List of critically endangered amphibians

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Circle frame.svg2 extinct in the wild amphibian species (0.03%)545 critically endangered amphibian species (8.4%)848 endangered amphibian species (13%)670 vulnerable amphibian species (10%)402 near threatened amphibian species (6.2%)2458 least concern amphibian species (38%)1567 data deficient amphibian species (24%)
Amphibian species (IUCN, 2016-2)
  • 6492 extant species have been evaluated
  • 4925 of those are fully assessed [lower-alpha 1]
  • 2860 are not threatened at present [lower-alpha 2]
  • 2063 to 3630 are threatened [lower-alpha 3]
  • 35 to 148 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 33 extinct (EX) species [lower-alpha 4]
    • 2 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 113 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. NT and LC.
  3. Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Critically endangered (CR) species face an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically endangered (CR) species face an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of December 2021, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 673 critically endangered amphibian species, including 146 which are tagged as possibly extinct. [1] [2] 9.2% of all evaluated amphibian species are listed as critically endangered. No subpopulations of amphibians have been evaluated by the IUCN.

Contents

Additionally, 1193 amphibian species (16.4% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient , meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN. [3] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed." [4]

This is a complete list of critically endangered amphibian species evaluated by the IUCN. Species considered possibly extinct by the IUCN are marked as such.

Salamanders

There are 121 salamander species assessed as critically endangered.

Giant salamanders

Lungless salamanders

Asiatic salamanders

Mole salamanders

Salamandrids

True salamanders and newts

Frogs

There are 549 frog species assessed as critically endangered.

Water frogs

Robber frogs

Shrub frogs

Cryptic forest frogs

Rain frogs

True toads

Fleshbelly frogs

Glass frogs

Litter frogs

Screeching frogs

Poison dart frogs

Mantellids

Narrow-mouthed frogs

True frogs

Australian water frogs

Hylids

Includes tree frog species and their allies.

African reed frogs

Other frog species

Gynmophiona

There are 3 caecilian species assessed as critically endangered.

See also

Related Research Articles

As of 19 August 2018, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has identified 3,005 critically endangered species, subspecies, stocks and subpopulations in the Animalia kingdom.

As of March 2015, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species identified 6087 data deficient species in the Chordata phylum.

IUCN Red List endangered species (Animalia)

On 19 August 2018, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species identified 4584 endangered species, subspecies, stocks and subpopulations.

Northwestern Andean montane forests

The Northwestern Andean montane forests (NT0145) is an ecoregion on the Andes mountains in the west of Colombia and Ecuador. Both flora and fauna are highly diverse due to effect of ice ages when the warmer climate zones were separated and the cooler ones combined, and interglacial periods when the reverse occurred. Because the environment is hospitable to humans, the habitat has been drastically modified by farming and grazing since the Pre-Columbian era.

Magdalena Valley montane forests

The Magdalena Valley montane forests (NT0136) is an ecoregion in the Andes mountains of central Colombia.

Eastern Cordillera Real montane forests

The Eastern Cordillera Real montane forests (NT0121) is an ecoregion in the eastern range of the Andes of southern Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru. The ecoregion covers the eastern slopes of the Andes, and includes montane forest that rises from the Amazonian rain forest, with cloud forest and elfin forest at higher elevations. It is rich in species, including many endemics. It is threatened by logging and conversion for pasturage and subsistence agriculture.

References

  1. "IUCN Red List version 2021-3". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  2. "Table 9: Possibly Extinct and Possibly Extinct in the Wild Species (IUCN Red List version 2021-3)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  3. "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  4. "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.