Mascot, New South Wales

Last updated

Mascot
Sydney,  New South Wales
Mascot Sydney..jpg
Shopping strip, Botany Road
Australia New South Wales relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Mascot
Coordinates 33°55′45″S151°11′17″E / 33.92917°S 151.18806°E / -33.92917; 151.18806 Coordinates: 33°55′45″S151°11′17″E / 33.92917°S 151.18806°E / -33.92917; 151.18806
Population14,772 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density1,605.7/km2 (4,159/sq mi)
Established1911
Postcode(s) 2020
Area9.2 km2 (3.6 sq mi)
Location7 km (4 mi) from Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Bayside Council, Inner West Council (minor)
State electorate(s) Heffron
Federal Division(s) Kingsford Smith
Suburbs around Mascot:
Alexandria Arncliffe Rosebery
St Peters Mascot Eastlakes
Tempe Pagewood Botany

Mascot is a suburb in the Inner-South of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Mascot is located 7 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is one of the administrative centres of the Bayside Council. A small part of Mascot is located in the Inner West Council. Mascot is on the north-west side of Botany Bay and contains Sydney Airport.

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county.

Sydney State capital of New South Wales and most populous city in Australia and Oceania

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

History

Botany Road, Mascot in 1938 SLNSW 12311 Botany Road Mascot showing Mascot Corner taken for Mascot Council.jpg
Botany Road, Mascot in 1938
Botany Road, Mascot in July 1951 SLNSW 14089 1151 Botany Rd Mascot taken for LJ Hooker Ltd.jpg
Botany Road, Mascot in July 1951

The first land grants in the area were made in 1835, with market gardening being the main land use. Subdivision followed the construction of Botany Road in 1875 and a municipality known as North Botany was formed in 1888. A racecourse operated in this area in 1904 on land that was formerly owned by the Australian Golf Club. The race course was known as Ascot, named after its famous counterpart in England. Residents wanted the area to have an individual identity and a referendum was held in 1911 to choose between Ascot, and Booralee. [2] An objection from the postal authorities to the use of 'Ascot' led the council to alter the name to Mascot. [3]

Municipality of Mascot Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Municipality of Mascot was a local government area in the St George region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The municipality was proclaimed as the Borough of North Botany on 29 March 1888 and was renamed to the Municipality of Mascot, in order to differentiate itself from their southern neighbour, from 31 October 1911. It included the modern suburbs of Eastlakes and Daceyville, with parts of Mascot and Pagewood. From 1 January 1949, the council was amalgamated into the Municipality of Botany, with the passing of the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948.

Ascot Racecourse is a former racecourse in the southern Sydney suburb of Mascot, close to the Mascot Aerodrome. It was named after Royal Ascot Racecourse in the United Kingdom. It is now part of the site of Sydney Airport. It operated from 1904 to 1941, and was one of four racecourses in Sydney where unregistered proprietary horse racing took place.

In 1920, Mascot was chosen as the site of a public airfield. Nigel Love was leasing 200 acres (81 ha; 0.81 km2) from the Kensington Race club and in 1921 the Commonwealth Government purchased 161 acres (65 ha; 0.65 km2) for this purpose. The first regular flights began in 1924. The Cooks River was diverted away from the area in 1947-52 to provide more land for the airport. [4]

Cooks River river in New South Wales, Australia

The Cooks River, a semi-mature tide dominated drowned valley estuary, is a tributary of Botany Bay, located in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Heritage listings

Mascot has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 1024 Botany Road: Botany Water Reserves [5] and General Holmes Drive: Sewage Pumping Station 38 [6]

Botany Water Reserves

The Botany Water Reserves are a heritage-listed former water supply system and now parkland and golf course at 1024 Botany Road, Mascot, Bayside Council, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by City Engineers W. B. Rider and E. Bell (1856–1871) and the unrelated F. Bell (1871–1878). It is also known as Botany Swamps, Botany Wetlands, Mills Stream, Bridge Pond, Lakes Golf Course, Eastlakes Golf Course and Bonnie Doon Golf Course. The property is owned by Sydney Water, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 18 November 1999.

Sewage Pumping Station 38 Sewage pumping station in Sydney, Australia

Sewage Pumping Station 38 is a heritage-listed sewerage pumping station located on General Holmes Drive, in the Sydney suburb of Mascot, in the Bayside Council local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed and built by the Metropolitan Water Sewerage and Drainage Board. It is also known as SPS 38, Mascot Sewage Pumping Station and SP0038. The pumping station is owned by Sydney Water, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 18 November 1999.

Commercial area

Qantas Building A Qantas Building A on the corner of Bourke Road and Coward Street in Mascot (1).jpg
Qantas Building A

Mascot has a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial areas. The main shopping centre is located on Botany Road. The area around Mascot railway station is being redeveloped to contain high-density commercial and residential developments. The Police Headquarters for the local Botany Bay Area Command is on Botany Road and Mascot Ambulance Station is situated directly opposite. Mascot Fire Station is located in Coward Street, beside the City of Botany Bay Council Chambers.

Mascot railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Mascot railway station is located on the Airport line, serving the Sydney suburb of Mascot. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 Airport & South line services.

Sydney Airport, Sydney's principal airport, takes up a large part of the suburb. The head office of Qantas is the Qantas Centre at 203 Coward Street in Mascot. [7] The regional airline Eastern Australia Airlines has its head office on the grounds of Sydney Airport in Mascot. [8] The airline Impulse Airlines, when it existed, had its head office in the airport property. [9]

Sydney Airport international airport serving Sydney, Australia

Sydney Airport is an international airport in Sydney, Australia located 8 km (5 mi) south of Sydney city centre, in the suburb of Mascot. The airport is owned by the ASX-listed Sydney Airport Group. It is the primary airport serving Sydney, and is a primary hub for Qantas, as well as a secondary hub for Virgin Australia and Jetstar Airways. Situated next to Botany Bay, the airport has three runways, colloquially known as the east–west, north–south and third runways.

Qantas Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations. It is the third oldest airline in the world, after KLM and Avianca having been founded in November 1920; it began international passenger flights in May 1935. The Qantas name comes from "QANTAS", an acronym for its original name, "Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services", and it is nicknamed "The Flying Kangaroo". Qantas is a founding member of Oneworld, an airline alliance.

Eastern Australia Airlines Pty Ltd is an airline based on the grounds of Sydney Airport in Mascot, New South Wales, Australia. It is a regional domestic airline serving sixteen destinations within Australia under the QantasLink banner; and since December 2015 six destinations in New Zealand, on behalf of Jetstar Airways. Its main base is Sydney Airport, with a hub at Melbourne Airport.

Transport

Mascot is serviced by a number of bus routes, which are operated by State Transit. Routes M20, 301, 303, 309, 310, 400 and 420 routes travel down Botany Road. Routes 343 and 418 services travel down Gardeners Road and route 305 departs from Qantas Centre.

The suburb is served by three railway stations on the Airport & South Line. Mascot railway station is located in the residential and business area of the suburb. The International and Domestic railway stations are situated below the respective terminals of the airport. The Sydenham to Botany branch of the Metropolitan Goods railway line passes through the suburb and includes a yard in Mascot.

Recent improvements to Kingsford-Smith Airport have resulted in the creation of a bicycle path between Mascot (Coward Street) and the M5 East Freeway at Arncliffe. Other bike paths pass through Mascot to Botany Bay, the University of New South Wales and the Sydney CBD.

Population

At the 2016 census, the population of Mascot was 14,772, of which 41.3% were born in Australia. The most common foreign countries of birth were China 10.6%, Indonesia 6.6%, Philippines 2.7%, India 2.2% and United Kingdom 2.0%. Some 42.9% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 10.7%, Indonesian 6.7%, Cantonese 3.9%, Greek 3.9% and Spanish 2.8%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 27.6% and Catholic 26.8%. Of occupied private dwellings in Mascot, 60.7% were flats or apartments; 31.9% were separate houses; and 6.4% were semi-detached, row- or terrace houses, townhouses etc. [1]

The Australian Test cricketer and rugby league player Ray Lindwall was born in Mascot.

Politics

Mascot is in the safe Labor federal electoral division of Kingsford Smith. As of 2018, the seat was held by Matt Thistlethwaite, who was elected in 2013.

Mascot is in the safe Labor state electorate of Heffron, which is held by Ron Hoenig.

Schools

Mascot Public School is a primary school in King Street [10] and J. J. Cahill Memorial High School is located in Sutherland Street. [11]

St Therese School Mascot is located in Sutherland Street. [12]

Places of worship

Parks and recreation

L'Estrange Park is home to both the Mascot Kings (soccer) and the Mascot Juniors RLFC rugby league teams. Mascot Oval is the venue for the Mascot Juniors' home games. The Lakes Golf Club has hosted many international golf tournaments.

Climate

Climate data for Sydney Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)46.4
(115.5)
42.6
(108.7)
41.2
(106.2)
35.7
(96.3)
30.0
(86.0)
26.8
(80.2)
26.7
(80.1)
31.1
(88.0)
35.6
(96.1)
39.1
(102.4)
43.4
(110.1)
43.2
(109.8)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F)26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
22.9
(73.2)
20.0
(68.0)
17.6
(63.7)
17.0
(62.6)
18.3
(64.9)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
24.0
(75.2)
25.7
(78.3)
22.2
(72.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
21.3
(70.3)
18.5
(65.3)
15.4
(59.7)
13.1
(55.6)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.4
(59.7)
17.8
(64.0)
19.6
(67.3)
21.6
(70.9)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F)18.8
(65.8)
19.0
(66.2)
17.5
(63.5)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
8.6
(47.5)
7.1
(44.8)
8.1
(46.6)
10.3
(50.5)
13.1
(55.6)
15.3
(59.5)
17.5
(63.5)
13.4
(56.1)
Record low °C (°F)9.7
(49.5)
11.2
(52.2)
7.4
(45.3)
6.1
(43.0)
3.0
(37.4)
1.0
(33.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
1.2
(34.2)
2.3
(36.1)
4.8
(40.6)
5.9
(42.6)
8.2
(46.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)93.8
(3.69)
112.6
(4.43)
115.3
(4.54)
106.1
(4.18)
101.0
(3.98)
120.7
(4.75)
69.1
(2.72)
76.7
(3.02)
60.8
(2.39)
71.6
(2.82)
80.8
(3.18)
73.8
(2.91)
1,082.5
(42.62)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)11.211.412.311.011.111.29.39.19.310.711.410.5128.5
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)59626060595753484952575756
Mean monthly sunshine hours 235.6202.4213.9207.0195.3177.0204.6244.9237.0244.9228.0244.92,635.5
Percent possible sunshine 53545661596065726661555560
Source: [13]

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mascot (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113938902
  3. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article45159226
  4. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon (Angus and Robertson) 1990, p.167
  5. "Botany Water Reserves". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01317. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  6. "Sewage Pumping Station 38". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01344. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  7. "Other Qantas Contacts." Qantas . Retrieved 10 February 2009.
  8. "World Airline Directory." Flight International . 23–29 March 2004. 66.
  9. "World Airline Directory." Flight International . 4–10 April 2000. 85.
  10. http://www.mascot-p.schools.nsw.edu.au/
  11. http://www.jjcahill-h.schools.nsw.edu.au/
  12. http://sttmascot.catholic.edu.au/
  13. "Climate statistics for Australian locations Sydney Airport AMO". Bureau of Meteorology.