List of boiler explosions

Last updated

This article contains a list of steam boiler explosions such as railway locomotive, marine transport (military and civilian), and stationary power.

Contents

Events

EventDateTypeNationCity/LocaleKilledInjuredMissing
Savery Explosion [1] 1716IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 1
Brunton's Mechanical Traveller [2] July 31, 1815LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Philadelphia, Tyne and Wear 16
The Washington [3] 1816Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Marietta, Ohio 125
The Aetna [3] May 15, 1824Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States New York City, New York 1040
Stockton and Darlington Railway No. 2 [4] or No.5 [2] March 19, 1828LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Simpasture, near Shildon 11
Stockton and Darlington Railway No. 1 Locomotion [2] July 1, 1828LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Aycliffe Lane 1
Best Friend of Charleston [5] June 17, 1831LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Charleston, South Carolina 13
Locomotive under test [6] November 1834LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Baltimore, on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1
Liverpool and Manchester Railway No. 33 Patentee [7] November 12, 1834LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Whiston Bank
PS Union [8] [9] [10] 1837Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Hull 2020
SS Moselle (riverboat) [11] April 28, 1838Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Cincinnati, Ohio 811355
SS Pulaski June 14, 1838Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Cape Hatteras, North Carolina 128
Harlem Railroad [12] July 4, 1839LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States 14th Street, New York City 25
Surprise [13] [2] November 10, 1840LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Bromsgrove 2?
SS Henry Eckford April 27, 1841Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States New York City, New York 12
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Richmond [14] September 2, 1844LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Reading, Pennsylvania 4
London and North Western Railway 122 Goliah [15] 1847LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Great Western Railway Goliah [16] June 29, 1849LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Plympton, foot of Hemerdon Bank 1
London and North Western Railway 401 [17] 1850LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Longsight
Firth Woollen Mill [18] 1850IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Halifax, West Yorkshire 12 [19] 17
The Hague Street Explosion [20] February 4, 1850IndustrialFlag of the United States.svg  United States New York City, New York 6750
Midland Railway 363 (ex Bristol and Gloucester Railway 7 Wickwar) [21] January 8, 1853LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Clay Hill, Bristol
Erie Railroad [22] June 16, 1853LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Susquehanna, Pennsylvania 5
SS Canemah August 8, 1853Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Champoeg, Oregon 1
SS Shoalwater May 1853Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Rock Island, Oregon
SS Gazelle April 8, 1854Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oregon City, Oregon 24many
Fieldhouse Mills [23] July 15, 1855IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Rochdale, Greater Manchester 1013
Georgiana [24] November 23, 1855Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Petaluma, California 120
SS Pennsylvania June 13, 1858Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Memphis, Tennessee 250
London and North Western Railway 249 [25] July 4, 1861LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Rugby, Warwickshire 1
Erie Railroad [22] October 25, 1862LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Jersey City docks5
Great Western Railway Perseus [26] November 1862LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Westbourne Park shed
Hembrigg Mills [27] June 27, 1863IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Morley, West Yorkshire 9
SS Ada Hancock April 23, 1863Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States San Pedro Bay, California 2623
Tugboat GreenwoodJune 15, 1863Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Barrytown, New York 733
Calcutta Explosion1863Flag of India.svg  India Kolkata, West Bengal
Merrick Sons, Southwark FoundryApril 6, 1864IndustrialFlag of the United States.svg  United States Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 713
USS Chenango April 15, 1864Marine (Military)Flag of the United States.svg  United States New York City New York 286
Midland Railway 356 [26] May 5, 1864LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Colne, Lancashire 12
Great Northern 138 [28] May 5, 1864LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Metropolitan Railway's Bishop's Road station (now Paddington)
? 108 [29] 1864LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Leominster, Shrewsbury and Hereford Joint Railway
New York Central Railroad [22] June 18, 1864LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Syracuse, New York 3
USS Tulip November 11, 1864Marine (Military)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Potomac River, Maryland 49
Sultana April 27, 1865Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Memphis, Tennessee 1800
Spa Well Mill, Elland [30] December 15, 1873IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Elland, nr Huddersfield,34
Town & Son Factory [31] June 9, 1869IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Bingley, West Yorkshire 15
SS Senator May 6, 1875Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Portland, Oregon
HMS Thunderer July 14, 1876Marine (Military)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour 4570
Boston Stamping Company, under Seavey & Co.April 6, 1878IndustrialFlag of the United States.svg  United States East Cambridge, Massachusetts 36
Railway ExplosionDecember 21, 1881LocomotiveFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia New South Wales
Queensland Railways 1890LocomotiveFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Queensland
North East Dundas Tramway June 18, 1892LocomotiveFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Tasmania
Annie Faxon April 14, 1893Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Columbia River 8
Zeehan May 1, 1899LocomotiveFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Tasmania
Great Eastern Railway No. 522 [32] September 25, 1900LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Westerfield, Suffolk 22
Grover Shoe Factory disaster March 20, 1905IndustrialFlag of the United States.svg  United States Brockton, Massachusetts 58150
HMS Implacable July 12, 1905Marine (Military)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 2
USS Bennington July 21, 1905Marine (Military)Flag of the United States.svg  United States San Diego, California 66
HMS Implacable August 16, 1906Marine (Military)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 2
Hemingway Paint & Colour Manufacturers boiler explosion [33] August 23, 1907IndustrialFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Millwall, London 2
Central of Georgia Railway October 12, 1907LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Reynolds, Georgia 220
Rhymney Railway 97 [34] 1909LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Rhymney Railway's Cardiff shed33
SS Sarah Dixon January 18, 1912Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Kalama, Washington 3
Southern Pacific Roundhouse [35] March 18, 1912LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States San Antonio, Texas 26
Rumney ShedApril 21, 1912LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Cardiff, Wales
SS City of Liverpool [36] February 24, 1913Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Manchester Ship Canal, Nr Runcorn1
SS James T. Staples [37] [38] January 10, 1913Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Bladon Springs, Alabama 2621
Destroyer Ikazuchi October 9, 1913Marine (Military)Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Ominato
Southern Pacific 4037 [39] February 14, 1914LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States SP's San Joaquin Division
Maine Central Railroad [40] 1915LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Ayers Junction
Medina-Salamanca Railway No.2 [41] January 10, 1918LocomotiveFlag of Spain.svg  Spain Medina del Campo, VA 15150
London and North Western Railway 132 [42] November 11, 1921LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Buxton, Derbyshire 21
Southern Pacific 4017 [39] September 12, 1929LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States
LMS 6399 Fury February 10, 1930LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 1
Southern Pacific 4402 [43] December 25, 1931LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States near Richvale, California
Elkhorn Piney Coal CompanyJanuary 27, 1934LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Powellton, West Virginia 16
Deutsche Reichsbahn 02 101 April 3, 1939LocomotiveFlag of Germany.svg  Germany
Southern Pacific 4199 [39] May 3, 1941LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Cooper, California 4
Canadian National 242 August 9, 1941LocomotiveFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Montreal, Quebec 11
Pennsylvania Railroad 520 November 14, 1942LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Cresson, Pennsylvania 24
SS Cascades 1943Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Portland, Oregon
New York Central Railroad J-3a No. 5450 while hauling the Twentieth Century Limited [22] [44] September 7, 1943LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Canastota, New York 3
USATC S160 Class 1943, 1944LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Great Northern 2581 [45] January 9, 1947LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Crary, North Dakota ??
RL Smith Lumber Company 91 [46] February 14, 1948locomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Canby, California 22
Union Pacific 9018 [47] October 20, 1948LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1.97 miles east of Upland, Kansas 3
Deutsche Reichsbahn 95 6679 May 4, 1951LocomotiveFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Meiningen Steam Locomotive Works 11
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 1642 [48] June 9, 1953LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Hinton, West Virginia 3
British Railways January 24, 1962LocomotiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Bletchley, Buckinghamshire 02
New York Telephone Company building explosion [49] October 3, 1962Stationary powerFlag of the United States.svg  United States New York City, New York 2394
USS Basilone February 5, 1973Marine (Military)Flag of the United States.svg  United States 7
Deutsche Reichsbahn 01 1516 November 27, 1977LocomotiveFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Bitterfeld railway station945
Gettysburg Railroad 1278 [50] June 16, 1995LocomotiveFlag of the United States.svg  United States Gardners, Pennsylvania 2
USS Willamette June 29, 1995Marine (Military)Flag of the United States.svg  United States 07
Medina County Fair Ground [51] [52] [53] July 29, 2001Antique Steam TractorFlag of the United States.svg  United States Medina County 5~40
SS Norway May 25, 2003Marine (Civilian)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Miami, Florida 817
Orewa College [54] June 24, 2009IndustrialFlag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Orewa, Auckland 11
Loy-Lange Box Company [55] [56] April 3, 2017IndustrialFlag of the United States.svg  United States St. Louis, Missouri 43

-SS Helen McGregor, Boiler Explosion, Memphis, TN, February 1830.

-Staten Island Ferry, Westfield II, FT boiler explosion: July 30, 1871.

-Givaudan Corporation, Delawanna Avenue, Clifton, New Jersey: Portable Fire Tube Boiler Explosion (1990s)

-Ford's River Rouge Plant, Dearborn, Michigan, Gas Boiler explosion, 6 killed 2/1/1999.

-St Mary's Hospital, Pennington Avenue, Passaic, New Jersey: Cleaver Brooks boiler Explosion 7/15/2006.

-Dana Corporation, Paris Tennessee, 400 Hp fire-tube boiler explosion 6/19/2007

Key safety developments

YearEvent/ActivityTypeNationDescription
1847 Institution of Mechanical Engineers Technical SocietyFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom IMechE formed, emphasizing the importance of specialized mechanical knowledge, particularly with respect to steam power (i.e., see also Institution of Civil Engineers)
1855Steam Users' Association [57] Technical Society Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom In Manchester, the "Association for the Prevention of Steam Boiler Explosions, and for effecting Economy in the Raising and Use of Steam" is formed and, eschewing direct regulation, advocates creation of trained inspectors. [58] Later adds the prefix "Manchester Steam Users' ..." to the name.
1855Ramsbottom Safety Valve Safety valve Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom John Ramsbottom (engineer) invented a tamperproof safety valve.
1864Bengal Act VI of 1864 [59] LegislationFlag of India.svg  India Provided for the inspection of steam boilers in and around Kolkatta
1866 The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company CommercialFlag of the United States.svg  United States The first boiler insurance company in the U.S. is established in Hartford, CT [60]
1880 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Technical SocietyFlag of the United States.svg  United States ASME formed, largely in response to calls for improvements in boiler safety
1882Boiler Explosions Act, 1882 [61] LegislationFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Required notice of a boiler explosion to be sent to the Board of Trade within 24 hours of occurrence and established inquiry authorizations
1884 ASME Boiler Testing CodeSafety StandardFlag of the United States.svg  United States The "Code for the Conduct of Trials of Steam Boilers", the first U.S. code for conducting boiler tests, is issued
1890Boiler Explosions Act, 1890 [62] LegislationFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Extended 1882 requirements to marine vessels
1911Uniform Boiler Rules, Massachusetts [63] LegislationFlag of the United States.svg  United States The Commonwealth of Massachusetts adopts uniform boiler rules, the first statewide boiler code to apply in the U.S. Equivalent rules are quickly adopted by other states (e.g., Ohio)
1915 ASME Boiler Code [64] Safety StandardFlag of the United States.svg  United States The ASME Boiler Code Committee issues "Standards for Specifications and Construction of Boilers and Other Containing Vessels in Which High Pressure is Contained"


-1887 Robert Henry Thurston's book Steam Boiler Explosions in Theory, and in Practice is published

Related Research Articles

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Crampton locomotive

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GER Class Y14 class of 289 British 0-6-0 locomotives, later LNER class J15

The Great Eastern Railway (GER) Class Y14 is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive. The LNER classified them J15.

Boiler explosion catastrophic failure of a boiler

A boiler explosion is a catastrophic failure of a boiler. As seen today, boiler explosions are of two kinds. One kind is a failure of the pressure parts of the steam and water sides. There can be many different causes, such as failure of the safety valve, corrosion of critical parts of the boiler, or low water level. Corrosion along the edges of lap joints was a common cause of early boiler explosions.

Midland Railway 3835 Class class of 197 British 0-6-0 locomotives

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Fusible plug

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M&GN Class C class of 40 British 4-4-0 locomotives

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L&YR Class 8 class of 75 British four-cylinder 4-6-0 locomotives

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LMS Rebuilt Royal Scot Class class of 71 British 3-cylinder 4-6-0 locomotives

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Flued boiler

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The Great Eastern Railway was formed on 1 August 1862, when the Eastern Counties Railway changed its name. The ECR had originally been built to 5 ft gauge, was converted to 4 ft 8 12 instandard gauge in September and October 1844.

NZR U<sup>C</sup> class class of 10 New Zealand 4-6-0 locomotives

The NZR UC class were a group of ten 4-6-0 steam locomotives obtained from Scottish builders Sharp, Stewart and Co. Essentially they were developments of the firm's previous batch of 4-6-0s' for NZR.

Events from the year 1831 in Scotland.

References

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Further reading

Contemporary listings and accounts

Other

  • For a short status of European steam users' associations and boiler insurance companies c. 1897, see Hale, R. S. (April 1897). "European Boiler Practice". Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies. XVIII (4): 242–243. Retrieved 2009-06-13.