 1992|
November 20, 1993
|—||Jim Guy Tucker|
|16||Mike Huckabee||November 20, 1993|
July 15, 1996
|Republican|| 1993 |
| 1994 |
|—||Vacant||July 15, 1996|
November 19, 1996
|17||Winthrop Paul Rockefeller||November 19, 1996|
July 16, 2006
|Republican|| 1996 |
| 2002 |
|—||Vacant||July 16, 2006|
January 9, 2007
|18||Bill Halter||January 9, 2007|
January 11, 2011
|19||Mark Darr||January 11, 2011|
February 1, 2014
|Republican|| 2010 |
|—||Vacant||February 1, 2014|
January 13, 2015
|20||Tim Griffin||January 13, 2015|
|Republican|| 2014 |
New York is a Democratic stronghold and one of the three largest Democratic states alongside California and Illinois.
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Arkansas:
Edward Sheffield Nelson, known as Sheffield Nelson, is an American attorney, businessman and politician from the capital city of Little Rock, Arkansas. Originally a Democrat, Nelson in 1990 ran for governor of Arkansas as a Republican against then governor and future U.S. President Bill Clinton and in 1994 against another Democrat, the incumbent Governor Jim Guy Tucker.
Uriah Milton Rose was an American lawyer. He "disliked his first name intensely and never used his first name when he could avoid it."