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|Lieutenant Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia|
Seal of the Commonwealth of Virginia
|Term length||Four years|
|Inaugural holder||Shelton Leake|
The Lieutenant Governor is a constitutional officer of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The Lieutenant Governor is elected every four years along with the Governor and Attorney General. The office is currently held by Democrat Justin Fairfax. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected separately and thus may be of different political parties. The lieutenant governor's office is located in the Oliver Hill Building on Capitol Square in Richmond, Virginia. The lieutenant governor serves as the President of the Senate of Virginia and is first in the line of succession to the governor; in the event the governor dies, resigns, or otherwise leaves office, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. Unlike the governor, the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia can serve consecutive terms.
Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million.
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. The current holder of the office is Democrat Ralph Northam, who was sworn in on January 13, 2018. His term of office will end in 2022.
The Attorney General of Virginia is an elected constitutional position that holds an executive office in the government of Virginia. Attorneys General are elected for a four-year term in the year following a presidential election. There are no term limits restricting the number of terms someone can serve as Attorney General.
Since the late 1920s, the lieutenant governor has been one of only three positions that competes in a statewide election in Virginia (along with the governor and attorney general). Since the governor cannot serve consecutive terms, whoever is elected lieutenant governor is almost always considered a leading candidate for governor. This is especially the case if the lieutenant governor and the attorney general come from different parties. For example, after Democrat Tim Kaine was elected lieutenant governor and Republican Jerry Kilgore was elected attorney general in 2001, it was virtually taken for granted that they would face each other in the 2005 election.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
Timothy Michael Kaine is an American lawyer and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Virginia since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 38th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 2002 to 2006 and 70th Governor of Virginia from 2006 to 2010. Kaine was the Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election.
Jerry Walter Kilgore is an American attorney, politician and member of the Republican Party. He served as the Attorney General of Virginia from 2002 to 2005 and was the Republican nominee for Governor of Virginia in 2005, losing to Democratic nominee Tim Kaine. He is a partner with the law firm Cozen O'Connor and is a member of the firm's leading State Attorneys General practice in Washington, D.C. He also serves as finance chairman of the Republican Party of Virginia.
The office of Lieutenant Governor is of colonial origin and can be traced to the Virginia Council of London. The Council was appointed by the King, and in turn, the Council appointed the Lieutenant Governor or deputy. When the English crown forbade colonial governors' absence from the colonies without leave in 1680, it became the Council’s duty to designate or send a deputy who could exercise all the powers of the Governor under the written instructions of both the crown and the Governor. Virginia’s first Constitution, adopted in 1776, provided a Council of State from which a President was annually selected from its members. The President acted as Lieutenant Governor in the case of the death, inability, or necessary absence of the Governor from the government. The Virginia Constitution of 1851 abolished the Governor’s Council of State and provided for the popular election of the Lieutenant Governor. Shelton Farrar Leake, from Albemarle County, was the first elected Lieutenant Governor, serving from 1852 to 1856.
Constitutionally, the Lieutenant Governor is president of the Senate of Virginia, as is the case with many other lieutenant governors in the United States. Unlike many of his counterparts, the Lieutenant Governor regularly presides over Senate sessions rather than delegating this role to the president pro tempore or majority leader.
The Senate of Virginia is the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The Senate is composed of 40 Senators representing an equal number of single-member constituent districts. The Senate is presided over by the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. Prior to the American War of Independence, the upper house of the General Assembly was represented by the Virginia Governor's Council, consisting of up to 12 executive counselors appointed by the Colonial Royal Governor as advisers and jurists.
A president pro tempore or speaker pro tempore is a constitutionally recognized officer of a legislative body who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer. The phrase pro tempore is Latin "for the time being".
No party/Conservative (3) Democratic (29) Whig (2) Republican (7)
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States. It was based among middle class conservatives. It favored business, banks, industry, education and social modernization, and opposed a powerful presidency and territorial expansion. Four presidents belonged to the party while in office. It emerged in the 1830s as the leading opponent of Jacksonian democracy, pulling together former members of the National Republican and the Anti-Masonic Party. It had some links to the upscale traditions of the long-defunct Federalist Party. Along with the rival Democratic Party, it was central to the Second Party System from the early 1840s to the mid-1860s. It originally formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. It became a formal party within his second term, and slowly receded from influence after 1854.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
|1||Shelton Leake||Democratic||1852–1856||Joseph Johnson|
|2||Elisha W. McComas||1856–1857||Henry A. Wise|
|3||William Lowther Jackson||Democratic||1857–1860||Henry A. Wise|
|4.||Robert Latane Montague||1860–1864||John Letcher|
|5||Samuel Price||Democratic||1864–1865||William "Extra Billy" Smith||Richmond (Confederate) Government|
|6||Daniel Polsley||Republican||1861–1863||John Letcher||Restored (Unionist) Government|
|7||Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper||Whig||1863–1865||John Letcher||Restored (Unionist) Government|
|8||Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper||Whig||1865–1869|| William "Extra Billy" Smith |
Francis Harrison Pierpont
Henry H. Wells
Gilbert Carlton Walker
|9||John F. Lewis||Republican||1869–1870||Gilbert Carlton Walker|
|10||John Lawrence Marye, Jr.||Conservative||1870–1874||Gilbert Carlton Walker|
|11||Robert E. Withers||Democratic||1874–1875||James L. Kemper|
|12||Henry Wirtz Thomas||Republican||1875–1878||James L. Kemper|
|13||James A. Walker||Democratic||1878–1882||Frederick W. M. Holliday|
|14||John F. Lewis||Republican||1882–1886||William E. Cameron|
|15||John Edward "Parson" Massey||Democratic||1886–1890||Fitzhugh Lee|
|16||James Hoge Tyler||Democratic||1890–1894||Philip W. McKinney|
|17||Robert Craig Kent||Democratic||1894–1898||Charles Triplett O'Ferrall|
|18||Edward Echols||Democratic||1898–1902||James H. Tyler|
|19||Joseph Edward Willard||Democratic||1902–1906||Andrew J. Montague|
|20||James Taylor Ellyson||Democratic||1906–1918|| Claude A. Swanson |
William Hodges Mann
Henry Carter Stuart
|21||Benjamin Franklin Buchanan||Democratic||1918–1922||Westmoreland Davis|
|22||Junius Edgar West||Democratic||1922–1930|| Elbert L. Trinkle |
Harry F. Byrd
|23||James H. Price||Democratic||1930–1938|| John Garland Pollard |
George C. Peery
|24||Saxon Winston Holt||Democratic||1938–1940||James H. Price||died in office, leaving a vacancy|
|25||William M. Tuck||Democratic||1942–1946||Colgate Darden|
|26||Lewis Preston Collins II||Democratic||1946–1952||William M. Tuck||died in office|
|27||Allie Edward Stokes Stephens||Democratic||1952–1962||John S. Battle||filled Collins's term|
|28||Mills E. Godwin, Jr.||Democratic||1962–1966||Albertis Harrison|
|29||Fred G. Pollard||Democratic||1966–1970||Mills Godwin|
|30||J. Sargeant Reynolds||Democratic||1970–1971||Linwood Holton (Republican)||died in office|
|31||Henry Howell||Democratic||1971–1974||Linwood Holton (Republican)||filled Reynolds's term|
|32||John N. Dalton||Republican||1974–1978||Mills Godwin|
|33||Chuck Robb||Democratic||1978–1982||John N. Dalton (Republican)|
|34||Dick Davis||Democratic||1982–1986||Chuck Robb|
|35||Douglas Wilder||Democratic||1986–1990||Gerald Baliles||First African American to be elected as Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|
|36||Don Beyer||Democratic||1990–1998|| Douglas Wilder (Democratic)|
George Allen (Republican)
|37||John H. Hager||Republican||1998–2002||Jim Gilmore|
|38||Tim Kaine||Democratic||2002–2006||Mark Warner|
|39||Bill Bolling||Republican||2006–2014|| Tim Kaine (Democratic)|
Bob McDonnell (Republican)
|40||Ralph Northam||Democratic||2014–2018||Terry McAuliffe|
|41||Justin Fairfax||Democratic||2018–present||Ralph Northam|
As of January 2018 [update] , seven former lieutenant governors of Virginia were alive, the oldest being Douglas Wilder (served 1986–1990, born 1931). The most recent death of a former lieutenant governor of Virginia was that of Richard J. Davis, Jr. (served 1982–1986, born 1921), on March 4, 1999. He is also the most recently serving lieutenant governor of Virginia to die.
Lawrence Douglas Wilder is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 66th Governor of Virginia, from 1990 to 1994. He was the first African American to serve as governor of a U.S. state since Reconstruction, and the first elected African-American governor.
|Lt. Governor||Lt. Gubernatorial term||Date of birth (and age)|
|Chuck Robb||1978–1982||June 26, 1939|
|Douglas Wilder||1986–1990||January 17, 1931|
|Don Beyer||1990–1998||June 20, 1950|
|John H. Hager||1998–2002||August 28, 1936|
|Tim Kaine||2002–2006||February 26, 1958|
|Bill Bolling||2006–2014||June 15, 1957|
|Ralph Northam||2014–2018||September 13, 1959|
The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Texas Legislature, and to convene the legislature. The governor may grant pardons in cases other than impeachment or in the case of treason, with permission by the legislature. The current Governor is Greg Abbott.
The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the U.S. It is the second most powerful post in Texas government because its occupant controls the work of the Texas Senate and controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board.
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Ohio:
The Mississippi Senate is the upper house of the Mississippi Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The Senate is composed of 52 senators representing an equal amount of constituent districts, with 54,704 people per district. Senators serve four-year terms with no term limits.
New York is a Democratic stronghold and one of the three largest Democratic states alongside California and Illinois.
The Connecticut State Senate is the upper house of the Connecticut General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Connecticut. The state senate comprises 36 members, each representing a district with around 99,280 inhabitants. Senators are elected to two-year terms without term limits. The Connecticut State Senate is one of 14 state legislative upper houses whose members serve two-year terms; four-year terms are more common.
The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is an elected constitutional officer in the executive branch of the state government of New Jersey in the United States. The lieutenant governor is the second highest-ranking official in the state government and is elected concurrently on a ticket with the governor for a four-year term. Because the position itself does not carry any powers or duties other than to be next in the order of succession, the state constitution requires that the lieutenant governor be appointed to serve as the head of a cabinet-level department or administrative agency within the governor's administration.
The President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate is the second-highest-ranking official of the Oklahoma Senate and the highest-ranking state senator. The Oklahoma Constitution designates the Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma as the highest-ranking official, serving ex officio as President of the Senate, even though he or she only votes in the case of a tie. During the lieutenant governor's absence, the president pro tempore presides over sessions. The lieutenant governor presides over sessions devoted to ceremonial purposes, while the bulk of the management and political power is reserved for the president pro tempore.
The Louisiana State Senate is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana. All senators serve four-year terms and are assigned multiple committees to work on. The current Senate President John Alario from Westwego.
The government of Virginia combines the three branches of authority in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The current Governor of Virginia is Ralph Northam. The State Capitol building in Richmond was designed by Thomas Jefferson, and the cornerstone was laid by Governor Patrick Henry in 1785. Virginia currently functions under the 1971 Constitution of Virginia. It is the Commonwealth's seventh constitution. Under the Constitution, the government is composed of three branches, the legislative, the executive and the judicial.
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Louisiana:
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of New Jersey:
The following table indicates party affiliation in the Commonwealth of Virginia for the individual offices of:
Elections in Virginia are authorized under Article I Virginia State Constitution, sections 5-6, and Article V which establishes elections for the state level officers, cabinet, and legislature. Article VII section 4 establishes the election of county-level officers.