Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

Last updated
Men's 100 metres
at the Games of the II Olympiad
JarvisFrank 1900.jpg
Frank Jarvis
Venue Bois de Boulogne
DateJuly 14
Competitors20 from 9 nations
Winning time11.0
Medalists
Gold medal icon.svg Frank Jarvis
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Silver medal icon.svg Walter Tewksbury
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Bronze medal icon.svg Stan Rowley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia
  1896
1904  

The men's 100 metres was a sprinting event on the athletics programme at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris. It was held on July 14, 1900. 20 athletes from nine nations competed. The event was won by Frank Jarvis of the United States, the second of three straight gold medals by different Americans in the event. Australia medaled in the event for the first time, a bronze by Stan Rowley.

Contents

Background

This was the second time the event was held. None of the 1896 runners competed in 1900. American Arthur Duffey had recently won the AAA Championships (at 100 yards) and was heavily favored. [1] Unofficial world record holder (in a many-way tie) Isaac Westergren of Sweden also entered the competition.

No athletes from France, the host nation, competed. Australia, Bohemia, India, and Italy were represented for the first time.

The 1900 competition was one of only two Olympic Games (along with 1904) where the men's 100 metres was not the shortest sprint, with the 60 metres being held in those two years.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1900 Summer Olympics.

World Record10.8 [lower-alpha 1] Flag of the United States.svg Luther Cary Paris (FRA)July 4, 1891
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Cecil Lee Brussels (BEL)September 25, 1892
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Étienne De Re Brussels (BEL)August 4, 1893
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg L. Atcherley Frankfurt/Main (GER)April 13, 1895
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harry Beaton Rotterdam (NED)August 28, 1895
Flag of Sweden.svg Harald Anderson-Arbin Helsingborg (SWE)August 9, 1896
Flag of Sweden.svg Isaac Westergren Gävle (SWE)September 11, 1898
Flag of Sweden.svg Isaac Westergren Gävle (SWE)September 10, 1899
Olympic Record11.8 Flag of the United States.svg Thomas Burke Athens (GRE)April 6, 1896 (NS)
  1. unofficial

Arthur Duffey in the first heat of the first round and Walter Tewksbury in the second heat of the first round set new Olympic records with 11.4 seconds. In the third heat of the first round Frank Jarvis equalled the unofficial world record with 10.8 seconds. In the second semifinal Tewksbury also equalled the world record with 10.8 seconds.

Competition format

The competition consisted of four rounds: heats, semifinals, a repechage, and a final. The top two runners in each of the six heats advanced to the semifinals. Those 12 men were divided into 3 semifinals of 4 runners each. The 1st-place runner in each semifinal advanced directly to the final, the 2nd and 3rd place runners went to the repechage, and the 4th place finisher was eliminated. In the 6-man repechage, only the winner advanced to the final and everyone else was eliminated.

Schedule

DateTimeRound
Saturday, 14 July 1900 
 
 
11:15
First round
Semifinals
Repechage
Final

Results

First round

In the first round, there were six heats. The top two runners in each advanced to the semifinals.

Heat 1

Duffey was a metre ahead of Moloney at the finish.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Arthur Duffey US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.4 Q, OR
2 Frederick Moloney US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.5 Q
3 Václav Nový Flag of Bohemia.svg  Bohemia Unknown

Heat 2

Tewksbury won this heat by six inches.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Walter Tewksbury US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.4 Q, =OR
2 Thaddeus McClain US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.4 Q
3 Pál Koppán Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary Unknown

Heat 3

The fastest of the preliminary heats featured two of the eventual medallists; Jarvis won by a metre and equalled the world record.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Frank Jarvis US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 10.8 Q, =WR
2 Stan Rowley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia 10.9 Q
3 Umberto Colombo Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy Unknown
4 Julius Keyl Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany Unknown

Heat 4

Leiblee won this heat by half a yard.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Clark Leiblee US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.4 Q
2 Kurt Doerry Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany 11.5 Q
3 Johannes Gandil Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Unknown

Heat 5

The fifth heat was the only one that was not won by an American runner; Pritchard beat Minahan by half a yard.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Norman Pritchard British Raj Red Ensign.svg  India 11.4 Q
2 Edmund Minahan US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.5 Q
3 Ernő Schubert Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary Unknown
4 Isaac Westergren Swedish civil ensign (1844-1905).svg  Sweden Unknown

Heat 6

In an all-American heat, Burroughs defeated Boardman by about a metre, with Slack in third to become the only American runner to be eliminated in the first round.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Charles Burroughs US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.4 Q
2 Dixon Boardman US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.5 Q
3 Henry Slack US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown

Semifinals

There were three semifinals, each with four runners. The top runner in each of the semifinals advanced to the final, while the second and third place runners competed in the repechage. The winner of the six-runner repechage advanced to the final as well.

Semifinal 1

Duffey dropped almost half a second from his preliminary heat time to beat Rowley by five feet. Burroughs again defeated Boardman, eliminating Boardman from competition while remaining in contention in the repechage.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Arthur Duffey US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.0 Q
2 Stan Rowley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia 11.2R
3 Charles Burroughs US flag 45 stars.svg  United States UnknownR
4 Dixon Boardman US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown

Semifinal 2

Tewksbury equalled the world record, the second runner to accomplish that at the Paris Games, with Leiblee six inches behind him. There is some question as to whether Dörry started the race, but he did not finish it.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Walter Tewksbury US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 10.8 Q, =WR
2 Clark Leiblee US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 10.9R
3 Frederick Moloney US flag 45 stars.svg  United States UnknownR
Kurt Doerry Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany DNF

Semifinal 3

Jarvis won by a yard, McClain and Pritchard were relegated to the repechage, and Minahan was eliminated.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Frank Jarvis US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.2 Q
2 Thaddeus McClain US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.3R
3 Norman Pritchard British Raj Red Ensign.svg  India UnknownR
4 Edmund Minahan US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown

Repechage

The repechage was a very close race, with Rowley defeating Pritchard by two inches. Rowley advanced to the final while Pritchard and the four Americans were eliminated.

RankAthleteNationTimeNotes
1 Stan Rowley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia 11.0 Q
2 Norman Pritchard British Raj Red Ensign.svg  India 11.0
3 Clark Leiblee US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown
4–6 Charles Burroughs US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown
Thaddeus McClain US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown
Frederick Moloney US flag 45 stars.svg  United States Unknown

Final

Duffey got away to an early lead, but pulled a tendon at the 50 meter mark. Jarvis beat Tewksbury by two feet, with Rowley half a yard behind.

RankAthleteNationTime
Gold medal icon.svg Frank Jarvis US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.0
Silver medal icon.svg Walter Tewksbury US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 11.1
Bronze medal icon.svg Stan Rowley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia 11.2
Arthur Duffey US flag 45 stars.svg  United States DNF

Sources

  1. "100 metres, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 21 July 2020.

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