Burswood, Western Australia

Last updated

Perth,  Western Australia
Perth 220716 gnangarra-3.JPG
Crown Perth (previously known as the Burswood Casino)
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 31°57′50″S115°53′38″E / 31.964°S 115.894°E / -31.964; 115.894 Coordinates: 31°57′50″S115°53′38″E / 31.964°S 115.894°E / -31.964; 115.894
Population2,340 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density688/km2 (1,783/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 6100
Area3.4 km2 (1.3 sq mi)
Location3 km (2 mi) from the Perth CBD
LGA(s) Town of Victoria Park
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Swan
Suburbs around Burswood:
(Swan River)(Swan River) Maylands
East Perth Burswood Rivervale
Victoria Park Victoria Park Lathlain

Burswood is an inner southeastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located immediately across the Swan River from Perth's central business district (CBD). Its local government area is the Town of Victoria Park. Burswood is the location of the State Tennis Centre, Perth Stadium, Belmont Park Racecourse, and the Crown Perth casino and hotel complex.



Burswood developed as two separate entities  Burswood Island, and a southernmost part within the suburb of Victoria Park until the 1990s.

Henry Camfield, who emigrated from England to the Swan River Colony in 1829, with two indentured servants and their families, was granted 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of land opposite Claisebrook. Camfield named the estate after his father's farm, Burrswood, near Groombridge in Kent. [2] [3]

The area was a low-lying peninsula leading to a ridge and steep, sandy hill with scrubland beyond. The peninsula became Burrswood Island in 1841 when Burswood canal was cut to offer a more direct route to Guildford, which had previously been encumbered by mud flats. By this time, the land was earning income and Camfield let it to tenants until he sold it in 1871 when he was living at Camfield House. A statue of Henry Camfield is located in Burswood Park surrounding the entertainment complex today.

During the 1890s, the Bunbury Bridge and the Perth to Armadale railway line were built in the area. The current spelling of Burswood was a result of a misspelling on the station signage. [4] Western Australia's first golf course (9-hole) was built at Burswood Island in 1895  the clubhouse was a mud hut  and in 1899 a racecourse was also built. This was built by Albert Edmund Cockram and in 1902 it became the Belmont Park Racecourse. In 1906 Goodwood railway station, later renamed Belmont Park, opened. [5]

From 1900 until 1943 there were two racecourses, Goodwood and Belmont Park. These were owned by Albert Edmund Cockram as was Burswood Island. He developed the racecourses and became the largest importer of thoroughbreds into Australia. The Western Australian Turf Club took over both in 1945 purchasing it from the estate of Albert Edmund Cockram and closed Goodwood. [5]

Efforts were made to establish a residential district at "Riversdale Estate", but the use of Burswood Island as part of a sewerage filtration system (1906-1934) and the existence of various light industries from the 1910s onward worked against development. Residents in the area requested a change of name and in 1921, the name Rivervale was adopted. [6]

In 1985, the development of the Burswood Island Resort, including a casino, rehabilitated the name and the suburb was gazetted as Burswood in 1993, also including the residential area of Victoria Park south of Burswood Road.


In the 2016 Census, there were 2,340 people in Burswood. 42.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 6.8%. 56.8% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 5.7%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 31.5% and Catholic 22.2%. [1]


Jacaranda-lined Howick Street, with the CBD in background OIC burswood howick street 1.jpg
Jacaranda-lined Howick Street, with the CBD in background

Burswood is bounded by the Swan River to the west, north and north-east; Graham Farmer Freeway, Great Eastern Highway and the Armadale railway to the east, and Shepperton Road and Harper Street to the south. [7]

At the 2011 Australian census, Burswood had a population of 2,029 people living in 1,200 dwellings, many of which were townhouses or flats. Notably 8.8% of Burswood's population has Chinese ancestry, well above the state or national averages.


Perth Stadium opened in January 2018 Perth Stadium, December 2017 01.jpg
Perth Stadium opened in January 2018

Burswood includes Belmont Park Racecourse, Perth's winter thoroughbred racing track; [8] Perth Stadium, a new 60,000 seat multi-purpose venue for all football codes, cricket and entertainment events; [9] the State Tennis Centre; [10] and Crown Perth (formerly the Burswood Entertainment Complex), with three hotels, a casino, a convention and function centre, a theatre and many restaurants and bars.

Burswood was the site of Western Australia's first and oldest golf course, established in 1895 and closed in 2013 amid controversy, to make way for construction of Perth Stadium and a new hotel. [11] The Burswood Superdome, a 13,600 seat multipurpose indoor arena used for sports and entertainment, operated from 1998 to 2012. It was demolished in 2013, to be replaced by a casino carpark. [12]


The Perth-Armadale rail line runs through the area and is serviced by Burswood railway station. Buses from the Victoria Park transfer station along Great Eastern Highway and Craig Street service the area. All services are operated by the Public Transport Authority.


The nearest polling booth, Homestead Seniors Centre in Victoria Park, is marginal at federal level, and supports the Australian Labor Party at state elections.

2010 federal election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 46.5%
  Labor 35.6%
  Greens 12.9%
  CDP 1.93%
  Family First 0.61%
2007 federal election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 43.1%
  Labor 41.4%
  Greens 11.8%
  CDP 1.22%
  One Nation 0.61%
2004 federal election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 42.4%
  Labor 39.6%
  Greens 9.90%
  Democrats 2.29%
  One Nation 1.60%
2001 federal election
Source: AEC
  Labor 39.9%
  Liberal 38.6%
  Democrats 7.76%
  Greens 6.59%
  One Nation 4.27%
2008 state election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 43.0%
  Liberal 40.0%
  Greens 13.9%
  CDP 1.57%
  Family First 1.44%
2005 state election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 55.0%
  Liberal 30.7%
  Greens 9.18%
  CDP 2.87%
  One Nation 2.76%
2001 state election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 48.1%
  Liberal 29.5%
  Greens 8.68%
  One Nation 6.35%
  Democrats 4.75%
1996 state election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 47.0%
  Liberal 36.6%
  Greens 7.22%
  Democrats 5.41%

Related Research Articles

Swan River (Western Australia) river in Western Australia

The Swan River is a river in the south west of Western Australia. Its Aboriginal Noongar name is the Derbarl Yerrigan. The river runs through the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia's capital and largest city.

City of Belmont Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Belmont is a local government area in the inner eastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located about 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Perth's central business district on the south bank of the Swan River. The City covers an area of 39.8 square kilometres (15.4 sq mi), maintains 225 km of roads and had a population of almost 40,000 as at the 2016 Census. The City of Belmont is a member of the Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council

Town of Victoria Park Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Victoria Park is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of 17.62 km² in metropolitan Perth, the capital of Western Australia. The Town of Victoria Park maintains 154.55 km of roads and a little over 1 km² of parks and gardens. It had a population of approximately 35,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Division of Swan Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Swan is an Australian electoral division located in Western Australia.

The Armadale railway line is a suburban railway line in Western Australia that runs from Perth to Armadale, and continues as the South Western Railway to Bunbury. The line crosses the Swan River at East Perth via the Goongoongup Bridge, and formerly had crossed it via the Bunbury Bridge.

Burswood railway station Railway station in Perth, Western Australia

Burswood railway station is a railway station on the Transperth network. It is located on the Armadale line, 4.8 kilometres from Perth station serving the suburbs of Burswood, Lathlain and Rivervale.

Belmont Park railway station, Perth railway station in Perth, Western Australia

Belmont Park railway station was located on the Armadale/Thornlie line in Perth, Western Australia. It was operated by Transperth serving Belmont Park Racecourse from 1906 until 2013.

Crown Perth resort and casino in Burswood, Western Australia

Crown Perth is a resort and casino located in Burswood, Western Australia, near the Swan River. The resort consists of a casino, a convention centre with meeting rooms, theatre and two ballrooms along with 32 restaurants and bars, a nightclub and recreational facilities. It also features three hotels: the 405-room Crown Metropol Perth, the 291-room Crown Promenade Perth and the 500-room luxury hotel Crown Towers Perth, which was opened in December 2016.

Carlisle, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Carlisle is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the town of Victoria Park.

Lathlain, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Lathlain is an inner south eastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the Town of Victoria Park.

City of Perth Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Perth is a local government area and body, within the Perth metropolitan area, which is the capital of Western Australia. The local government is commonly known as Perth City Council. The City covers the Perth city centre and surrounding suburbs. The City covers an area of 20.01 square kilometres (8 sq mi) and had an estimated population of 21,092 as at 30 June 2015. On 1 July 2016 the City expanded, absorbing 1,247 residents from the City of Subiaco. The Perth City Council was suspended on 2 March 2018, pending the establishment of a public inquiry into the council, by Local Government Minister David Templeman. The council has been administered by three Commissioners since then.

Sport is an important part of the culture of Western Australia.

Victoria Park, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Victoria Park is an inner south eastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the Town of Victoria Park.

Belmont Park may refer to:

Bayswater, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Bayswater is a suburb 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north-east of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It is located north of the Swan River, within the City of Bayswater local government area. It predominantly a low density residential suburb with a small town centre lined with shops and a light industrial area to the east. Development in the suburb was first triggered by the construction of the Fremantle-Guildford railway line in 1881. In 1885, Bayswater estate was founded. Since then, the suburb has been almost fully developed, with a population of 14,432 as of 2016.

Belmont Park Racecourse

Belmont Park Racecourse is one of the two major horse racing venues within the Perth, Western Australia metropolitan area, the other being Ascot Racecourse, and is located just outside of the central business district on the Burswood Peninsular surrounded by the Swan River. The track has a circumference of 1,699 m (5,574 ft) with a 333 m (1,093 ft) straight. Belmont is Perth's winter racecourse, with fully enclosed facilities for spectators.

Perth Stadium Stadium

Perth Stadium, also known by naming rights sponsorship as Optus Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Perth, Western Australia, located in the suburb of Burswood. It was completed in late 2017 and officially opened on 21 January 2018. The stadium has a capacity of over 60,000 people, making it the third-largest stadium in Australia. The stadium can be extended up to 65,000 seats for rectangular sports.

Dallas Reginald Dempster is an Australian businessman notable for original development of Perth's Burswood Resort and Casino and the proposed Kwinana Petrochemical Plant, both of which were among the Western Australian government transactions examined by the 1990–92 WA Inc Royal Commission. In November 2013 The West Australian newspaper named Dempster as one of Western Australia's 100 most influential business leaders (1829–2013).

Perth Stadium railway station railway station in Perth, Western Australia

Perth Stadium railway station is a railway station on the Transperth network. It is located on the Armadale line, 3.2 kilometres from Perth railway station serving the new Perth Stadium. It was completed in December 2017 and opened on 21 January 2018. The station cost A$145 million to build and is the second biggest station on the Perth network.


  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Burswood (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 April 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Bowden-Pickstock, Susan (2009). "Burrswood, Kent". Quiet Gardens: The Roots of Faith?. London: Continuum International. p. 111. ISBN   9781441184788 . Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  3. "The Camfield Letters". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 28 November 1936. p. 6. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  4. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of metropolitan suburb names – B" . Retrieved 15 May 2007.
  5. 1 2 Robyn, McSweeney (31 August 2015). Albert Edmund Cockram king of the racecourse : 1870-1943. Davis, Sue. Bridgetown, W.A. ISBN   9780994369116. OCLC   911422186.
  6. Dr Geoff Gallop. "From The Swan To The Canning - Historical Notes on Victoria Park and Surrounding Districts", December 1989. Originally published in Southern Gazette, 14 November 1989, p.8. Accessed at Battye Library, Perth.
  7. Department of Land Information. StreetSmart Perth Street Directory (54th ed.). West Australian Newspapers Ltd. pp. Map 371. ISBN   978-0-909439-67-5.
  8. "About Perth Racing". Racing and Wagering Western Australia. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  9. "Fact sheets". Perth Stadium. Perth, WA: Government of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  10. "Welcome to State Tennis Centre". State Tennis Centre. Burswood, WA. 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  11. Prestipino, David (16 April 2013). "Burswood Park Golf Course closure leaves 80,000 in the rough". Sunday Times. Perth, WA. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  12. Offer, Kaitlyn (31 May 2013). "Burswood Dome to be demolished after 26 years of rock, pop, sport". Sunday Times. Perth, WA. Retrieved 3 April 2017.