Index of chemical engineering articles

Last updated

This is an alphabetical list of articles pertaining specifically to chemical engineering.

Chemical engineering branch of science that applies physical sciences and life sciences together with applied mathematics and economics to produce, transform, transport, and properly use chemicals, materials and energy

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics, biology, and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials, and energy. A chemical engineer designs large-scale processes that convert chemicals, raw materials, living cells, microorganisms, and energy into useful forms and products.

Contents

A

Absorption -- Adsorption -- Analytical chemistry --

Absorption (chemistry) chemical process

In chemistry, absorption is a physical or chemical phenomenon or a process in which atoms, molecules or ions enter some bulk phase – liquid or solid material. This is a different process from adsorption, since molecules undergoing absorption are taken up by the volume, not by the surface. A more general term is sorption, which covers absorption, adsorption, and ion exchange. Absorption is a condition in which something takes in another substance.

Adsorption adhesion of atoms, ions, or molecules from a substance to a surface

Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface. This process creates a film of the adsorbate on the surface of the adsorbent. This process differs from absorption, in which a fluid is dissolved by or permeates a liquid or solid, respectively. Adsorption is a surface phenomenon, while absorption involves the whole volume of the material. The term sorption encompasses both processes, while desorption is the reverse of it.

Analytical chemistry study of the separation, identification, and quantification of the chemical components of materials

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter. In practice, separation, identification or quantification may constitute the entire analysis or be combined with another method. Separation isolates analytes. Qualitative analysis identifies analytes, while quantitative analysis determines the numerical amount or concentration.

B

Bioaccumulate -- Biochemical engineering -- Biochemistry -- Biochemistry topics list -- Bioinformatics -- Biology -- Bioprocess Engineering -- Biomolecular engineering -- Bioinformatics -- Biomedical engineering -- Bioseparation -- Biotechnology -- Bioreactor -- Biotite --

Biochemical engineering

Biochemical engineering, also known as bioprocess engineering, is a field of study with roots stemming from chemical engineering and biological engineering. It mainly deals with the design, construction, and advancement of unit processes that involve biological organisms or organic molecules and has various applications in areas of interest such as biofuels, food, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and water treatment processes. The role of a biochemical engineer is to take findings developed by biologists and chemists in a laboratory and translate that to a large-scale manufacturing process.

Biochemistry study of chemical processes in living organisms

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. Biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life.

Bioinformatics Software tools for understanding biological data

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines biology, computer science, information engineering, mathematics and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. Bioinformatics has been used for in silico analyses of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques.

C

Catalysis -- Catalytic cracking -- Catalytic reforming -- Catalytic reaction engineering -- Ceramics -- Certified Chartered Chemical Engineers -- Chartered Chemical Engineers -- Chemical engineering -- Chemical kinetics -- Chemical reaction -- Chemical synthesis -- Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) -- Chemical solution deposition -- Chemistry -- Chromatographic separation -- Circulating fluidized bed -- Combustion -- Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) -- Conservation of energy -- Conservation of mass -- Conservation of momentum -- Crystallization processes --

Catalysis chemical process

Catalysis is the process of increasing the rate of a chemical reaction by adding a substance known as a catalyst, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly. Because of this, only very small amounts of catalyst are required to alter the reaction rate in principle.

Catalytic reforming is a chemical process used to convert petroleum refinery naphthas distilled from crude oil into high-octane liquid products called reformates, which are premium blending stocks for high-octane gasoline. The process converts low-octane linear hydrocarbons (paraffins) into branched alkanes (isoparaffins) and cyclic naphthenes, which are then partially dehydrogenated to produce high-octane aromatic hydrocarbons. The dehydrogenation also produces significant amounts of byproduct hydrogen gas, which is fed into other refinery processes such as hydrocracking. A side reaction is hydrogenolysis, which produces light hydrocarbons of lower value, such as methane, ethane, propane and butanes.

Ceramic inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat

A ceramic is a solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds. Common examples are earthenware, porcelain, and brick.

D

Deal-Grove model -- Dehumidification -- Dehydrogenation -- Depressurization -- Desorption -- Desulfonation -- Desulfurization -- Diffusion -- Distillation -- Drag coefficient -- Drying --

Dehydrogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the removal of hydrogen from an organic molecule.It is the reverse of hydrogenation. Dehydrogenation is an important reaction because it converts alkanes, which are relatively inert and thus low-valued, to olefins, which are reactive and thus more valuable. Alkenes are precursors to aldehydes, alcohols, polymers, and aromatics. Dehydrogenation processes are used extensively to produce aromatics and styrene in the petrochemical industry. Such processes are highly endothermic and require temperatures of 500 °C and above. Dehydrogenation also converts saturated fats to unsaturated fats. Enzymes that catalyze dehydrogenation are called dehydrogenases.

Desorption is a phenomenon whereby a substance is released from or through a surface. The process is the opposite of sorption. This occurs in a system being in the state of sorption equilibrium between bulk phase and an adsorbing surface. When the concentration of substance in the bulk phase is lowered, some of the sorbed substance changes to the bulk state.

Diffusion Statistical movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential)

Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration. Diffusion is driven by a gradient in chemical potential of the diffusing species.

E

Electrochemical engineering -- Electrodialysis -- Electrokinetic phenomena -- Electrodeposition -- Electrolysis -- Electrolytic reduction -- Electroplating -- Electrostatic precipitation -- Electrowinning -- Emulsion -- Energy -- Engineering -- Engineering economics -- Enzymatic reaction --

F

Filtration -- Fluid dynamics -- Flow battery -- Fuel cell -- Fuel technology --

G

Gasification --

H

Heat transfer -- History of chemical engineering -- Hydrometallurgy --

I

Immobilization -- Inorganic chemistry -- Ion exchange --

J

K

Kinetics (physics) --

L

Laboratory -- Leaching --

M

Mass balance -- Mass transfer -- Materials science -- Medicinal chemistry -- Microelectronics -- Microfluidics -- Microreaction technology -- Mineral processing -- Mixing -- Momentum transfer --

N

Nanoengineering -- Nanotechnology --

O

Organic chemistry --

P

Periodic table -- Pharmacology -- Physical chemistry -- Plastic -- Polymer -- Process control -- Process design -- Process modeling --

Q

Qualitative inorganic analysis -- Quantitative analysis -- Quantum chemistry -- Quartz --

R

Rate equation -- Reverse osmosis --

S

Science -- Separation processes -- Solid-state chemistry -- Solvent extraction -- Supercritical fluids --

T

Thermodynamics -- Timeline of chemical element discovery -- Transport phenomena

U

Ultrafiltration -- Unit operation --

V

Volatility --

W

Water and waste water treatment -- Waste minimization --

X

Y

Z

Zeolite -- Zinc -- Zinnwaldite -- Zircon -- Zirconium -- Zone melting --

Related Research Articles

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chemistry:

Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science. It in turn has many branches, each referred to as a "physical science", together called the "physical sciences".

Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes. Chemical kinetics includes investigations of how different experimental conditions can influence the speed of a chemical reaction and yield information about the reaction's mechanism and transition states, as well as the construction of mathematical models that can describe the characteristics of a chemical reaction.

Unit operation basic step in a process. Unit operations involve a physical change or chemical transformation such as separation, crystallization, evaporation, filtration, polymerization, isomerization, and other reactions

In chemical engineering and related fields, a unit operation is a basic step in a process. Unit operations involve a physical change or chemical transformation such as separation, crystallization, evaporation, filtration, polymerization, isomerization, and other reactions. For example, in milk processing, homogenization, pasteurization, and packaging are each unit operations which are connected to create the overall process. A process may require many unit operations to obtain the desired product from the starting materials, or feedstocks.

A chemical reactor is an enclosed volume in which a chemical reaction takes place. In chemical engineering, it is generally understood to be a process vessel used to carry out a chemical reaction, which is one of the classic unit operations in chemical process analysis. The design of a chemical reactor deals with multiple aspects of chemical engineering. Chemical engineers design reactors to maximize net present value for the given reaction. Designers ensure that the reaction proceeds with the highest efficiency towards the desired output product, producing the highest yield of product while requiring the least amount of money to purchase and operate. Normal operating expenses include energy input, energy removal, raw material costs, labor, etc. Energy changes can come in the form of heating or cooling, pumping to increase pressure, frictional pressure loss or agitation.

Thermofluids is a branch of science and engineering encompassing four intersecting fields:

Heterogeneous catalysis

Heterogeneous catalysis is the type of catalysis where the phase of the catalyst differs from the phase of the reactants. This contrasts with homogeneous catalysis where the reactants and catalyst exist in the same phase. Phase distinguishes between not only solid, liquid, and gas components, but also immiscible mixtures, or anywhere an interface is present. Catalysts are useful because they increase the rate of a reaction without themselves being consumed and are therefore reusable.

<i>Perrys Chemical Engineers Handbook</i>

Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook was first published in 1934 and the most current ninth edition was published in July 2018. It has been a source of chemical engineering knowledge for chemical engineers, and a wide variety of other engineers and scientists, through seven previous editions spanning more than 70 years.

The Willard Gibbs Award, presented by the Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society, was established in 1910 by William A. Converse (1862–1940), a former Chairman and Secretary of the Chicago Section of the society and named for Professor Josiah Willard Gibbs (1839–1903) of Yale University. Gibbs, whose formulation of the Phase Rule founded a new science, is considered by many to be the only American-born scientist whose discoveries are as fundamental in nature as those of Newton and Galileo.

CFD-ACE+ is a commercial computational fluid dynamics solver developed by ESI Group. It solves the conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, chemical species and other scalar transport equations using the finite volume method. These equations enable coupled simulations of fluid, thermal, chemical, biological, electrical and mechanical phenomena.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chemical engineering:

Chemical reaction engineering is a specialty in chemical engineering or industrial chemistry dealing with chemical reactors. Frequently the term relates specifically to catalytic reaction systems where either a homogeneous or heterogeneous catalyst is present in the reactor. Sometimes a reactor per se is not present by itself, but rather is integrated into a process, for example in reactive separations vessels, retorts, certain fuel cells, and photocatalytic surfaces. The issue of solvent effects on reaction kinetics is also considered as an integral part.

Edwin Niblock Lightfoot Jr. was an American chemical engineer and Hilldale Professor Emeritus in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is known for his research in transport phenomena, including biological mass-transfer processes, mass-transport reaction modeling, and separations processes. He, along with R. Byron Bird and Warren E. Stewart, co-authored the classic textbook Transport Phenomena. In 1974 Lightfoot wrote Transport Phenomena and Living Systems: Biomedical Aspects of Momentum and Mass Transport. Lightfoot was the recipient of the 2004 National Medal of Science in Engineering Sciences.

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals research institute

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. is one of the six institutes belonging to the ASCR chemical sciences section and is a research centre in a variety of fields such as chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis and environment.

In engineering, physics and chemistry, the study of transport phenomena concerns the exchange of mass, energy, charge, momentum and angular momentum between observed and studied systems. While it draws from fields as diverse as continuum mechanics and thermodynamics, it places a heavy emphasis on the commonalities between the topics covered. Mass, momentum, and heat transport all share a very similar mathematical framework, and the parallels between them are exploited in the study of transport phenomena to draw deep mathematical connections that often provide very useful tools in the analysis of one field that are directly derived from the others.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to natural science:

Combustion models for CFD refers to combustion models for computational fluid dynamics. Combustion is defined as a chemical reaction in which a hydrocarbon fuel reacts with an oxidant to form products, accompanied with the release of energy in the form of heat. Being the integral part of various engineering applications like: internal combustion engines, aircraft engines, rocket engines, furnaces, and power station combustors, combustion manifests itself as a wide domain during the design, analysis and performance characteristics stages of the above-mentioned applications. With the added complexity of chemical kinetics and achieving reacting flow mixture environment, proper modeling physics has to be incorporated during computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations of combustion. Hence the following discussion presents a general outline of the various adequate models incorporated with the Computational fluid dynamic code to model the process of combustion.

Gilbert Froment Belgian chemical engineer

Dr. Gilbert F. Froment is Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering at the University of Gent, Belgium, and Research Professor of Texas A&M University. Gilbert Froment's career and influence bridges the gap between academic kinetic and chemical reaction engineering studies, and application of that fundamental science to problems of industrial relevance.

Eugeny Kenig

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Eugeny Kenig is a Russian-German scientist and head of the chair of Fluid Process Engineering at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at University of Paderborn. He is married and has one child.