Common nase

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Common nase
Chondrostoma nasus (aka).jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Chondrostoma
Species:
C. nasus
Binomial name
Chondrostoma nasus
Synonyms
  • Cyprinus nasusLinnaeus, 1758
  • Chondrostoma ohridanum Karaman, 1924

The common nase (Chondrostoma nasus) is a European potamodromous cyprinid fish. It is often simply called the nase, but that can refer to any species of its genus Chondrostoma . Another name is sneep.

Contents

Distribution

The nase is found naturally in drainages of the Black Sea (Danube, Dniestr, Southern Bug, Dniepr), the southern Baltic Sea (Nieman, Odra, Vistula) and the southern North Sea (to Meuse in the west). Moreover, it has been introduced to the Rhône, Loire, Hérault, and Soca/Isonzo (Italy, Slovenia) drainages. It is a migratory fish.

Appearance

The nase has a spindle shaped physique, with a blue-grey metallic-coloured scales and orange tail. It has relatively sharp lower lip. Generally, the fish range from 25 to 40 centimetres in length, and weigh about 1000 grams. However, specimens have been recorded up to 60 long and 3 kg in weight . The maximum recorded life span of the fish is 15 years.

Biology

This gregarious species is found in deep water with a fast current, often in the back waters of bridges or in rocky outcrops. It dwells near the bottom where it feeds on algae, aquatic plants and invertebrates. Nase fish on the whole stay in shoals.

Protection

The nase is protected by the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats.

Related Research Articles

Common dace Species of ray-finned fish

The common dace is a species of freshwater and brackish water ray-finned fish from the family Cyprinidae which is native to Europe but which has been introduced to other parts of the world. It is a quarry species for coarse anglers.

<i>Chondrostoma</i>

Chondrostoma is a genus of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. They are commonly known as nases, though this term is also used locally to denote particular species, most frequently the common nase . The common name refers to the protruding upper jaw of these fishes; it is derived from the German term Nase, meaning "nose."

The Beysehir nase is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found only in Turkey and it is restricted to three streams flowing into Lake Beysehir, where it also occurs, in central Anatolia.

South European nase

The South European nase is a species of cyprinid fish.

Chondrostoma holmwoodii, sometimes known as the Izmir nase or Eastern Aegean nase, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is endemic to Western Turkey. The specific name holmwoodii honours Frederic Holmwood, collector of the holotype and British consul-general at what then was Smyrna.

Chondrostoma kinzelbachi, sometimes known as the Orontes nase or Levantine nase, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found in Syria and Turkey. Its natural habitats are rivers and intermittent rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Neretvan nase

The Neretvan nase or Dalmatian nase, Serbo-Croatian: podustva, is a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

Chondrostoma meandrense, sometimes called the Menderes nase or Işıklı nase, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found only in Turkey. Its natural habitat is rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Minnow-nase

The minnow-nase, Serbo-Croatian: podbila, is a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Its natural habitats are rivers, intermittent rivers, and inland karsts. It is threatened by habitat loss and considered Endangered (EN).

<i>Chondrostoma soetta</i>

Chondrostoma soetta, or the Italian nase, is a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found in Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland. Its natural habitats are rivers and freshwater lakes. It is threatened by habitat loss and predation and competition from introduced species such as roach, wels catfish and the common nase. It has been extirpated from Slovenia and numbers are declining in the Italian and Swiss lakes of Lake Como, Lake Lugano, Lake Maggiore, Lake Iseo and Lake Garda. Some population which are descended from fish introduced to other lakes in Italy appear to be thriving.

The Tefenni nase or Tefenni minnow is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found only in Turkey where it has a distribution limited to the Kirkpinar spring in Karamusa village near Tefenni, Karatash Lake and Değirmendere stream flowing into Karamanlı Reservoir in wider Lake Burdur basin in Central Anatolia. Its natural habitats are rivers and intermittent rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss and was extirpated from the Kirkinpar spring, its type locality, and had to be reintroduced there with unknown success, the population in Değirmendere was discovered in the 21st Century and its size is unknown.

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The Colchic nase or Transcaucasian nase is a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. Its distribution is south of the Caucasus, and it is reported from Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey.

The Kura nase or southern Caspian nase is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Chondrostoma.

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<i>Iberochondrostoma olisiponensis</i>

Iberochondrostoma olisiponensis, the Lisbon arched-mouth nase, is a freshwater fish discovered in 2007 in the lower Rio Tejo basin, Portugal.

The Terek nase is a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is distributed in rivers of the western Caspian Sea basin, in Azerbaijan and Russia. It prefers fast-flowing waters in the foothill and mountain ranges, with rocky or gravel bottoms.

Chondrostoma regium, sometimes known as the brond-snout or Mesopotamian nase is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Chondrostoma from Mesopotamia.

The Volga undermouth or Volga nase is a species of cyprinid freshwater fish. This one lives in the Emba, Ural and Volga drainages of the Caspian Sea basin, and the Don River drainage of the Black Sea basin.

The fish fauna of the Neretva river basin in the western Balkans is representative of the Dinaric karst region and characterized by several endemic and endangered species.

References

  1. Freyhof, J. (2011). "Chondrostoma nasus (errata version published in 2016)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2011: e.T4789A97800985. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T4789A11094713.en.