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This article contains a list of steam boiler explosions such as railway locomotive, marine transport (military and civilian), and stationary power.
|Brunton's Mechanical Traveller||July 31, 1815||Locomotive||Philadelphia, Tyne and Wear||16|
|The Washington||1816||Marine (Civilian)||Marietta, Ohio||12||5|
|The Aetna||May 15, 1824||Marine (Civilian)||New York City, New York||10||40|
|Stockton and Darlington Railway No. 2 or No.5||March 19, 1828||Locomotive||Simpasture, near Shildon||1||1|
|Stockton and Darlington Railway No. 1 Locomotion||July 1, 1828||Locomotive||Aycliffe Lane||1|
|Best Friend of Charleston||June 17, 1831||Locomotive||Charleston, South Carolina||1||3|
|Locomotive under test||November 1834||Locomotive||Baltimore, on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad||1|
|Liverpool and Manchester Railway No. 33 Patentee||November 12, 1834||Locomotive||Whiston Bank|
|PS Union||1837||Marine (Civilian)||Hull||20||20|
|SS Moselle (riverboat)||April 28, 1838||Marine (Civilian)||Cincinnati, Ohio||81||13||55|
|SS Pulaski||June 14, 1838||Marine (Civilian)||Cape Hatteras, North Carolina||128|
|Harlem Railroad||July 4, 1839||Locomotive||14th Street, New York City||2||5|
|Surprise||November 10, 1840||Locomotive||Bromsgrove||2||?|
|SS Henry Eckford||April 27, 1841||Marine (Civilian)||New York City, New York||1||2|
|Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Richmond||September 2, 1844||Locomotive||Reading, Pennsylvania||4|
|London and North Western Railway 122 Goliah||1847||Locomotive|
|Great Western Railway Goliah||June 29, 1849||Locomotive||Plympton, foot of Hemerdon Bank||1|
|London and North Western Railway 401||1850||Locomotive||Longsight|
|Firth Woollen Mill||1850||Industrial||Halifax, West Yorkshire||12||17|
|The Hague Street Explosion||February 4, 1850||Industrial||New York City, New York||67||50|
|Midland Railway 363 (ex Bristol and Gloucester Railway 7 Wickwar)||January 8, 1853||Locomotive||Clay Hill, Bristol|
|Erie Railroad||June 16, 1853||Locomotive||Susquehanna, Pennsylvania||5|
|SS Canemah||August 8, 1853||Marine (Civilian)||Champoeg, Oregon||1|
|SS Shoalwater||May 1853||Marine (Civilian)||Rock Island, Oregon|
|SS Gazelle||April 8, 1854||Marine (Civilian)||Oregon City, Oregon||24||many|
|Fieldhouse Mills||July 15, 1855||Industrial||Rochdale, Greater Manchester||10||13|
|Georgiana||November 23, 1855||Marine (Civilian)||Petaluma, California||1||2||0|
|SS Pennsylvania||June 13, 1858||Marine (Civilian)||Memphis, Tennessee||250|
|London and North Western Railway 249||July 4, 1861||Locomotive||Rugby, Warwickshire||1|
|Erie Railroad||October 25, 1862||Locomotive||Jersey City docks||5|
|Great Western Railway Perseus||November 1862||Locomotive||Westbourne Park shed|
|Hembrigg Mills||June 27, 1863||Industrial||Morley, West Yorkshire||9|
|SS Ada Hancock||April 23, 1863||Marine (Civilian)||San Pedro Bay, California||26||23|
|Tugboat Greenwood||June 15, 1863||Marine (Civilian)||Barrytown, New York||7||3||3|
|Calcutta Explosion||1863||Kolkata, West Bengal|
|Merrick Sons, Southwark Foundry||April 6, 1864||Industrial||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||7||13|
|USS Chenango||April 15, 1864||Marine (Military)||New York City New York||28||6|
|Midland Railway 356||May 5, 1864||Locomotive||Colne, Lancashire||1||2|
|Great Northern 138||May 5, 1864||Locomotive||Metropolitan Railway's Bishop's Road station (now Paddington)|
|? 108||1864||Locomotive||Leominster, Shrewsbury and Hereford Joint Railway|
|New York Central Railroad||June 18, 1864||Locomotive||Syracuse, New York||3|
|USS Tulip||November 11, 1864||Marine (Military)||Potomac River, Maryland||49|
|Sultana||April 27, 1865||Marine (Civilian)||Memphis, Tennessee||1800|
|Spa Well Mill, Elland||December 15, 1873||Industrial||Elland, nr Huddersfield,||3||4|
|Town & Son Factory||June 9, 1869||Industrial||Bingley, West Yorkshire||15|
|SS Senator||May 6, 1875||Marine (Civilian)||Portland, Oregon|
|HMS Thunderer||July 14, 1876||Marine (Military)||Portsmouth Harbour||45||70|
|Boston Stamping Company, under Seavey & Co.||April 6, 1878||Industrial||East Cambridge, Massachusetts||3||6|
|Railway Explosion||December 21, 1881||Locomotive||New South Wales|
|North East Dundas Tramway||June 18, 1892||Locomotive||Tasmania|
|Annie Faxon||April 14, 1893||Marine (Civilian)||Columbia River||8|
|Zeehan||May 1, 1899||Locomotive||Tasmania|
|Great Eastern Railway No. 522||September 25, 1900||Locomotive||Westerfield, Suffolk||2||2|
|Grover Shoe Factory disaster||March 20, 1905||Industrial||Brockton, Massachusetts||58||150|
|HMS Implacable||July 12, 1905||Marine (Military)||2|
|USS Bennington||July 21, 1905||Marine (Military)||San Diego, California||66|
|HMS Implacable||August 16, 1906||Marine (Military)||2|
|Hemingway Paint & Colour Manufacturers boiler explosion||August 23, 1907||Industrial||Millwall, London||2|
|Central of Georgia Railway||October 12, 1907||Locomotive||Reynolds, Georgia||2||2||0|
|Rhymney Railway 97||1909||Locomotive||Rhymney Railway's Cardiff shed||3||3|
|SS Sarah Dixon||January 18, 1912||Marine (Civilian)||Kalama, Washington||3|
|Southern Pacific Roundhouse||March 18, 1912||Locomotive||San Antonio, Texas||26|
|Rumney Shed||April 21, 1912||Locomotive||Cardiff, Wales|
|SS City of Liverpool||February 24, 1913||Marine (Civilian)||Manchester Ship Canal, Nr Runcorn||1|
|SS James T. Staples||January 10, 1913||Marine (Civilian)||Bladon Springs, Alabama||26||21|
|Destroyer Ikazuchi||October 9, 1913||Marine (Military)||Ominato|
|Southern Pacific 4037||February 14, 1914||Locomotive||SP's San Joaquin Division|
|Maine Central Railroad||1915||Locomotive||Ayers Junction|
|Medina-Salamanca Railway No.2||January 10, 1918||Locomotive||Medina del Campo, VA||15||15||0|
|London and North Western Railway 132||November 11, 1921||Locomotive||Buxton, Derbyshire||2||1|
|Southern Pacific 4017||September 12, 1929||Locomotive|
|LMS 6399 Fury||February 10, 1930||Locomotive||1|
|Southern Pacific 4402||December 25, 1931||Locomotive||near Richvale, California|
|Elkhorn Piney Coal Company||January 27, 1934||Locomotive||Powellton, West Virginia||16|
|Deutsche Reichsbahn 02 101||April 3, 1939||Locomotive|
|Southern Pacific 4199||May 3, 1941||Locomotive||Cooper, California||4|
|Canadian National 242||August 9, 1941||Locomotive||Montreal, Quebec||1||1|
|Pennsylvania Railroad 520||November 14, 1942||Locomotive||Cresson, Pennsylvania||2||4|
|SS Cascades||1943||Marine (Civilian)||Portland, Oregon|
|New York Central Railroad J-3a No. 5450 while hauling the Twentieth Century Limited||September 7, 1943||Locomotive||Canastota, New York||3|
|USATC S160 Class||1943, 1944||Locomotive|
|Great Northern 2581||January 9, 1947||Locomotive||Crary, North Dakota||?||?|
|RL Smith Lumber Company 91||February 14, 1948||locomotive||Canby, California||2||2|
|Union Pacific 9018||October 20, 1948||Locomotive||1.97 miles east of Upland, Kansas||3|
|Deutsche Reichsbahn 95 6679||May 4, 1951||Locomotive||Meiningen Steam Locomotive Works||11|
|Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 1642||June 9, 1953||Locomotive||Hinton, West Virginia||3|
|British Railways||January 24, 1962||Locomotive||Bletchley, Buckinghamshire||0||2|
|New York Telephone Company building explosion||October 3, 1962||Stationary power||New York City, New York||23||94|
|USS Basilone||February 5, 1973||Marine (Military)||7|
|Deutsche Reichsbahn 01 1516||November 27, 1977||Locomotive||Bitterfeld railway station||9||45|
|Gettysburg Railroad 1278||June 16, 1995||Locomotive||Gardners, Pennsylvania||2|
|USS Willamette||June 29, 1995||Marine (Military)||0||7|
|Medina County Fair Ground||July 29, 2001||Antique Steam Tractor||Medina County||5||~40|
|SS Norway||May 25, 2003||Marine (Civilian)||Miami, Florida||8||17|
|Orewa College||June 24, 2009||Industrial||Orewa, Auckland||1||1|
|Loy-Lange Box Company||April 3, 2017||Industrial||St. Louis, Missouri||4||3|
-SS Helen McGregor, Boiler Explosion, Memphis, TN, February 1830.
-Staten Island Ferry, Westfield II, FT boiler explosion: July 30, 1871.
-Givaudan Corporation, Delawanna Avenue, Clifton, New Jersey: Portable Fire Tube Boiler Explosion (1990s)
-Ford's River Rouge Plant, Dearborn, Michigan, Gas Boiler explosion, 6 killed 2/1/1999.
-St Mary's Hospital, Pennington Avenue, Passaic, New Jersey: Cleaver Brooks boiler Explosion 7/15/2006.
-Dana Corporation, Paris Tennessee, 400 Hp fire-tube boiler explosion 6/19/2007
|1847||Institution of Mechanical Engineers||Technical Society||IMechE formed, emphasizing the importance of specialized mechanical knowledge, particularly with respect to steam power (i.e., see also Institution of Civil Engineers)|
|1855||Steam Users' Association||Technical Society||In Manchester, the "Association for the Prevention of Steam Boiler Explosions, and for effecting Economy in the Raising and Use of Steam" is formed and, eschewing direct regulation, advocates creation of trained inspectors. Later adds the prefix "Manchester Steam Users' ..." to the name.|
|1855||Ramsbottom Safety Valve||Safety valve||John Ramsbottom (engineer) invented a tamperproof safety valve.|
|1864||Bengal Act VI of 1864||Legislation||Provided for the inspection of steam boilers in and around Kolkatta|
|1866||The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company||Commercial||The first boiler insurance company in the U.S. is established in Hartford, CT|
|1880||American Society of Mechanical Engineers||Technical Society||ASME formed, largely in response to calls for improvements in boiler safety|
|1882||Boiler Explosions Act, 1882||Legislation||Required notice of a boiler explosion to be sent to the Board of Trade within 24 hours of occurrence and established inquiry authorizations|
|1884||ASME Boiler Testing Code||Safety Standard||The "Code for the Conduct of Trials of Steam Boilers", the first U.S. code for conducting boiler tests, is issued|
|1890||Boiler Explosions Act, 1890||Legislation||Extended 1882 requirements to marine vessels|
|1911||Uniform Boiler Rules, Massachusetts||Legislation||The Commonwealth of Massachusetts adopts uniform boiler rules, the first statewide boiler code to apply in the U.S. Equivalent rules are quickly adopted by other states (e.g., Ohio)|
|1915||ASME Boiler Code||Safety Standard||The ASME Boiler Code Committee issues "Standards for Specifications and Construction of Boilers and Other Containing Vessels in Which High Pressure is Contained"|
-1887 Robert Henry Thurston's book Steam Boiler Explosions in Theory, and in Practice is published
Established in 1840, Her Majesty Railway Inspectorate (HMRI) is the British organisation responsible for overseeing safety on Britain's railways and tramways. Previously a separate non-departmental public body it was, from 1990 to April 2006, part of the Health and Safety Executive, then was transferred to the Office of Rail and Road and finally ceased to exist in May 2009 when it was renamed the Safety Directorate. However, in the Summer of 2015 its name has been re-established as the safety arm of ORR. August 2015 being the 175th anniversary of its founding.
A Crampton locomotive is a type of steam locomotive designed by Thomas Russell Crampton and built by various firms from 1846. The main British builders were Tulk and Ley and Robert Stephenson and Company.
George Jackson Churchward was an English railway engineer, and was chief mechanical engineer of the Great Western Railway (GWR) in the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1922.
The Great Eastern Railway (GER) Class Y14 is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive. The LNER classified them J15.
A boiler explosion is a catastrophic failure of a boiler. As seen today, boiler explosions are of two kinds. One kind is a failure of the pressure parts of the steam and water sides. There can be many different causes, such as failure of the safety valve, corrosion of critical parts of the boiler, or low water level. Corrosion along the edges of lap joints was a common cause of early boiler explosions.
The Midland Railway (MR) 3835 Class is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive designed for freight work. The first two were introduced in 1911 by Henry Fowler. After the grouping in 1923 they continued to be built up to 1941 by the LMS as the LMS Fowler Class 4F.
The Midland Railway 990 class was a class of 4-4-0 steam locomotive. Ten were built by the Midland Railway in 1907–1909, with simple expansion, to compare with the 1000 class compounds, with which they shared many features. Initially built as saturated, from 1910 to 1914, they were equipped with superheated boilers. These locomotives were well known for their work North of Leeds, over the demanding Settle and Carlisle route.
Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company, originally called The Bridgewater Foundry, specialised in the production of heavy machine tools and locomotives. It was located in Patricroft, in Salford England, close to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the Bridgewater Canal and the Manchester Ship Canal. The company was founded in 1836 and dissolved in 1940.
A fusible plug is a threaded metal cylinder usually of bronze, brass or gunmetal, with a tapered hole drilled completely through its length. This hole is sealed with a metal of low melting point that flows away if a pre-determined, high temperature is reached. The initial use of the fusible plug was as a safety precaution against low water levels in steam engine boilers, but later applications extended its use to other closed vessels, such as air conditioning systems and tanks for transporting corrosive or liquefied petroleum gasses.
The M&GN Class C was a class of 4-4-0 steam tender locomotives of the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway.
The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) class 8 was a four-cylinder 4-6-0 express passenger locomotive designed by George Hughes introduced in 1908.
The London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Rebuilt Royal Scot Class is a class of 4-6-0 steam locomotives. 70 members of this class were rebuilt by the LMS and its successor British Railways (BR) from LMS Royal Scot Class engines by the replacement of their life expired parallel boilers with a type 2A boiler over the period 1943-1955.. They were the second type of LMS 2 and 2A boilered 4-6-0 locomotives, after the rebuild of British Legion and the LMS Rebuilt Jubilee Class.
A shell or flued boiler is an early and relatively simple form of boiler used to make steam, usually for the purpose of driving a steam engine. The design marked a transitional stage in boiler development, between the early haystack boilers and the later multi-tube fire-tube boilers. A flued boiler is characterized by a large cylindrical boiler shell forming a tank of water, traversed by one or more large flues containing the furnace. These boilers appeared around the start of the 19th century and some forms remain in service today. Although mostly used for static steam plants, some were used in early steam vehicles, railway locomotives and ships.
The NBR 224 and 420 Classes consisted of six steam locomotives of the 4-4-0 wheel arrangement built by the North British Railway (NBR) in 1871 and 1873. No. 224 had three claims to fame: it was the first inside-cylinder 4-4-0 engine to run in Great Britain; it was the locomotive involved in the Tay Bridge disaster; and after rebuilding in 1885, it was the only compound-expansion locomotive on the NBR, and one of just three tandem compounds in Britain.
The London and North Western Railway (LNWR) 4ft Shunter was a class of 0-4-0ST steam locomotives. Introduced in 1863 by Ramsbottom, 26 were built in 1863–1865, 10 in 1870, 10 in 1872, and 10 in 1892. The last three of the latter batch were soon rebuilt as 0-4-2ST crane tanks. They survived into LMS ownership in 1923 and the last one was withdrawn in 1933.
The Great Eastern Railway was formed on 1 August 1862, when the Eastern Counties Railway changed its name. The ECR had originally been built to 5 ft gauge, was converted to 4 ft 8 1⁄2 instandard gauge in September and October 1844.
The NZR UC class were a group of ten 4-6-0 steam locomotives obtained from Scottish builders Sharp, Stewart and Co. Essentially they were developments of the firm's previous batch of 4-6-0s' for NZR.
Events from the year 1831 in Scotland.