Boxing glove

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A pair of velcro sparring gloves Sports Model John Quinlan Autographed Muay Thai Boxing Gloves.jpg
A pair of velcro sparring gloves

Boxing gloves are cushioned gloves that fighters wear on their hands during boxing matches and practices. Unlike "fist-load weapons" (such as the ancient cestus) which were designed as a lethal weapon, modern boxing gloves are non-lethal, designed to protect both the opponent's head and the fighter's hand during a bout. Sparring and other forms of boxing training have their own specialized gloves.

Contents

History

One of the earliest evidences of boxing gloves: A painting of Minoan youths boxing, from an Akrotiri fresco circa 1500 BC. Young boxers fresco, Akrotiri, Greece.jpg
One of the earliest evidences of boxing gloves: A painting of Minoan youths boxing, from an Akrotiri fresco circa 1500 BC.
Leather wraps represented in bronze. From Ancient Greece, first century BC. Leather wraps, Ancient Greece, boxing gloves.png
Leather wraps represented in bronze. From Ancient Greece, first century BC.

Ancient Middle-Eastern and Egyptian depictions of boxing circa 2000 BC showed contests where fighters had a band supporting the wrist. Early depictions of gloves in boxing date back to Minoan Crete circa 1500 BC. [1] [2] The use of hand protection in fighting contests undertaken for sport has been known since Ancient Greece. However, the gloves were very different from those of modern boxing, as was the sport itself. [3] In Ancient Greece, it was common practice to tie strips of leather round the hands for protection. In Roman times, this developed into the gladiatorial cestus, with metal added to the gloves to inflict greater damage. [4] The oldest surviving example of boxing gloves date to around 120 AD, coming in the form of two non-matching leather bands that were recovered from excavations at the Roman fort of Vindolanda. [5] The brutality of the sport caused the boxing to be banned in AD 393. [6] [ better source needed ]

Boxing experienced a revival in Britain around the 17th century. Many bouts were fought with bare knuckles and with no standard rules until Jack Broughton introduced boxing rules known as Broughton's Law in the 18th century, where the gloves were used for practice purposes only. [6] [7] However, many boxers still chose to fight with bare knuckles until 1867 when gloves were mandated by the Marquess of Queensberry Rules. [8]

Modern boxing gloves started showing up towards end of the 1890s. Over ten years of engineering and testing by some of the biggest boxing manufacturers and sport names have helped create safe, durable equipment. [9] Modern boxing gloves include mesh palm, velcro, leather-based stitching, suspension cushioning and new padding for the boxer. The International Boxing Association (amateur) approves new designs of gloves according to rules around weight and the amount of leather, padding and support allowed. [10]

Features

Boxing gloves usually come with either lace-ups or velcro. In velcro gloves, the velcro acts as a second handwrap that adds more stability to the wrist. [11] Lace-up gloves provide a more snug and secure fit, but unlike velcro gloves, require assistance from another person to lace, and are usually wrapped with tape before the match. [12] Lace-up gloves can be converted to velcro gloves using a hook and loop converter. [13]

Three types of padding commonly used in boxing gloves are horsehair padding, foam padding or a mix of both. [14] Foam padding gloves use latex and PVC foam with shock absorber. Horsehair gloves last longer than foam padding gloves and are environmentally friendly, but are less protective. [15]

In amateur boxing matches, glove color is restricted to red or blue, often with a white "scoring area" at the knuckles to help judges see and record points from a proper punch. [16]

Boxing gloves are worn over hand wraps, which help stabilize the fist area against injuries such as the eponymous boxer's fracture of the fifth metacarpal. [17] The hand wrap is usually made from cotton and is available in either 120 inches (3,000 mm) or 170 inches (4,300 mm). [18]

Types of gloves

Type [19] ImagesDescriptionAvailable size
Bag gloves Guantes.JPG A cushioned glove to protect the athlete's hands against heavy strikes on punching bags; these are the gloves not recommended by trainers for any boxing training, especially for non-sparrers. [18] 8 oz
10 oz
12 oz [20]
14 oz
16 oz [19]
Bag mittsMitts are used to add slight protection to the athlete's hands while striking punching bags while simultaneously strengthening the athletes hands and allowing for the practice of proper, closed-fist punching technique.2oz
Sparring gloves Osaka Fight Gear Muay Thai Gloves.jpg Gloves designed to protect both athletes during practice bouts. [21] Usually gloves 2 to 4 oz heavier than competition gloves are selected to spar, to avoid unnecessary injuries. However, in some unique cases of exceptionally strong punching power, gloves of around 20 oz could be utilized. Sonny Liston had 22 oz custom-made Everlast gloves, though which barely saved his sparring partners from being knocked out daily. Mike Tyson, while being an amateur, had 18 oz sparring gloves, which also barely protected his sparring partners from his heavy punches. [22] This type of gloves is for support, not for profit. They come with a lightweight, less padding, and simple design.4 oz [23]
6 oz
10 oz [24]
12 oz [20]
14 oz
16 oz
18 oz
20 oz [21] [25]
Competition gloves Boxing gloves Bail 10-OZ (1).jpg Gloves designed to protect both athletes during competitions, built according to official regulations. Generally less padded than other glove types. [21] Have white-painted scoring area at the knuckles.8 oz

10 oz

12 oz [19]

Lace Up gloves Lace Up Boxing Gloves.jpg Gloves typically used by professionals in training and competition8 oz

10 oz

12 oz

14 oz

16 oz

Safety

Boxing gloves are mandatory in professional and amateur boxing. Ouch-boxing-footwork.jpg
Boxing gloves are mandatory in professional and amateur boxing.

The impact of gloves on the injuries caused during a fight is a controversial issue. Hitting to the head was less common in the bare-knuckle era because of the risk of hurting the boxer's hand. Gloves reduce the number of cuts caused, but British Medical Association research has stated that gloves do not reduce brain injuries and may even increase them, because the main cause of injury is acceleration and deceleration of the head, and fighters wearing gloves are able to punch harder to the head. Gloves may reduce the amount of eye injuries, especially if they are thumbless, but retinal tears and detached retinas still occur to boxers wearing modern gloves. [26] [27]

One non-peer-reviewed study has estimated the risk of death from bare-knuckle boxing at 14,000 deaths per million participants. This is 184 times more deaths per million participants than for modern professional boxing, which has 76 deaths per million participants (according to the same study). Data for the number of fights and deaths from the bare-knuckle era is incomplete, and also that there were many differences in rules and medical care. Bare-knuckle boxing matches were usually fought until one fighter could not continue, with bouts sometimes lasting hours, and a few fighters dying after they were carried to their mark to restart the fight when they would otherwise have been unable to continue. (The London Prize Ring Rules later specifically stated that a fighter must "walk to his own side of the scratch unaided" (emphasis added) or lose the fight.) Bare-knuckle rules also allowed grappling and throws, and some deaths were caused by a fighter hitting his head on a stone or rail. [28] [29]

Weighted training gloves

Weighted training gloves are sometimes used in order to add resistance to punching exercises. Such gloves standardly range between 1-3 kg. As their usage over time typically increases the boxer's strength in that range of movement, they are used to increase the speed and power of a punch; in order to achieve this, their usage may be alternated with normal unweighted punching practice. Care is taken that the muscular adaption for the weight does not negatively interfere with the normal punching action. Light dumbbells are sometimes used on a similar basis to weighted gloves.

Illegal modification of boxing gloves

On 16 June 1983 at Madison Square Garden, New York City, Luis Resto unexpectedly beat the previously undefeated Billy Collins. An investigation found Resto's gloves had been illegally modified, with padding removed by his trainer, Panama Lewis. As sport journalist Oliver Irish summarized, "Lewis served two years of a six-year prison sentence for assault, conspiracy, tampering with a sports contest and criminal possession of a deadly weapon (Resto's fists)". [9]

Influence of boxing gloves in other fight sports

Open-fingered and open palm MMA gloves or 'grappling gloves', which are frequently used in mixed martial arts bouts, are not boxing gloves. [30] Similar to the wrist-supporting, closed-thumb, broken-knuckle kempo gloves popularized by Bruce Lee's 1973 movie Enter the Dragon , they provide some padding to the person wearing the glove, but leave the fingers and the palm area open and available for intricate wrestling and grappling maneuvers such as clinch fighting, which are illegal in the sport of modern boxing. [31]

List of Boxing Competition Gloves Approved by Associations

BBBOFC (British Boxing Board of Control) [32] British & Irish Boxing Authority [33]
Adidas (Adistar, Hybrid400, Speed combo, BC09)RDX Sports
BBEBox Fit UK
Ben Lee3x Sports Ltd
Carbon Claw (Sondaica, Corbetti)
Cleto Reyes
Di Nardo (Equumi I, Equum II, Tutela)
Everlast (Regular, Elite, Pro-Tec, Powerlock, MX Pro 2.0, 1910)
Fighters Block
Fly (Regular, Orthopaedic, Mexican & Classic)
Geezers (Geezers Boxing)
Grants
True Mind Creative
Hatton Pro Fight Glove
Hayabusa
Leon
Loaded
Lonsdale
LRG
No Boxing No Life
Paffin
Phenom ("XDF & RSF)
Queensberry
RDX (Apex -A2, Apex -A3, Cortex -C2, Cortex-C3)
Reebok
Ringcraft / Red Diamond
Ringside (Legacy & Revolution)
Rival
Title
Sting (Evolution)
Tuf-Wear
Venum ("Shield", "Giant 2.0", "CoCo" and "Hammer")
VIP
Webb
Winning

See also

Related Research Articles

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Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves and other protective equipment such as hand wraps and mouthguards, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.

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Kickboxing is a stand-up combat sport based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing. Kickboxing is practiced for self-defence, general fitness, or as a contact sport.

Muay Thai Combat sport of Thailand (lit. "Thai boxing")

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Boxing training is the training method that boxers use in order to get more fit for their sport.

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Bob Fitzsimmons British boxer

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Carlos "Panama" Lewis was an American boxing trainer. He was convicted of tampering with the gloves of Luis Resto for his fight against Billy Collins Jr. in 1983, which subsequently led to the end of Collins' boxing career. Collins suffered from depression and possibly committed suicide following the assault.

Marquess of Queensberry Rules

The Marquess of Queensberry Rules , also known as Queensbury Rules, are a code of generally accepted rules in the sport of boxing. Drafted in London in 1865 and published in 1867, they were named so as the 9th Marquess of Queensberry publicly endorsed the code, although they were written by a Welsh sportsman named John Graham Chambers. The code of rules on which modern boxing is based, the Queensberry rules were the first to mandate the use of gloves in boxing.

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<i>Cestus</i> Ancient battle glove

A cestus or caestus is an ancient battle glove, sometimes used in pankration. They were worn like modern boxing gloves, but were made with leather strips and sometimes filled with iron plates or fitted with blades or spikes, and used as weapons.

Hand wrap

A hand wrap or a wrist wrap or Kumpur is a strip of cloth used by boxers to protect the hand and wrist against injuries induced by punching. It is wrapped securely around the wrist, the palm, and the base of the thumb, where it serves to both maintain the alignment of the joints, and to compress and lend strength to the soft tissues of the hand during the impact of a punch.

Ancient Greek boxing

Ancient Greek boxing dates back to at least the 8th century BC, and was practiced in a variety of social contexts in different Greek city-states. Most extant sources about ancient Greek boxing are fragmentary or legendary, making it difficult to reconstruct the rules, customs and history surrounding this activity in great detail. Still, it is clear that gloved boxing bouts were a significant part of ancient Greek athletic culture throughout the early classical period.

William Ray Collins Jr. was an American professional boxer who competed from 1981 to 1983. His career was cut short after his final fight when he sustained serious injuries against Luis Resto in their ten-round bout. Aided by his trainer Panama Lewis, Resto used illegal, tampered gloves with an ounce of the gloves' cushioning removed, along with hand wraps which had been soaked in plaster of Paris.

Luis Resto is a convicted former boxer who fought out of The Bronx, New York.

Assault in the Ring is a 2008 sports documentary film about a controversial boxing match held at Madison Square Garden on June 16, 1983.

MMA gloves Open-fingered gloves used in mixed martial arts bouts

MMA gloves or grappling gloves are small, open-fingered gloves used in mixed martial arts bouts. They usually have around 4–6 oz of padding and are designed to provide some protection to the person wearing the glove, but leave the fingers available for grappling maneuvers such as clinch fighting and submissions.

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