|Fruit pods of F. australis|
Flindersia is a genus of 17 species of trees in the family Rutaceae. They grow naturally in the Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia (New South Wales and Queensland) and New Caledonia.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. In wider definitions, the taller palms, tree ferns, bananas, and bamboos are also trees. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world.
The Rutaceae are a family, commonly known as the rue or citrus family, of flowering plants, usually placed in the order Sapindales.
New Guinea is a large island separated by a shallow sea from the rest of the Australian continent. It is the world's second-largest island, after Greenland, covering a land area of 785,753 km2 (303,381 sq mi), and the largest wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere and Oceania.
They are cultivated and planted for both timber and as street trees. The genus was named after explorer Matthew Flinders.
Captain Matthew Flinders was an English navigator and cartographer who led the first circumnavigation of Australia and identified it as a continent.
This listing was sourced from the Australian Plant Name Index and scientific journal articles.
The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI) is an online database of all published names of Australian vascular plants. It covers all names, whether current names, synonyms or invalid names. It includes bibliographic and typification details, information from the Australian Plant Census including distribution by state, links to other resources such as specimen collection maps and plant photographs, and the facility for notes and comments on other aspects.
Flindersia amboinensis is a species of plant in the Rutaceae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Flindersia australis, the crow's ash or Australian teak, is a rainforest tree from New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. It grows up to 40 metres high, with larger trees having a buttressed trunk. The leaves are alternate or occasionally opposite and have between 3 and 13 leaflets. Each of these is 2.4 to 13 cm long and 0.8 to 4.3 cm wide. Flowers appear during spring forming inflorescences to 15 cm long. These have white or cream petals which are between 5 and 7 mm long. Both the petals and sepals are covered with hair. The flowers are followed by woody capsules which are 7 to 10 cm long. These split open to reveal the winged seeds.
Flindersia bennettii is an Australian rainforest tree in the citrus family. It is known as the Bennett's Ash, named after the naturalist, Dr. George Bennett.
Canarium is a genus of about 100 species of tropical and subtropical trees, in the family Burseraceae. They grow naturally across tropical Africa, south and southeast Asia, Indochina, Malesia, Australia and western Pacific Islands; including from southern Nigeria east to Madagascar, Mauritius, Sri Lanka and India; from Burma, Malaysia and Thailand through the Malay Peninsula and Vietnam to south China, Taiwan and the Philippines; through Borneo, Indonesia, Timor and New Guinea, through to the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga and Palau.
Cupaniopsis is a genus of about 67 species of trees and shrubs known to science, of the soapberry plant family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally in New Guinea, New Caledonia, Australia, Torres Strait Islands, Fiji, Samoa, Sulawesi, Micronesia. Many species have been threatened with extinction globally or nationally, with official recognition by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and several national and state governments.
Diploglottis is a genus of 10 species of trees known to science, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally in rainforests and margins of adjoining humid forests in eastern Australia and New Guinea. Some species are known as native tamarind or small-leaved tamarind; they have no direct relationship with the true tamarind.
Elattostachys is a genus of about 21 species of trees known to science, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae.
Lepiderema is a genus of nine species of trees known to science, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. As of November 2013 botanists know of seven species growing naturally in Australia and two species in New Guinea. Published botanical science provides a limited knowledge of the full range of diversity in Australia and especially in New Guinea. In New Guinea the two known species have descriptions based each on only a single type specimen collection. Therefore, collection of more specimens and more species is most likely in New Guinea. In Australia they grow in rainforests of the northern half of the east coast side of the Great Dividing Range, from north eastern New South Wales through to north eastern Queensland.
Mischocarpus is a genus of about nineteen species of trees known to science, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally from Australia and New Guinea, though Malesia as far north as the Philippines, through SE. Asia, Indo-China and S. China, to India at their farthest west. The eleven Australian species known to science grow naturally in the rainforests of the eastern coastal zone of New South Wales and Queensland, from Newcastle northwards through to north-eastern Queensland and Cape York Peninsula.
Flindersia ifflana is a species of plant in the Rutaceae family. It is found in Queensland (Australia) and Papua New Guinea. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Flindersia pimenteliana is a species of plant in the Rutaceae family. It may be known by the common name Maple Silkwood. The common name Maple Silkwood may also refer to Flindersia australis, Flindersia brayleyana or Flindersia pubescens. It is found in Queensland (Australia), West Papua (Indonesia), and Papua New Guinea. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Flindersia schottiana is a species of plant in the Rutaceae family. It is found in Australia, West Papua (Indonesia), and Papua New Guinea. It is threatened by habitat loss in New Guinea but it is still fairly common in northern New South Wales and southern Queensland, where it is grown as a street tree.
Gmelina is a genus of plants in family Lamiaceae. It consists of about 35 species in Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Southeast Asia, India and a few in Africa. Some species such as G. arborea have been planted and/or become naturalised in India, Africa and Australia. It was named by Carl Linnaeus in honour of botanist Johann Georg Gmelin.
Lepidosperma is a genus of flowering plant of the family Cyperaceae. Most of the species are endemic to Australia, with others native to southern China, southeast Asia, New Guinea, New Caledonia and New Zealand.
Flindersia brayleyana or Queensland maple is a species of plant in the Rutaceae family. It is found in northern Queensland in Australia. It grows up to 15 metres tall with a spreading crown. The tree is generally protected since the main areas in which this tree occurs have received World Heritage listing.
Trochocarpa is a genus of shrubs or small trees, of the plant family Ericaceae. They occur naturally through coastal and montane eastern Australian rainforests and mountain shrublands and in New Guinea, Borneo and Sulawesi (Malesia).
Vittadinia is a genus of Australian and New Zealand plants in the aster tribe within the daisy family.
Flindersia maculosa is a tree in the citrus family. It is found in arid and semi arid areas in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia. Because of the spotted bark, it is known as the leopardwood or leopard tree.
Phaleria is flowering plant genus of about 20 species in the family Thymelaeaceae.
Sarcopteryx is a genus of about 12 rainforest tree species known to science, of the plant family Sapindaceae. They occur in Australia, New Guinea and the Moluccas.
Flindersia xanthoxyla is an Australian rainforest tree in the citrus family. It is known as the long jack or yellowwood. It occurs mainly in dry rainforest or littoral rainforest. However, it also occurs in sub tropical rainforest such as Davis Scrub Nature Reserve. The species name xanthoxyla means "yellow wood". The natural range of distribution is from the Richmond River, New South Wales to Gympie in south eastern Queensland.
Rhysotoechia is a genus of tropical rainforest trees, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae.
Haemodorum is a genus of herbs in the family Haemodoraceae, first described as a genus in 1798. It is native to New Guinea and Australia. The type species is Haemodorum corymbosum Vahl.
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