Rosebery, New South Wales

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Rosebery
Sydney,  New South Wales
Rosebery.JPG
The Lakes Hotel (1938), Gardeners Road
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Rosebery
Coordinates 33°55′25″S151°12′19″E / 33.92361°S 151.20528°E / -33.92361; 151.20528 Coordinates: 33°55′25″S151°12′19″E / 33.92361°S 151.20528°E / -33.92361; 151.20528
Population10,117 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density3,909.5/km2 (10,126/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2018
Area1.9 km2 (0.7 sq mi)
Location6 km (4 mi) south of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Heffron
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around Rosebery:
Beaconsfield Green Square Kensington
Alexandria Rosebery Kingsford
Mascot Mascot Eastlakes

Rosebery is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 6 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government areas of the City of Sydney and the Bayside Council.

Sydney Metropolis in Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Contents

Rosebery has a mix of residential, commercial and industrial developments but the landscape is being redeveloped as high-density housing, displacing many industrial businesses and affecting the heritage of the suburb. This is happening in the northern parts of Rosebery and the adjacent Green Square.

Green Square, New South Wales New South Wales, Australia

Green Square is a precinct in the inner-east of Sydney, in the suburbs of Alexandria, Zetland, Waterloo, Roseberry and Beaconsfield. It is 4 km south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney.

History

Rosebery was named after Archibald Phillip Primrose, the fifth Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1894–95. The suburb was named in his honour after his visit to Australia for two months in 1883–84.

Earl of Rosebery title in the Peerage of the UK

Earl of Rosebery is a title in the Peerage of Scotland created in 1703 for Archibald Primrose, 1st Viscount of Rosebery, with remainder to his issue male and female successively. Its name comes from Roseberry Topping, a hill near Archibald's wife's estates in Yorkshire. The current earl is Neil Primrose, 7th Earl of Rosebery.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Head of UK Government

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, until 1801 known as the Prime Minister of Great Britain, is the head of government of the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and together with their Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.

Rosebery was once the site of Rosebery Racecourse, which first opened as a pony track in 1906. Race meetings held by the Associated Racing Clubs became as popular as those at Randwick, especially in the 1920s. The track became an army camp during World War II. [2] After the war, it became a training track used by the Sydney Turf Club.

Randwick, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Randwick is a suburb in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Randwick is located 6 kilometres south-east of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of the City of Randwick. Randwick is part of the Eastern Suburbs region. The postcode is 2031.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

In 1961, much of the land was purchased by the Rosebery Town Planning Company and developed as an industrial area. The housing commission purchased the remaining acres for high density public housing. The area north of Gardeners Road was developed by Richard Stanton (1862–1943) and the same company that developed Haberfield, with the result that Rosebery is known as a 'garden suburb'. Garden competitions were held in the suburb prior to the 1990s. Houses are predominantly single-storey California bungalows, Federation Bungalows or "standard" suburban detached homes. [3]

Haberfield, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Haberfield is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Haberfield is located 6.5 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the Inner West Council.

California bungalow Architectural style

California bungalow is a style of residential bungalow architecture that was popular across the United States, and to varying extents elsewhere, from around 1910 to 1939.

Trams

The Rosebery tram line opened in 1902 and initially ran via Chalmers and Redfern Streets and south along Elizabeth Street to Zetland. In 1924, the line was extended to Epsom Road in Rosebery. In 1948, to facilitate construction of the Eastern Suburbs Railway, a new line was constructed down Elizabeth Street between Devonshire Street and Redfern Street and the route was deviated to run down this new section. The line was electrified double track throughout. The line was closed in 1957.

Zetland, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Zetland is an inner-eastern suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 4 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney.

Eastern Suburbs railway line railway line in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Eastern Suburbs Railway is a commuter railway line in Sydney constructed in the 1970s. It is operated by Sydney Trains and has stations at Martin Place, Kings Cross, Edgecliff and Bondi Junction. In addition, it has dedicated platforms at Town Hall, Central and Redfern stations. All of these stations are underground. The Eastern Suburbs railway connects with the Illawarra line at Erskineville, forming the Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line. The line features turnbacks at Central, Martin Place and Bondi Junction. There is also a rarely used cross-over or 'turnout' at Edgecliff. It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during weekday peak hours and 8 to 10 minutes at all other times.

Demographics

In the 2016 Census, there were 10,117 people in Rosebery. The most common ancestries in Rosebery (NSW) (State Suburbs) were Chinese 15.8%, English 12.8%, Australian 11.7%, Greek 8.3% and Irish 6.7%. 44.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 11.0%, Greece 3.7%, Indonesia 3.0%, England 2.5% and New Zealand 2.1%. 44.0% of people spoke English only at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 11.1%, Greek 8.8%, Cantonese 3.4%, Indonesian 3.1% and Russian 2.3%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 30.0%, Catholic 23.8% and Eastern Orthodox 12.0%. [1]

Commercial area

A small shopping centre is located on Gardeners Road. Commercial and industrial developments are also located on and around Botany Road.

Schools

Gardeners Road Primary School is the public school for the area and is located at the junction of Gardeners Road and Botany Road. [4] St Therese's School is a Catholic school next to St Therese's Church, Sutherland Street. On Rosebery Avenue is the Sydney International Film School.

Parks

There is a large park in the middle of Rosebery called Turruwul Park, which is bounded by Harcourt Parade and Hayes Road. A smaller park is Crete Reserve, situated at the southern end of Rosebery Avenue. Other small parks are located at Lever Street, where there is a scout hall, and at the corner of Harris and Coward Streets. There is also a park in Kimberley Grove. However, the nighttime lighting of Turruwul Park results in a more active night sport situation. Turruwul Park is the home of the Redfern Raiders Soccer Club. [5]

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rosebery (NSW) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 December 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Dunn, Peter. "ROSEBERY ARMY CAMP ROSEBERY RACECOURSE GARDENERS ROAD, ROSEBERY SYDNEY, NSW DURING WWII". www.ozatwar.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  3. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, ISBN   0-207-14495-8, p.227
  4. Gardeners Road Public School
  5. "Call for defibrillators to be installed at all sporting fields" . Retrieved 8 February 2017.