Constitutional Court of Italy

Last updated
Constitutional Court
Corte Costituzionale.png

Palazzo della Consulta Roma 2006.jpg
Established1948 (in the Constitution)
1955 (effective)
Location Rome, Italy
Composition methodElected/appointed in equal portions by Italian Parliament, President of the Italian Republic, and highest Italian courts
Authorized by Constitution of Italy
Judge term length9 years (not renewable)
Number of positions15
Website Official website
President of the Court
Currently Marta Cartabia
Since11 December 2019
Italy-Emblem.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Italy
Constitution
Foreign relations

The Constitutional Court of the Italian Republic (Italian : Corte costituzionale della Repubblica Italiana) is the highest court of Italy in matters of constitutional law. Sometimes, the name Consulta is used as a metonym for it, because its sessions are held in Palazzo della Consulta in Rome.

Contents

History

The court is a post-World War II innovation.

The Court was established by the republican Constitution of Italy in 1948, but it became operative only in 1955 after the enactment of the Constitutional Law n. 1 of 1953 and the Law n. 87 of 1953. [1] It held its first hearing in 1956.

Powers

According to Article 134 [2] of the Constitution, the Court shall pass judgement on

The constitutional court passes on the constitutionality of laws with no right of appeal.

Since 12 October 2007, when reform of the Italian intelligence agencies approved in August 2007 came into force, the pretext of state secret cannot be used to deny access to documents by the Court.

Composition

The Constitutional Court is composed of 15 judges for the term of service of nine years: 5 appointed by the President, 5 elected by the Parliament of Italy [3] and 5 elected by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts. Candidates need to be either lawyers with twenty years or more experience, full professors of law, or (former) judges of the Supreme Administrative, Civil and Criminal tribunals. [4] The members then elect the President of the Court, since 11 December 2019 this has been Marta Cartabia. The President is elected from among its members in a secret ballot, by an absolute majority (8 votes in the case of a full court). If no person gets a majority, a runoff election between the two judges with the most votes occurs. The President of the Court appoints one or more vice-presidents to stand in for him in the event of his absence for any reason.

Membership

Appointed by

   President of Italy   Courts of Italy   Parliament of Italy

PortraitNameAppointed byDate electedDate sworn inEnd of termType of membership
Marta Cartabia (cropped).jpg Marta Cartabia
(1963– )
President
(Giorgio Napolitano)
2 September 201113 September 201113 September 2020President
(since 11 December 2019)
Aldo Carosi crop.jpg Aldo Carosi
(1951– )
Courts
(Court of Audit)
17 July 201113 September 201113 September 2020Vice President
(since 24 February 2016)
Mario Rosario Morelli.jpg Mario Rosario Morelli
(1941– )
Courts
(Court of Cassation)
18 November 201112 December 201112 December 2020Vice President
(since 8 March 2018)
Giancarlo Coraggio crop.jpg Giancarlo Coraggio
(1940– )
Courts
(Council of State)
19 November 201228 January 201328 January 2022Judge
Giuliano Amato.jpg Giuliano Amato
(1938– )
President
(Giorgio Napolitano)
12 September 201318 September 201318 September 2022Judge
Daria de Pretis crop.jpg Daria de Pretis
(1956– )
President
(Giorgio Napolitano)
18 October 201411 November 201411 November 2023Judge
Nicolo Zanon crop.jpg Nicolò Zanon
(1961– )
President
(Giorgio Napolitano)
18 October 201411 November 201411 November 2023Judge
Silvana Sciarra.jpg Silvana Sciarra
(1948– )
Parliament
(17th Legislature)
6 November 201411 November 201411 November 2023Judge
Franco Modugno.jpg Franco Modugno
(1938– )
Parliament
(17th Legislature)
16 December 201521 December 201521 December 2024Judge
Augusto Antonio Barbera.jpg Augusto Barbera
(1938– )
Parliament
(17th Legislature)
16 December 201521 December 201521 December 2024Judge
Giulio Prosperetti.jpg Giulio Prosperetti
(1946– )
Parliament
(17th Legislature)
16 December 201521 December 201521 December 2024Judge
Giovanni Amoroso crop.jpg Giovanni Amoroso
(1949– )
Courts
(Court of Cassation)
26 October 201713 November 201713 November 2026Judge
Francesco Vigano crop.jpg Francesco Viganò
(1966– )
President
(Sergio Mattarella)
24 February 20188 March 20188 March 2027Judge
Luca Antonini (cropped).jpg Luca Antonini
(1963– )
Parliament
(18th Legislature)
19 July 201826 July 201826 July 2027Judge
Stefano Pettiti 2019.jpg Stefano Petitti
(1953–)
Courts
(Court of Cassation)
28 November 201910 December 201910 December 2028Judge

See also

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References

  1. url=http://www.governo.it/Presidenza/CONTENZIOSO/contenzioso_costituzionale/documentazione/L_19530311_87.pdf
  2. "The Italian Constitution". The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.
  3. Parliament appoints judges with increasing delay: see (in Italian) Giuseppe Salvaggiulo, Consulta, sfregio infinito. Ventisei votazioni fallite, in La Stampa, 3 October 2015 and (in Italian) Giampiero Buonomo, Negoziazione politica e Parlamento...Non solo risate, in Avanti online, 26 August 2015.
  4. Justin O. Frosini and Sara Pennicino (2 February 2007). "Report from Italy". thecourt.ca. Archived from the original on 30 January 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2015.

Coordinates: 41°53′57″N12°29′15″E / 41.8991°N 12.4875°E / 41.8991; 12.4875